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BUILDING CONSTRUCTION

SS 1 FIRST TERM

WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

DEFINITION OF BUILDING

- Building as a discipline; a science subject that deals with construction of structures e.g. wall, column, bean etc

- Building as a process; the procedures involved in erection of various types of structures.

- Building as a product; the production or development of structural outlets such as shopping centers, homes, building etc.



Teacher defines building, explains building as process, describe building as product.

Students should be able to define building as a process,

Describe building as a product.

Resources; picture or drawing of building structure on chalk board.



2

CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDING

  • Types of building according to;- ownership- public and private.

  • Uses;- residential, industrial, commercial.

  • Height;- low, high rise.

Teacher identifies and explains various types of building ranging from; public, private, residential, industrial, institution, commercial, low and high rise etc

Students should be able to identify building and classify them according to; ownership, use and height.

Resources; charts, posters, drawings and films.


3

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION

Teacher defines building construction, explains the purpose, procedures to follow while constructing building.

Students should be able to define building construction, outline the stages to follow while constructing building.

Resources; visit any site under construction


4

SITE SAFETY

  • Definition of safety

  • Hazards in the workplace and site (dangerous construction tools, materials, gasses and liquid, scaffold etc)

  • Causes and methods of accident prevention

Teacher explains safety rules and regulations, lists the various hazards in workshop, display safety posters, demonstrates uses of safety equipments.

Students defines safety, write and draws in safety signs.

Resources; real safety equipments, first aid box.


5

TOOLS, EQUIPMENTS AND MACHINES

  • Identification of basic hand tools e.g (shovel, trowel, spirit level, lines etc

Identify basic hand tools, e.g shovel, spirit level etc, functions of basic hand tools.

Students identify tools and equipments, sketch and label the hand tools, state the functions of basic hand tools and equipments.

Resources; hand tools and equipments.


6

TOLLS, EQUIPMENTS AND MACHINES

  • Functions of basic hand tools, equipments and machines.

Identify basic hand tools, e.g shovel, spirit level etc, functions of basic hand tools.

Students identify tools and equipments, sketch and label the hand tools, state the functions of basic hand tools and equipments.

Resources; hand tools and equipments.


7

CONSTRUCTIONAL TEAM

  • Parties in construction team

  • Functions of construction teams

  • Relationship of the parties.

Teacher list teams in construction e.g. client party, client architect, engineers, builders etc, explain the client of construction team and their relationship.

Students list parties in the construction team, state their functions.

Resources; chart showing the relationship of the teams.


8

SITE CLEARING AND LEVELING

  • Operations involved in site clearing and leveling.

  • Tools and equipment for site clearing and leveling.

Procedure to follow in site clearing and leveling, tools to be used for the work, visit a site under construction.

Students note operations involved in site clearance and leveling and tools to be used, visiting a site.

Resources; tools to be used for site clearance and clearance, visit a site.


9

SITE ORGANIZATION AND LAYOUT

  • Preliminary operations involved in building construction, procedures for layout of building site.

Teacher lists preliminary requirement for starting of building, discusses the items required such as site storage space etc

Students identify items required before the starting of building, sketch the layout for a proposed building site.

Resources; drawing/charts, site layout drawing, video clips etc.


10

SITE ORGANIZATION AND LAYOUT

  • Location, boundary, live access, boarding etc

Teacher lists preliminary requirement for starting of building, discusses the items required such as site storage space etc

Students identify items required before the starting of building, sketch the layout for a proposed building site.

Resources; drawing/charts, site layout drawing, video clips etc.


11

BUILDING DRAWING

  • Production of drawings

  • Interpretation of building drawings.

Explain production drawing e.g. plan, roof, elevation, etc, draw a complete building plan and show it to students, interpret the drawing to students.

Students explain the production drawing, draw a complete set of building drawing, study and interpret drawing.

Resources; video clips, production drawings, building plans, building drawing instruments.


