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1668/04/07 Thomas Baker sued Phillip Bisse in the County Court of Charles County, Maryland on the charge that Phillip Bisse forcible entered into the tobacco warehouse of Thomas Baker, pursuant to instructions from Daniel Johnson to whom Thomas Baker owed money, and took away a hogshead of tobacco containing 378 pounds of tobacco.

1668/06/09 Hugh Cavenagh ("Hugh Cavenaugh"? & "Hugh Cavender"?) testified on this date as a witness in a lawsuit between Thomas Baker (Plaintiff) and Phillip Bisse (Defendant) brought on April 7, 1668 in the County Court of Charles County, Maryland and swore before the Court that he was then about 21-22 years of age (thus born about 1646-1647), that Mr. Philip Bisse ("Phillip Bisse"?), defendant, came to Mr. Thomas Baker, plaintiff, about April 17, 1668 and demanded a hogshead of tobacco in Daniel Johnson's name, and that the said Thomas Baker asked him whether he had a note from the said Daniel Johnson for the same, replied that he had, whereupon the said Philip Bisse weighed the tobacco and marked it.281, 392, 393 & 412

This is probably the same Hugh Cavenagh ("Hugh Cavenaugh"?, "Hugh Cavenough" & "Hugh Cavender"?), yeoman, who departed the port of Bristol, England on August 20, 1658 for the colony of Virginia as a “yeoman” to begin service as an indentured servant to a Mr. Wills for a period of 5 years in Virginia. Thus, he must have been about 11-12 years of age when he came to this country as an indentured servant.



1668/09/08 Samuel Cressy (apparently the Sheriff) delivered a complaint to the named defendant, Thomas Baker, on a suit brought by Hugh Cavenagh ("Hugh Cavenaugh"? & "Hugh Cavender"?), plaintiff, against Thomas Baker, defendant. The suit was for trespass and for damages. The basis for the suit was not specified. Hearing before the court in Charles County, Maryland was scheduled for September 8, 1668. However, as Hugh Cavenaugh did not appear in Court, the suit was dismissed November 10, 1668. 392 & 393
1668/12/20 Last Will and Testament executed by Teage Olathman which was proved on February 24, 1669. In his will he left his personal estate to be divided equally among the children of Walter English and the children of Thomas Collins, also known as Thomal Attwell ("Thomas Atwell"?). His land was to be divided equally between Daniel Oakanan, an Irishman that then lived with Mr. Appleton, and Honor Silivant (“Honor Sillivant”), an Irish maid then living with Walter English. Westmoreland Co. Deeds, Patents, etc., pp 47-47a
1669/06/xx Report of William Horton stating that he surveyed and laid out 2 parcels of land of 125 acres each for each of Daniel Oaknan (an Irishman then living with Mr. Appleton) and Honor Silivant (an Irish maid then living with Walter English), it having been bequeath to each of them by Teage Olathman in his last Will and Testament dated January 20, 1668 and proved on February 24, 1669.Westmoreland Co. Deeds, Patents, etc., pp 47a
1670 Thomas Baker and Theodore Baker received a gift from their mother, Mrs. Elizabeth Niccolas (“Elizabeth Nickolas”? & “Elizabeth Nicholas”?). A Thomas Baker died in 1700 and his widow Mary Baker married Henry Hopkins. This particular Thomas Baker and his brother Theodore Baker were sons of a Theodore Baker of Northumberland County, Virginia who died by 1664. However, there is no clear connection with this particular Thomas Baker and the Thomas Baker of Maryland.393
1671/04/10 Hugh Caviner (Hugh Caverner”, “Hugh Cavenough”? & "Hugh Cavender"?) and Joseph LeDuke, both of St. Mary's County, Maryland, proved their rights for 100 acres of land, “it being due to them for transporting themselves into this Province to inhabit”. They both executed an assignment which stated:

"Know all men by these presents that we, Hugh Caviner (also "Hugh Cavnier") and Joseph LeDuke, of the county of St. Maries (Actually St. Mary's County) for valuable consideration to us in hand paid by James Lewis of the same county have assigned, sold and made over and by these presents do assign, sell and set over unto the said James Lewis all of our right, title and interest of, in and to our Leveroll Rights to Land to us due for transporting ourselves into this Province to inhabit, to have and to hold the said one hundred acres rights to him the said James Lewis, his heirs and assigns forever, In Witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands and seals the tenth day of April 1671. Sealed and delivered in the presence of Robert Ellys(“Robert Ellis”?)."

