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A notation was written on the back side of the summons, apparently by Deputy Sheriff Richard Jones which stated:

Attached three head of cattle, also attached in the hands of Thomas Hightower and summoned him garnashee.”

Also written on the back side of the summons was the notation:

James Griggs to Jno Cavernor. Work done- 1 pound, 10 shillings, 0 pence. And below that notation “3 Ells Ozna and Oz thread at a total 4 shilling and 6 pence”, thereby giving a grand total of 1 pound, 14 shillings and 6 pence.

“Ozonabruck” was a common cloth to make clothing, which suggests that the unpaid bill is for work by a tailor. 393



1768/09/23 Joel Meadows ("Joel Meador"?) and his wife, Agnes Meadows ("Agness Meador"), of Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia sold to Abram Whitworth of the same parish and county, for 100 pounds 300 acres and houses thereon which were located in Raleigh Parish of Amelia County, Virginia adjacent the lines of Hugh Cavender and Thomas Green. The indenture was witnessed by John Wright, Francis Hopkins and John Bagbey ("John Badgley"? & "John Bagley"?). DB10/48
1768/10/23 Marriage license was issued to John Cavender and Elizabeth Franks (formerly Elizabeth Thomas) after her father, Robert Franks, formally gave his permission to the Court Clerk of Norfolk County, Virginia, for them to be married. They were married the next day in Northumberland County, Virginia. Apparently his daughter was not then of legal age to be married without her parent's consent. John Cavender probably was the son of Henry Cavender and Elizabeth Cavender of Westmoreland County, Virginia. It appears John Cavender and Elizabeth Cavender moved to Summer County, Tennessee and had a son named John Cavender, Jr. 133, 222 & 294
1768 (1) A Hugh Havener, Hugh Cavener or Hugh Caverner (actually "Hugh Cavender"), William Ware, Thomas Shelton, Thomas Atkinson, William Crenshaw, Sr., Benjamin Shelton and Thomas Hightower were listed in the 1768 poll lists for election of Burgesses taken of Raleigh Parish in Amelia County, Virginia by Mr. John Scott, and which listed all landowning males over 21 who were then eligible to vote. Also, a Hugh Cavener is listed in the same 1768 poll of Amelia County taken by Colonel Thomas Tabb. It is known that Hugh Cavender was then living in and owned slaves in Amelia County, Virginia. The above Hugh Havener and Hugh Cavener are therefore a misspelled duplication of Hugh Cavender due to the fact that there are various duplicate names on the above Scott and Tabb listings. Paulin Anderson ("Pauling Anderson") paid tithes on 2 white male adults then working on his 2221 acre plantation named Henry Buchanan and William Weatherford and on 11 slaves. Hugh Cavenor ("Hugh Cavender") paid 1 tithe and taxes on 150 acres of land. William Ware did not pay any tithe. Therefore, sometime between the summer of 1767 and the summer of 1768, Hugh Cavender must have stopped working as an overseer on the plantation of Pauling Anderson. 281, 350 & 393

(2) John W. Cavender ("John Cavender" & “J.W. Cavender”) was born in 1768 in Sussex County, Delaware (or Maryland), and married Charlotte T. who died on November 16, 1823. On November 20, 1823, he was living in Lynnhaven, Princess Anne County, Virginia (which now in the independent City/County of Virginia Beach, Virginia) where he died. This may be the same John Cavender listed below. 7, 196, 282 & 313

(3) John Cavender, son of Robert Cavender and Sarah Cavender and grandson of Dorset Cavender and Sarah Cavender, was born in Maryland in 1768, married Rachel Wilcox, died in Miami County, Ohio, June 6, 1841 at the age of 73 and is buried in the Lost Creek Township Baptist Cemetery in Miami County, Ohio. John Cavender's father, Robert Cavender, died in Kent County, Delaware, September 12, 1816. John Cavender's brothers and sisters were (i) Samuel Cavender who was born February 3, 1777 in Delaware and died November 1, 1835 in Greene County, Ohio, (ii) Robert Cavender who was born prior to 1755, (iii) Thomas Cavender who died in 1825, (iv) Sally Cavender (or Nancy Cavender) born in 1799 and (v) Reuben Cavender who died in 1825 in Miami County, Ohio. For the descendants of John Cavender and Rachel Wilcox, see the administration of the estate of Robert Cavender on August 13, 1815. 7, 79, 196, 282, 312, 313, 314, 315 & 344

