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1757/04/25 In the deposition of Samuel Webb in Baltimore County, Maryland, he stated that Patrick Cavanagh ("Patrick Cavenaugh", "Patrick Cavenagh"? & "Patrick Cavender"?), had served his time as an indentured servant, that as a schoolmaster with him, he went to Mass and always professed himself to be a Roman Catholic schoolmaster. Since expiration of his service two years ago he taught in York County, Pennsylvania until this winter when he came back to Baltimore County, Maryland and settled at the head of Deer Creek, and now teaches school there and still professes to be a Roman Catholic. A Patrick Cavenagh married Mrs. Mary Renshaw who was the former wife of John Renshaw who died in Baltimore County, Maryland about 1752. Mary Renshaw was formerly Mary Litton. Mary Renshaw married Patrick Cavenagh before December 8, 1752. 392 & 393

1757/10/03 The estate of Andrew Telfer, deceased, was appraised in Dorchester County, Maryland by James Cavender, et al. 393

1756-1758 James Cavander ("James Cavender") was apparently living in Dorchester County, Maryland. It appears he was leasing land from William Thomas known as "Spring Garden", "Spring Garden Addition" and "Thomas's Addition". It is believed that he was the father of Arther Cavender ("Arthur Cavender") and David Cavender who fought in the Revolutionary War. 287, 302 . 131, 313 & 336

1758/08/01 A State Legislature Bill of the Colony of Virginia authorizing the payment for provisions furnished by sundry inhabitants of the County of Augusta, Virginia by Captain Alexander Sayers and for the payment of amounts due to the Virginia Militia personnel under the command of Captain Sayres (“Capt. Sayers”?) up to the end of August 1758. Included in his command was Nicholas Havener ("Nicholas Cavender"?). For the month of September 1758, payment was made to Jacob Havener ("Jacob Cavender") and Nicolas Havener ("Nicholas Cavender"). For 1763, payment was made to Nicholas Havener ("Nicholas Cavender"?)Statutes at Large. A Collection of all the Laws of Va.Vol. VII
1758/09/07 James Cavender was one of the appraisers of the estate of Andrew Telfer in Dorchester County, Maryland whose estate was appraised both on January 22, 1758 and again on September 7, 1757.
1758 Patrick Cavender, believed to be a Catholic from Ireland, purchased land in Washington County, Maryland.
1759/03/14 William Shirley Cavenough ("William Cavenaugh"?, William Shirley Cavender"? & "William Cavender"?) executed his will on this date in Prince George's County, Maryland, and was probated in Prince George's County on February 21, 1763. He was a soldier in the 44th... Regiment and he left his entire estate to his sister, Monaca Hilton ("Monica Hilton" formerly Monaca Cavender"? & "Monica Cavender"?), who was the wife of James Hilton. His will was witnessed by David Husband, George Lyles and Charity MuckMillian.392
1759/04/26 Joseph Locket of Amelia County, Virginia apprenticed himself to Matthis Flouroy ("Matthew Flouroy" & "Matthew Fauntleroy"?) of Prince Edward County, Virginia and the following language was recorded in the contract: "By Act of Assembly made to oblige apprentices to serve full time for which bound, notwithstanding their infancy, it is enacted that every person who at any time hereafter shall be bound .... to serve as an apprentice in any trade, art mistery, or occupation with consent and approbation of any Court of record within this Colony, although such persons be within the age of 21 years at the time of making his indenture, shall be obliged to serve the full time in such indenture contained as amply and largely to every extent as if such apprentice were of full age at the time of making same."
1759/12/31 The Last Will and Testament of William Harper was probated on June 1, 1761 in Richmond County, Virginia. It names his wife as Elizabeth Harper, a daughter named Mary Caverner (“Mary Carventer”, "Mary Cavender"? & formerly Mary Harper"), a daughter named Susanna Harper (“Susannah Harper” & “Susan Harper”), a son named Joshua Harper, and other children named William Harper, Daniel Harper, George Harper, Elizabeth Harper, Wilmoth Harper and Hannah Harper. The will further name his grandson James Harper son of Wilmoth Harper and Hannah Harper. His wife and his son Joshua Harper were named the executors, and the will was witnessed by William Harris (“William Harrison”?), Ambrose Jones and Peter Lamkin. This Mary Cavender may have been the wife of either John Caverner (“John Cavender”) or William Caverner (“William Cavender”?). 393
1759-1760 The date of birth of the first child of Hugh Cavender of Amelia County, Virginia.393
1760-1770 Margaret Cox, daughter of George Cox, stated she first became "acquainted" with William Cavinder in the "upper part" of North Carolina sometime during this time frame. She was born in Virginia May 12, 1750.101
1760/01/29 William Taverner, alias William Cavender, belonging to his Majesty's Ship, the "Panther", and then a patient in the Royal Hospital at Sousfar near Gosport in the County of Grants, London, England, executed his Will leaving all of his estate to William Dinhet then working at the hospital. His Will was probated February 6, 1760. 172
1760/04/19 Elizabeth Cavender married James Peers in Lancashire County, England.399
1760/08/23 The estate of George White, deceased, was administered in Dorchester County, Maryland by James Cavender, et al.
1760/12/08 John Cookson and Abigial Cavender entered into intentions of marriage in Estham Edward Knowlstown, Clark County, Massachusetts. 225
1760 (1) Estimated date of birth of William Cavendar (“William Cavender”?), probably in Brattleboro, Vermont, and was the son of Grace Cavendar (formerly "Grace Viles") who was a widow at that time. Grace Cavendar ("Grace Cavender"?) was daughter of Joseph Viles, moved from Brattleboro, Vermont to Westminster, Massachusetts and William Cavender was 12 years of age when his mother moved to Westminster. William Cavender was taxed in 1783 and for 3 years afterwards, when all traces of him disappeared. 256

