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JOHN W. CAVENDER (“John Cavender”, “J.W. Cavender” & “John William Cavender”?) born on March 24, 1871, and died on November 1, 1875 in Iowa;

MARY CAVENDER born about 1876 in Iowa, and married Frank Dean Arthur (“Frank Arthur”);

ROY W. CAVENDER (“Roy Cavender”, “R.W. Cavender” & “Roy William Cavender”?) born about 1877, married Lizzie Arthur (“Elizabeth Arthur”?), and died on May 6, 1973; and,

IRVIN CAVENDER born about 1878, and married Ethel Key;

JULIA CAVENDER born in Indiana either about about 1842; and,

CHARLES WILLIAM CAVENDER (“Charles Cavender”, “C.W. Cavender” & “Charles W. Cavender”) born on April 16, 1844 in Channelton, Perry County, Indiana, married Margaret C. Parker (“Margaret Parker”) on November 29, 1869 in Dubois County, Indiana, and died on March 17, 1923 in Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa. Margaret Parker was born on January 11, 1846 in Cannelton, Perry County, Indiana, and died on February 8, 1924 in Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa. Charles Cavender and Margaret Cavender had 1 child:

LUCINDA CAVENDER born on September 18, 1864 in Arenzville, Cass County, Illinois, married Nelson Eugene Austin (“Nelson Austin”) on December 15, 1880 in Hatfield, Harrison County, Missouri, and died on June 1, 1942 in Condon, Gilliam County, Oregon. Nelson Austin was born on October 11, 1854 in Lewiston, Fulton County, Illinois, and died on October 29, 1939 in Condon, Gilliam County, Oregon;

ROBERT CAVENDER born in New York about 1810401, 403 & 481 or 1811418, married Margaret McConnell on either March 25, 1836 481 or on March 28, 1836 in Perry County, Indiana, and died before 1870 in Perry County, Indiana. Robert Cavender was living in Clark County, Indiana in 1820 and was back in Perry County, Indiana in 1830. Robert Cavender is reported in the 1860 census for Perry County, Indiana and only his wife, Margaret, and 2 children are listed in the 1870 census for Perry County, Indiana. Margaret McConnell was born in New York about 1811388 & 404 or 1812418, was the fifth child of Patrick McConnell and a Catherine and who had settled in Perry County before 1820, and died after 1870. The above Robert Cavender is probably the same Robert Cavender who was also living in Deer Creek Township of Perry County, Illinois in 1850. He also may be the same Robert J. Cavander (“Robert J. Cavender”, “Robert Cavander” & “Robert Cavender”) who married Margaret Bracken in McLean County, Illinois. In 1850, the family of Robert Cavender who was listed as being a, Ohio Riverboat Pilot, age 39 and born in New York, comprised his wife Margaret Cavender age 38 and born in New York, and their children:

HENRY A. CAVENDER ("Henry Cavender" & “H.A. Cavender”) born in Perry County, Indiana about 1843;

AMOS L.D. CAVENDER ("Amos Cavender" & “A.L. Cavender”) born in Perry County, Indiana about 1845 and named after the husband of Margaret's sister named Mary Williams;

MARY CAVENDER born in Perry County, Indiana either about 1847481 or about 1849279, and married John Cavender on May 11, 1869 in Dubois County, Indiana and who was born about 1849;

JANE CAVENDER born in Perry County, Indian about 1847; and,

ANGELINE CAVENDER ("Anjaline Cavender") born in Perry County, Indiana about 1848 in Perry County, Indiana, first married William Miley on July 27, 1870 in Dubois County, Indiana, and later married Imry Yates (“Imery Yates”?”) on July 27, 1870 in Dubois County, Indiana;

Also living in the Robert Cavender household in 1850 was Malissa Connor age 10 and born in Indiana who probably was the daughter of Margaret by her first marriage. That being the case, Margaret was the former Margaret Connor; and,

