John Atkinson paid on himself and Jonas Jordan (“James Jordan”?).
James Wingo paid only on himself.
Benjamin Hubbard paid only on himself.
Richard Puckett paid on himself and one slave named Maria.
Thomas Puckett paid only on himself.
Christopher Ford appears to have paid on himself, Clairborn Lawson, Thomas Green and 3 slaves.
John Wingo paid only on himself.
Hansford Anderson paid only on Ambrose Cumpton (“Ambrose Compton”) and 3 slaves.
Robert Ferguson, Jr. paid on himself, Daniel Ferguson, William Wood and 3 slaves named Simon, Lucy and Beck.
William Ware paid on himself and on 2 slaves named Gloucester and Sam.It is significant to note that Joseph Cavender, the oldest son of Hugh Cavender, married Susanna Ware, the daughter of William Ware, Sr. This is evidenced by the fact that, on February 28, 1798, William Ware, Sr. was then living in Chesterfield County, Virginia and jointly gave to his son-in-law, Joseph Cavender, his daughter, Susanna Cavender, and to his grandson, Thomas Cavender, 87 acres of land on which they were then living in Charlotte County, and which land was part of the land on which William Ware, Sr., was also then living in Charlotte County, Virginia. 8, 120 & 393
Thomas Wingo, Jr. paid only on himself.
Thomas Wingo, Sr. paid only on himself.
James Cheatham paid on himself, James Foster, and 5 on slaves Zack (“Jack”?), Jacob, Frank, Phillis and Sarah.
Thomas Mumford paid on himself, Thomas Mumfore, Teen Compton and 9 slaves.
Hezekiah Ford paid on William Ford and 2 on slaves Punch and Lucy; Thomas Tabb, one of the tithe-takers, but apparently not then living in Raleigh Parish, paid 84 tithes, none on himself, one on John Ford, Richard Pringle, Guy Smith, Richard Jones, Archer Johnson, James Johnson, Thomas Webb, Uriah Jones, George Chulliner (“George Challiner”?), Charles Hutchinson, Moses Farguson (“Moses Ferguson”?), Thomas Keith and John P. Beauley (“Thomas Beagley”?)and on 71 named slaves. The next year, i.e., in 1763, Thomas Tabb was listed as then owning 6734 acres of land and paid 91 tithes.
1763/02/26 James Cavender, son of James Cavender, was christened in Ulverston, Lancashire County, England. 170, 399 & 439 1763/08/25 Francis Hopkins and his wife, Jane Hopkins, of Raleigh Parish in Amelia County, sold to William Ware of the same parish and county, for 52 pounds and 10 shillings 150 acres of land in Raleigh Parish on both sides of Stocks Creek adjacent to the properties of Thomas Green, Joel Meador, William Loving, John Ford, James Wood and said Francis Hopkins, and which was witnessed by John Wright and Joel Meador ("Joel Meadow"? & "Joel Maidor"). Apparently on the same date, Francis Hopkins sold to Joel Maidor of the same parish and county, for 130 pounds 225 acres and all houses thereon in Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia located on both sides of Stocks Creek adjacent to the properties of Robert Bagley ("Robert Bagby" & "Robert Bagbey"), and Poulin Anderson ("Pouling Anderson"). The indenture was witnessed by John Wright and William Ware. DB 8/98 1763/08/xx The date of an accounting record to settle the militia accounts of Nicholas Havener ("Nichols Cavender"?) found in Henning's Statutes under payments to settle account for provisions furnished the militia of the county of Augusta and by sundry inhabitants of the county.