(2) Approximate date of birth of Joseph Cavender in Raleigh Parish in Amelia County, Virginia, the first child of Hugh Cavender and Frances Cavender, based upon the fact that he was 19 years of age when he enlisted in the Revolutionary war on December 12, 1779 in Amelia County, Virginia, together with the fact that his affidavit for a Revolutionary War pension application stated that he was born in 1760.

(3) Margaret Cavender, wife of John Cavender, was born about 1760. She died on December 25, 1820 at the age of 60 and is buried in the Pigeon Run Cemetery (“Pidgeon Run Cemetery”) in Red Lyon Hundred, New Castle County, Delaware. This cannot be the same Margaret who married the particular John Cavender who was also born about 1760 in New Castle Hundred, New Castle County, Delaware and who also married a Margaret, as the second mentioned Margaret who also married a John Cavender who was born about 1760 was still living on August 21, 1844 when, at the age of 80, she applied for a Revolutionary War pension for her husband's prior service. 14, 130, 255, 269, 281 , 285, 304, 313, 337 & 355

(4) George III became King of England and reigned until 1820.


1761/01/30 The estate of Colonel James Ennalls ("James Enalls"? & "James Enals"?), deceased, was administered in Dorchester County, Maryland. A listed debtor to the estate was Charles Cavanah ("Charles Cavender"?).393

1761/01/14 The estate of George White, deceased, was administered in Dorchester County, Maryland by David Cavender.393

1761/03/26 Thomas Wingo, Sr. and his wife, Jane Wingo, sold to their son, Thomas Wingo, Jr. 145 acres of land in Amelia County, Virginia which was a part of the land then lived on by Thomas Wingo, Sr. and which was adjacent to the lines of Thomas Wingo, Sr., Poullin Anderson ("Paulin Anderson", "Poulin Anderson"? & "Pouling Anderson"), a swamp, and the line of a Hurt. On the same date he conveyed to Thomas Wingo, Jr. 145 additional acres of land which was also a part on which he then lived and which was adjacent to the lines of Thomas Wingo, Sr., John Wingo, a swamp, and the line of a Hurt. DB 7/46