MARY CAVENDER born in either Vermont481 or in Ohio about 1811418, 1812, 1814481 or 1815401, 403 & 404, married Jonathan Davidson (“Johnathon Davidson”?) on January 2, 1832, in Perry County, Indiana403 & 418 (Some say in Seneca Lake, New York), and died on September 6, 1872 in Perry County, Indiana. Jonathan Davidson was born June 22, 1808 in Seneca Lake, New York, was the son of Robert Davidson and an Abigail, and was the brother of Nancy Davidson and Sarah Davidson who had respectively married Mary Cavender's brothers, Bardine Cavender and James Cavender. Jonathan Davidson died May 1, 1887 in Perry County, Indiana. Mary Davidson died either on September 6, 1872403 or about 1887. In 1820 they were living in Clark County, Indiana. Apparently the population in the areas adjoining the future Channelton, Indiana was increased by at least 30 persons in the summer of 1824 with the arrival of 3 families: Davison and Hawley to the downstream side; and, Cavender to the upstream. Several marriages within these families in less than 10 years made them in-laws. Jonathan Davidson and Mary Davidson lived most of their lives just upstream from Rock Island-Lafayette Spring and most or all of their 12 children were born there. The children of Jonathan Davidson and Mary Davidson included:

LOUISA DAVIDSON born March 1833 in Perry County, Indiana, never married, was living near Cannelton in 1900 with her sister Deborah and 3 nephews and a niece, and died after 1900;

AMY DAVIDSON born about 1839 in Perry County, Indiana, first married Adolph Mettling on September 6, ????, later married John Brady on October 11, 1874 in Perry County, Indiana, and died August 25, 1899 in Perry County, Indiana. Adolph Mettling was born about 1843 in Germany, was the son of Theodore Mettling and Catherine Mettling, died on either January 7, 1871 or January 8, 1871, and is buried at St. Michael Cemetery. Adolph Mettling purchased a lot above Rock Island from the Coal Company on June 10, 1867 and he and Amy Mettling had 2 children:

MARY EMILIA METTLING ("Mary Mettling") was born on July 11, 1863 and who was baptized on January 24, 1871. Amy Mettling later married John Brady on October 11, 1874 who was born on July 4, 1832, was a mill sayer, and had 2 grown daughters by a previous marriage; and,

BEATRICE METTLING born about 1867;

John Brady and Amy Mettling (formerly "Amy Davidson") had 3 children:

LOLA N. BRADY ("Lola Brady") born about 1875;

JONATHAN BRADY born about 1877; and,

BENJAMIN J. BRADY ("Benjamin Brady") born on November 21, 1880, married Mary Irene Doughty ("Mary Doughty") on November 14, 1915, and died in 1954. Mary Doughty was born on January 16, 1896, was the daughter of Thomas Doughty and Mary Dean, and died in 1987, and is buried in Cliff Cemetery with her husband;

ALONZO DAVIDSON born about 1843 in Perry County, Indiana, apparently did not marry, was living with his parents and died on February 15, 1891 in Perry County, Indiana;

MARY DAVIDSON born about 1845, was living with her parents until 1870, after which time nothing is further known of her;

ABIGAIL DAVIDSON born about 1847 in Perry County, Indiana, and died before 1860 in Perry County, Indiana;

DEBORAH DAVIDSON born in August 1850 in Perry County, Indiana, did not marry, was living near Cannelton, Indiana with Louisa Davidson in 1900, and died after 1900 in Perry County, Indiana; and,

JOSEPH DAVIDSON born in September 1857 in Perry County, Indiana, married Ann Koskinson in Perry County, Indiana on January 1, 1893, worked as a quarryman, and resided near Rock Island. Amy Koskinson was born on May 1, 1873, was the daughter of George Hoskinson and Katherine Fehr, died June 9, 1902, and is buried in the Hoskinson lot in Cliff Cemetery. Joseph Davidson and Ann Davidson had 3 known children:

SHIRLEY DAVIDSON, a son, born November 21, 1893;

MARY DAVIDSON born in September 1896; and,

FOREST DAVIDSON (“Forrest Davidson”?) born January 14, 1900; 279, 282, 337, 388, 401, 474 & 481

A large portion of the foregoing data was taken from the old family Bible of Anson Cavender and Tabytha Cavender which, at one time, was in the hands of Mrs. William Mallory Otwell. ("William Otwell") and was copied by Luther L. Craig ("Luther Craig") of Ireland, Indiana.405


Charles Emmett Cavender (“Charles Cavender” & “C.E. Cavender”) was born in September 1750 in Lyndelboro, Wexford County, Ireland and it appears that he was born as either Charles Kavenough, Charles Kevenough (the British spelling) or Charles Kavanagh (the "Gaelic" spelling) and later either purposefully changed, as contended by some researchers in his line, or he or some of his descendants for some reason decided to change (or correct) the spelling of his surname to "Cavender". In fact, his name is spelled in his military records as Charles Cavenough.

