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CLOTHING AND TEXTILES

SSS 1 SECOND TERM

WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENTS

ACTIVITIES

1

FABRIC FINISHES

  1. Definition of fabric finishes

  2. Types of fabric finishes - mercerized, sanforized, crease resistance etc.

  3. Importance of fabric finishes




Teacher: Leads discussion on fabric finishes and their importance.

Resources: Samples of fabrics with different finishes.



2

LOCALLY MADE FABRICS

  1. Uses and importance of local fabrics.

  2. Types – Aso-oke, okene cloth etc.

  3. Local communities where local fabrics are made e.g. Aso-oke in Western States, Akwete in Rivers and Eastern States, Akwuocha in Delta state etc

  4. Differences between imported and locally made fabrics.

Teacher: Leads discussion on the local fabrics made in Nigeria, their uses and importance. The communities where they are made and the differences between them and the imported fabrics.

Resources: Samples of local fabrics made in Nigeria and imported ones.



3

DYEING AND PRINTING

  • Types – tie and dye, batik, screen printing etc

Teacher: demonstrates how to tie and dye and screen print.

Resources: Fabrics, dyes, dyeing materials etc.



4

SEWING TOOLS – TYPES, USES AND CARE

  1. Sewing accessories e.g. needles, thimbles etc]

  2. Measuring tools e.g. tape measure etc

  3. Cleaning tools e.g. brush, duster etc

  4. Cutting tools e.g. scissors, pinking shears etc

  5. Fitting tools e.g. standing mirror, dummy etc

  6. Processing tools e.g. iron, ironing board etc.

Teacher: Displays the sewing tools used in garment construction and guide the students to identify them.

Resources: Samples of sewing tools.




5

SEWING EQUIPMENT (THE SEWING MACHINE)

  1. Parts of the sewing machine and their functions.

  2. Care of the sewing machine – oiling, dusting, servicing etc

  3. Operating the sewing machine

Teacher: Guides the students to identify the parts of the sewing machine and their functions.

Resources: The sewing machine



6

SEWING EQUIPMENT

  1. Other machines – embroidery machine, interlocking machine etc.

  2. Uses of each equipment

  3. Factors that influence the choice of tools and equipment e.g. money, space etc.

Teacher: Leads the students to identify other machines like embroidery and interlocking machines, their uses and the factors that influence the choice of sewing tools and equipment.

Resources: Charts



7

GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS IN CLOTHING AND TEXTILES.

Safety Precautions in



  • Use of tools

  • Use of equipment

  • Use of the laboratory

  • Use of instructional manual for tools and equipment.




Teacher: Leads the discussion on the proper handling of tools, equipment and laboratory.

Resources: Instructional manual.



8

ESSENTIALS OF GARMENT CONSTRUCTION

  • Basic body measurement

  • Study of figure types

  • Influence of figure types on the selection of styles.

Teacher: Demonstrates how to take body measurements and leads discussion on the study of figures, types and its influence on the selection of styles.

Resources: Collection of pictures of different styles and figure types.



9

ESSENTIALS OF GARMENT CONSTRUCTION

  • Uses of different styles

  • Factors that influence the quantities of fabric to buy

  • Estimating the quantity of fabric to buy

Teacher: Guides the students to list the factors that influence the selections and purchase of materials for garment construction.

Resources: Tape measure, note book etc.



10

SIMPLE PATTERNS

  • Types of commercial patterns – printed, perforated etc

  • Trade mark for commercial patterns e.g. vogue, butte rick etc

  • Commercial patterns – choice, alteration and uses.

Teacher: Leads discussion on the uses, choice and alteration of commercial pattern.

Resources: Samples of commercial patterns.



11

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Revision

12

Examination

Examination

CLOTHING AND TEXTILES

SSS 1 THIRD TERM

WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENTS

ACTIVITIES

1

DRAFTING SIMPLE PATTERNS

  • Pattern symbols and their meanings – drafts, notches etc

  • Simple patterns – apron, pillow case, school bags etc




Teacher: Discusses the different pattern markings and their uses

Resources: Sample pattern with symbols



2

MAKING SIMPLE GARMENTS

Pattern Laying and Cutting out Procedures.



  • Preparation of fabric

  • Laying out of pattern pieces

  • Transferring pattern markings

  • Cutting out.

Teacher: Demonstrates the steps in pattern laying and cutting out.

Resources: Pattern pieces and fabric



3

MAKING SIMPLE GARMENTS

  • Tacking of garment pieces for first fitting

Teacher: Demonstrates how to tack garment for first fitting.

Resources: Garment pieces and sewing tools.