1761/07/14 William Cavanner (“William Cavenner” & “William Cavender”?) is mentioned in the Last Will and Testament of John Byrd which was executed on this date in Richmond County, Virginia, and was recorded on August 3, 1761 in the North Farnham Parish Register of Richmond County, Virginia. In his Will, John Byrd mentions his sister Joanna Byrd, his sister Sarah Bruce, she being the lawful daughter of Sarah Bruce and Thomas Bruce, and John Lisle to whom he left "my crop of corn and tobacco, except that part I agreed to let William Cavanner have."Richmond Co, Va Will Bk 6, p 269
1761/01/19 David Cavender posted bond and was appointed the administrator of the estate of George White of Dorchester County, Maryland. George White's Last Will and Testament was executed in Dorchester County, Maryland January 24, 1961 and was probated January 26, 1761. 302 , 313, 336, 337 & 392
1761/04/17 Sarah Connor, a spinster of Kent County, Delaware, was appointed by the Dover, Kent County, Delaware Probate Court as the administratrix of the estate of Jane Cavender, also of Kent County, Delaware, and who died without leaving a will. It is noted that a Lieutenant Cavenor ("Cavender"?) was then Commander in Chief of the Counties of Neweaske?, Kent and Suffolk and the Delaware Province of Pennsylvania. 201, 268, 313, 336 & (Reel 3, No. 1243)
1761/04/27 David Greenhill of Amelia County, Virginia sold to James Bagley ("James Bagby" & "James Bagbey") of Cumberland County, Virginia for 345 pounds 1155 acres of land located in Amelia County, Virginia, and being part of a tract patented by John Dawson and previously sold by him to William Merredith ("William Meredith"?) and by him sold to David Greenhill. The land is adjacent to the line of Paulin Anderson, the fork of Stocks Creek, the line of Thomas Foster, a branch of Sandy Creek, the line of David Crawford, and a spring.
1761/07/14 The date of execution of the Last Will and Testament of John Byrd of Farnum Parish ("North Farnham Parish") in Richmond County, Virginia, which was probated in August of 1761, mentions corn that he had previously bought from William Caverner ("William Cavender"?). This William Cavender may have been the one born about 1681, but is more likely to be of the next generation. 393
1761 (1) According to the tithing records for 1761, the following persons paid so-called “tything” taxes in Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia: Thomas Atkinson paid on 4 un-named persons; Paulin Anderson, then living in King and Queen County, Virginia, paid on 10 unnamed persons, one of which could have been Hugh Cavender; William Cumpton (“William Compton”) paid on just himself; Jno Cumpton ("John Compton" & "Jonathan Compton") paid on just himself; Eleanor Crenshaw paid on 7 un-named persons; Jno Cumpton, Jr.("John Compton" & "Jonathan Compton") paid on 4 un-named persons; Jane Cumpton (“Jane Compton”) paid on 1 un-named person, probably a slave; William Farley paid on 2 un-named persons; Major Tabb (“Thomas Tabb”) paid on 67 unnamed persons, one of which could have been Hugh Cavender; and, Thomas Wingo paid on 3 un-named persons;

(2) A Jane Cavener ("Jane Cavender"?) died in Kent County, Delaware and her estate was appraised by Sally Cavener ("Sally Cavender" & “Sarah Cavender”?) on May 25, 1761. 332

(3) Alexander Cavender was born about 1761, probably in New Castle County, Delaware. He died on November 28, 1820 at the age of 59 and is buried in the Pigeon Run Cemetery (“Pidgeon Run Cemetery”) Cemetery in Red Lyon Hundred, New Castle County, Delaware. According to the 1800 Delaware Census, an Elexander Cavender (“Alexander Cavender”?) was then living in Pencades Hundred and, in 1820, an Alexander Cavender was living in Newcastle Hundred, New Castle County, Delaware and his family consisted of one son 10-16, a son and a daughter 16-26, He and his wife were listed as being over 45 years. Therefore, he would have been born prior to 1775. He married a Margaret who was born about 1760, died on December 25, 1820 at the age of 60 years. 269 & 313



