(3) Sometime prior to this time William Cavenough ("William Cavender") sold land in St. Mary's County, Maryland.Maryland Calendar of Wills, 1748-1753, Vol 10, p. 279
1751/01/01 The so-called “New Style” Calendar became effective on January 1, 1751 and which was revised in order to compensate for earlier miscalculations. Thus, in 1752, the new year began on January 1 for the very first time. Previously, the year began on March 25. Therefore all dates before that day (that is, January 1-March 24, inclusive, of each year) would bear the date of the previous year. The so-called Gregorian Calendar was first adopted in Europe in 1582 and was later adopted in the British Colonies in on January 1, 1751.
1751/05/13 William Cavenough ("William Cavender"?) was mentioned in the will of Gorge Clarke ("George Clark") in St. Mary's County, Maryland as being the previous seller of land to George Clarke.412 1751/07/01 John Cavender was baptized in Hampshire County, England.399 1751/08/22 David Crawford, Jr. of St. Martin Parish, Hanover County, Virginia sold to Hezekiah Ford of Raleigh Parish of Amelia County, Virginia for 12 pounds and 10 shillings 1000 acres of land located on both sides of Stocks Creek adjacent to the lines of John Dawson, now Merredeth ("Merrideth"?), the dividing branch, and the lines of Isaac Seay, now William Johnson, and James Porter, together with all buildings, etc. The indenture was witnessed by William Clement, Francis Clement and Benjamin Mitchell.DB 3/83 1751/10/01 John Cavender married Mary Haynes in Widley, Hampshire County, England. 170 1751/12/04 John Cavender of Taunton, Bristol County, Massachusetts, sold to Edward Paddelford the 3 acre tract of land he had previously purchased from James Washburn on November 4, 1740. 241 1751/12/31 William Harper executed his Last Will and Testament in Richmond County, Virginia, and which was proved in June 1761, and in which he named his daughter Mary Caventer ("Mary Cavender"? & "Mary Harper") as a legatee.WB6, pp269 1751 The date of birth of the James Cavender who was living in the 96th. district of ("Spartanburg District") South Carolina in 1790 with his wife and 2 daughters (10300), and who apparently fought in the Revolutionary War and is believed to be the son of the particular Ezekiel Cavender who immigrated from England to Dorchester County, Maryland. It is to be noted that in 1800 a James Cavender was enumerated 30010-00110 in the Pendleton District of South Carolina whose family included 3 males under 10 and 1 male and 1 female 25-45 and is believed to have been born about 1772-1773 and was the son of another Ezekiel Cavender.135 1752 (1) David Cavender was apparently born in Dorchester County, Delaware on this date to James Cavender. He had a brother named Arther Cavender ("Arthur Cavender"). This particular David Cavender may not have been the one who deserted in the Revolutionary War on August 25, 1776.
On January 19, 1761, a David Cavender posted bond and was appointed the administrator of the estate of George White of Dorchester County, Maryland whose Last Will and Testament was administered on January 26, 1761. 302 , 313, 336 & 337
On September 16, 1772, a David Cavender, ("David Cavenor") a "Dorset planter", apparently inherited 30 pounds from Ann Nowell, formerly Ann Howard, of Dorchester County, Maryland.313 & 336
On February 3, 1777, a David Cavender witnessed the Last Will and Testament of George Smith in Sussex County, Delaware. 355
A second David Cavender was born around 1726 and, on March 10, 1778, gave a court deposition in Dorchester County, Maryland, in which deposition he stated that he was then around 52 years of age, and was testifying about a poplar tree shown to him about 15 years earlier by his brother, Charles Cavender, as being the boundary between the land of Rev. Thomas Airey and the land where Charles Cavender lived.286 & 352
(2) William Cavender’s wife, Margaret, was born in 1752 in Monmouth, Wales.