4

BASIC STITCHES

  • Temporary stitches

  • Permanent stitches

  • Decorative stitches – (Practical)

Teacher: Demonstrates how to make the basic stitches.

Resources: Pieces of fabrics, sewing thread needles etc.




5

GARMENT MAKING PROCESSES

  1. Seams – open/plain, French, run and fell etc

  2. Edge finishing – hemming, lace attachment etc

Teacher: Demonstrates how to make different types of seams and edge finishing

Resources: Pieces of fabric, sewing thread and needles, thimble etc



6

GARMENT MAKING PROCESSES

  1. Openings – faced, bound etc

  2. Fastenings – zippers, press stud etc.

Teacher: Demonstrates how to make opening and fastening.

Resource: Pieces of fabric, zippers, press stud, thread, needle, etc



7

GARMENT MAKING PROCESSES

  1. Cross-way strips – cutting and application

  2. Photo album of basic stitches and garment making processes.




Teacher: Demonstrates how to cut and apply cross way strips and guide the students to make the photo album.

Resources: Fabric and Sample of photo album



8

HOUSEHOLD LAUNDRY

  1. Definition and importance of laundering.

  2. Preparation of garments for washing – sorting, mending, steeping etc

  3. Methods of hand washing; friction, kneading and squeezing etc.

  4. Other laundry processes; bleaching, blueing etc.

  5. Care label symbols e.g. water temperature

Teacher: Defines laundering and leads the discussion on the processes of laundering. Lead discussion on the types and functions of care label symbols.

Resources: Charts of the process of laundering. Samples of care labels.



9

LAUNDRY FINISHING

  1. Types and methods of finishing of clothes e.g. ironing, pressing, airing etc

  2. Machine wash and dry cleaning.

Teacher: Leads discussion on types of finishing in laundering and the rules to observe when ironing and storing clothes.

Resources: Charts on laundry finishing.



10

STAINS

  1. Definition and types of stain – animal, vegetable etc

  2. General guidelines for stain removal.

Teacher: Leads discussion on identifying types of stain and their origin.

Resources: Stain album.



11

STAIN REMOVAL

  1. Stain removing agents – e.g. kerosene, bleaches etc.

  2. Removal of specific stains – fruit juice, blood, ink etc.

(Practical Lesson)

Teacher: Discusses and lists the stain removing agents and guidelines for removing stains. Explains step by step the procedures for removing different stains.

Resources: Samples of stains and stain removing agents.




12

Revision

Revision

13

Examination

Examination

INTERPRENEURSHIP (TRADE SUBJECTS)

BLOCK LAYING AND BRICK LAYING

SS1 FIRST TERM

WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

WORKING AND SITE SAFETY

-Various safety rules at work site.

-Factory act of safety workers.

-First aid box.

-Purpose of safety

-Safety regulations



Teacher safety charts, show films or sides on safety in building industries, demonstrate safety e.g put on helmet.

Students identify safety charts, put on safety protection equipments, e.g. safety shoes, mention materials in first aid box. Learning materials, carton.



2

BASIC TOOLS AND EQUIPMENTS USED IN BLOCK/BRICK LAYING

Identification of basic hand tools.

Uses of basic hand tools and equipments.


Teacher present/identify hand tools, equipments etc, sketch of live tools.

Students observe each tools, sketch each tools.

Resources; live tools/drawing


3

BASIC TOOLS AND EQUIPMENTS IN USE

Sketching of basic hand tools.




Teacher present/identify hand tools, equipments etc, sketch of live tools.

Students observe each tools, sketch each tools.

Resources; live tools/drawing


4

TOOLS AND EQUIPMENTS IN BLOCK/ BRICKLAYING

-Identification and uses of block laying/ brick laying tools.

-Simple maintenance of the tools.


Teacher present/identify hand tools, equipments etc, sketch of live tools.

Students observe each tools, sketch each tools.

Resources; live tools/drawing


5

THE BUILDING TEAM

-Various members of the building team.

-Functions and responsibilities.


Name members of building team, demonstrate each of the members, draw the organization chart.

Students write down the members of various team, draw/participate in demonstrating of each member.

Resources; charts, individual.


6

THE BUILDING TEAM

Statutory personnel, organizational chart.



of building team, demonstrate each of the members, draw the organization chart.

Students write down the members of various team, draw/participate in demonstrating of each member.

Resources; charts, individual.


7

SITE AND ORGANIZATION;

Building sites,

Preliminary operations


Teacher present drawing of site layout.

Students demonstrate on site, draw site layout

Resources; a plot of land, equipment and materials.