(4) The polls of landowners for the election of Burgesses for Richmond County, Virginia showed that no Cavender owned land at that time in Richmond County, Virginia.393
1762/01/20 John Caviner ("John Cavender"?) of North Farnham Parish, Richmond County, Virginia apprenticed his son, James Caviner ("James Cavender"?), to Samuel Harrison of Cople Parish, Westmoreland County, Virginia, until age 21 to learn the art and trade of a shoemaker. Witnessed by John Harrison, Jr., Ann Harrison, Samuel Harrison and William Harrison.Richmond Cnty, Va Deed Bk 12, p 342
1762/02/01 James Bagley ("James Bagby" & "James Bagbey") and his wife, Elizabeth Bagbey ("Elizabeth Bagley") of Cumberland County, Virginia first sold to Francis Hopkins ("Francis Hopkinson") of the same county for 180 pounds 380 acres in Amelia County, Virginia adjacent to the lands of Robert Bagby, Jr., Thomas Green, William Loving, David Crawford, James Wood and Paulin Anderson. The indenture was witnessed by William Cox, John Cox and John Bagbey ("John Bagby" & "John Bagley"). On the same date, they also sold to Robert Bagbey, Sr. ("Robert Bagley" & "Robert Bagby") of the same county for 60 pounds 200 acres in Amelia County, Virginia, being a part of a larger tract which was purchased from David Greenhill and located on Stocks Creek, in Amelia County. The indenture was witnessed by William Cox, Francis Hopkins, John Cox and John Bagby. On April 8, 1762, they sold to Robert Bagbey for 18 pounds 200 acres in Amelia County, Virginia on Stocks Creek, which property was a part of the land patented to John Dawson on July 9, 1737 and being adjacent to the lands of John Wayles, Francis Hopkinson ("Francis Hopkins") and Paulin Anderson ("Pauling Anderson"). The indenture was witnessed by John Cox, Harry Bagbey ("Harry Bagley" & "Harry Bagby"). DB 7/73
1762/06/20 Owen Cavanough (“OwenCavender”?) was christened by Owen Cavanough (“Owen Cavender”?) and Grace Cavanough (“Grace Cavender”?) in Gosport, Holy Trinity Parish, Hampshire County, England.399 At the age of 25 years, he was a sailor on board the "Sirius" Flagship under the command of Captain Arthur Phillip who left England in 1787 and led the First Fleet to Sydney, Australia Cove on January 26, 1788, after a journey of 8 months. Captain Phillip later became the first Governor of New South Wales. There were just over 1,000 men, women and children, including a few who were born during the long journey.

Accompanied Captain Phillip on the first expedition to Port Jackson from Botany Bay. In March 1790 he was stranded at Norfolk Island when the Sirus was wrecked. He was discharged to become a settler on Norfolk Island. Owen Cavanough (“Owen Cavender”?) met and married Margaret Darnell (“Margaret Darling” & “Margaret Dowling”) while on Norfolk Island. On May 16, 1791, he was “located” on 60 acres of land at Cascade Stream in Phillipsburg.

Margaret Darnell was born on October 22, 1766, was arrested for shop-lifting and sentenced to 7 years “transportation” at the Old Bailey on April 18, 1787, just in time to be sent to Portsmouth on April 30, 1787 for embarkation on the ship “Prince of Wales”, died on September 24, 1834, and is buried at the Sackville Methodist Cemetery in NSW. The "Prince of Wales" also sailed with the First Fleet. At the time of her marriage to Owen Cavanough (“Owen Cavender”?), she already had a son by a Marine private named Charles Green who had travelled in the First Fleet. Their son was likewise named Charles Green and was born on December 22, 1788.

