Haripur is at a distance of 125 km (Haripur town 164 km from Peshawar). Karakorum Highway separates from Peshawar – Islamabad road at Hassan Abdal, while Islamabad – Peshawar motor way could be taken via Burhan, Chach and Ghazi interchanges. Karakorum Highway runs across the whole district of Haripur, links the district with district Attock in the west and district Abbottabad in the east. Other main access roads are Hatar road (Haripur to Taxila), Khanpur road (Haripur to Taxila), Sirikot road (Haripur to Swabi and Attock), Jabri road (Lora to Murree) and Chapper road (Haripur to Durband Mansehra).
Besides, there is a comprehensive network of main and link roads in the district. Most of the roads are metalled, while a few link roads in the hilly areas are un-metalled. Almost all the main villages are accessible through links roads. Farm to market roads play an important role in the development of agriculture. A railway line also passes through the district and links it with Taxila in the south and Havelian of district Abbottabad in the east.
Source: Census 1998, Google Earth and Primary data
PTCL (with 19 telephone exchanges is the land line network that also provides DSL services in the urban / road side areas of the district. Ufone, Telenor, Mobilink and Zong are the mobile networks widely used in the district, while in a few remote hilly areas where PTCL land line has not been extended and mobile networks don’t work, PTCL V wireless is used. In the district, there is one head post office, 26 sub-post offices and 74 branch offices. Besides courier services are available Haripur and Kalabat towns.
Haripur district remained a part of several reigns by different dynasties. In 1472 Prince Shahabuddin, a descendant of Amir Timur came to Hazara to lead Karlugh Turks legions left by Amir Timur in 1399, and formed a state known as Pakhli Sarkar in the area. The dynasty continued to rule the area till 1703. Gradually the ruling family was replaced by Afghan invaders i.e. Ahamd Shah and Duranis kept reins of the rule for several years. In 1992 army of Hari Singh Nalwa defeated Duranis and became ruler of the area. The town of Haripur (meaning Hari's town) was founded in 1822 by Hari Singh Nalwa. In 1849 the British Empire annexed the area that became a part of Pakistan in 1947. Haripur remained a Tehsil of district Hazara (1958-1979). As District Abbottabad was established, Haripur remained as its Tehsil till 1992, when Haripur was given the status of District. (Source: Wikipedia)
North western territory of the district i.e. Tanawal area remained a part of the princely state of Amb, ruled by different Pathan Nawab/chieftains, till its merger in Pakistan (1969). Before division of the sub continent, the whole district remained a battle field and many battles were fought between the invading tribes and the existent ones. Besides, Land reforms in 1974-76, by Zulfiqar Ail Bhutto, the former Prime minister of Pakistan, created clashes among land owners and the tenants. Afterward a bylaw, may be a local one, was developed to entitle the tenants with a specific portion of land ownership after a stipulated time. The mechanism has no presence at the moment. (Source: Community)
Livelihoods Dependency / Sources of Income
In Haripur, 90% HHs are involved in agriculture directly or indirectly but only 10% of them have sufficient food to fulfill their requirements, for the whole year, and they need to meet their other non food needs from other sources. Most of the farmers are small land holders. About 15% HHs have no land and earn their subsistence from daily wages. 30% HHs just have houses and 0.25 – 0.5 acre land. They have grains from their own land just to suffice for a month or two. They do on and off farm labor to support their HH economy. 55% HHs have 5-15 acre land including range lands and forests. They have sufficient grains for their own use. While some members of the HHs do government and private services and labor abroad to meet other non food needs. About 10% HHs have more than 25 acre land including range lands and forests. They sell surplus grains and vegetables/cash crops within the district and outside and do large scale business.
Livelihoods of the whole population relies on Labor 30%, agriculture 25%, livestock 8%, government services 25% and business 12%.Women are equally involved in earning their HH economy. They do government jobs and support male member of the HH in farming. Livestock management is the special responsibility of women in many parts of the district, while in rural areas women do all the small scale agriculture or crop management when their men go out for labor. Besides, they also earn a portion of subsistence economy through embroidery and tailoring, in plain areas. (Source: Community)
Professions & Trade
Census 1998 specified the employment by different professions as; Professionals 6.8%; Legislators, Senior officials & Managers 0.5%, Technicians 4.1 %; Clerks 4.5 %; Service and shop workers 13.3 %; Skilled agriculture workers 29.4 %; Craft and related trade workers 5.7 %; Plant and machine operators 6.4 %; Elementary occupations 28.3 %, Armed forces 1 %. Haripur city is the main trading center where most of the amenities of day to day life are available.
Source: Census 1998.