The above instrument was signed and sealed on behalf of both Hugh Caviner and Joseph LeDuke as neither man apparently could either read or write or even sign his own name, and was witnessed by Robert Ellys (“Robert Ellis”?). On the same date, James Lewis, a planter, received 50 acres in consideration of his furnishing transportation to Elizabeth Thompson into the province. Still further, John Rawlings, merchant, received 150 acres of land for furnishing transportation to James Devill, William Thompson and Katherine Niver into the province and which he also assigned to James Lewis. Still further, and on the same date, James Lewis assigned the above 300 acres of land to Thomas Paine, who, in turn assigned the acreage to Robert Ridgely (“Robert Ridgley”?, “Robert Ridgly”? & “Robert Ridley”?). 370

As in Virginia, immigrants were entitled to 50 acres for each “headright”. However, certificates were given for transportation from Virginia to Maryland, and also from Maryland to Virginia, sometimes stated but often not, leaving the impression that the transport was from England.

It has been reported that Hugh Caviner, also recorded as Hugh Havener, was an officer in St. Mary's Company and that he probably sailed on the ship named "Dove".374 However, according to the Dove passenger list compiled by the Baltimore, Baltimore County, Maryland Historical Society for its 350th. anniversary of arrival of the Dove, no such name appeared thereon. In fact, there was no passenger on the listing who even had a given name of "Hugh".

(NOTE: According to published early American history, immigrants arrived in this country nearly every month during the late 1600's, and by 1700 Virginia had 80,000 persons in the Tidewater area. Settlers began scattering over the coastal plain and the Piedmont Plateau before 1700 and between 1710 and 1740, passes were discovered across the Blue Ridge Mountains into the Shenandoah Valley. Emigrants from Pennsylvania and New Jersey then began to enter the valley. As early as 1730, there was a heavy immigration of Scotch-Irish, Germans and Welsh from Pennsylvania into Virginia, most of whom settled in the upper valleys. The brought with them their religions - Presbyterian, Baptist, and Quaker. Some of the earliest of the north Irish immigrants into America had settled in Maryland and in New York province; but it was to Philadelphia and to New Castle County, Delaware that most immigrants after 1720 went, and continued to go, for the next half century. Many of the immigrants who had landed in Philadelphia moved inland and then turned to the south, moving parallel to the Blue Ridge Mountains along valleys such as the Shenandoah, into Virginia and the Carolinas. Scotch-Irish settlers began arriving in Londonderry, New Hampshire, and introduced the art of spinning of linen. According to St. Mary's County Historical Society, St. Mary's County, Maryland was settled in 1632 by English Catholics, although some of the indentured immigrants were Anglican of the American Episcopalian faith.) 112, 281, 350 & 363


1671 An expedition lead by Thomas Batts and Robert Fallam followed the Staunton River through the gap in the Blue Ridge Mountains into the Great Appalachian Valley blessed with limestone soils of unbelievable fertility.
1674 William Henry Cavender ("William Cavender" & “W.H. Cavender”) is believed to have been born around this date, probably in England, married Betty Kennedy ("Elizabeth Kennedy"?), and died in Westmoreland County, Virginia about 1771. However, some believe he died on March 21, 1772.

It is believed that he was the son of James Wesley Cavender ("James Cavender", “J.W. Cavender” & “James W. Cavender”?) born around 1650 in England, and who married a Beath Curry ("Beth Curry"?). William Henry Cavender and Betty Cavender had a son named Henry Cavender, possibly likewise named William Henry Cavender (“William Cavender” & “W.H. Cavender”) who is believed to have been born on October 12, 1699 in Newcastle on the Tyne (i.e, Tyne River), England where he first lived for a while. He next lived in Holland for a short time and then moved back to Newcastle, England. He arrived in Cople Parish in Westmoreland County, Virginia about 1746, where some think that he married Elizabeth Woodhouse, the widow of Phillip Woodhouse ("Phil Woodhouse") and the admistratrix of the estate of William Woodhouse who died in 1789 and who was the son of Phillip Woodhouse who, undoubtedly was then also deceased.

(NOTE: See the line of James Cavender, Sr. hereafter where his son, Thomas Cavender, may have actually been the so-called "unnamed Cavender" who married Elizabeth Woodhouse.)