1763/09/27 William Loving of Amelia County, Virginia sold to James Bagby ("James Bagley" & "James Bagbey") of Cumberland County, Virginia for 15 pounds and 15 shillings 100 acres in Amelia County, Virginia that was previously sold to William Loving by James Bagby and on which he now lives. The land is adjacent to the land of William Ware, Joel Meadows and John Ford. The indenture was witnessed by Francis Hopkins and John Bagby ("John Bagley" & "John Bagbey").DB 8/112 1763 (1) The seven year French and Indian war ended in 1763 and England conquered France for all American Colonies and all land west of the Allegheny Mountains. George Washington gained experience as a Colonel. And, by this time, the English-speaking (sometimes Gaelic-speaking) Scots-Irish from Ulster County, Ireland, who were largely descendants of the Scots who first colonized Northern Ireland when the English were first settling Virginia, had formed the outer belt of defense against the Indians all the way from Londonderry, New Hampshire, to the upper country of South Carolina. 169
(2) Paulin Anderson paid tythe taxes (sometimes "tithables", "tithes" or "tythes") on Hugh Cavenor ("Hugh Cavender") who was still working on the 2221 acre plantation of Paulin Anderson ("Pauling Anderson") located on the upper side of Flatt Creek ("Flat Creek") in Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia and apparently. As indicated earlier, Flatt Creek is a branch of the Appomattox River which is a western branch of the James River which runs through present day Richmond, Virginia. 350 & 393
(3) William Ware was still paying tithe taxes in the Upper Side of Flat Creek in Amelia County, Virginia. As indicated before, Flat Creek ("Flatt Creek") is a branch of the Appomattox River which is a western branch of the James River which runs through present day Richmond, Virginia. William Ware was still paying on himself and apparently his 2 slaves Gloucester and Sam.393 1763-1764 Estimated date of birth of Sarah Cavender ("Sally Cavender"), third known child of Hugh Cavender and Frances Cavender, who was born in Virginia, married Archibald Compton on December 8, 1784 in Amelia County, Virginia, and died in Virginia in 1840. Hugh Cavender gave his consent to her marriage to Archibald Compton. The ceremony was conducted by K.B. Williams. 149, 295 & 355 1764/01/05 The date of execution of the Last Will and Testament of Mary Thomas of Dorchester County, Maryland. The Will and estate were probated March 26, 1764 and James Cavender was listed a creditor.392 1764/05/27 Richard Cavender was christened by Owen Cavender and Grace Cavender in Gosport, Holy Trinity, Hampshire County, England.399 1764/06/28 James Cavender, son of James Cavender, was christened in Ulverston, Lancashire County, England. 170, 399 & 439 1764/11/27 Charlotte County, Virginia, was formed from Lunenburg County.
1764/12/05 Valuation of land of John Thomas in Dorchester County, Maryland, then deceased, where Captain William Thomas now dwells. Land located on the roads to Winsmore Bridge and Town Point over the cove where James Cavender now lives.286 1764/12/12 Ezekiel Cavenor ("Ezekiel Cavender") and John True were the sureties to the bond of Catherine King the Administratrix of Thomas King in Dorchester County, Maryland. This particular Ezekiel Cavender is believed to be either the son of Dorset Cavender who died about 1738 in Dorchester County, Maryland, or the particular Ezekiel Cavender who eventually went to Jasper County, Georgia in Indian Territory. 302, 313, 336 & 337 1764 (1) Paulin Anderson ("Pauling Anderson"?) was paying tythes (sometimes "tithables", "tithes" or "tythes") taxes on 13 people, including 2 white males over 21 who were than working on his 2221 acre plantation by the names John Townsend and Hugh Cavinder ("Hugh Cavender"), together with an unknown number of slaves.
(2) King George III declares the "New Hampshire Grants" belong to New York and New York begins to make grants in the disputed territory.261
(3) Edmund Taylor ("Edmond Taylor") of St. James Parish of Lunenburg County, Virginia which became Mecklenbery County, Virginia in 1765 was paying tithe taxes on farm workers named Thomas Caviner ("Thomas Cavender"?), Samuel Hazelrig and George Duncan. Of these farm workers, Samuel Hazelrig was from Richmond County, Virginia, which was probably the same county that Thomas Caviner was from. 393
(4) The British Parlament passed the "Sugar Act", and the question of taxation caused a continual state of crisis between Great Britain and the American colonies.
