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MARY CAVENDER LENTZ ("Mary Lents") born in Indiana about 1861;

DAISY CAVENDER LENTZ ("Daisy Lentz") born in Kentucky about 1865; and,

CATHERINE CAVENDER LENTZ ("Catharine Lentz" & "Catherine Lentz"?) born in Kentucky about 1868;

CATHERINE LENTZ (“Catharine Lentz”) born in Indiana about 1829-1830 and, married Lester Young on March 1, 1849 in Jefferson County, Kentucky;

AN UNKNOWN MALE LENTZ born about 1830;

MARY MOLLIE LENTZ (“Mary Lentz” & “Molly Lentz”) born about 1831 in Clark, County, Indiana, and who married Samuel Cavender about 1860 and who was the son of James Cavender and Sarah Davidson. Samuel Cavender was born about 1831 in Cannelton, Perry County, Indiana. Samuel Cavender and Mary Cavender (“Mollie Cavender” & “Molly Cavender”) had 3 children:

MARY MOLLIE CAVENDER (“Mary Cavender”, “Mary M. Cavender” & “Molly Cavender”) born about 1862;

DAISY CAVENDER born about 1867; and,

CATHERINE CAVENDER born about 1868;

CHARLES LENTZ born in Indiana about 1737; and,

ANN CAVENDER LENTZ ("Ann Lentz") born in Indiana about 1840;

FRANCES CAVENDER ("Fanny Cavender" & "Fannie Cavender"?) born about either 1795 acbgram@alltel.lnet, 1798, 1800388 & 403 or in 1801404 & 481 in Vermont, probably in Ferrisberg, Addison County, Vermont, and married John L. Thomas ("John Thomas") on either June 14, 1824 in Troy Township, Perry County, Indiana. John Thomas was born on February 3, 1802 in Kentucky, was the oldest son of William Thomas who was born about 1780, and he died on July 29, 1854 in Dubois County, Indiana. On September 25, 1824, they purchased from Elisha Latimer 108 acres, including LaFayette Springs which was approximately 7 months prior to the wreck of the steamboat carrying General LaFayette on May 9, 1825.

(It is to be noted that a Thomas L. James ("Thomas James") married a Fanny Cavender on June 5, 1824 in Perry County, Indiana, and in 1820 was living in Clark County, Indiana.)



The children of John Thomas and Frances Thomas were:

CHARLOTTE THOMAS born about 1826, and married Howell Rees on either August 14, 1845481 or on August 15, 1845 in Perry County, Indiana;

ELIZABETH ANN THOMAS ("Elizabeth Thomas") born about 1828 in Perry County, Indiana, and married Rezin Long on either August 29, 1845481 or on August 31, 1845 in Perry County, Indiana;

FRANCES B THOMAS (“Frances Thomas”) born on February 13, 1829 in Perry County, Indiana, and died on April 20, 1852 in Perry County, Indiana;

JAMES CAVENDER THOMAS ("James Thomas') born in June 1830 in Jasper County, Indiana, married Sarah Ann Humphrey ("Sarah Humphrey") on December 15, 1864 in Perry County, Indiana, prospected for gold in Sacramento, California, fought in the Civil War, and died about 1911 at the age of 80 years in Perry County, Indiana. Sarah Humphrey was born about 1840 in Indianapolis, Indiana, was the daughter of Hart Humphrey and Frances Harris, and died in 1877 in Perry County, Indiana at the age of 37 years. James Thomas and Sarah Thomas had 7 children:

OLIVER M. THOMAS ("Oliver Thomas") born November 1865 in Perry County, Indiana, did not marry, and died on April 17, 1918 in Perry County, Indiana. He operated a small store at Millstone and small farm one mile to the northeast;

FRANCES THOMAS born in August 1867, married George Washington McFall ("George McFall") on September 12, 1889 in Perry County, Indiana. George McFall was born December 10, 1869 in Hancock County, Kentucky and was the son of George W. McFall ("George McFall") and Mary C. Suddart ("Mary Suddart"). The children of George McFall and Frances McFall were:

Ivah D. McFall (Ivah McFall") born January 10, 1891, married James J. Hall ("James Hall"), and died June 3, 1969;

James Leslie McFall ("James McFall") born March 14, 1892, and married Ellen Peterson;

Roy Ross McFall ("Roy McFall") born July 7, 1895, and married Mary Easton;

Dillwyn Daley McFall ("Dillwyn McFall") born October 23, 1897 in Spencer County, Indiana, and married a Dorothy;

William Winford McFall ("William McFall") born April 25, 1900 in Perry County, Indiana, married Mildred G. Woody ("Mildred Woody"), and died March 7, 1943;

Bernice Mcfall apparently died at birth on March 23, 1902;

Opal Bertha McFall ("Opal McFall") born February 23, 1903, and married Idris F. Hall ("Idris Hall");

Joseph Thomas McFall ("Joseph McFall") born April 11, 1905 and died February 11, 1908;

Myrtle Vivian McFall ("Myrtle McFall") born October 14, 1907, married 2 times and had no children: and,

Anna Mae McFall ("Anna McFall") born April 3, 1911, and married Nelson Harris;

NATHANIEL THOMAS born January 1869 in Perry County, Indiana, married Sadie Ineda Lennie Robertson ("Sadie Robertson”, “Saddie Robertson” & “Ineda Robertson”) on December 10, 1890 in Perry County, Indiana. Sadie Robertson was born August 1869 and was the daughter of Redmond W. Robertson ("Redmond Robertson") and Margaret Axton. The children of Nathaniel Thomas and Sadie Thomas included:

Alzora Thomas born September 1891;

Lloyd Thomas born July 1892;

Oval Thomas born about 1898 and was convicted of murdering and robbing his uncle Oliver M. Thomas ("Oliver Thomas"); and,

Teddy R. Thomas, a daughter born August 15, 1912;

JAMES O. THOMAS ("James Thomas") born about 1870 in Perry County, Indiana, died about 1893 while he was still in the army, and is buried in Methodist Cemetery at Tobinsport, Perry County, Indiana beside his brother Oliver Thomas and his parents;

MINNEOLA THOMAS born on either April 30, 1872481 or on November 30, 1872 in Cannelton, Perry County, Indiana, and married William Jackson Hendricks (“William Hendricks”) on January 14, 1892, and died on August 7, 1958 in Los Angeles, California at the age of 85 years. William Hendricks was born about 1863, and died in March 1947 at the age of 85 years;

JOHN THOMAS born about 1874, and died when he was 22 years old; and,

FLORA THOMAS born about 1878, and died when she was 1 year, 6 months, and 29 days old;

NATHANIEL THOMAS born about 1833;

JOHN G. THOMAS (“John Thomas”) born about 1836;

MARY P. THOMAS (“Mary Thomas”) born on April 4, 1838 in Jasper, Dubois County, Indiana, and married Capt. Robert Hancock Walter (“Robert Walter”) on February 5, 1856 in Indiana. Robert Walter was born on January 7, 1832 in Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, was the son of Thomas Walter and Nary Hancock (“Mary Hancock”?), and died about 1920 in Pasadena, California. Robert Walter and Mary Walter had 3 children:

ROBERT WALTER;

EMMA FRANCES WALTER (“Emma Walter”) born on May 6, 1858 in Indiana, married William Hester Carr (“William Carr”) on January 11, 1883 in Perry County, Indiana, and died in October 1938 in Saline County, Illinois. William Walter was born on March 9, 1859 in Derby, Perry County, Indiana, and died on August 16, 1938 in Saline County, Illinois; and,

EDGAR USTICK WALTER (“Edgar Walter”) born on June 28, 1861 in Jasper, Dubois County, Indiana;

DEBORAH THOMAS born about 1840;

LYDIAN THOMAS ("Lydia Thomas"?) born about 1843 in Jasper, Dubois County, Indiana, and married Nathaniel Humphery on December 9, 1866 in Perry County, Indiana and who was born about 1833 in Indiana; and,