1752/03/09 John Cavender and Hannah Cavender of Taunton, Bristol County, Massachusetts, sold to Isaac Stephens the 20 acre tract of land he had previously purchased from James Washburn on November 4, 1740. 242 1752 The Gregorian Calendar, first adopted in Europe in 1582, was adopted by English Colonies on this date.
1753/03/22 Thomas Tabb sold to William Archer for 50 pounds 340 acres of land in Amelia County, Virginia which was located adjacent to Horse Pen Branch ("Horsepen Branch") at the line of John Royall ("John Royal"?), and the lines of James Murray, Edmund Gray ("Edmond Gray"? & "Edmond Grey"?), Richard Puckett and William Archer, being a part of a greater tract taken up by William May.DB 4/124 1753/05/31 Robert Dreghors & Co. brought suit against William Ware in Prince William County, Virginia. The suit was dismissed. 393 1753/05/07 The county court of Richmond County, Virginia ordered that John Clarke, Jr. (“John Clark”) appear at the next court to answer a complaint filed by John Caverner (“John Cavender”?) and John Chambers, servants to said John Clarke.393 1753/06/04 The Court for Richmond County, Virginia ordered the County Sheriff to summon John Clark, Jr. to appear at the next session of the Court to answer the complaint of his servants John Caverner ("John Cavender") and John Chambers. Richmond Cnty, Va Order Bk 13, p 66 1753/06/09 William Cavenough ("William Cavenaugh"? & "William Cavender"?) witnessed the will of Robart Hendly ("Robert Hendly"? & "Robert Henley"?) in St. Mary's County, Maryland on this date.392 1753/07/02 In the case of John Caverner ("John Cavender"?) and John Chambers, servants to John Clark, Jr,. which was previously brought in the Court of Richmond County, Virginia against John Clark, Jr., the said John Chambers not appearing or prosecuting his complaint, it is to be quashed. John Caverner ("John Cavender"?) producing a discharge from his former master, Lewis Pugh, for a time not yet expired, therefore the said John Clarke, Jr. has no right to detain the said John Caverner ("John Cavender"?) as a servant. Therefore, his complaint is set aside. 393 & Richmond Cnty, Va Order Bk 13, p 73 1753/10/27 The date of an affidavit by Robert Jenckins Henry ("Robert Jenkins Henry"? & "Robert Henry") that he was attending a ball in the company of Colonel Fitzhugh and sundry other people and that he overheard an argument about religion and that a Mr. Charles Sewall said that he was a loyal subject until either the King fell or when he fell, to which Robert Henry replied "take care, those words are some thing like misprision of treason" and that he would have Robert Henry take care of what he said, for there was a Judge of the Court, whereupon one William Leigh and Willian Cavenough ("William Cavender"?) broke in abruptly and said that there was no misprison of treason and that Robert Henry was a scoundrel and sundry other aggravating words to tedious to mention, and wanted to fight, and so forth.
1754/03/10 Brien Cavender ("Brian Cavender"?, "Bryan Cavender"? & "Bryan Cavender"?), believed to be a Catholic born in Ireland, witnessed the Last Will and Testament of Abraham Gambell of Dorchester County, Maryland on this date together with witneses John True and Jeremiah Carter. 392 1754/07/01 Bryan Cavender ("Bryon Cavender", "Bryant Cavender"?, "Bryan Cavender"? & "Brian Cavender"?), believed to be a Catholic born in Ireland, was the security of the bond of Ann Cannaday with respect to the administration of the estate of Matthew Cannaday, deceased.393 1754/07/02 Bryant Cavender ("Bryan Cavender" & "Brian Cavender"?) of St. Mary's County, Maryland and believed to be a Catholic born in Ireland, was a witness of the Last Will and Testament of Abraham Gambell in Dorchester County, Maryland. On the same date, he was a surety for a bond on Ann Carmaday of, Administratrix of the estate of Matthew Carmaday. 272 , 302, 336 & 337 1754/09/18 William Ware, Elizabeth Ware, John Duren, George Roberts, Bryan Mathis, John Danell, Samson Haswell and James Murry were all witnesses to the accounts presented by William Ware and Widow Hutson regarding the administration of the estate of Edward Garrett in Fairfax County, Virginia. Richard Nelson, Jr. and his wife, Elizabeth Nelson were the administrators of the estate.393 1754/10/09 James Cavender ("James Cavinder" or "James Kavinder") married Elizabeth Whinfield ("Elizabeth Whinfild" or "Elizabeth Winfield") in Saint Mary Parish, Lancaster, Lancashire County, England. 170 1754 (1) Prince Edward County, Virginia was formed out of Amelia County, Virginia in 1754.