The children of Owen Cavanough and Margaret Cavanough were:



Owen Cavanough (“Owen Cavender”?) born on May 28, 1792 on Norfolk Island, died on May 2, 1792 at the age of 2 years of age, and is buried on Norfolk Island;

Grace Cavanough (“Grace Cavender”?) born on September 28, 1795 on Norfolk Island, married Ralph Turnbull on August 13, 1813, and died on February 1, 1828;

Elizabeth Cavanough (“Elizabeth Cavender”) born on January 4, 1797 at Port Jackson, and married Henry Hetherington on July 13, 1815;

Owen Cavanough (“Owen Cavender”?) born on June 19, 1799 at Port Jackson, married Celia Collins on November 17, 1824, and died on July 28, 1885. Celia Collins was born on April 6, 1810, and died on June 7, 1890;

Richard Cavanough (“Richard Cavender”?) born on March 7, 1802 at Port Jackson, married Ann Cross on September 17, 1827, and died on April 4, 1880. Ann Cross was born on August 16, 1808, and died on October 20, 1880;

James Cavanough (“James Cavender”?) born on July 18, 1804 at Port Jackson, married Ester Huxley on June 14, 1831, and died on March 21, 1858. Ester Huxley was born on January 1, 1817, and died on March 11, 1884; and,

George Cavanough (“George Cavender”?) born on July 5, 1807, married Jane Gosper on July 5, 1836, and died on January 10, 1879. Jane Gosper was born on March 3, 1820, and died on July 23, 1896.

On November 27, 1841, at the age of 79 years, the elder Owen Cavanough accidentally drowned at Wheeney Creek on the Hawkesbury, was first buried in the Wesleyan Churchyard at Sackville Reach, and was later re-interred at the Ebenezer Presbyterian Church on ground that he had previously given to the church. 461 & Australia’s Heritage, Vol 1 & The Founders of Australia by Mollie Green



1762/06/26 The Last Will and Testament of Benjamin Caul ("Benjamin Cave"?) was probated in Orange County, Virginia and he left to his daughter, Mrs. Ann Cavender (formerly "Ann Caul" & "Ann Cave"?), one Negro wench named Violet. 355
1762/06/xx An unidentified Cavender married Ann Cave ("Ann Caul"?), daughter of Benjamin Cave ("Benjamin Caul"?), in Orange County, Virginia, as indicated in Benjamin Cave's Last Will and Testament of the same date. 133, 294 & 350
1762/10/18 The date of probation of the estate of John Thomas, deceased, of Dorchester County, Maryland in which James Cavender was named as a creditor.392
1762/10/23 James Cavenier ("James Cavender"?) was born on this date to James Cavenier and Lucey Cavenier ("Lucy Cavenier", "Lucey Cavender"? & "Lucey Cavender"?) in Beverly, Essex County, Massachusetts. 397
1762 (1) Date of birth of the particular Hugh Cavander ("Hugh Cavender"?) whose birthplace is unknown, and is listed on page 295 of the 1840 Census for Greenfield Township, Fairfield County, Ohio. At that particular point in time, his family consisting of 2 females ages 10-15, 1 male age 15-20, 1 female age 50-60, and 1 male age 70-80. Hugh Cavander's family apparently did not move to Greenfield Township until some time after 1830 as he is not listed in the 1830 census reports for that year. Hugh Cavander died August 30, 1842 at the age of 80, and is buried in the Greenfield Township, Fairfield County, Ohio Cemetery next to a Presbyterian Church whose records are non-existent. No other Cavander is buried in that particular cemetery nor is any Cavender buried in any other cemetery in Greenfield Township in Fairfield County, Ohio. A Hugh Cavinner ("Hugh Cavander"? & "Hugh Cavender") is listed in the 1839 Quadrennial Enumerations of Greenfield Township, Fairfield County, Ohio which listed all males over 21 years of age, but he is not in the 1831 Quadrennial Enumerations. So, apparently he did not live in Greenfield Township for more than 11 years.313 It is quite possible that he is a descendant of the Hugh Cavenah who immigrated to this country from Bristol, England at the age of 11-12 years to be an indentured servant in Virginia.