(4) Patrick Cavender ("Patrick Cavender"), believed to be a Catholic born in Ireland, was born in 1768, and in 1790 he and his family were living in Bedford County, Pennsylvania and his family then comprised 2 males and 2 females and he would have been about 22 years of age at that particular time. 350


1769/01/05 Patrick Cavindire (“Patrick Cavender”?), believed to be a Catholic born in Ireland, married Mary Potee (“Mary Patee”?) in Baltimore County, Maryland.
1769/02/14 The colonists scuttled the British ship "Liberty" in Newport, Rhode Island.262
1769/02/14 Charles Cavender of Dorchester County, Maryland executed his Last Will and Testament and mentions only his wife Dorety Cavender ("Dority Cavender" & "Dorothy Cavender"). His Will was proved on April 24, 1769 and was witnessed by Thomas, A.B. Whitley and Arthur Whitley.393
1769/02/23 Moses Youdaley ("Moses Eudaley", "Moses Youdalin", "Moses Yodaley", "Moses Youdale", "Moses Eudaly" & "Moses Eudaley"), believed to be the brother-in-law of Hugh Cavender, and Thomas Tabb, sold to William Johnson for 40 pounds 100 acres of land located on the south side of the Appomattox River in Raleigh Parish in Amelia County, Virginia adjacent to the lands of Polecat Swamp, and Paulin Anderson ("Pauling Anderson") and William Johnson ("William Houston"?). The Appomattox River is a western branch of the James River which runs through present day Richmond, Virginia. The Indenture was witnessed by John King, Branch Turner and Thomas Payne. Actually, the signature of Moses Youdaley is written as Moses Eudaley.DB10/48
1769/03/17 James Smith sold to James Cavender ("James Cavinder"?) a tract of land located on the borders of Dorchester County, Maryland containing 108 acres and known as “Smith’s Folly”.302
1769/04/xx Charles Cavender died in Dorchester County, Maryland. It is believed by some that he is the son of the Charles Cavender of Maryland who married Sarah Cotton on July 19,1741. 262, 263, 273, 279 , 286 , 302, 313 & 336
1769/05/21 William Johnson brought suit against Abram Whitworth in Amelia County, Virginia and William Ware was a witness.393
1769/05/23 Abraham Whitworth of Amelia County, Virginia sold to William Ware of the same county for 200 pounds 300 acres of land located on Sandy Creek in Raleigh Parish of Amelia County, Virginia to where Abraham Whitworth then lived, which land was adjacent to the lines of John Chapman, George Foster, Hugh Cavender, Thomas Green, William Loving and Benjamin Meador ("Benjamin Meadows"?). The indenture was witnessed by John Wright and John Ford, Jr.393 & DB10/52
1769/05/24 Joel Meador ("Joel Meadows"?) and his wife, Agnes Meador ("Agnes Meadows"), of Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia sold to William Crowder of the same parish and county, for 140 pounds 225 acres and located on both sides of Stocks Creek in Raleigh Parish of Amelia County, Virginia adjacent the lines of John Bagby ("John Badgley" & "John Badley"?), Paulin Anderson ("Pauling Anderson"), and James Wood, being the same land purchased from Francis Hopkins and where Joel Meador ("Joel Meadows") now lives.. The indenture was witnessed by Edmund Booker ("Edmond Booker"?), Francis Hopkins, and Henry Meador ("Henry Meadows"?). DB11/55
1769/06/23 Paulin Anderson ("Pauling Anderson") brought suit in Amelia County, Virginia against John Townsend, apparently one of his overseers, to collect a debt. The jury ruled in favor of John Townsend. Witnesses for Pauling Anderson were Hugh Cavenor ("Hugh Cavender"), William Wood, Sarah Jones and Mary Witherford.393
1769/08/01 John Davis of Gloucester County, Virginia sold to William Crenshaw, Jr. of Amelia County, Virginia for 165 pounds four Negro slaves: George, a fellow about 20 years of age; Betty, a wench about the same age; Ester and Margaret, girls and children of Betty. The indenture was witnessed by T.G. Peachy and Charles Hunley.DD11/57
1769 (1) John Cavanah ("John Cavenaugh"? & "John Cavender"?) was mentioned in the deposition of William Reynolds in Cecil County of Chester County, Pennsylvania. 392

