Ega vazifasida Kim? Nima? Jack is coming tonight


A boy, a room, a table, a classroom, water, oil



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NOUNS 2012
10 Маъруза матни
A boy, a room, a table, a classroom, water, oil


Turdosh otlar 2 ga bo’linadi:

  1. Countable noun (sanaladigan ot)

  2. Uncountable noun (sanalmaydigan ot)



Countable noun (sanaladigan ot)
Oldidan son qo’yib ishlatib bo’ladigan otlarga deyiladi.
Ex: a boy / a girl / a book / a dog / a computer


Sanaladigan otlar o’z ichida 2 ga bo’linadi.
1. Singular noun (birlik ot)
Birlik otning kesimi doim birlikdir.


Birlik ot oldidan yo A/An yo The kelishi shart. Ular artiklsiz ishlatilmaydi.
Example: a dog, a horse, a man, a shop, an idea.
The girl is / are playing in the garden.
The woman was/were singing well.
The teacher wants/want to go out.


2. Plural noun (ko’plik ot)
Ko’plik otning kesimi doim ko’plikdir. Ko’plik otlar bilan yo Zero article yo The ish-di.
Ular bilan a/an ishlatilmaydi.
Example: two dogs, horses, men, the shops, many ideas.
There is/ are no batteries in the radio.
The girls is/are eating their meal.
The women have/has finished their work.
The beds in that hotel isn’t/aren’t comfortable.


Birlik otni Ko’plikka aylantirishda bir necha holati mavjuddir.

  1. Asosan Ko’pchilik otlar -s - qo’shimchasini qo’shish orqali yasaladi.

Boat - boats hat - hats house - houses river - rivers


2. “y” bilan tugahan birlik otni ko’plikka aylantirish uchun “y” ni tushirib “ies” qo’shamiz.

a city cities
a fly flies
a lady ladies
a baby babies


Izoh: -y- oldidan unli kelsa “s”

toy - toys boy - boys
day - days




  1. o, x, ch, sh, s, ss” bilan tugagan birlik otlarga ko’plik yasash uchun “es” qo’shiladi

Tomato - tomatoes Brush - brushes Box - boxes church - churches
Kiss - kisses potato-potatoes hero - heroes

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