(5) Catherine Cavender ("Katherine Cavender"?) was born about 1764 in Maryland to Ezekiel Cavender and Elizabeth Cavender. Ezekiel Cavender had previously immigrated from England to Maryland at the age of 32 and at one time settled in Westmoreland County, Virginia about 1770 where five of his other children were born, including a Clemeth Cavender, Sr. ("Clemith Cavender"?), and eventually settled in Jasper County, Georgia in Indian Country. 397
(6) Daniel Cavana ("Daniel Cavender"?) Last Will and Testament was probated in Bristol County, England.
(7) A list of tithes for St. James Parish, Lunenburg County, Virginia taken by Edmund Taylor listed the plantation of George White and workers Thomas Caviner (“Thomas Cavender”?), Samuel Hazelrig and George Duncan. Of these farm workers, Samuel Hazelrig was from Richmond County, Virginia and Thomas Caviner (“Thomas Cavender”) may have been from there also. 393 1765/03/22 The British Parliament adopted the Stamp Act which levied a tax on all documents of any kind or type, including playing cards.
1765/05/30 Patrick Henry made his historic speech against the Stamp Act in the Virginia House of Burgesses.261 Including in the list of patriots of the Northern Neck of Virginia signing a petition in opposition to the Stamp Act was Moore Fauntleroy and James Edmondson. Vol II "Old Churches, etc", Bishop Meade, pp 435-436 1765/10/06 Date of birth of a first son named James Caverner ("James Cavender"?) born to James Caverner and Catherine Caverner ("Catherine Cavender"?) of Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts.283 , 305 & 306 1765 (1) Map of British Possessions in North America established by Treaty of 1763. 108
(2) Charles Cavender and Daniel Cavender were listed as one on the many debtors of the estate of David Murray of Dorchester County, Maryland.392
(3) Paulin Anderson ("Pauling Anderson"?) paid 12 tythe (sometimes "tithables", "tithes" or "tythes") taxes in Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia in 1765, which included his 2 overseers of his 2221 acre plantation, John Townsend and Hugh Cavinder ("Hugh Cavender"). Additionally, Samuel Whitworth, probably the son-in-law of Pauling Anderson, was paying tithe taxes on two slaves formerly owned by Pauling Anderson named Gloucester and Sam, and also owned 106 acres.393
(4) The estate of David Murray, deceased, of Dorchester County, Maryland was probated and debts to the estate include Charles Cavender and Daniel Cavender.393
1765-1766 Estimated date of birth of William Cavender in Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia and who is believed to be the fourth born child of Hugh Cavender, and who married Dicy Bryant in Virginia on April 21, 1794.