(2) The Last Will and Testament of Abraham Campbell was written in 1754 and proved in 1756, and lists his wife, Mary Campbell and his grandchildren. The will was witnessed by Brian Cavender ("Bryon Cavender", "Bryant Cavender"?, "Bryan Cavender"? & "Brian Cavender"?), John True, and Jeremiah Carter.393
(3) In the fall of 1754, John Cavennough ("John Cavenaugh"?, "John Cavenagh"? & "John Cavender"?), alias John Cavendish, an Irishman, was imported to this country in the ship "Frisby".
1755/03/06 A notice was posted in the Maryland Gazette newspaper by John Raitt, Sheriff or Anne Arundel County, Maryland, that he had 2 possible "runaways" in jail by the names of: James Smith, a Scotchman who denies he has a master and alleged that he had lived in Virginia for 13 years; and by the name of John Bryan and was thought to be a servant to a gentleman on the Eastern Shore.
1755/03/27 James Hooper brought suit against William Ware in Fairfax County, Virginia. John Ashby was a witness for James Hooper. 393
1755/05/07 John Cavener ("John Cavenor"? &"John Cavender"?) of Fairfax County, Virginia, executed his Last Will and Testament in Fairfax County, Virginia on this date which read as follows:
"In the name of God, amen. I, John Cavener, being very sick of body but of perfect and sound mind and memory and understanding make this my Last Will and Testament in manner and form following. First and principally, I commit my soul into the hands of Almighty God that gave it, and my body to the earth there to be decently buried at the discretion of my Executrix hereafter named. Item: I leave to Elenor Barnsby("Eleanor Barnsby", "Eleanor Barnsby" & "Elinor Barnsby"?) all my personal estate whom I leave Executrix of this my Last Will and Testament, to receive all debts due for me and to pay of all debts which I owe. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this 7th. day of May 1755."
Signed by John Cavener with his mark consisting of either a capital "U" or "V" and witnessed by William Grove, George Simpson and Peter Smith, Jr. Will Bk. B1, pp 87
John Cavender died in Fairfax County prior to May 20, 1755 as it was on that date Eleanor Barnsby filed an affidavit in court requesting that the above will of John Cavender be probated. The will was "proved" on May 30, 1755. An appraisal of the estate of John Cavender was filed on June 17, 1755 by James Ingoe Dozier (“James Dozier”), Richard Brown and George Landman. It is possible that Elinor Barnsby was the aunt of the deceased John Cavender and that she was the person who had a mulatto child earlier, had subsequently married and moved to Fairfax County, Virginia, or she may even have been the same Eleanor Eaches who married Francis Cavender, the father of John Cavender.Will Bk. B1, pp 87, 4, 168 & 393
1755/05/15 William Meredith ("William Meredeth" & "William Merideth"?) and his wife, Lettice Meredith ("Lettice Merideth" & "Lettice Merideth"?) of King and Queen County, Virginia, sold to David Greenhill of Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia for 500 pounds 1350 acres of land and houses, which land was previously purchased by him from Henry Dawson on February 8, 1744. The land was located in Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia on both sides of Stocks Creek, adjacent to the lines of Paulin Anderson and David Crawford and the dividing branch. The indenture was witnessed by P.W. Clairborne, Benjamin Hillyard, Abraham Maury and Joseph Hillyard.DB 5/48 1755/05/20 Pursuant to Eleanor Barnsby ("Elinor Barnsby" & "Ellinor Barnsby") filling in the County Court of Fairfax County, Virginia a request to probate the Last Will and Testament of John Caverner ("John Cavender" & "John Cavenough"), then deceased, the Court issued the following order:
"At a court held for the County of Fairfax the 20th of May 1755, this Will was presented in Court by Eleanor Barnsby ("Elinor Barnsby"?), the Executrix herein named who made oath thereto and being proved by the oaths of the witnesses is admitted for record and the said Executrix having performed what is usual in such cases, certification is granted her for obtaining a probate thereof in due form." Eleanor Barnsby ("Elinor Barnby"), Thomas Ford and George Simpson acknowledged a bond for the administration of the estate of John Cavoner ("John Cavender") deceased which is admitted to record. "Ordered that James Ingoe, George Sandman, Charles Tyler and Richard Brown, or any three of them being first sworn according to said Inventory and appraisal all and singular the estate of John Cavoner ("John Cavender") deceased which shall be presented to their view and that the Execurtix return the same to the next court." Will Bk. B1, pp 87
1755/06/15 On this date, the appraisers of the estate of John Cavener ("John Cavender" & "John Cavenough") comprising J. Ingoe Dozier, Richard Brown and George Landman ("George Sandman"?), filed the following appraisal in Fairfax County, Virginia:
"We the subscribers have this day met according to and order of this worshipful Court and being first sworn before Lewis Ellzey have appraised all and singular the estate of John Cavener, deceased, that was presented to our view by Eleanor Barnsby ("Elinor Barnsby") the Executrix: To: one mare and colt, 4 pounds; 1 young horse, 4 pounds; and 1 cow and calf, 1 pound 17 shillings, for a total of 9 pounds 17 shillings. To: 1 mans saddle, 7 shillings 6 pence; 1 pot and pot hooks, 10 shillings; and 1 pot and pot hooks, 6 shillings, for a total of 1 pound, 3 shillings and 6 pence. To: One half dozen new pewter plates and 1 dish, 16 shillings and 6 pence; and a parcell of old pewter, 4 shillings and 6 pence, for a total of 1 pound and 7 shillings; 1 table, 2 shillings; 1 chest, 6 shillings; some tryfles, 2 shillings; his wareing apparrel (wearing apparel), 5 pounds, 6 shillings, 9 pence, for a total of 5 pounds, 16 shillings and 9 pence. To: Some old lumber, 2 shillings 9 pence." Signed by James Ingoe Dozer ("James Dozer" & "James Dozier"?), Richard Brown and George Sandman ("George Landman"). At a Court held for the County of Fairfax the 17th June, 1755, this inventory was returned and ordered to be recorded.Will Bk. B1, pp 87, 4, 168 & 393
1755/06/17 William Williams, Jr.? of Fairfax County, Virginia, filed an Inventory of the estate of William Williams, Sr.? deceased, who was apparently his father.6 1755/06/18 Martha Ware of Fairfax County, Virginia, and wife of William Ware, as Executrix of the estate of Robert Graham (apparently her father), filed an Inventory of the estate of Robert Graham. In 1752, Charles Graham of Prince William County, Virginia sold land to William West. The land was left by the will of Edward Graham the elder to Robert Graham and Stafford Graham. Edward Graham's will was probated in 1750 in Fairfax County, Virginia. 5 & 393 1755/07/17 Philip Cavender married Catherine Moody in "Old Swedes Church" in Delaware.269
1755/07/25 James Cavenay ("James Cavender"?) was born to Dominick Cavenay ("Dominick Cavender"?) and Mary Cavenay ("Mary Cavender"?) in Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts. 306 1755/07/27 Margaret Cavender, daughter of James Cavender, was christened in Ulverston, Lancashire County, England. 170 & 399 1755 (i) Robert Cavender, son of Robert Cavender and Sarah Cavender and grandson of Dorset Cavender and Sarah Cavender of Dorchester County, Maryland was born in Delaware prior to 1755. Some say that he died in Miami County, Ohio, in 1825, and others say that he died in Kent County, Delaware on September 12, 1816 which is believed to be more reliable data.279 & 314 A Thomas Cavender married Amy Ticel on February 28, 1820 in Miami County, Oho.