(2) Paulin Anderson ("Pauling Anderson"), Moses Eudaley ("Moses Youdaley", "Moses Youdalin", "Moses Yodaley", "Moses Youdale" & "Moses Eudaly") and Hugh Cavender each paid tithe taxes in the Stocks Creek Area of Raleigh Parish in Amelia County, Virginia in 1769. Hugh Cavender also paid taxes on 150 acres of land in the same area. Apparently, Moses Eudaley ("Moses Youdaley") was the son of Delman Youdaley ("Delman Eudaley") who apparently had died by this time.393
1770/06/16 James Cavender and Hannah Dole filed their intention to be married in Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts. Apparently this is the second marriage of this particular James Cavender. Note that James Cavender and Catherine Cavender are listed as the parents of subsequently born children in Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts.283 & 305 It is believed that James Cavender and Hannah Dole had a daughter named Hannah Davis Cavender (“Hannah Cavender” & “H.D. Cavender”) who married Thomas Downs in Newbury, Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts.thatgrl@medidone.net
1770 (1) The New York Supreme Court claimed Vermont as a possession of New York.261

(2) Dozier T. Cavender (“Dozier Cavender” & “D.T. Cavender”) was born on about this date. He is believed to be the son of George Cavender and grandson of Henry Cavender of Westmoreland County, Virginia. He married Elizabeth Gill on June 14, 1793 in Westmoreland County with George Cavender as a witness. 30 & 133

(3) Estimated date of birth of Eudaley James Cavender ("Eudaley Cavender", "Youdaley Cavender", "Youdalin Cavender", "Yodaley Cavender", "Youdale Cavender"& "Eudaly Cavender") in Raleigh Parish of Amelia County, Virginia and believed to be the fifth born child of Hugh Cavender and Francis Cavender ("Frances Cavender") of Amelia County, Virginia. He married Betty Elizabeth Sammons ("Betty Sammons" & "Betsy Sammons") in Lunenburg County, Virginia on March 14, 1793 and died in Williamson County, Tennessee sometime between 1840 and 1850. 355

(4) Hugh Cavinder ("Hugh Cavender") paid two tithes in one on himself and the other on his slave named Frank.

(5) Moses Eudaley ("Moses Youdaley"), believed to be the brother-in-law of Hugh Cavender, also paid tithe taxes in Raliegh Parish in Amelia County, Virginia. Also, James Eudaley ("James Youdaley") is listed as living in the household of William Wood in Amelia County and was over 16 years of age. He could have been an orphan son of Delman Eudaley ("Delman Youdaley") who is believed to have died before this time.393

(6) An unknown Cavendar ("Cavender"?) was born about 1770 in Maryland? and later married Rachel Ann Widener ("Rachel Widener" & “Rachael Widener”?) in Maryland?. 397
1770-1780 During this time period, the Wilderness Road across the Cumberland Gap opened, through which emigrants entered into Kentucky and Tennessee areas.

