Education Act R. S. O. 1990, chapter e. 2 Historical version for the period April 19, 2016 to June 8, 2016



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head office

5. establish and maintain a head office and notify the Ministry of its location and address and notify the Ministry of any change in the location or address of the head office within ten days of such change; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 170 (1), par. 5.



provide instruction and accommodation

6. provide instruction and adequate accommodation during each school year for the pupils who have a right to attend a school under the jurisdiction of the board; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 170 (1), par. 6.



provide education and accommodation

6.1 subject to payment of fees charged under section 260.1, provide education and adequate accommodation for pupils enrolled in extended day programs operated by the board; 2010, c. 10, s. 6 (1).



junior kindergartens and kindergartens

6.2 subject to paragraph 3.0.0.1 of subsection 8 (1) and paragraph 6.1 of subsection 11 (1), operate full day junior kindergartens and kindergartens on every school day, other than professional activity days, in every elementary school of the board; 2010, c. 10, s. 6 (1).



special education programs and services

7. provide or enter into an agreement with another board to provide in accordance with the regulations special education programs and special education services for its exceptional pupils; 1997, c. 31, s. 80 (1).



professional development programs, bullying and school climate

7.1 establish and provide annual professional development programs to educate teachers and other staff of the board about bullying prevention and strategies for promoting positive school climates; 2012, c. 5, s. 4.



programs, interventions and other supports, bullying

7.2 provide programs, interventions or other supports for pupils who have been bullied, pupils who have witnessed incidents of bullying and pupils who have engaged in bullying, and the programs, interventions and other supports may be provided by social workers, psychologists or other professionals who have training in similar fields, as determined by the board; 2012, c. 5, s. 5.



Note: On a day to be named by proclamation of the Lieutenant Governor, subsection (1) is amended by the Statutes of Ontario, 2006, chapter 28, section 11 by adding the following paragraph:

equivalent learning

7.3 in accordance with any policies, guidelines or standards issued under paragraph 3.0.1 of subsection 8 (1), develop and offer equivalent learning opportunities to their pupils; 2006, c. 28, s. 11.



See: 2006, c. 28, ss. 11, 14 (2).

repair property

8. keep the school buildings and premises in proper repair and in a proper sanitary condition, provide suitable furniture and equipment and keep it in proper repair, and protect the property of the board; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 170 (1), par. 8.



insurance

9. make provision for insuring adequately the buildings and equipment of the board and for insuring the board and its employees and volunteers who are assigned duties by the principal against claims in respect of accidents incurred by pupils while under the jurisdiction or supervision of the board; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 170 (1), par. 9.



conduct schools

10. ensure that every school under its charge is conducted in accordance with this Act and the regulations; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 170 (1), par. 10.



school open

11. keep open its schools during the whole period of the school year determined under the regulations, except where it is otherwise provided under this Act; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 170 (1), par. 11.



appoint principal and teachers

12. appoint a principal and an adequate number of teachers for each school of the board; 2010, c. 10, s. 6 (2).



designate early childhood educator positions

12.0.1 subject to paragraph 3.0.0.1 of subsection 8 (1) and paragraph 6.1 of subsection 11 (1), designate at least one position in each junior kindergarten and kindergarten class in each school of the board as requiring an early childhood educator; 2010, c. 10, s. 6 (2).



appoint early childhood educators

12.0.2 subject to paragraph 3.0.0.1 of subsection 8 (1) and paragraph 6.1 of subsection 11 (1), appoint early childhood educators to positions designated under paragraph 12.0.1; 2010, c. 10, s. 6 (2).



duties – charges, convictions

12.1 on becoming aware that a person who is employed by the board as a teacher or temporary teacher, or a person who is employed by the board in a position designated by the board as requiring an early childhood educator, has been charged with or convicted of an offence under the Criminal Code (Canada) involving sexual conduct and minors, or of any other offence under the Criminal Code (Canada) that in the opinion of the board indicates that pupils may be at risk, take prompt steps to ensure that the person performs no duties in the classroom, no duties in an extended day program and no duties involving contact with pupils, pending withdrawal of the charge, discharge following a preliminary inquiry, stay of the charge or acquittal, as the case may be; 2010, c. 10, s. 6 (3).



provide textbooks

13. subject to paragraph 31.1 of subsection 171 (1), provide, without charge, for the use of the pupils attending the school or schools operated by the board, the textbooks that are required by the regulations to be purchased by the board; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 170 (1), par. 13; 1993, c. 11, s. 30 (3).