(ii) The Last Will and Testament of Jno Cavener ("John Cavener", "Jno Cavender" & "John Cavender") was probated in Fairfax County, Virginia.350
1755-1759 Estimated date of the marriage of Hugh Cavender to a Frances who is believed to have been named Frances Eudaley ("Frances Youdaley", "Frances Eudaly", "Frances Yodaley", & "Frances Youdale"), the daughter of Delman Eudaley ("Delman Yodaley", "Delman Youdale" & "Delman Eudaly") who lived in the Stocks Creek area of Raleigh Parish of Amelia County, Virginia before his farm of either 150 or 196 acres was subsequently sold on January 9, 1756. It is believed that they were married in Raleigh Parish in Amelia County, Virginia, because that is where Frances Eudaley's parents lived and that is where Hugh Cavender first became an overseer on the 2200 acre plantation of Paulin Anderson ("Pauling Anderson") by at least 1762. The estimated date of marriage is based on the fact that the oldest son of Hugh Cavender and Frances Cavender, i.e., Joseph Cavender, was born about 1760 according to an affidavit filed by him in support of a Revolutionary War pension, and by assuming that Joseph Cavender was born approximately 1 year after Hugh Cavender and Frances Cavender were married. However, as Delman Eudaley sold his farm in January 1756, it would appear that he may have moved from the county after that time. Consequently, Hugh Cavender and Frances Eudaley may have married in 1755, i.e., before her father sold his farm. However, it is not believed that Hugh Cavender was the required legal age at that time to get married, i.e., 21 years. Instead, it is believed that he was about 17-19 years of age at that particular point in time393 1756/01/09 Delman Youdaley ("Delman Youdalin", "Delman Yodaley", "Delman Youdale", "Delman Eudaly" & "Delman Eudaley"?) then living in the Stocks Creek area of Raleigh Parish of Amelia County, Virginia, sold to Thomas Tabb for the sum of 50 pounds, 196 acres by one account, and 150 acres by another account, which land was situated in the Stocks Creek area of Raleigh Parish of Amelia County adjacent to the lands of Paulding Anderson ("Pauling Anderson"? & "Paulin Anderson"?), Thomas Foster, Thomas Watkins and Richard Loving. The Indenture was witnessed by Henry Powell, Benjamin Hendrick, James Clarke ("James Clark"?) and George Ham ("George Hamm"?). No later record was found of Delman Youdaley in Amelia County after this sale of land to Thomas Tabb. However, part of the above land was sold jointly by Thomas Tabb and Moses Eudaley ("Moses Youdaley", "Moses Youdaley", Moses Youdalin", "Moses Yodaley", "Moses Youdale", "Moses Eudaly" & "Moses Eudaley"?) on February 13, 1769 as recorded below. Possession was obtained on the same date in the presence of the same witnesses. The deed by Delman Youdaley was proved by oath of one witness on January 28, 1762, by the oath of a second witness on November 24, 1763, and by oath of a third witness on April 26, 1764 and then recorded.