ELIZABETH JANE THOMAS ("Elizabeth Thomas") born about 1845, and married George W. Raff ("George Raff") on January 21, 1875 who was the son of Horace Raff and Mary Gregory. George Raff and Elizabeth Raff had 2 daughters:

OLA RAFF born about 1876; and,

LILLY R. RAFF ("Lilly Raff" & “Lillie Raff”?) born about 1878;

JAMES M. CAVENDER (“James Cavender”, “J.M. Cavender” & “James Monroe Cavender”?) was born about 1803 in either Vermont404 or in New York418 & 481, probably in Ferrisberg, Addison County, Vermont, married Sarah Davidson ("Sally Davidson" & "Sally Davison") in Cannelton, Perry County, Indiana on October 17, 1827, later became a Judge of Dubois County, Indiana, and died June 10, 1861 in Cannelton Township, Perry County, Indiana. Sarah Davidson was also born in New York on October 28, 1810, was the daughter of Robert Davidson and Abigail Nin, and the sister of Mrs. Bardine Cavender (“Nancy Davidson”), and she died on December 27, 1896 in Alexander County, Illinois. James Cavender later formed a partnership and had their 18 feet wide by 99 feet long flat-bottom boat appraised in Hawesville, Hancock County, Kentucky. James Cavender' son, Samuel Cavender, voted for the incorporation of the town of Connelton, Perry County, Indiana.

Apparently French General Marquis de Lafayette had been invited by President Monroe to tour the country and let the people show him their gratitude for his assistance during the Revolutionary War. Evidence from 3 eye-witness accounts of the wrecking of the steamer "Mechanic", sometimes referred to as the "Lady Franklin',' when it sunk in the Ohio River after hitting a sand bar and with French General Marquis De LaFayette aboard which was gathered by Bert Fenn of Tell City, combined with 2 news items in the Cannelton Reporter in 1861 and in 1864, together with a bit of Ohio River tradition, yields the following sequence of events on the night of either May 8, 1825 or May 9, 1825, the wooden steamer "Mechanic" under the command of Capt. Wyllys Hall and piloted by Capt. Wilson H. Daniel ("Wilson Daniel") left Nashville, Davidson County, Tennessee with General LaFayette on board. It came up the Mississippi River and entered the Ohio River traveling upstream after dark and during a rain and bound for Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky on May 8, 1825 maintaining a course toward "Sugar Loaf Rock". This rock was located in the river on the Indiana side just upstream from the present locks and have been variously named "Lady Washington", "Lady Washer", "Elephant Rock" and "Elephant Butt". It was, and remained until its destruction in the 1970's, a traditional steering guide for larger river craft bound upstream. From this rock, boats then steered for the Kentucky side of the river to the opposite side to take advantage of the usually stronger current on the inside of a bend in the river. Soon after attaining this latter course around 50 feet from the Kentucky bank at the site of Cannelton, the boat hit a snag concealed in the 18 foot deep water and sank. The snag was a large tree which had been uprooted from some upstream point nearby and deposited at this point, a common hazard in the 19th century Ohio and Mississippi River steam boating. The offending tree limb punctured the fore hull of the boat which immediately began taking on water but did not sink completely. No lives were lost. Dramatic rescue efforts saved the lives of all on board except for Lafayette's pet dog. In spite of the intermittent rain, the party was able to build several fires on the bank and spent the remainder of the night there. Only a part of a mattress which had previously been salvaged, provided a resting place for General Lafayette, then nearly 68 years old, together with an improvised umbrella shelter. After daybreak, a cabin was sighted on the Indiana bank and was owned by James Cavender who was only about 20 years old, and had just recently left his parent’s home and built a log cabin for himself next to the Ohio river. There being apparently no dwelling nearby on the Kentucky side, Lafayette was rowed to this cabin for shelter from more threatening rain. The above "Cannelton Reporter" printed the following article on August 30, 1860:

"The log cabin 3 miles above Cannelton, in which General Lafayette took shelter for a night in 1824 is still standing. The General was a passenger on the ill-fated Lady Washington which was wrecked on a rock bow bearing that name, but a short distance from the cabin. The cabin was the residence of James Cavender, Esq., who took the illustrious stranger to his home."