12

Revision

Revision

13

Examination

Examination

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION

SS 1 SECOND TERM

WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

SETTING OUT

  • Definition and

  • Method of setting out such as;- 3:4:5 method, builder’s square, square method etc

Teacher explains the method of setting out, outline simple tools, equipments and procedures for setting out. Practical of setting out e.g. 3:4:5 method etc

Students list the method and tools for setting out, use tapes and pegs to make building in setting out by 3:4:5 method & builder’s square.

Resources; tapes, pegs, lines, plus builder’s square and profile board.


2

SETTING OUT

  • Tools and equipments for setting out; builder’s square, Profile tapes, pegs.

  • Procedures for setting out.

Teacher explains the method of setting out, outline simple tools, equipments and procedures for setting out. Practical of setting out e.g. 3:4:5 method etc

Students list the method and tools for setting out, use tapes and pegs to make building in setting out by 3:4:5 method & builder’s square.

Resources; tapes, pegs, lines, plus builder’s square and profile board.


3

EXCAVATION AND EARTH WORK

  • Types of soil e.g. clay, sandy etc

  • Properties and classification of soil

  • Definition of excavation.

Teacher leads students to identify types of soil, classification of soil, properties of soil and their characteristics. Visit a construction site with students, tools for excavation.

Students state the properties of soil and their characteristics, visit construction site, identify tools for excavation.

Resources; digger, shovel, bulldozer etc.


4

EXCAVATION AND EARTH WORK

  • Method and tools used for excavation

  1. Manual; diggers, shovels, head pans etc

  2. Mechanical; bull dozers etc.



Teacher identifies types of soil, classification of soil, properties of soil and their characteristics. Visit a construction site with students, tools for excavation.

Students state the properties of soil and their characteristics, visit construction site, identify tools for excavation.

Resources; digger, shovel, bulldozer etc


5

CONCRETING

  • Definition of concreting

  • Materials for concreting

  • Types of reinforcement e.g. twisted steel bars, plane steel bar etc

Teacher defines concreting, and its materials e.g. cement, sand and gravel. State the uses of reinforcement in concrete.

Students identify materials needed for concrete, state the uses of reinforcement, visit construction site.

Resources; cement, sand, and gravel, reinforcement bars.


6

CONCRETING

  • Uses of reinforcement bars.

  • Diagrams

Teacher defines concreting, and its materials e.g. cement, sand and gravel. State the uses of reinforcement in concrete.

Students identify materials needed for concrete, state the uses of reinforcement, visit construction site.

Resources; cement, sand, and gravel, reinforcement bars.


7

MATERIALS FOR CONCRETING

  • Definition of concreting

  • Components of cement

  • Uses of cement.

  • Functions of cement, fine and course aggregate in concrete mix.



Teacher defines cement, states the components and uses of cement.

Students identify the manufacturing process of cement and their uses.

Resources; charts, video clips, pictures of cement etc


8

FOUNDATION

  • Definition of foundation

  • Functional requirement of foundation.

Teacher defines and explains purpose of foundation, the functional requirement of foundation, draw different types of foundation, model construction of each types of foundation.

Students define foundation and its functions, sketch different types of foundation, visit a construction site.

Resources; model construction and some drawings.


9

FOUNDATION

  • Types of foundation e.g. strip, raft, pile foundation.

Teacher defines and explains purpose of foundation, the functional requirement of foundation, draw different types of foundation, model construction of each types of foundation.

Students define foundation and its functions, sketch different types of foundation, visit a construction site.

Resources; model construction and some drawings.


10

FOUNDATION

  • Factors that determine choice of foundation.

Teacher defines and explains purpose of foundation, the functional requirement of foundation, draw different types of foundation, model construction of each types of foundation.

Students define foundation and its functions, sketch different types of foundation, visit a construction site.

Resources; model construction and some drawings.


11

Revision

Revision

12

Examination

Examination

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION

SS 1 THIRD TERM

WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

GROUND FLOOR

  • Functions of ground floor

  • Types of ground floor (solid and suspended).




