Specially Protected Nature Areas of the Republic of Azerbaijan The Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources established under Decree dated May 23, 2001 and organized its countrywide activity efficiently. As evident from one fact, only total area of protected areas reached to 10.1% by increasing from 4.5% in relation to the country territory in the course of the Ministry activity.
For conformity with up-to-date requirements of protected areas system in the Republic, conservation of all necessary ecosystems and key species and creation of buffers and protective zones, departments and administrations at status of National Park have been established since 2003 for the first time in the country history through more sustainable actions within the last years. Actions carried on enhancement and expansion of Protected Areas since 2003 were continued according to “Towards effective protected areas system - A guide for action on implementation of PAs Work Programme of Convention of Biological Diversity” and presently, there exist protected areas at total 876236.1 ha, including 8 National Parks, 11 state nature reserves and 24 state nature sanctuaries in our country.
Moreover, Gobustan state nature reserve and Baku Seaside National Park (area of 80 ha) are functioning, there exist 2083 centennial trees, 37 geological and paleontological sites and 15 thousand ha endemic and valuable forest lands.