The above Henry Cavender may have been the same William Henry Cavender who died March 21, 1772 in Westmoreland County, Virginia, and is buried in the Yeocomico Episcopalian Church Cemetery in Westmoreland County, Virginia which is located about 1 mile inland from the Yeocomico River in Cople Parish of Westmoreland County, Virginia. Henry Cavender executed his Last Will and Testament in Cople Parish, Westmoreland County, Virginia on December 24, 1771 which was witnessed by Thomas Edwards, George Sanford, Josah Stevenson? and John McGuire. His Will was "proved" on March 31, 1772 in Westmoreland County, Virginia. The wife of this particular Henry Cavender was Elizabeth and he named his children as Alice Davis (formerly, "Alice Cavender"), Thomas Cavender, Rachel Nash (“Rachael Nash”?, formerly "Rachel Cavender" & “Rachael Cavender”?) and George Cavender who was also named the executor.9, 27, 279, 294 & 371


1676 Apparently, anyone living in this country as early as 1676 is qualified to join the organization "AMERICA'S FIRST FAMILIES".
1677/10/07 Included in the passenger list for the “St. George of London”, a merchant ship that sailed from Waterford, Ireland to Maryland carrying a total of 180 passengers, included the following passengers: Ellen Cavenah (“Ellen Cavenaugh”?, “Ellen Cavanaugh”?, “Elinor Cavender”? & “Ellen Cavender”?) and Mary Cavenagh (“Mary Cavenaugh”?, “Mary Cavanaugh”? & “Mary Cavender”). On November 1, 1778, Capt. John Quigley, a merchant captain but not the captain of the ship, claimed the right to take up land according to the “Conditions of Plantations”.

1677 Burlington, New Jersey, was settled by the Quakers and became the capital of West Jersey.261
1678/01/14 Charles Cavanaugh ("Charles Kavanaugh" & "Charles Cavender"?), son of Charles Cavanaugh ("Charles Cavender"?), was baptized in St. Michaels Parish on the Island of Barbados on January 14, 1678, and apparently was buried the next day. It is said that the elder Charles Cavenaugh later moved to Virginia and later to Kentucky and Tennessee.112 380
1678 (1) On this date, Mary Cavenaugh ("Mary Cavender"?) was a witness to the Last Will and Testament of Nicholas Painter of St. Mary's County. Maryland.374

(2) Dorset Cavender is believed to have been born around 1678, and married a Sarah (“Sarah Medford”?) about 1738 in Dorchester County, Maryland . The Last Will and Testament of his wife, Sarah Cavendor (“Sarah Cavender”?), was executed on January 20, 1739 and was probated on February 23, 1739 in Dorchester Count, Maryland with Solomon West being named as the administrator and Robert Medford and William Medford being named as the next of kin. The estate was appraised by Abraham Trice and William Payne. Thomas Williams and Robert Medford were listed as creditors. Solomon West, as administrator of the estate of "Sarah Cavender, of Dorset, deceased" filed an account reducing the estate after various legal fees. On November 26, 1739, Robert Medford and William Medford renounced all right to administer the estate of Sarah Cavender in favor of Solomon West. On December 1, 1740, Solomon West filed an affidavit that all debts had been paid. However, the estate was not finally settled until October 12, 1742.


1679/1680/02/18 A certificate was granted to Thomas Mathew (“Thomas Matthew”?) in Northumberland County, Virginia for 3,800 acres of land for transporting 66 persons into the Colony of Virginia, including a Mary Cavenaugh (“Mary Cavender”?).pp132, Records of Indentured Servants and of Certificates for land, Northumberland County, Va. 1650-1795
1679/02/27 The County Court of Westmoreland County, Virginia declared Ellianor Cavanagh ("Eleanor Cavanagh"?, "Elinor Cavanagh"?, "Ellianor Cavender"?, "Eleanor Cavender"?, "Elinor Cavender"? & “Ellen Cavender”?) to be a free woman. This is the only record thus far found of a person who could have been the mother of the 7 minor children mentioned hereinafter who were born during the years from 1681 to 1688, i.e.:

(i) Thomas Cavenah (“Thomas Cavender”?) born about 1681 and who was bound out to Thomas Banks of Northumberland County, Virginia;

