Ega vazifasida Kim? Nima? Jack is coming tonight


Izoh: -vaqt ko’rsatkichlai bilan quyidagicha



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NOUNS 2012
10 Маъруза матни
Izoh: -vaqt ko’rsatkichlai bilan quyidagicha:

  1. Vaqt Miqdori birlik bo’lsa VAQTGA “ ’s ” qo’shiladi.

A week holiday = a week’s holiday
An hour film = a hour’s film
A month course = a month’s course

  1. Vaqt miqdori ko’plik bo’lsa VAQTGA “ s’ ” qo’shiladi.

A two week holiday = two weeks’ holiday
A three hour film = three hours’ film
Two five month courses = two five months’ courses

I've got a week's holiday starting on Monday.


Jill has got three weeks' holiday.
I live near the station - it's only about ten minutes’ walk.


Izoh: Yosh haqida gapirsak:



Otlarning gapdagi o’rni.

  1. Sifat + ot

I saw a beautiful girl.
We would be happy to send you information about our new vacuum cleaners; our leaflets contain a complete description of the latest models.

  1. Son + ot

I saw three girls.

  1. Artikl + ot

I saw a house in the distance.
It is interesting to read about the life of a great person.

  1. Olmosh + ot

This is my book.
Bob bought some/a few/ many/ several apples.

  1. This/that/these/those + ot

I haven’t seen these films.

  1. s/’ + ot

This is the girl’s childhood.

  1. PI / PII + Ot

I saw a crying girl in the street.
Many people try not to live in a haunted house.
H) Predlog + ot
He broke into laughter when I told him about it.


Ot yasovchi so’ng qo’shimchalar
-ant (-ent): assistant, student
-dom: freedom, wisdom
-er (-or, -ar): worker, actor
-hood: childhood
-ion (-ation): connection, examination
-ity: activity, sincerity
-ment: government, agreement
-ness: darkness, kindness
-ship: friendship
-es: actress, stewardess
-ine: heroine
- cy: frequency
Miqdor so’zlari va ularning kesim bilan moslashishi

One girl

Is

Two girls/three girls

Are

Some/any girls

Are

Some/any water

Is

No girls

Are

No water

Is

Each girl

Is

Every girl

Is

Either girl

Is

Neither girl

Is

Both girls

Are

A few/few girls

Are

A little/little water

Is

Many girls

Are

Most girls

Are

Most water

Is

Much water

Is

All girls

Are

All water

Is

Several girls

Are

Majority/minority

Is



Miqdor so’zi + OF + ot




One of the girls

Is

Two/three of the girls

are

Both of the girls

are

Either of the girls

Is

Neither of the girls

Is

either the girls or the teacher

Is

either the girl or the teachers

Are

Neither Ali nor his friends

Are

Neither the boys nor the girl

Is

Each of the girls

Is

Everyone of the girls

is

Many of the girls

Are

Most of the girls

Are

Much of the water

Is

Most of the water

Is

A lot of / lots of/plenty of girls

Are

A lot of / lots of/plenty of water

Is

A great number of/ a large number of girls

are

A great deal of/ a large amount of water

Is

Some/any/none of the girls

Are

Some/any/none of the water

is

The number of girls

Is

A number of girls

are

majority of the girls

Are

minority of the girls

Are

50 percent of girls

are

50 percent of water

is

All of the girls

Are

All of the water

Is

half of the money

Is

half of the girls

Are

Few/a few of the girls

Are

Little/ a little of the water

Is

Hardly any of the girls

Are

Hardly any of the water

Is



Possessive Case (NING (qaratqich kelishigi))
1. Kishi va hayvonlar bilan.
A) Birlik bo’lsa « ’s »
Tom’s book
My father’s room
My brother’s friend
The butcher’s shop
The teacher’s bag
The eagle’s nest
Elephant’s ears
Izoh: ____ of ning bersa ham bo’ladi lekin “ ‘s ” ustun
the book of my brother
The room of Jack’s sister


Izoh: ning + ning + ot
Jack’s sister’s friend
B) «s» bilan tugagan Ko’plik bo’lsa «’»
My brothers’ friends
My parents’ rooms
The butchers’ shops
The girls’ dresses
the eagles’ nests


Izoh: ____ of ning bersa ham bo’ladi lekin “ ‘ ” ustun
the books of my brothers
the books of my brothers’ friends


Izoh: ning + ning + ot
My sisters’ friends’ cars


C) Ko’plik “ s ”qo’shimchasini olmaydiygan otlar «’s» b-n ish-di
A man’s job men’s jobs
A woman’s dress women’s dresses
A child’s book Children’s books
A person’s life People’s lives
A mouse’s tail mice’s tails
An ox’s horn oxen’s horns


D) Qo’shma otlarda oxirgi ot - ning - qo’shimchasini oladi.
My boyfriend’s car
My boyfriends’ cars
My brother in law’s guitar
The MP’s briefcase


E) And bilan bog’langanlarning ikkinchisiga qarab yo “ ’s/’ ” mumkin.
Jack and Sarah’s house
Mr. and Mrs. Brown’s garden
My sister and brother’s friends


F) “ s ” bilan tugagan hozirda bo’lmagan ismlarga “ ’ ”
Pythagoras’ theorem Archimedes’ Law Sophocles’ plays


Izoh: Charles’s book



  1. kasblar bilan “ ’s/’ ”

The butcher’s shop The butchers’ shops
The chemist’s car The chemists’ shops
The baker’s money The bakers’ money
The florist’s bike The florists’ bikes
The doctor’s office the doctors’ offices


Izoh: Kasblar ishxonasi “ ’s ” bilan otsiz keladi
The butcher’s
The chemist’s
The baker’s
The florist’s
The doctor’s
The dentist’s
The barber’s
You can buy this medicine at the chemist’s.
He is going to the dentist’s.


2) Predmetlar bilan
a) «_predmet__ of _ning__» (ning qo’shimchali so’z of dan keyinda bo’ladi)
the door of the room
the blackboard of the room
the page of the book
the keyboard of the computer
the handle of the door


b) Tashkilot va korxona “ ’s/’ ” yoki “___ of ___” (Of lik struktura ustundir)
the school’s yard or the yard of the school
the university’s library or the library of the university
the company’s staff or the staff of the company
the church’s roof or the roof of the church


c) Shahar davlat “ ’s/’ ” yoki “___ of ___” (Of lik struktura ustundir)
Italy’s cities or the cities of Italy
Bukhara’s monuments or the monuments of Bukhara
The world’s population or the population of the world
The territory of Russia or Russia’s territory
The independence of America or America’s independence
the city’s council or the council of the city
the Earth’s resources or the resources of the earth


d) vaqtlar bilan “ ‘s ”
today's paper tomorrow's weather yesterday’s news
last week’s match next month’s course



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