Wexford is a county in the Leinster province in the southeastern part on Ireland. It is bordered by the Blackstairs Mountains in the West and by Saint George's Channel on the East and South. Wexford was the first part of Ireland to be invaded by Anglo-Normans in 1169, was subjugated by Oliver Cromwell in 1649, and was the center of the Irish rebellion in 1798.

In his Revolutionary War pension application dated August 30, 1832, then living in Greenfield, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, he stated that he was then 82 years of age, thus substantiating his date of birth as being about 1750, and had then lived in Greenfield, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire for almost 60 years. Apparently, Greenfield, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire was incorporated on June 15, 1791, was previously known as the "Society Land", and adjoins Antrim, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire.

Even though believed to be inaccurate, it nevertheless should be mentioned that some contend he was born about 1756;399 some contend he was born on May 29, 1754; in the D.A.R. Patriot Index, it is stated that a Charles Cavender was born in Ireland about 1736; according to one IGI record on file in London, England, it is recorded that a Charles Cavender married Eleanor Addison in Londonderry, New Hampshire and was born in Ireland about 1756; and, according to another IGI record on file in London, England, it is stated that a Charles Cavender was born about 1756 in Lyndoboro, New Hampshire (actually “Lyndborough, New Hampshire”) which is located south of Greenfield, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire; however, this is not believed to be correct as the land was not open for settlement at that date. The date of birth of 1756 of Charles Cavender corresponds to "THE HISTORY OF HANCOCK, NEW HAMPSHIRE" by W.W. Hayward which states that Charles Cavender came from Ireland to Halifax, Nova Scotia about the year 1775 at the age of 19 years and thus born about 1756.

According to “The Report: Board of Trustees of the Public Archives of Nova Scotia for the year ending November 30, 1941", sometime between May 18, 1750 and June 4, 1750, a Charles Cavenor (“Charles Cavender”?) immigrated to Halifax, Nova Scotia.

However, according to his Revolutionary War pension application dated August 30, 1832, he stated that he was then 82 years of age, thus being born in Wexford, Ireland in 1750 according to his family Bible. He was issued a pension on August 23, 1832 for his service in the Revolutionary War for a period of 2 years beginning in 1775 in the New Hampshire, Continental and Massachusetts Lines. He died in 1833 in Greenfield, New Hampshire where he lived all his married life and is buried in the Old Greenfield Cemetery.

According to a letter written by a David Ramsay on April 1, 1886 to a Mrs. George Holt of Greenfield, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, the daughter of Annis Cavender Symonds ("Annis Symonds ("Annis Symonds"), he stated:

"To Mrs. George Holt of Greenfield, I well remember your grandfather Charles Cavender and his wife Eleanor Addison Cavender and he used to tell me when I was a boy about his leaving Ireland and coming to Londonderry, New Hampshire and living with Rev. McGregor of Londonderry, the minister of that town, caring for the minister's horses to his satisfaction which he always enjoyed to his liking. He bought his wild land in Greenfield about the time of the American Revolution, boarded with my grandparents a spell till he erected his own cabin on his wild lot. Two apple trees are on the very spot near the old country road. They raised four sons and three daughters. James, your grandfather, married Rachel Butler of Lyndeboro and lived in Hancock on a farm his father gave him. Their older childrens' names were Annis ("Mrs. Syword"? your mother), Holmes, Butler, Burnham, Sarah and other children and Mary. William married first Betsy Gregg of Greenfield, daughter of Hugh Gregg. Second wife was Eleanor Hopkins of Antrim, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire. Charles' first wife was a Miss Nahor of Hancock, his second wife was a sister to Williams' wife, Miss Hopkins. John married a Miss Smith of Peterboro and lived for a spell at Franklin, New Hampshire. They both died in St. Louis. Their sons divided in the rebellion and both were Colonels. Their daughter, Sarah, married Eps Burnham. They lived and raised a large family in Antrim, and afterwards moved and died in Concord, New Hampshire. Polly or Mary married Abram Holmes of Peterborough, and died a young woman leaving 4 children Eleanor, Grace, James and Mary. Annis married Jonathan Holmes, a brother of Abraham Holmes. Jonathan died young leaving three or four children. She died in Barbarton?, New Hampshire. William and Betsy's children Charles Burns, John and Elizabeth and ? from William and Eleanor children of his second wife, Boyd H. Horace, and Harvey. William went to Michigan had a third wife, an English lady. Charles went from New Hampshire to a farm in the vicinity of St. Louis and died. I never knew his children." 317