1770/12/26 Paulin Anderson, Sr. ("Pauling Anderson") of King and Queen County, Virginia sold to his son, Richard Anderson, for 5 shillings 638 acres of land located in Raleigh Parish of Amelia County, being land where his son first settled, adjacent to Polecat Run ("Polecat Swamp"?), and the lines of Francis Anderson and Stocks Creek. The indenture was witnessed by Paulin Anderson, Sr., Churchill Anderson, Robert Foster, Thomas James, Sr. and Thomas James, Jr. about 1804. Thomas L. James ("Thomas James") married Fanny Cavender ("Frances Cavender") on June 5, 1824 in Perry County, Indiana, and in 1820 was living in Clark County, Indiana.DB11/75 & 418
1771/04/xx Hannah Cavenagh ("Hannah Cavenogh"?, "Hannah Cavener"? , "Hannah Cavenaugh"?, "Hannah Cavenough"? & "Hannah Cavender"?) was sentenced to transportation from England in February 1771 and was actually transported in April 1771 on the ship Thornton Sect. VI, Ch. 2, Emigrants in Bondage
1771/06/10 or 1771/06/19 393 Ezekiel Cavender was listed as one of the many debtors of the estate of Dr. Reimour Land of Dorchester County, Maryland.

This particular Ezekiel Cavender is believed to be either the son of Dorset Cavender who died about 1738 in Dorchester County, Maryland, or the particular Ezekiel Cavender who eventually went to Jasper County, Georgia in Indian Territory.392



1771 (1) John Cavender is listed as owing Court Costs in Cecil County, Maryland. 317 He probably was the same John Cavender took an Oath of Fidelity in Cecil County, Maryland in 1778. 313 & 336

(2) Sometime between February and April of 1771, Hannah Cavenagh ("Hannah Cavenough", "Hannah Caviner" & "Hannah Cavender"?) left the port of Bristol ("Bristol County, England"?) aboard the ship Thornton and arrived in the colonies as an indentured servant. 363



(3) George Taverner ("George Cavender"?) and Richard Taverner ("Richard Cavender"?) were listed in tithables in Loudown County, Virginia.441

(4) William Gregg and John Caverner ("John Cavender"?) were listed in the 1771 Tithable List taken by James Hamailton ("James Hamilton"?) for Shelbourne Parish of Loudoun County, Virginia which was formed from Fairfax County, Virginia in 1757. Apparently, they each used squirrel scalps as a credit on their tax bill.1770-1774 Loundoun Cnty. Va. Titable List

(5) The Last Will and Testament of Robert Jones was executed on January 25, 1768 and was probated in Princess Anne County, Virginia on January 3, 1771, mentioned his sons: Robert Jones (whose Will was probated in Princess Anne County, Virginia on October 5, 1807); and, Enoch Jones (whose Will was probated in Princess Anne County, Virginia on May 2, 1803). He also mentions his daughters: Ann Jones; May Jones (“Mary Jones”?); Sarah Jones; Amey Jones (“Amy Jones”); Venus Jones; and, Susanna Jones (“Susannah Jones”?) and who apparently died prior to 1714. He also mentions his wife as being named Mary Jones but actually did not mention his daughter Susannah Jones who had married a Cain (“Susannah Cain”) and had apparently left the area, as suggested by the will of Mary Jones, wife of Robert Jones. The executors of the estate of Robert Jones were Thomas R. Walker (“Thomas Walker”) and his son, Robert Jones and the witnesses were Thomas Leslie and Joseph Wood. The audit of his estate was completed on August 13, 1773 by Edward Cannon (“Ed Cannon”), Lemuel Cormick and Jacob Allegood.



The Last Will and Testament of Mary Jones, who was apparently the widow of the above Robert Jones, was executed on January 12, 1791 and was probated in Princess Anne County, Virginia on February 6, 1792 with her son Enoch Jones being the named executor, and the Will was witnessed by Hillary Whitehurst and Evan Leggett. She named only her son Enoch Jones as apparently her other son named Robert Jones had predeceased her. She mentioned only her married daughters: Ann Legget (actually Ann Leggett and formerly Ann Jones); Amy Burk or Amey Burk (formerly Amey Jones or Amy Jones); and, Mary Dobson (formerly “Mary Jones” and believed to be the “May Jones” mentioned in her father’s Will.). (Apparently, her 3 daughters May Jones, Sarah Jones and Venus Jones had predeceased Mary Jones.) She further mentions: (i) her granddaughter Frances Minton; her granddaughter Mary Jones who was the daughter of her son Enoch Jones and who apparently had married Henry Cavender and, accordingly, was then Mary Cavender; (ii) her great granddaughter Mary, daughter of Henry Cavender (hence Mary Cavender”), and obviously the daughter of her daughter likewise then named Mary Cavender; and, (iii) her granddaughter named Amy Cavender, the daughter of an unknown Cavender who apparently married a second daughter of Enoch Jones who was named Amy Jones (“Amey Jones”).