vehicle insurance

14. where it furnishes transportation for pupils in a vehicle that is owned by the board, provide and carry with an insurer licensed under the Insurance Act for each such vehicle at least the amount of insurance that is required to be provided in respect of such a vehicle by the licensee of a school vehicle under the Public Vehicles Act; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 170 (1), par. 14.



report children not enrolled

15. ascertain and report to the Ministry at least once in each year in the manner required by the Minister the names and ages of all children of compulsory school age within its jurisdiction who are not enrolled in any school or private school and the reasons therefor; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 170 (1), par. 15.



reports

16. transmit to the Minister all reports and returns required by this Act and the regulations; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 170 (1), par. 16.



statement of sick leave credits

17. where applicable, issue to an employee, upon the termination of his or her employment with the board, a statement of the sick leave credits standing to the employee’s credit with the board at the time of such termination; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 170 (1), par. 17; 1996, c. 13, s. 5 (2).



school councils

17.1 establish a school council for each school operated by the board, in accordance with the regulations; 1997, c. 31, s. 80 (2).



requirements

18. do anything that a board is required to do under any other provision of this Act or under any other Act. 1997, c. 31, s. 80 (3).

19., 20. Repealed: 1997, c. 31, s. 80 (4).

Full day junior kindergarten and kindergarten

(2)  For the purposes of paragraph 6.2 of subsection (1), a board operates full day junior kindergarten and kindergarten in a school if junior kindergarten and kindergarten operate during substantially the same period of time that classes in the first three years of the program of studies immediately following kindergarten are held in the school. 2010, c. 10, s. 6 (4).



Designated early childhood educator additional to teacher

(2.1)  An early childhood educator appointed to a position under paragraph 12.0.2 of subsection (1) shall be in addition to the teacher assigned or appointed to teach the junior kindergarten or kindergarten class. 2010, c. 10, s. 6 (4).



Appoint or assign teachers

(2.2)  For greater certainty, a board shall assign or appoint a teacher to each junior kindergarten and kindergarten class in each school of the board. 2010, c. 10, s. 6 (5).

(2.3), (2.4)  Repealed: 2001, c. 14, Sched. A, s. 2 (1).

(2.5)-(2.8)  Repealed: 2009, c. 25, s. 16 (4).



Legislation Act, 2006, Part III

(2.9)  An act of the Minister under this section is not a regulation within the meaning of Part III (Regulations) of the Legislation Act, 2006. 2000, c. 11, s. 3 (6); 2006, c. 21, Sched. F, s. 136 (1).



Regulations re school councils

(3)  The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations respecting school councils, including regulations relating to their establishment, composition and functions. 1997, c. 31, s. 80 (5).



Section Amendments with date in force (d/m/y)

1993, c. 11, s. 30 (1, 3) - 29/07/1993; 1996, c. 12, s. 64 (8) - 20/05/1997; 1996, c. 13, s. 5 (1, 3) - 1/07/1996; 1996, c. 13, s. 5 (2) - 27/06/1996; 1997, c. 31, s. 80 (1-5) - 1/01/1998



2000, c. 11, s. 3 (1) - no effect - see 2000, c. 11, s. 24 (4) - 23/06/2000; 2000, c. 11, s. 3 (2, 6) - 1/07/2001

2001, c. 14, Sched. A, s. 2 (1-3) - 1/07/2001

2002, c. 7, s. 1 - 3/09/2002

2006, c. 10, s. 9 - 1/06/2006; 2006, c. 21, Sched. F, s. 136 (1) - 25/07/2007; 2006, c. 28, s. 11 - not in force

2009, c. 25, s. 16 (1-4) - 15/12/2009

2010, c. 10, s. 6 (1-5) - 3/06/2010

2012, c. 5, s. 4, 5 - 1/09/2012

Class size

Regulations

170.1  (1)  The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations,

(a) governing class size in schools of a board;

(b) establishing the methods to be used by a board in determining class size for the purposes of this section;

(c) requiring boards to,

(i) prepare reports and plans containing the specified information relating to class size,

(ii) make the reports and plans available to the public in the specified manner, and

(iii) submit the reports and plans required to the Minister in the specified manner;

(d) defining terms used in this section for the purposes of a regulation made under this section. 2006, c. 10, s. 10.

General or particular

(2)  A regulation made under subsection (1) may be general or particular. 2006, c. 10, s. 10.



Board duties

(3)  Every board shall ensure that class size in its schools conforms to the requirements set out in the regulations made under clause (1) (a). 2006, c. 10, s. 10.

(4)  Repealed: 2009, c. 25, s. 17.