8

SITE AND ORGANIZATION

Site layout, site safety.



Teacher present drawing of site layout.

Students demonstrate on site, draw site layout

Resources; a plot of land, equipment and materials.


9

SITE PREPARATION

Tools and equipments used for site preparation.

-Leveling techniques


Teacher present drawing of site clearing leveling equipment.

Students draw charts down tools and equipment for site preparation.



10

SETTING OUT

-Methods of setting out

-Soil and site investigation

-Setting out tools and materials.



Teacher present live materials and tools for setting out, organize practical setting out.

Students observe materials and tools closely, draw tools, participate in setting out.



11

EXCAVATION OF TRENCHES

-Concepts of excavation

-Soil classification

-Method of excavation

-Tools of excavation

-Functions of excavation



Teacher name some excavators (e.g shovel, dragline etc), organize visit to a firm where equipments are used.

Students observe some of the equipments at work, draw some of the equipments and report observations.

Resources; charts/drawing of equipments.


12

EXCAVATION OF TRENCHES

Problems associated with excavation e.g. work etc.



Teacher mention some of the problems, give examples (e.g. rock, water table flood, etc. students take down notes. Resources; process of stone, sand and water.

13

REVISION




14

EXAMINATION




BLOCK LAYING AND BRICK LAYING

SS1 SECOND TERM

WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

EXCAVATION OF TRENCHES

Timbering to trenches

Types of timbering to trenches (use drawing).


Teacher show drawing of types of timbering to trenches, state types of soil, present timber for timbering purposes.

Students put down points and drawings.



2

BUILDING FOUNDATION

-Purpose of foundation

-Types of foundation e.g ship, pile, raft, pad, etc (drawings)


Teacher show tools for foundation work, present materials for foundation work,, explain the various types of foundation.

Students define foundation, identify tools, and equipments for foundation production, identify materials for foundation.

Resources; show charts of various types of foundation.


3

BUILDING FOUNDATION

Factors influencing the choice of foundation.

Nature and types of soil

Types of structures and proximity to existing structure.




Teacher show tools for foundation work, present materials for foundation work,, explain the various types of foundation.

Students define foundation, identify tools, and equipments for foundation production, identify materials for foundation.

Resources; show charts of various types of foundation


4

MANUFACTURE APPLICATION AND PROPERTIES OF BLOCKS/BRICKS

Manufacturing processes of block/brick, materials used for brick/blocks, e.g. sand cement, clay literite and water



Teacher displays various block/brick laying tools, equipments, explain the procedures for block/brick mentiora materials.

Students identify various types hand tools, blocks, and bricks. Explain the use of tools.

Resources; clay, fine aggrege cement, moulds etc


5

MANUFACTURE APPLICATION AND PROPERTIES OF BLOCKS/BRICKS

Properties and types of blocks/bricks



Teacher displays various block/brick laying tools, equipments, explain the procedures for block/brick mentiora materials.

Students identify various types hand tools, blocks, and bricks. Explain the use of tools.

Resources; clay, fine aggregate, cement, moulds etc


6

TOOLS AND EQUIPMENTS FOR CONCRETING

Concreting tools and equipments



Teacher show live tools and equipments, states their uses and care. Students list tools and equipments, identify various tools and equipments, state uses and care.

Resources; charts, and live tools.



7

TOOLS AND EQUIPMENTS FOR CONCRETING

Uses of concreting tools and equipments



Teacher show live tools and equipments, states their uses and care.

Students list tools and equipments, identify various tools and equipments, state uses and care.

Resources; charts, and live tools.


8

TOOLS AND EQUIPMENTS FOR CONCRETING

Maintenance and cure for concreting tools and equipments.



Teacher displays concreting tools and equipments, charts/drawing, explain the use of various tools and equipments, organize site visit.

Students identify hand tools and equipments and for concreting, state their uses, draw concreting tools and equipments.

Resources; tools and equipments (live/ drawings)


9

CONCRETING

Definition of concrete

Various components of concrete.


Teacher defines concrete, states components of concrete, state materials for concrete, state mixing ratio of various concrete.

Students define concrete, identify components of concrete, mention materials for concrete, state mixing ratio for various concrete.

Resources; cement, fine coarse aggregate, tools.


10

CONCRETING

Concreting

Coarse and fine aggregate

Mixing proportion of concrete.



Teacher defines concrete, states components of concrete, state materials for concrete, state mixing ratio of various concrete.

Students define concrete, identify components of concrete, mention materials for concrete, state mixing ratio for various concrete.

Resources; cement, fine coarse aggregate, tools.


11

Revision

Revision

12

Examination

Examination



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