Teacher: Explains the functional requirements of ground floor, describe the types of floor, sketches showing solid ground floor, visit construction site.

Students explain the functions of ground floor, state the types of ground floor, sketch a section, showing solid ground floor, visit any construction site.

Resources; spirit level, trowel, head pan, lines, straight edge, wooden float etc, cement, sand and gravels.


2

GROUND FLOOR

  • Functional requirements of ground floor

  • Production of ground floor.

Teacher: Explains the functional requirements of ground floor, describe the types of floor, sketches showing solid ground floor, visit construction site.

Students explain the functions of ground floor, state the types of ground floor, sketch a section, showing solid ground floor, visit any construction site.

Resources; spirit level, trowel, head pan, lines, straight edge, wooden float etc, cement, sand and gravels.


3

WALLS

  • Definition of wall

  • Types of wall (load bearing and non-load bearing walls)

  • Functions of walls.

Teacher leads students to define walls, classifies wall e.g. load bearing and lead bearing, explain functions of wall, sketch showing walls, visiting construction site.

Students define wall, states the types of wall, list the functions of wall, sketch wall, visit any construction site.

Resources; bricks, blocks, stones, fibers, sheet of metal etc.


4

WALLING MATERIALS

  • Definition of walling materials

  • Types of walling materials e.g. cement, blocks, bricks etc

  • Characteristics and properties of walling materials.

Teacher defines walling materials and its types like bricks, blocks, timber etc, characteristics of walling materials, show different types of walling materials.

Students define walling materials, its types and characteristics.

Resources; bricks, blocks, stones etc


5

MANUFACTURING OF WALLING MATERIALS

  • Manufacturing process of sandcrete blocks and clay block/bricks.

  • Sizes of bricks and blocks.

Teacher explains the process of manufacturing blocks/bricks, show students various sizes of block/bricks.

Students state the manufacturing process/stages of block/bricks, identify various sizes of block/bricks, visit any site of manufacturing block/bricks.

Resources; hand mould, moulding machine, pallets, mortar, head pan, shovel etc.


6

WALL CONSTRUCTION

  • Method of wall construction.

  • Appropriate materials for wall.

Teacher explains methods of wall construction, state materials for wall construction, defines bonding and different types of bonding, practical aspect of different types of bonding.

Students explain methods of wall construction, practical aspect of different types of bonding.

Resources; bricks, trowels, spirit level, blocks, builders square, line and peg, nails etc.


7

PRACTICAL ON BONDING

  • Types of wall bonging

  • Timber wall construction

  • Practical on bonding e.g. streacher, header, Flemish, and English bonding.

Teacher explains methods of wall construction, state materials for wall construction, defines bonding and different types of bonding, practical aspect of different types of bonding.

Students explain methods of wall construction, practical aspect of different types of bonding.

Resources; bricks, trowels, spirit level, blocks, builders square, line and peg, nails etc.


8

DRAINAGE SYSTEM

  • Definition of a drainage

  • Terms used in drainage works

  • Types of drainage

Teacher define terms used in drainage works

Explain principles of drainage, describes types of drainage, sketches and describes drainage system.

Students should be able to define drainage, define some terms used in drainage system, sketch drainage systems.

Resources; drainage materials e.g. cast in site abbestors, PVC etc.



9

DRAINAGE SYSTEM

System of drainage



Teacher define terms used in drainage works

Explain principles of drainage, describes types of drainage, sketches and describes drainage system.

Students should be able to define drainage, define some terms used in drainage system, sketch drainage systems.

Resources; drainage materials e.g. cast in site abbestors, PVC etc.



10

PLUMBING INSTALLATION

  • Types of fittings in plumbing and sanitary works

  • Tools for plumbing installation

  • Types of fittings and materials for fittings.



Teacher identifies various types of fittings, identifies various types of plumbing fittings.

Students state four types of fittings.

Resources; charts, assorted plumbing fittings, e.g. elbow, tee socket, union, adaptor etc


11

Revision

Revision

12

Examination

Examination



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