1766/02/26 Hugh Cavender, then living in Reighley Parish ("Raleigh Parish"), Amelia County, Virginia purchased from William Ware and his wife, Ann Ware, for 70 pounds 150 acres of land in Reighley Parish ("Raleigh Parish") in Amelia County, Virginia, which acreage was bounded by the lines of Thomas Green, William Soven ("William Loving"), John Ford and James Woods. No witnesses were recorded. In 1794, this particular acreage adjoined the lands of David Asselin (“David Asseling”?), John Wood, Wm. Lavern ("William Lavern" & "William Loving"?) and Thomas Green. The above Indenture was recorded on February 26, 1767 after Ann Ware executed a release of her dower rights to the above property.DB9, pgs 108-110
Hugh Cavender was apparently still working at that time on the 2221 acre plantation of Paulin Anderson ("Pauling Anderson") whose plantation was situated next to the land of William Ware, and who was paying tythe (sometimes "tithables", "tithes" or "tythes") taxes, not only on himself, but also on John Townsend and Hugh Cavinder ("Hugh Cavender"), and 9 slaves. Also, in the same year, William Ware (probably William Ware, Jr.) was listed but did not pay any tithe taxes, apparently because he was paying property taxes on the above 150 acres of land. Additionally, Samuel Whitworth was paying 3 tithe taxes on a Samuel Witworgh (“Samuel Whitworth”?) and on his two slaves Gloucester and Sam, and was also paying taxes on 105 acres of land in Raleigh Parish. 8, 393 & DB/10
1766/03/07 James Caverner ("James Cavender"?), son of James Caverner and Catharine Caverner ("Catherine Cavender"?), was buried in Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts. 305 1766/04/14 John Salmon ("John Salmons"?) was sworn as a Constable in Lunenburg County, Virginia. 112 1766/05/25 Alice Cavendor (“Alice Cavender”?) was born to James Cavendor (“James Cavender”?) in Saint James, Whitehaven, Cumberland County, England.439 1766/12/01 Joshua Foster and his wife, Elizabeth Foster, of Gloucester County, Virginia sold to Thomas Atkinson of Nottoway Parish in Amelia County, Virginia for 161 pounds 289 acres, being a part of the tract Thomas Atkinson now lives on and adjacent to the lines of Robert Vaughn on Flatt Creek ("Flat Creek"), the lines of Hendrick, Williams, Tabb, a new line to the creek, and down the creek. The indenture was witnessed by John Bar'w. Dupy ("John Dupy" & "John Dupay"?), Joseph Motley, Jr., and Anthony Hundley. DB/10 1766 (1) The British Parliament adopted the unpopular "Quartering an Mutiny Act" which required all American Colonies to feed and shelter British troops free of charge.
(2) Reuben Cavender was born in Princess Anne County, Virginia (which now in the independent City/County of Virginia Beach, Virginia), and married in Princess Anne County on October 17, 1789. 294
(3) The Wills of Jeremiah Kavanaugh ("Jeremiah Cavender"?) and James Kavnaugh ("James Kavanaugh"? & "James Cavender") were probated in Bristol County, England.
(4) An inventory was taken of the estate of Thomas Cavenaugh ("Thomas Cavender") in Essex County, Virginia.
(5) Paulin Anderson still paying tything taxes (sometimes "tithables", "tithes" or "tythes") on Hugh Cavender.
1767/01/02 Date of birth of Sally Caverner ("Sally Cavender"?), daughter of James Cavener ("James Cavender"?) and Catherine Cavener ("Catherine Cavender") of Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts. 283, 305 & 306 1767/05/14 Mrs. Hannah Cavender, formerly Hannah Caswell and wife of John Cavender died with a lethargy in either Taunton, Bristol County, Massachusetts or in Middleboro, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, and Baptist minister Isaac Backus preached at her funeral. 231, 249 & 306 1767/06/26 John Scott and Sarah Scott of Amelia County, Virginia sold to William Ware of the same County for 37 pounds and 10 shillings 96 acres in Amelia County which was the same acreage that John Scott purchased from Ambrose Meadows and his wife, Frances Meadows, on December 14, 1762, and which land is adjacent to the lines of John Harris, Jonas Jordan and William Rucker. The indenture was witnessed by William Archer and John Booker. DB 9/15 1767/06/xx British Parliament adopted the unpopular "Townsend Act" which levied taxes on certain British goods being imported by the American Colonies.
1767/09/08 John Ray and his wife, Ann Ray, of Amelia County, Virginia sold to William Ware of Amelia County, 121 acres in Nottoway Parish in Amelia County which was adjacent to the dividing line between John Ray and James Ray, and the line of Susanna Elmore, and which was witnessed by Richard Pringle, John King, John Booker, William Stuart ("William Stewart"? & "William Steward"?), and John Cook.DB8/23 1767 (i) Hugh Cavender was still working on the 2221 acre plantation of Paulin Anderson ("Pauling Anderson") who was paying tythe (sometimes "tithables", "tithes" or "tythes") taxes on himself, on John Townsend and Hugh Cavinder ("Hugh Cavender"), and 9 slaves. Also, in the same year, William Ware and Samuel Whitworth were not on the list. However, Thomas Whitworth and Thomas Whitworth, Jr. were on the list. 8 & 393
(ii) Pittsylvania County, Virginia was formed out of Halifax County, Virginia.