It is believed that the most reliable data establishes the fact that the above Charles Cavender born in Wexford County, Ireland, arrived in Londonderry, New Hampshire about 1769 at the age of 19 and lived with Rev. McGregor of Londonderry, the minister of that town, caring for the minister's horses. He married an Eleanor Wilson Addison ("Elanor Addison", "Elenore Addison" & "Elenor Addison"?) about 1780-1781 in Greenfield, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, and lived in Greenfield, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire for almost 60 years, where he died on May 6, 1833 at the age of 82, and is buried in the Old Greenfield Cemetery in Greenfield, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire. Eleanor Addison was born May 29, 1754 in Greenfield, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, and was the daughter of William Addison and Eleanor Wilson, the widow of David McAllister, of Lyndeboro, New Hampshire and who was then the widow of David Wilson of Lyndeboro, New Hampshire. Eleanor Cavender died March 8, 1836 in Greenfield, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, and is buried in the Old Cemetery in Greenfield, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire.

In a deed dated October 29, 1774, this particular Charles Cavender was then living in the town of Londonderry in the Province of New Hampshire which was settled about 1719 by Scot-Irish emigrants from Northern Ireland, and purchased 85 acres of wilderness land located in the so-called "Society Land" in Greenfield, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire from John Cuningham ("John Cunningham"?) of Londonderry for the sum of 24 pounds and 18 shillings. Charles Cavender's name on the deed was then spelled "Charles Kavanough", although some say it was spelled "Charles Kavenough". The land was bounded on the north by a lot owned by James Ramsey, Jr. who had purchased his land in 1772. So, apparently, sometime after 1774 Charles Kananough either changed, or corrected, the spelling to Charles Cavender.

Wexford, Ireland is a municipal borough and seaport in the south eastern section of Ireland near the Irish Sea, and is the capitol of Wexford County, Ireland. Points of interest are the ruins of Selsker Abby, founded at the close of the 12th century, St. Patrick's Church, St. Peter's Chapel, and the old Bull Ring. Family stories about his life in Ireland are difficult to verify, but it is recorded in the files of the LDS Library that he first lived in Ireland with his widowed mother and his sister, Catherine Kavanagh, and that he changed his name from Kavanagh to Cavender when he came to this country about 1775 at the age of 19 by way of Newfoundland. It is said that while out fishing in a "dory", Charles Cavender was picked up in Ireland by a British naval vessel and "shanghaied" into service. He later escaped in Newfoundland. After sailing to Boston, Massachusetts on an "excursion", he found a job in Londonderry, New Hampshire digging ditches for a well known Scotch/Irish evangalist and it was there that he either adopted or corrected the spelling to Cavender. Charles Cavender subsequently removed to Londonderry, New Hampshire and from there to Greenfield, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire.

According to his pension application dated August 30, 1832 he stated: that, he was then living in Greenfield, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire; that, he was then 82 years of age (thus, having been born about 1850); that, he enlisted in 1775 serving two months at the close of the eight months' service and served under Capt. George Reid; that, he immediately re-enlisted under the same officers; that, in March 1776, the regiment went to New York, remained there for six weeks, then went up the North River to Albany, New York and via Lake George and Lake Champlain and was involved in the invasion of Canada in 1775-1776, then back to Mount Independence; that, in the autumn his company was ordered south to meet the regulars, and did so at Trenton in December and he was in that battle in 1776-1777 even though his term of service had expired six weeks before; that, in the summer of 1777, while a resident of Greenfield, he enlisted for two months under Capt. Clark of Lyndeboro, New Hampshire, marched to Bennington, Vermont and was in "Starks Battle" at Bennington on August 16, 1777.

It is of interest to be noted that on July 23, 1777, a Carles Cavanor ("Charles Cavender"?) volunteered to fight in the American Revolution for the colony of New Hampshire in the New Hampshire Militia.