The above deeds and tithe lists suggest that Dilman Youdaley ("Delman Youdalin", "Delman Yodaley", "Delman Youdale", "Delman Eudaly" & "Delman Eudaley") died soon afterwards, but that the Youdaley family continued to live in this area by some arrangement with Thomas Tabb, who apparently was a wealthy man with large holdings in Amelia County, and that they continued to have some claim on the land above. No record has been found of the death of Dilman Youdaley ("Delman Youdaley"? & "Delman Eudaley"?), but a reasonable explanation would be that Moses Eudaley was his son. However, it is quite possible that he died at a fairly young age leaving minor children as a James Eudaley ("James Youdaley"?) was living in the household of Wolliam Wood ("William Wood"?) in 1770 and he was then listed as being over 16 years of age at that time and thus born about 1744-. 393
As recorded earlier, Thomas Tabb was one of the largest merchants in Virginia, having begun with trading posts with the Indians on the frontiers, then adapting to the wants of the new colonists who pushed the Indians farther away. He imported from England all manner of goods for his stores and for a time his son, John Tabb, lived in Liverpool, Liverpool County, England and arranged the shipments to his father. In addition to the stores stretching from Amelia County, Virginia west and southwest past what is now Prince Edward County, Virginia, Thomas Tabb had a mill and various other enterprises, including a partnership in a large merchantile firm of Rumboldt, Walker & Tabb. The Bookers always had large tracts of land, not only in Amelia County, Virginia, but also in Gloucester County, Virginia section where they first settled. In 1763, Thomas Tabb was the second largest land owner in Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia with 6,734 acres.pp 17, “Historical Notes on Amelia Cnty., Va.”
1756/06/24 John Mann sold to William Archer for 40 pounds 100 acres and land with buildings which was located in Amelia County, Virginia and bounded by Horsepen Branch, a branch running into Horsepen Branch. the lines of Stephen Watkins and John Mann, being land formerly owned by William Mays, and the line of Richard Puckett, and being a part of a greater tract patented to William Pride. The indenture was witnessed by Richard Jones, Jr., Richard Booker and William Craddock. DB 5/56 1756 In 1756, Pauling Anderson ("Paulin Anderson", probably Paulin Anderson, Sr.) paid 12 tithes on 3 white adult males, Pauling Anderson (probably Paulin Anderson,Jr.), Munday Richeson? ("Munday Richardson"?) and John Townsend and on 9 adult slaves Frank, Sam, London, Citt, George, Toby, Gilbert, Marlett? and Gilley. Hugh Cavender's name is not mentioned in the tithes of 1756. In another listing, it is stated that he paid only 10 tithes, with John Townsend being the only person named, the rest being the above slaves. However, in 1762, Paulin Anderson paid for 12 tithes: himself, John Townsend, Hugh Cavinder ("Hugh Cavender"?) and 9 adult slaves named: Frank, Sam, Toby, Merchant, Citt, Robin, Major, Myrtilla (“Myatilla”?) and Sarah. Thus, Hugh Cavender apparently did not move to Amelia County until sometime after the tithe records were taken in 1756.393 1757/04/21 James Cavenor ("James Cavender"?) was married on this date, apparently in New York, New York. and had some relationship with Thomas E.R. Murphy ("Thomas Murphy"). It is believed that James Cavenor ("James Cavender") married the daughter of Thomas Murphy. Assuming he was 21 years of age when he married, then he would have been born about 1736397 1757/12/10 Alice Cavender, daughter of James Cavender, was christened by in Ulverstom, Lancaster County, England. 170 & 399 1757 Date of birth of James Cavender who married Frankey Kellem (widow) in Lower Norfolk or Princess Anne County, Virginia sometime between April 28 and May 5, 1804. Lower Norfolk or Princess Ann County, Virginia is now the independent City/County of Virginia Beach, Virginia, It appears James Cavender may be related to Thomas Cavender born around 1782 in Princess Anne County, Virginia and to the Henry Cavender whose Last Will and Testament was executed on May 26, 1801 in Princess Anne County, Virginia and was probated in Princess Anne County, Virginia on February 7, 1803, and to which document the above James Cavender was apparently a witness.