The Last Will and Testament of Enoch Jones was executed in Princess Anne County, Virginia on January 24, 1803 and probated in Princess Anne County, Virginia on May 2, 1803. His wife was named the Executrix but her name was not given. He gave his estate to his wife during her widowhood, and then to his sons: William Jones, Robert Jones and, James Jones, and to his daughters: Rebeckah (originally “Rebeckah Jones” or “Rebecca Jones”) and Mary (originally “Mary Jones”) and probably the one that married Henry Cavender and had a daughter named Mary Cavender.

1772/03/05 or 1772/04/05 Nanne Cavender (“Anne Cavender”, “Ann Cavender”, "Nancy Cavender"? & “Nannie Cavender”?), daughter of James Cavender and Catherine Cavender ("Katherine Cavender"? & "Hannah Cavender"?) was born in Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts. 283, 305 & 397
1772/01/xx to 1772/02/xx Thomas Cavenaugh ("Thomas Cavenough"?, "Thomas Caverner"?, "Thomas Cavner"? & "Thomas Cavender"?) was sentenced to transportation sometime between January-February 1772. Transportation Bond posted in April 1772 from Thornton ("Thornton County, England"?) to transport himself in September 1772, but was pardoned in January 1773 in Middlesex ("Middlesex County, England"?).Sect. VI, Ch. 2, Emigrants in Bondage
1772/03/31 The Last Will and Testament of Henry Cavender of Cople Parish, Westmoreland County, Virginia was written on December 24, 1771 and was proved on March 31, 1772. His wife, Elizabeth Cavender, was devised all the estate for the remainder of her life. He gave to his daughter Ann Davis (formerly “Ann Cavender”), one shilling and she was to have no more of his estate. To his son, Thomas Cavender”, he gave a bedstead and furniture. To his son, John Cavender, he gave a “bedsted” and furniture and livestock. To his daughter, Rachel Nash (formerly “Rachel Cavender” & “Rachael Cavender”?), he gave a bedstead and furniture. The remainder of his estate at the death of his wife was to be divided among the last-named three children and to his son George Cavender. His wife and his son George Cavender were the named executrix and executor, respectively. Henry Cavender signed his will with the mark “x”. Witnesses were Thomas Edwards, George Sanford, Sarah Sturman and John McGuin.393
1772/06/17 David Cavender in Dorchester County, Maryland, was a surety to the Last Will and Testament of Thomas Hayward.313 & 336
1772/06/27 David Assling ("David Asselin" & “David Asseling”?) and his wife, Elizabeth Assling ("Elizabeth Asselin") of Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia sold to John Clements for 100 pounds 220 acres in Raleigh Parish near Flatt Creek ("Flat Creek") and adjacent to the line of George Hamm, the School House Branch, and the lines of John Hughes, Jocob Seay (“Jacob Seay”?) and John Clements.DB10/81
1772/09/16 David Cavender, ("David Cavenor") a "Dorset planter", apparently inherited 30 pounds from Ann Nowell, formerly Ann Howard, of Dorchester County, Maryland.313 & 336
1772/10/27 Ann Cavender (“Anne Cavender”?) married Joseph Dart in, Southwark, Saint Olave Parish, Dermondsey County, England. 140
1772/11/04 The date that John Cavender (sometimes "John Cavener") died in Middleboro, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, according to the Records of Middleboro Baptist Church kept by Rev. Isaac Backus. He had been married three times: (1) He first Anne Jennings (“Ann Jennings”?) on July 7, 1718 in Bridgewater, Plymouth County, Massachusetts and who was the daughter of Richard Jennings. Anne Cavender (“Ann Cavender”) died before 1750, (2) He next married Mrs. Hannah Caswell on May 25, 1750 in Taunton, Bristol County, Massachusetts. Hannah Cavender died on May 14, 1767 in Middleboro, Plymouth County, Massachusetts with lethargy according to the records of Rev. Isaac Backus, and (3) He still later married Mrs Joanna Shaw. Joanna Cavender died on August, 28, 1775 in Middleboro, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, according to the records of Rev. Isaac Backus, Plymouth County, Massachusetts. Apparently John Cavender died without executing a will and his widow, Joanna Cavender, exercised her right of dower and was granted one-third of the house and land of John Cavender. A William Cavender was mentioned in the appraisal of the estate as having purchased a fat hog from John Cavender. Also, apparently other family members were then living in John Cavender's household because his widow, Joanna Cavender, was given the front or largest room of the dwelling house and one-third of the cellar, together with the right to bake in the oven in the kitchen. An inventory of his estate was taken on December 9, 1772 by Ichabod Wood, Ebenezer Spoonet and Silas Wood. John Montgomery was the Administrator of the estate which was apparently finally settled on August 1, 1774. Apparently John Cavender was a person of substantial wealth. 237, 246, 247, 248, 249, 251 & 298
1772 (1) John Cavender was born in Virginia about 1772, and married Elizabeth who was born in Virginia about 1781, By 1850, they were living in Williamson County, Tennessee. 137