(ii) William Cavinah (“William Cavender”?) also born about 1681 and bound out to William Wildy in Northumberland County, Virginia;

(iii) Francis Caviner (“Francis Cavender”? or “Frances Cavender”?) born about 1683 and bound out to Danll Occanny (“Daniel Occanny”?) of Westmoreland County, Virginia;

(iv) David Cavenah (“David Cavender”?) born about 1684 and bound out to Thomas Baker, and later to Thomas Gaskins, of Northumberland County, Virginia;

(v) Elinor Caviner (“Elinor Cavender”? & “Eleanor Cavender”?) also born about 1684 and bound out to William Carruthers of Westmoreland County, Virginia;

(vi) Daniel Cavenah (“Daniel Cavender”?) born about 1688 and bound out to Edgecomb Suggett in Richmond County, Virginia; and,

(vii) John Cavenah (“John Jay Cavender”?) who is believed to be the father of the Hugh Cavender of Amelia County, Virginia.



Elinor Cavender must have already been married when she was declared a free person in 1679, and her husband must have died shortly before 1697. Unfortunately, the Northumberland County Record Books for 1672-1706 were either lost or destroyed, and the Court Order Books for the same time period are either unindexed or indexed very incompletely. Thus, the original microfilmed County Order Books appear to be the only remaining source of further information. Westmoreland Co. Va. Order Bk, p 149 & 393

1682/10/27 William Penn arrived in the ship "Welcome" at New Castle County, Delaware.261
1682 Estimated date of birth of Francis Caviner ("Francis Cavener"?, “Francis Cavenough”?, “Francis Caverner”? & "Francis Cavender"?) who died in 1721("Old Style" calendar) or 1722 ("New Style" calendar) leaving a 1-2 year old son named John Caverner ("John Cavener"?, “John Cavenough”?, “John Caviner”? & "John Cavender"?) who lived in Richmond County, Virginia. 441 The so-called “New Style” Calendar became effective on January 1, 1751 and which was revised in order to compensate for earlier miscalculations. Thus, in 1752, the new year began on January 1 for the very first time. Previously, the year began on March 25. Therefore all dates before that day (that is, January 1-March 24, inclusive, of each year) would bear the date of the previous year. The so-called Gregorian Calendar was first adopted in Europe in 1582 and was later adopted in the British Colonies in on January 1, 1751.
1684 Lord Baltimore protested to the King of England against the grant of the colony of Delaware to the colony of Pennsylvania, claiming encroachment on Maryland's grant.261
1685/04/28 Thomas Cavender married Margaret Lipstrott ("Margaret Liptrott"?) on Saint Marylebone Road in Saint Mary Parish, Saint Marylebone County, England.140 (Note: another report states that Thomas Cavander (“Thomas Cavender”) married Margaret Lipstrott of London, London County, England about 1660, or that Thomas Cavender was born about 1660 in London, London County, England and later married Margaret Lipstrott on April 28, 1685.439
1685 James II became King of and reigned through 1688.
1689 William III became King of England and reigned until 1702. Mary II became the Queen of England and reigned from 1689 until her death in 1694.
1690/03/16 Charles Cavenaugh ("Charles Cavender"?) was born on this date and his sister Sarah Cavenaugh ("Sarah Cavender"?) was born in December 1693.392
1690 It is reported that Philemon Cavanaugh (“Philemon Kavanaugh”? & “Philemon Cavender”?) was born in Ireland, or in exile, about 1690, that he and his brother Charles Cavenaugh (“Charles Cavender”?) reportedly immigrated to the Virginia Colony about the year 1705, that he married Sarah Ann Williams (“Sarah Williams”) about 1711 who was the daughter of William Williams and Jael Harrison, and that his death occurred after preparing his Last Will and Testament in April 1743 and which was probated in August 1744 in Orange County, Virginia.462 Either Philemon Cavanaugh (“Philemon Cavender”?) and Sarah Cavanaugh (“Ann Cavanaugh”, “Ann Cavender” & “Sarah Cavender”) had 9 children, or Philemon Cavanaugh (“Philemon Cavender”?) had 9 children by a prior marriage, which is not considered likely.441

According to a little book of “Irish Family Names” by Ida Grehan, the Kavanaghs have a royal lineage and some of the Kavanaghs have had distinguished if rumbustious careers.