Section Amendments with date in force (d/m/y)

2000, c. 11, s. 4 - 23/06/2000

2001, c. 14, Sched. A, s. 3 - 1/07/2001

2006, c. 10, s. 10 - 1/06/2006

2009, c. 25, s. 17 - 15/12/2009

Minimum teaching time

Regulations

170.2  (1)  The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations,

(a) governing the minimum teaching time for teachers in the elementary and secondary schools of a board;

(b) establishing the methods to be used by a board in determining the minimum teaching time for the purposes of this section;

(c) requiring boards to,

(i) prepare reports and plans containing the specified information relating to minimum teaching time,

(ii) make the reports and plans available to the public in the specified manner, and

(iii) submit the reports and plans to the Minister in the specified manner;

(d) defining terms used in this section for the purposes of a regulation made under this section. 2006, c. 10, s. 11.

General or particular

(2)  A regulation made under subsection (1) may be general or particular. 2006, c. 10, s. 11.



Board duties

(3)  Every board shall ensure that the minimum teaching times of its teachers conform to the requirements set out in the regulations made under clause (1) (a). 2006, c. 10, s. 11.



Section Amendments with date in force (d/m/y)

1997, c. 31, s. 81 - 1/01/1998



2000, c. 11, s. 5 (1-7) - 23/06/2000

2006, c. 10, s. 11 - 1/06/2006

170.2.1  Repealed: 2006, c. 10, s. 11.

Section Amendments with date in force (d/m/y)

2000, c. 11, s. 6 - 23/06/2000

2001, c. 14, Sched. A, s. 4 (1-4) - 1/07/2001

2006, c. 10, s. 11 - 1/06/2006

170.2.2  Repealed: 2006, c. 10, s. 11.

Section Amendments with date in force (d/m/y)

2000, c. 11, s. 6 - 23/06/2000

2006, c. 10, s. 11 - 1/06/2006

Teachers’ assistants, etc.

170.3  The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations governing duties and minimum qualifications of persons who are assigned,

(a) to assist teachers or to complement instruction by teachers in elementary or secondary schools, except in junior kindergarten or kindergarten;

(b) to assist teachers and designated early childhood educators or to complement instruction by teachers and the work of designated early childhood educators in junior kindergarten or kindergarten; or

(c) to assist designated early childhood educators or to complement the work of designated early childhood educators in extended day programs. 2010, c. 10, s. 7.

Section Amendments with date in force (d/m/y)

1997, c. 31, s. 81 - 31/08/1998



2010, c. 10, s. 7 - 3/06/2010

Powers of boards

171.  (1)  A board may,



committees

1. establish committees composed of members of the board to make recommendations to the board in respect of education, finance, personnel and property; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 1.



idem

2. establish committees that may include persons who are not members of the board in respect of matters other than those referred to in paragraph 1; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 2.



appoint employees

3. except as otherwise provided under this Act, appoint and remove such officers and servants and appoint and remove such teachers and designated early childhood educators, as it considers expedient, determine the terms on which such officers, servants, teachers and designated early childhood educators are to be employed, prescribe their duties and fix their salaries, except that in the case of a secretary of a board who is a member of the board, the board may pay only such compensation for his or her services as is approved by the electors at a meeting of the electors; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 3; 2001, c. 24, s. 3; 2010, c. 10, s. 8 (1).



voluntary assistants

4. permit a principal to assign to a person who volunteers to serve without remuneration such duties in respect of the school as are approved by the board and to terminate such assignment; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 4.



supervisors, teachers

5. appoint persons to supervise teaching staff and every appointee shall hold the qualifications and perform the duties required under any Act or regulation administered by the Minister; 2010, c. 10, s. 8 (2).



supervisors, designated early childhood educators

5.1 appoint persons to supervise persons in positions designated by the board as requiring an early childhood educator and every appointee shall hold the qualifications and perform the duties required under any Act or regulation administered by the Minister; 2010, c. 10, s. 8 (2).



psychiatrist or psychologist

6. appoint one or more,

i. psychiatrists who are on the register of specialists in psychiatry of The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada or of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario,

ii. psychologists who are legally qualified medical practitioners or are members of the College of Psychologists of Ontario; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 6; 1997, c. 31, s. 82 (1).



schools and attendance areas

7. determine the number and kind of schools to be established and maintained and the attendance area for each school, and close schools in accordance with policies established by the board from guidelines issued by the Minister; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 7.



courses of study

8. provide instruction in courses of study that are prescribed or approved by the Minister, developed from curriculum guidelines issued by the Minister or approved by the board where the Minister permits the board to approve courses of study; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 8.