(2) Grace Cavendar ("Grace Cavender"?), a widow and daughter of Joseph Viles moved from Brattleboro, Vermont to Westminster, Massachusetts. She had a son, William Cavendar ("William Cavender"?), who was 12 years of age when his mother moved to Westminster and thus was born about 1750. He was taxed in 1783 and for 3 years afterwards, when all traces of him disappeared. 256

(3) Estimated date of birth of Hezekiah Cavender in Raleigh Parish in Amelia County, Virginia and believed to be the sixth born child of Hugh Cavender and Frances Cavender of Raleigh Parish in Amelia County, Virginia.

(4) An inventory was taken of the estate of William Cavendish ("William Cavender") in Mecklenburg County, Virginia.

(5) The last will and testament of Henry Cavender of Westmoreland County, Virginia was probated.


1773/03/11 James Cavender was a surety of the Last Will and Testament of Kendal Jacobs (“Kendall Jacobs”) in Maryland. 313 & 336

1773/03/31 The date of execution of the Last Will and Testament of Thomas Cannon of Dorchester County, Maryland. The Will was probated June 9, 1773 and James Cavender was one of the appraisers of the estate. James Cavender also was one of the appraisers of the estate of Sarah Cannon (apparently the wife of Thomas Cannon) whose will was executed September 11, 1773 and probated January 17, 1774 in Dorchester County, Maryland.393
1773/04/22 Francis Hopkins of Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia sold to John Green of the same parish and county for 5 pounds 10 acres and all houses thereon in Raliegh Parish in Amelia County, Virginia, which acreage was located adjacent to the lines of Thomas Green, Hugh Cavender and William Crowder. The indenture was witnessed by John Wright and James Vaughan ("James Vaughn").393 & DB12/12
1773/07/31 James Cook of Amelia County, Virginia sold to John Ford, Jr. for 500 pounds 5 slaves, household effects, and various animals, and including his whole right in a Negro slave named Ned who was then in the possession of John Ford, Jr. and which right he held by will of Hezekiah Ford, then deceased, and his whose right in Negro slaves named Jimby and Sillar now in the possession of Gerrard Ellyson ("Gerrard Ellison"?) of New Kent County, Virginia, which right he held by will of William Clement, then deceased, and his whole right in land and buildings where he then lived and known by the name of Ford's Store. The indenture was witnessed by John Adams, Moses Morris, Paulin Anderson, Jr. ("Pauling Anderson"), William Ford and Joshus Chaffin (“Joshua Chaffin”?). This is the first known recorded instance which shows that Paulin Anderson, Jr. was living in Amelia County, Virginia even though his father, Paulin Anderson, Sr. apparently never moved from King and Queen County, Virginia even though he owned and operated a 2221 acre plantation in Raleigh Parish of Amelia County, Virginia and on which plantation Hugh Cavender was one of the 2 overseers.DB12/32

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