Table 4 Electric vehicles by manufacturer for sale in Ireland in 2016
It is also expected that other vehicle manufacturers will begin to provide EVs into the Irish market in 2017.
Is there infrastructure for EVs in Ireland?
To date, EV infrastructure in Ireland has been installed by ecars, which is a commercial business operated by the Electricity Supply Board (ESB). In 2014, the Commission for Energy Regulation (CER) approved funding19 for ESB Networks to carry out an R&D pilot trial on the effects of EVs on the distribution system. On 14 October 2016, the CER launched a public consultation on the future ownership of the charging infrastructure installed by ESB for this pilot.
In 2013, an EU-funded cross border project was launched to help expand the interoperable EV fast-charge network in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. The €4.2 million project was a joint initiative between the ESB and the Department for Regional Development Northern Ireland (DRD NI). It was co-funded under the EU Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) programme and was a Europe-wide test bed project. The investment involved the roll-out of 46 new fast (rapid) charge points across Ireland and the development of supporting IT systems. Fast-charge points were installed at service stations and other prime locations along key interurban routes on the E01 linking Belfast, Banbridge, Dublin, Wexford and Rosslare. Fast-charge points were also installed at Cork, Galway, Limerick and Derry. Additionally, seven standard publicly accessible charge points at Irish Rail’s Heuston Station, Kent Station Cork, Athlone, Newbridge, Kilkenny, Waterford and Dundalk Stations were installed. The fast chargers typically enable up to an 80% recharge in as little as 20 minutes and are available approximately every 60 km on Ireland’s main intercity routes, including the TEN-T core network.
In total, there are almost 900 publicly accessible charge points available in Ireland, which for a country of its size puts it among the more comprehensive charge point networks currently in place across Europe.
Figure 5 EV Fast Charge Point
Large car manufacturers are also expected to become involved in the provision of high-powered infrastructure. A number of providers are likely to emerge onto the Irish market in the coming years, providing infrastructure at the higher end of the performance capacity scale, i.e. between 120 kW and 350 kW. These chargers will support quicker charge times and longer travelling ranges depending on the model of car, i.e. more cars will be capable of travelling up to 500 km on one charge.
In October 2016, Tesla announced its plans to open a store in Ireland in 2017 along with the development of supercharging stations at three locations in Ireland, most likely Dublin, Cork and Galway. Another station is planned for Belfast. One 30 minute charge at these stations is estimated to provide Tesla cars with a range of more than 270km. On a full charge, Tesla’s Model X has a range of more than 542km20.
What is shore-side electricity (SSE)?
Shore power or shore-supply is the provision of shore-side electrical power to a ship at berth while its main and auxiliary engines are shut down. If commercial ships could use shore-supplied power for services such as cargo handling, pumping, ventilation and lighting while in port, they would not need to run their own diesel engines, thereby reducing air pollution emissions. While SSE has been successfully adopted in key port areas around the world, a number of barriers such as differing operational standards, electricity transmission issues and outdated port and ship facilities still need to be overcome before the practice is fully mainstreamed globally.21
Are there any SSE supply facilities in Irish ports?
There are no shore-side electricity supply facilities at any ports in Ireland, including the three TEN-T core network ports (Port of Cork, Dublin Port and Shannon Foynes) and, as yet, there is no demand from the shipping lines.
Electricity supply for stationary airplanes
What do we mean by electricity supply for stationary airplanes?
This relates to the use of electricity by aircraft while their generators or the auxiliary power units (APUs) are not running. This supply can be utilised during passenger embarking and disembarking when the cabin lighting is required. The electricity can also be used to start the APU, which in turn provides electricity to start the aircraft’s engines and generators.
Do Irish airports deploy electricity supply units for stationary airplanes?
Only Dublin Airport, which is Ireland’s largest airport, deploys the use of electricity supply units. At Dublin Airport, 27 fixed electrical ground power (FEGP) units were installed on Pier 4. Aircraft on Pier 4 utilise these units and, in general, do not use diesel ground units. This is beneficial in terms of lower local emissions, less noise and fewer ground vehicles in the area. In 2015, 1,264,153 kWh of electricity was used by the FEGP units.
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