Haripur District is comparatively more industrialized than other districts in the Province. There are many large factory units i.e. Telephone Industries of Pakistan, NRTC (National Radio telecommunication Corporation), Best Way Cement and Pak-China fertilizers etc. Besides, Hatar Industrial State is situated in the district and provides thousands of people with labor. At the moment 150 units of different industries are operating in the district which provide employment to approximately 8,743 persons within and outside the district. Details of the industry in the district are as following;
Haripur Chamber of Commerce & Industry since its establishment in 1993 is playing pivotal role for flourishing and development of Commerce & Industry in the area. The Chamber is recognized by the Ministry of Commerce & Securities Exchange Commission of Pakistan. (Source: Industrial Development Office Haripur)
A dry stream that gets flooded in rain storms There is no history of much devastating flash floods, yet in 1992 the entire perennial and rain fed streams of the district were flooded by heavy rain storm that caused damages to human, lands, livestock and infrastructure. Flood in Siran River, mostly in monsoon, causes damages to infrastructure, agriculture lands and human lives. In 1992, the river destroyed agriculture lands and almost all the catchments of irrigation channels. Again in 2010, the flood created a drastic situation in the nearby villages. Besides rain fed gullies and streams/trenches frequently cause soil erosion and damages to farm lands, range lands and livestock. Drought causes less produce and fodders i.e. in some un-irrigated areas in the last 2-4 years people have started to abandon farming. In severe droughts springs get dry and the water table gets low i.e. in 2001-2002 due to prolonged drought, many of the tube wells and springs got dried. In 2005, Earthquake also added to the miseries of people and several houses in the areas adjacent to Mansehra were partially damaged. Besides, heavy rain storms, mostly in hilly areas, are usually accompanied by hailstones and thunders.
(Sources: Public Health Engineering and Soil Conservation Haripur & Primary data from the community)
Major NGOs / Development Initiatives / Projects
NGOs & Development Projects
There are many local NGOs, LSOs Cos and WOs in district Haripur, while many national and international organizations are also working, in collaboration with local organizations, in different sectors and geographical areas. A brief illustration of the major NGOs and their projects is as following;
UCs Panian, Dheenda, Sikanderpur and Khalabat Town Ship
Infrastructure development and improvement like health, education, sanitation and drinking water facilities in Refugee Affected Hosting Areas
Beer Development Organization
Muhallah Babu, Turbela Road, Haripur
Drinking water supply
National Commission for Human Development
Tehsil Road, Haripur
Other Local NGOs include Badban Welfar Organization, Roshani and Mashal Development Organization. Besides, there are more than 60 local development / welfare organizations and societies registered with Social Welfare Department. (Sources: Social Welfare Haripur, PHKN and SUNGI)
Government Structure / Set Up
The districts has one constituencies of national assembly i.e. NA-19, While it has four seats in provincial assembly i.e. PK-49 - PK-52. There are two tehsils viz. Haripur and Ghazi. In Haripur town and Kalabat town there are municipal committees. The district comprises 44 union councils, 137 village councils and 20 neighborhood councils.
It has been planned by the provincial government to establish an elected local government (Village councils, neighborhood councils, Tehsil councils and district council) but the plan has not been implement yet and at the moment there is no such set up that is why the district government / administration is run by government employees. Deputy Commissioner (DC) works as administrative / executive head of the district assisted by Assistant Commissioners (ACs) in all tehsils. Most of the government department exist in the districts, a brief description of major departments are as following;
Other departments in the district include Police, Excise, Works & Services, Laborer Welfare, Population Welfare, Pakistan Post and C&W etc. (Sources: Local Government and Visits to the departments)
District Disaster Management Authority (DDMA) is a district level setup of Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA). Assistant commissioner Haripur is working as District Disaster Management Officer (DDMO). Other staff has a joint office with Public Safety Commission at Deputy Commissioner Office. They are mostly working on requests for compensation of any disaster. Application is submitted from an affected, after verification it is forwarded to PDMA for sanction, once sanctioned by PDMA the application is forwarded to accounts section for payment. The Staff has been trained by PDMA, in collaboration with development agencies working on DRR, on Community Based Disaster Risk Management / contingencies plans.
DDMO coordinate all kind of donor funded interventions in the district. They prepare contingency plans every year before monsoon and have a close collaboration with Pakistan Red Crescent Society. Meetings are mostly held on need base, while they have keep contact with meteorological department and early warning is usually communicated through phone to local police station and revenue officials based in the endangered localities. DDMO leads / monitor emergency activities. Deputy Commissioner of the district chairs coordination committee which implements district funds. DDMA office is also used as district control center and plays a role in issuance of NOC from PDMA and its verification / renewal. (Sources: DDMA Office)
The Revenue Administration is being headed by Assistant Commissioners. There are 83 Patwar Circles and 362 revenue villages and 2 Municipality charges in the District. Each Sub Division has Revenue set up comprising of Tehsildars and Naib Tehsildars who have a number of Girdawars under each. Each Girdawar looks-after the work of several Patwaris in his Circle. (Sources: Census 1998 & Primary data)