According to "Lincoln's Youth, Indiana", pp 149, one of the most famous river disasters had occurred above Troy in the spring before Abraham Lincoln began working on the river. In May of 1825, the Marquis de LaFayette, on his triumphal tour through the United States aboard the steamboat "Mechanic", the boat became stuck on a sandbar and LaFayette spent the night in a log cabin near Rock Island in Perry County, Indiana shore belonging to James Cavender who held a kind of reception for the neighbors the following morning. Several neighbors walked the 6-8 miles from their homes to meet the General The next morning the General was picked up by the steamboat "Paragon" and taken to Louisville. On February 24, 1939, Beulah H. Gray ("Beulah Gray") wrote an article in the Jasper Herald, Jasper Indiana in which she stated that she had a piece of timber (probably cypress wood) taken from the wrecked remains of the steamer "Mechanic" on which General LaFayette was traveling at the time it sank. However, it is known that the "Mechanic" was refloated, repaired and used for 2 more years until it was wrecked on the Missouri River in May 1827.



In 1820, James Cavender was living in Clark County, Indiana and in 1850 was living in Perry County, Indiana. According to the 1850 census, the James Cavender family was then living in Deer Creek Township in Perry County, Indiana and were listed as comprising James Cavender age 47 and thus born about 1803, his wife Sarah Cavender age 43 and thus born about 1807. In 1840, the James Cavender family and four other families were the only people then living on the site of the present day Cannelton, Perry County, Indiana. In 1826 and 1827, James Cavender had purchased 80 acres of land which includes Sulphur Spring Hollow which is a quarter-mile north of Mine Avenue. A mine opened just across Mine Avenue from the McLean Mine and was called the "Cavender Mine". James Cavender and Sarah Cavender had 13 children, 4 of which died at an early age. The known children of James Cavender and Sally Cavender are:

WILLIAM CAVENDER born about October 1828 in Perry County, Indiana, died April 7, 1829 in Perry County, Indiana, and is buried in the small cemetery sometimes called the Vaughan-Cavender Cemetery located near the lower entrance to the road to the overlook point of the dam in Perry County, Indiana;

SAMUEL CAVENDER born in Indiana about 1830403 or 1831481 in Cannelton, Perry County, Indiana, married Mary Mollie Lentz (“Mary Lentz”) about 1860, and was living with his parents in 1860. In 1852, Cannelton, Perry County, Indiana was incorporated and Samuel Cavender was one of those persons voting in favor of the incorporation. Samuel Cavender and Mary Cavender (“Mollie Cavender” & “Molly Cavender”) had 3 children:

MARY MOLLIE CAVENDER (“Mary Cavender”, “Mary M. Cavender”, “M.M. Cavender” & “Molly Cavender”) born about 1862;

DAISY CAVENDER born about 1867; and,

CATHERINE CAVENDER born about 1868; (See Mary Mollie Lentz line.)

JOSEPH WASHINGTON CAVENDER (“Joseph W. Cavender”, “J.W. Cavender”, "John Cavender" & "Joseph Cavender") born on February 13, 1833 (some 2/13/1832) in Cannelton, Perry County, Indiana, first married Louisa Elder on April 16, 1857 in Cannelton, Perry County, Indiana, later married Clara Jane Hoskinson (“Clara Hoskinson”) on February 1, 1887 in Hawesville, Hancock County, Kentucky which is just across the Ohio River from Cannelton, Indiana. Louisa Elder was born November 28, 1838, and died May 21, 1883. Clara Jane Hoskinson (“Clara Hoskinson”) was born on September 25, 1858 in Cannelton, Perry County, Indiana, was the daughter of James Hoskinson and Julia Davidson, and died on August 23, 1936 in Cannelton, Perry County, Illinois. Joseph Cavender died on March 19, 1915 in Willard, Alexander County, Illinois. Joseph Cavender had five children born in Perry County, Indiana, and six children born in Alexander County, Illinois. Louisa Elder was born on April 16, 1857 in Cannelton, Perry County, Indiana, was the daughter of William Elder and Sarah Bruner, and died on May 21, 1883 in Alexander County, Illinois. Joseph Cavender was living in Alexander County, Illinois in both 1896 and in 1925. The five oldest children were born in Indiana and the remainder were born in Illinois. Joseph Cavender and Louisa Cavender had 11 children:

SARAH CAVENDER born February 2, 1859 in Cannelton, Perry County, Indiana, and died on January 18, 1886;

MARY McCULLEN CAVENDER ("Mary Cavender", “Mary M. Cavender” & “Molly Cavender”) born on December 22, 1860 in Alexander County, Indiana, and died July 7, 1892;

GENEVA EDITH CAVENDER (“Geneva E. Cavender”, “G.E. Cavender” & "Geneva Cavender") age 24 years and born on February 7, 1863 in Cannelton, Perry County, Indiana, married George Hodges age 29 and born on March 13, 1888 in Hodges Park, Alexander County, IllinoisFHL Number 961423, and died on March 31, 1950 in Cairo, Alexander County, Illinois. George Hoges was born on April 25, 1858 in Thebes, Illinois, and died on June 20, 1941 in Unity, Illinois;

FRANCIS CAVEDER ("Frances Cavender"?) born on April 17, 1864 in Perry County, Indiana, and died on September 1, 1865 in Alexander County, Illinois;

ROBERT EMMETT CAVENDER ("Robert Cavender", “R.E. Cavender” & “Robert E. Cavender”) born on August 5, 1866 in Channelton, Perry County, Indiana, and died on April 15, 1867;

RUTH CAVENDER born on January 8, 1868 in Cairo, Alexander County, Illinois, married Judson Stone Walter (“Judson Walter”) on January 4, 1893 in Raliegh, Tennessee, and died on August 15, 1940;

BERTHA LOUISE CAVENDER ("Bertha Cavender") born on either March 28, 1871 or March 28, 1875 in Cairo, Alexander County, Illinois, married Joseph Oehler on January 27, 1902 in Willard, Alexander County, Illinois, and died on October 22, 1904 in Willard, Alexander County, Illinois;

JOSEPH ELDER CAVENDER ("Joseph Cavender", “J.E. Cavender” & “Joseph E. Cavender”) born on July 22, 1873 in Cairo, Alexander County, Illinois, and died on August 14, 1880 in Illinois;

SAMUEL FROST CAVENDER ("Samuel Cavender", “S.F. Cavender” & “Samuel F. Cavender”) born on January 10, 1875 in Cairo, Alexander County, Illinois, married Zora Isabelle Van Zandt (“Isabella VanZant”, “Isabelle VanZant”, “Zora VanZandt” & “Zora Van Zandt”) on November 13, 1902 in Anna, Union County, Illinois, and died on July 10, 1923 in Redlands, California. Zora VanZandt was born on June 1, 1875 in Lick Creek, Illinois, and died in 1965 in Johnson County, Illinois, and had no children;

AUGUST LEE CAVENDER ("August Cavender" & “A.W. Cavender”) born on March 10, 1878 in Alexander County, Illinois, and died on August 14, 1880; and,

WILLIAM ALVIN CAVENDER ("William Cavender", “W.A. Cavender” & “William A. Cavender”) born on December 29, 1880 in Cairo, Alexander County, Illinois, first married Mildred Shaw, later married Laura Anderson on March 18, 1901 in Cairo, Alexander County, Illinois, and died about 1968.