(iii) 1767 is the estimated date of birth of Elizabeth Cavender ("Betsy Cavender") in Raleigh Parish of Amelia County, Virginia, the second oldest child of Hugh Cavender and Frances Cavender, who first married Thomas Shelton on April 19, 1780 in the Linville Creek (or “Linvill Creek”) Baptist Church in the Shenandoah Valley section of Rockingham County, Virginia. 371 Apparently following the decease of Thomas Shelton in Greenbrier County, Betsy Cavender ("Elizabeth Cavender") subsequently married Jeremiah Compton in Amelia County, Virginia, on October 25, 1784. Elizabeth Cavender’s older brother Joseph Cavender posted the security bond, and her father, Hugh Cavender, gave his consent and her mother, Francis Cavender (“Frances Cavender”), and her sister, Betsey Cavender (“Elizabeth Cavender”), witnessed the consent of her father. It is to be noted that consent of a least one parent was then required only if the woman was under 18 years of age. Thus, assuming Elizabeth Cavender was 17 years of age when she married for apparently the second time, then she would have been born about 1767. 16133, 294 & 355
1767 is also the estimated date of birth of Sally Cavender (“Sarah Cavender”), the sister of the above Elizabeth Cavender and who married Archibald Compton on December 18, 1784 with the security bond being posted by Archibald Compton and Jeremiah Compton, and with her father Hugh Cavender giving his consent. Again, as consent of parents on marriage bond was then required only if the woman was under 18 years of age, and again assuming Elizabeth Cavender was 17 years of age when she married, then she would have likewise been born about 1767. Thus, there is a very good possibility that the above Elizabeth Cavender and Sally Cavender were twins, particularly since twins occurred quite often in future generations.
1768/02/01 The church wardens of North Farnham Parish, Richmond County, Virginia bound out James Cavinor (“James Cavender”) to David Hamon (“David Hammon”?) “He being discharged from his former master William Harrison (“Samuel Harrison”?) for ill usage.” William Harrison was summoned to appear in court, but did not appear. This may be the same James Cavender who married a Susanna to become Susanna Cavender (“Susannah Cavender”?).393 1768/02/15 Robert Bagby, Sr.("Robert Bagly"? & "Robert Bagley"?) of Cumberland County, Virginia sold to Henry Bagby, Jr. ("Henry Bagly"? & "Henry Bagley"?) of Cumberland County, Virginia for 40 pounds 200 acres, together with all houses, etc., located thereon, located in Raleigh Parish of Amelia County, Virginia and being a part of a larger tract purchased from David Greenhill and lying on Stocks Creek and adjacent to the lines of Robert Bagby, Jr., Thomas Foster and Paulin Anderson. The indenture was witnessed by Robert Bagby, Jr., John Bagby ("John Bagly"? & "John Bagley"?) and Francis Hopkins.DB9/26 1768/02/23 Robert Bagby ("Robert Bagly"? & "Robert Bagley"?) of Cumberland County, Virginia sold to John Bagby ("John Bagly"? & "John Bagley"?) of Amelia County, Virginia for 100 pounds 200 acres in Amelia County, Virginia on Stocks Creek and being part of the land patented by John Dawson on July 9, 1768 and is located adjacent to the lines of John Wayles, Frank Hopkins and Paulin Anderson. No witnesses listed.DB9/26 1768/03/14 Ezekiel Cavender was living rent free for a term of one year on the land of James Brown, a planter in Dorchester County, Maryland. This particular Ezekiel Cavender is believed to be either the son of Dorset Cavender who died about 1738 in Dorchester County, Maryland, or the particular Ezekiel Cavender who eventually went to Jasper County, Georgia in Indian Territory.271, 302 & 392 1768/06/21 "Old" John Cavender of Middleborough, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, married his third wife, Mrs. Joanna Shaw. The ceremony was performed by Middleboro, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, Baptist minister, Rev. Isaac Backus However, see Middleboro Marriages, Book 