The Revolutionary War record of Charles Cavender was compiled by his great, great granddaughter, Alice Cavender Bradenoch as follows:

"On April 19, 1775, news of the battle of Lexington reached Society Land. According to local lore, neighbors signaled the news to one another with blazing torches of pitch pine, held aloft. Every man was aroused. They assembled in the settlement of Antrim to discuss the news, and after electing a captain, they marched toward the Boston area to locate Stark, New Hampshire's military leader. Each able bodied man, by law, was armed with a rifle or musket with ammunition, and was proficient in its use.

When they located Stark, he told them that there were enough men available at the moment. He sent them home to plant their corn, but urged them to 'hold themselves ready' to march at a moment's notice.

By fall of 1775, the military situation near Boston was stalemated. Nonetheless, Cavender was then enlisted in Stark's regiment at Winter Hill, not too far from Bunker Hill.

It is easy to understand why Stark was a hero to all of New Hampshire, and particularly to Cavender. Stark's family was originally from Londonderry. As a teenager, he and buddies had gone on a hunting trip into Northern New Hampshire, where they were captured by Indians and forced to live with the tribe for several years until ransomed. Stark then became a ranger at Fort Ticonderoga and other western garrisons taken from the French, the garrisons which kept the Indians subdued and made life safer for the settlers.

It is easy to imagine that Cavender also had personal reasons for wanting to wage war on the British.

In January, 1776, when his first enlistment expired, Cavender immediately re-enlisted in the same regiment, and in March of this year, 'the regiment marched to New York City, remained there about four weeks, and then went up the North River to Albany, and thence to St. George at the head of Lake George, and thence down Lake George to St. Johns on the Richelieu River, and then into Canada.'

This troop movement, taken from his deposition, refers to the Army's invasion of Canada in 1775-76. Notice on your current New York road map that the New York State Thruway, the Adirondack Northway, and Interstates 87 and 90 parallel the same system of rivers and lakes. If you erase the interstates and thruways, you can see why these rivers and lakes were worth fighting and dying for. All of New England, except for its coastal areas, was a forest wilderness. These waterways were the available roads. They were the roads used by marauding Indians, and they were the military roads used first by the French, and later by the British---an almost continuous stretch of water from Montreal to New York on which to carry men, guns, and supplies. The strategic Fort Ticonderoga was located at the head of Lake Champlain at approximately the mid-point of the waterway. In 1775, word reached Fort Ticonderoga that the British planned to move down Lake Champlain. The Colonials knew they needed to control the waterway!

In 1775, Colonial regiments attempted to attack the British, but just about everything went wrong. Supplies ran short, torrential rains fell, sickness rampaged. Finally they managed to set up a siege around the British fort of St. John's just below Montreal, and in November of 1775, the British commander surrendered.

After the surrender, the remaining militia men and fresh troops, including Stark's regiments, were re-equipped out of captured supplies, and they marched to Montreal, on a corduroy road, a road made of logs laid crossways to permit travel in swampy areas. A diary tells us that 'Under our feet was snow and ice and water, over our heads clouds, snow and rain,' yet on November 3, the Colonial Army occupied Montreal.

After this battle, five hundred men, Cavender among them, were sent down to Fort Independence, on the Hudson River near Peekskill, New York. It was a time when Washington's troops had experienced severe losses. The winter weather was miserable. Men were without shoes and adequate food and clothing. It was to spur on these bedraggled soldiers that Thomas Paine wrote, 'These are the times that try men's souls: The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will shrink from the service of his country, but he that stands now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman....the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph.'

In an effort to improve morale and rescue the fading cause, Washington carefully planned an offensive. While The British were warm in winter garrisons in Trenton, New Jersey, Washington planned to ferry 2400 men and eighteen cannon across the icy Delaware River for a surprise attack on the Hessian troops. On Christmas night, 1776, "there was a booming and banging from the dark, ice-choked river, where forty-foot boats were being oared by men in remnants of blue and white uniforms. Involved were New Hampshiremen, Virginians, New Yorkers, and Pennsylvanians, bent into gale-driven sleet, their path 'tinged' here and there with blood from the feet of men who wore broken shoes." One officer wrote, 'It will be a terrible night for the soldiers, but I have not heard a man complain.'

Once across the river, the men marched in silence to Trenton. Their wet muskets were useless and they were ordered to use bayonets. The regiments began their attack in the early morning hours. John Stark and his men, the advance guard on Washington's right flank, 'dealt death wherever (they) found resistance, and broke down all opposition before (them).' The battle lasted less than three-quarters of an hour. Nine hundred prisoners were taken.

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