Joseph Cavender and Clara Hoskinson Cavender had 5 children:



JULIA IRENE CAVENDER born on October 9, 1887, and died on November 12, 1887 in Willard, Alexander County, Illinois;

JAMES CLARENCE CAVENDER (“James Cavender”, “J.C. Cavender” & James C. Cavender”) born on January 29, 1889, married Johanna Anita Riley (“Johanna Riley”) on July 31, 1923, and died April 4, 1983 in Terre Haute, Indiana;

GEORGE CAVENDER born on September 2, 1891 in Willard, Alexander County, Illinois, and died on October 25, 1891 in Willard, Alexander County, Illinois;

CLYDE LAWRENCE CAVENDER (“Clyde Cavender” & “C.L. Cavender”) born on December 22, 1895 in Willard, Alexander County, Illinois, and died on March 6, 1901 in Willard, Alexander County, Illinois; and,

BERNICE ALENE CAVENDER (“Bernice Cavender”) born on December 31, 1902 in Willard, Alexander County, Illinois, married Charles Lee Rogers (“Charles Rogers”) on December 14, 1924 in Cairo, Alexander County, Illinois, and died on March 13, 1967 in Terra Haute, Indiana. Charles Rogers was born on April 17, 1903;

ADELINE EMMA CAVENDER ("Emma Adeliade Cavender" & Adelia Cavender") born in Perry County, Indiana about 1834402 or 1837388, 403 & 404 i,in Cannelton, Perry County, Indiana, first married a King and later married Clayton S. Hutchinson ("Clayton Hutchinson") in Perry County, Indiana on August 9, 1858, and died in July 1883 in Spencer County, Indiana. Clayton Hutchinson was born about 1834 and was the son of David Hutchinson and Mary Mason. A news item from Newtonville, Spencer County, Indiana on August 2, 1883 reported that Mrs. Hutchinson, wife of Clayton S. Hutchinson died a few days ago;

ROBERT EMMIT CAVENDER (“Robert Emitt Cavender”, "Robert Cavender", “Emitt Cavender”, “R.E. Cavender” & “Robert E. Cavender”) born on March 25, 1836 in Perry County, Indiana, first married Rena Stevens on October 18, 1855, next married Lorenda Anne Pewzy (“Lorenda Ann Pewzy”, “Lorenda Pevsy”?, "Lorenda Pusey"?, "Lorenda Pewzy"? & "Lorena Pewzy"?) on October 18, 1855 in Perry County, Indiana, and died on August 9, 1912 in Miller City, Alexander County, Illinois. Lorenda Pewzy was born in Kentucky, was living in the household of James Hoskinson in 1850,282 and died about 1885. Robert Cavender and Lorenda Cavender (“Ann Cavender”) had 7 children:

JULIA ANN CAVENDER (“Julia Cavender” & “J.A. Cavender”) born about 1859, married Spice Yates who was born about 1860, and she died about 1940;

JESSIE CAVENDER (“Jesse Cavender”?) born about 1861, and died about 1864;

WALDO SAMUEL CAVENDER (“Waldo S. Cavender”, “W.S. Cavender” & “Waldo Cavender”) born on July 27, 1863, first married Catherine Adela Nau (“Adilla Naw”, “Adela Naw” & “Catherine Nau”) on September 20, 1885 in Goose Island, Alexander County, Illinois, next married Mary Eve Kerstien (“Mary Kerstien”) on February 2, 1902, and died on February 10, 1945. Catherine Nau was born about 1863, and died about 1900. Mary Kerstien was born about 1880, and died about 1969. Adella Naw was also 22 years of age when she married;

LAURA DEE CAVENDER (“Laura D. Cavender”, “L.A. Cavender” & “Laura Cavender”) born about 1868, first married a Margrave and had no children, later married John Gossett (“John Alex Gossett”?) on September 20, 1885 in either Goose Island, Illinois481 or in Alexander County, Illinois. John Gossett is believed to have been born on November 10, 1864 or about 1862481 in White County, Illinois, was the son of Thomas Elijah Gossett (“Thomas Gossett”) born about 1837 in White County, Illinois and Martha Jane Vineyard (“Martha Vineyard”) born about 1840 in White County, Illinois. Thomas Gossett and Martha Vineyard were married on November 16, 1859 in the Elder Presbyterian Church in White County, Illinois. Thomas Gossett was the son of Abraham Gossett born about 1791 in Montgomery County, Tennessee and Martha Walters born about 1804 in Pittsylvania County, Virginia and who were married about 1832. John Gossett and Laura Gossett (“Dee Gossett”) had 1 child named:

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