2, page 240, where, on June 4, 1768, John Cavender and Mrs. Joanna Shaw listed their intention to get married.238 & 250 1768/07/04 The church wardens in Richmond County, Virginia bound out James Cavener (“James Cavender”?) “for the time being to some tradesman.” This may be the same James Cavender who married a Susanna to become Susanna Cavender (“Susannah Cavender”?). It is to be noted that, except for James Cavender, the son of John Cavender, now living in Northumberland County, Virginia, it is not clear who the Cavendars in Westmoreland County, Virginia by 1770 are, but they are surely of this family. It may be significant that the name is consistently spelled “Cavender”. 393 1768/07/25 John Cavernor (“John Cavenor” & “John Cavender"?), apparently then living in Loudoun County, Virginia, brought suit in Amelia County, Virginia against James Griggs (“James Grigg”) to apparently levy on an attachment by various cattle and other personal property that was then in the hands of John Hightower. James Griggs was ordered to pay John Cavernor an undetermined amount of damages and court cost. It is to be noted that in 1770 and 1771, John Cavenor was living in Shelburne Parish, Loundon County, Virginia in the household of William Griggs (“William Grigg”) who was the brother of the above James Griggs, but by 1776 he had a household of his own in Cameron Parish, Loundon County, Virginia and William Grigg (“William Grigg”) was then likewise living in Cameron Parish, Loundon County, Virginia. As John Cavender brought suit in 1768, he had to be at least 21 years of age and thus would have been born before 1747. It is to be noted that in the 1770 tithe list, John Cavender’s name was spelled as John Cavinett, and in the 1771 tithe list, his name was spelled John Caviner.
The suit brought by John Cavernor stated:
Amelia County - John Cavernor complains to me that James Griggs is justly indebted to his the sum of one pound, fourteen shillings and six pence current money and conceals himself or has absconded out of the County so that the ordinary process cannot be served upon him. These are therefore in his Majesty name and require you to attach the effects of the said James Griggs or so much thereof as shall be of value sufficient to satisfy the said debt and const, and such estate so attached in your hands you receive or so to provide that the same may be liable to further proceedings thereupon to be had before our Justices of our said County at the courthouse the forth Thursday in this month and that you then and there make return how you have executed this attachment given under my hand this 18th day of July 1768. Signed by Stephen Cocke and addressed to the Sheriff of Amelia County to execute.
In support of the above suit, John Cavernor was required to execute a security bond which stated:
“Amelia County - Know all men by these Presents that we John Cavernor and John Asling are held and firmly bound unto James Griggs late of this County the full and just sum of two pounds, nine shillings current money of Virginia to which payment will and truly be made. We bind ourselves and each of us Aur? joint and several, their executors and administrators firmly by these Presents and sealed with our seals and dated this 18th day July Anno Dom 1768. The condition of this obligation is such that whereas the above bound John Cavernor hath this day prayed an attachment against the estate of James Griggs and hath obtained the same for one pound, fourteen shillings and six pence and the cost of the lawsuit now if the said John Cavernor or John Asling or either of them do pay or cause to be paid to the said James Griggs, his heirs or executors all the damages that shall accrue unto him. If the said Cavenor be cost in his said suit then this obligation to be void or else to remain in full force, power and virtue.” Signed and sealed in the presence of Stephen Cocke. John Cavernor signed his name with his mark of two horizontal lines and John Assling apparently signed his name.