instruction by electronic or other means

8.1 provide instruction in courses of study described in paragraph 8, by electronic or other means, to pupils who are not present in the classroom; 2006, c. 10, s. 12.



computer programming

9. in lieu of purchasing a computer or system of computer programming, enter into an agreement for the use thereof by the board; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 9.



playgrounds, parks, rinks

10. operate the school ground as a park or playground and rink during the school year or in vacation or both, and provide and maintain such equipment as it considers advisable, and provide such supervision as it considers proper, provided the proper conduct of the school is not interfered with; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 10.



gymnasiums

11. organize and carry on gymnasium classes in school buildings for pupils or others during the school year or in vacation or both, and provide supervision and training for such classes, provided the proper conduct of the school is not interfered with; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 11.



milk

12. purchase milk to be consumed by the pupils in the schools under the jurisdiction of the board during school days in accordance with the terms and conditions prescribed by the regulations; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 12.



provision of supplies, etc.

13. provide school supplies, other than the textbooks that it is required to provide under paragraph 13 of subsection 170 (1), for the use of pupils; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 13.



libraries

14. establish and maintain school libraries and resource centres; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 14.

15. Repealed: 2010, c. 10, s. 8 (3).

signatures mechanically reproduced

16. provide that the signature of the treasurer and of any other person authorized to sign cheques issued by the treasurer may be written or engraved, lithographed, printed or otherwise mechanically reproduced on cheques; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 16.



membership fees and travelling expenses

17. pay the travelling expenses and membership fees of any member of the board, or of any teacher, designated early childhood educator or officer of the board, incurred in attending meetings of an educational association and may make grants and pay membership fees to any such organization; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 17; 2010, c. 10, s. 8 (4).



legal costs

18. pay the costs, or any part thereof, incurred by any member of the board or by any teacher, designated early childhood educator, officer or other employee of the board in successfully defending any legal proceeding brought against him or her,

i. for libel or slander in respect of any statements relating to the employment, suspension or dismissal of any person by the board published at a meeting of the board or of a committee thereof, or

ii. for assault in respect of disciplinary action taken in the course of duty; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 18; 2010, c. 10, s. 8 (5).

19.-21. Repealed: 1997, c. 31, s. 82 (2).

22. Repealed: 1997, c. 31, s. 82 (3).



pupil fees

23. subject to the provisions of this Act and the regulations, fix the fees to be paid by or on behalf of pupils; 2010, c. 10, s. 8 (6).



pupil fees, payment and enforcement

23.1 subject to the provisions of this Act and the regulations, fix the times of payment of fees to be paid by or on behalf of pupils, enforce payment of those fees by action in the Small Claims Court, and exclude any pupil by or on behalf of whom fees that are legally required to be paid are not paid after reasonable notice; 2010, c. 10, s. 8 (6).



permit use of school and school buses

24. permit the school buildings and premises and school buses owned by the board to be used for any educational or other lawful purpose; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 24.



surgical treatment

25. provide for surgical treatment of children attending the school who suffer from minor physical defects, where in the opinion of the teacher and, where a school nurse and medical officer are employed, of the nurse and medical officer, the defect interferes with the proper education of the child, and include in the estimates for the current year the funds necessary for cases where the parents are not able to pay, provided that no such treatment shall be undertaken without consent that complies with the Health Care Consent Act, 1996; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 25; 1992, c. 32, s. 9; 1996, c. 2, s. 65.



cadet corps

26. establish and maintain cadet corps; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 26.



athletics

27. provide for the promotion and encouragement of athletics and for the holding of school games; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 27.



activities

28. provide, during the school year or at other times, activities and programs on or off school premises, including field trips, and exercise jurisdiction over those persons participating therein; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 28.



guidance

29. appoint one or more teachers qualified in guidance according to the regulations to collect and distribute information regarding available occupations and employments, and to offer such counsel to the pupils as will enable them to plan intelligently for their educational and vocational advancement; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 29.



public lectures

30. conduct free lectures open to the public and include in the estimates for the current year the expenses thereof; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 30.



continuing education

31. establish continuing education courses and classes; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 31.



deposit for continuing education textbooks

31.1 require a pupil enrolled in a continuing education course or class that is eligible for credit towards a secondary school diploma to pay a nominal deposit for a textbook provided by the board that will be forfeited to the board in whole or in part if the textbook is not returned or is returned in a damaged condition; 1993, c. 11, s. 31 (3).



courses for teachers and designated early childhood educators

32. establish and conduct during the school year courses for teachers and designated early childhood educators; R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2, s. 171 (1), par. 32; 2010, c. 10, s. 8 (7).




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