(2) Garret Cavender ("Garrett Cavender"?) married Jane in Pennsylvania? about 1762. On August 30, 1746, Garret Cavenaugh ("Garret Cavender"?), servant from Ireland was assigned to Francis Battin of Gloucester County, Pennsylvania for a period of 4 years. 124, 136 & 350 This may be the same Garrett Cavender who received a land grant in Hampshire County, Virginia in 1800 which later became Hampshire County, West Virginia. Also, a Garrett Cavener ("Garrett Cavender"?) was a private in the roster of Captain Uriah Springer's Company from Monongalia County, West Virginia on service at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania in 1781, which is near Monongahela in Washington County, Pennsylvania and also near Pittsburg, Pennsylvania.

(3) In 1762, Paulin Anderson (“Pauling Anderson”) paid 11 tithes (sometimes "tithables", "tithes" or "tythes") on the following persons then living in Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia: John Townsend (“John Townshend” & “John Townsing”?) and Hugh Cavinder ("Hugh Cavender"), who were probably his two overseers of his plantation, plus 9 slaves named Frank, Sam, Toby, Merchant (“Marchant”?), Citt, Robin, Major, Myrtilla (“Martilla”?) and Sarah. Paulin Anderson's 2221 acre plantation was located on the upper side Flatt Creek (actually "Flat Creek", sometimes “Platt Creek”) and between Flat Creek and the Appomattox River in Amelia County, Virginia, and apparently Paulin Anderson was still living in King and Queen County, Virginia. The Appomattox River is a western branch of the James River which runs through present day Richmond, Virginia. Pauling Anderson continued to pay a tithe tax in Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia on Hugh Cavender and others (but not on himself) in each subsequent year until the year 1768, at which time Hugh Cavender began paying his own tithe tax. There is no evidence that Paulin Anderson ever moved from King and Queen County, Virginia. It is to be noted that on the tithe list prepared the next year by Edmond Booker, he spelled Hugh Cavender’s name as Hugh Cavenor. Amelia Co. tithables by TLG Genealogies 350 & 393

The following additional persons paid the following tithe taxes in Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia in 1762:



Francis Anderson (“Zeanois Anderson”?) paid 11 tithes, one on Daniel Fragsdale (“Daniel Fragodule”?), and 10 on slaves Shill, Jack, Charles, Jemmie, Care, Ceasar, Betty, Lucy, Judy and Jenny. (Apparently, he was not then living in Raleigh Parish.)

John Roberts paid on himself, William Roberts, and 2 slaves.

Rebecca Courten (“Rebecca Curton”?) paid on Thomas Roberts and 3 slaves.

John Levitt paid on Robert Johnson, Richard Compton and 6 slaves.

Richard Eggleston paid on John Eggleston and 5 slaves.

John Hughes paid on Samuel Wheelor and 1 slave.

Robert Ferguson paid on himself, Edward Ferguson and 5 slaves.

John Compton, Jr. paid on himself and 3 slaves.

John Compton paid on himself, John Compton and 1 slave.

Thomas Atkinson (“Thomas Athenson”?) paid on himself and 4 slaves.

William Anderson paid on himself, Sherwood Pearson, John Braithwait, Peter Berry and 5 slaves.

John Farley paid on himself.

Thomas Pollard (“Thomas Pollerd”?) Paid on himself and 2 slaves.

William Townes paid on himself and 4 slaves.

William Ware paid on himself and 4 slaves.

Thomas Ellis appears to have paid on himself, James Hughes, John Atkins and 2 slaves.

Richard Anderson paid on himself, John Anderson and 3 slaves. The next year, John Anderson is then listed as owning 400 acres of land and 7 slaves.

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