1692/04/26 Richmond County, Virginia and Essex County, Virginia were formed from Old Rappahannock County on this date and which was then abolished. Essex County was probably named after Essex County, England. It is located in the Tidewater area of Virginia with its county seat of Tappahannock located on the banks of the Rappahannock River.
1692 Maryland becomes a royal colony and the Church of England becomes the established church.261
1692/05/xx According to the "Genealogical Dictionary of The First Settlers of New England" by James Savage, 1965, on the basis of the Farmer's Register, no Cavender is recorded as having settled in New England prior to that date. However, there were several persons whose names quite likely were misspelled versions of Cavender. 217 & 326
1693 James Carfinder ("James Cavender"?) was listed as paying taxes in Sussex County, Delaware.
1694/04/16 The date on which the Last Will and Testament of William Richards was probated in Kent County, Maryland and which Garret Cavener ("Garrett Cavender", "Garet Cavenear", "Garet Cavender"?, "Garrett Cavenear" and "Jarrad Cavenear"), John Copedge, Robert Hill and Stephen Cooke ("Stephen Cook"?) were listed as creditors. The estate was appraised by Matt Eareckson ("Matthew Erickson"?) and John Downy.392 & 412 It is to be noted that a Garret Cavener ("Garret Cavender"?, “Jarrett Cavender”?, "Garet Cavenear"?, "Garet Cavender"?, "Garrett Cavenear?" and "Jarrad Cavenear"?) married a Jane in Pennsylvania about 1762.

On August 30, 1746, Garret Cavenaugh ("Garret Cavender"?), servant from Ireland was assigned to Francis Battin of Gloucester County, Pennsylvania for a period of 4 years. 124, 136 & 350



A Garrett Cavender ("Garret Cavender"?, "Garet Cavenear"?, "Garet Cavender"?, "Garrett Cavenear?", "Jarrad Cavenear"? & “Jarett Cavender”?) received a land grant in Hampshire County, Virginia in 1800 which later became Hampshire County, West Virginia.

Also, a Garrett Cavener ("Garret Cavender"?, "Garret Cavender"?, "Garet Cavenear"?, "Garet Cavender"?, "Garrett Cavenear?" and "Jarrad Cavenear"?) listed as a private on the roster of Captain Uriah Springer's Company from Monongalia County, West Virginia on service at Pittsburgh in 178? which is near Monongahela in Washington County, Pennsylvania and also Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

1694-1696 Some time between this time period, Richard Caven ("Richard Cavender"?) filed a Petition of Order in the General Court of the Western Shore of Maryland. 302
1695/05/16 The date on which the Last Will and Testament of John Lindey was probated in Talbot County, Maryland and in which Edmond Cavenner (“Edmund Cavenner”?, “Edmund Cavender” & "Edmond Cavender"?) was named as a legatee thereunder.393
1696 The estate of James Phillips, deceased, was administered in Baltimore County, Maryland and one of the listed debtors was Garrett Cavinett ("Garrett Cavender"?, "Garet Cavender"?, "Garet Cavenear"?, "Garet Cavender"?, "Garrett Cavenear?", "Jarrad Cavender"? & "Jarrad Cavenear"?), a runaway. It is not clear whether he is a runaway servant, or left Baltimore County, Maryland to avoid payment of a debt. He is found two years earlier as a debtor in Kent County, Maryland, but he may not have actually lived there. 393
1697/07/25 Thomas Cavenah ("Thomas Cavender"?), servant to Mr. Thomas Banks was adjudged by the Court of Northumberland County, Virginia to be 16 years of age, and thus born about 1680-1681, and was ordered to serve as indentured servant according to law. Records of Indentured Servants, etc. of Northumberland Cnty Va, p170, document 989
1697/08/18 William Covenah (William Cavenah in marginal note, "William Cavender"?), then a servant to William Wildy, was then adjudged by the Court of Northumberland County, Virginia to then be 16 years of age, thus born about 1680-1681, and was ordered to serve as an indentured servant according to law.Records of Indentured Servants, etc. of Northumberland Cnty Va, p171, document 993
1697 Estimated date of birth of the John Cavender by assuming that he was 21 years of age when he married Anne Jennings ("Anne Jenning"? & “Ann Jenning”?) on July 7, 1718 in Bridgewater, Plymouth County, Massachusetts. Anne Jennings was the daughter of Richard Jennings and is believed to have died just before John Cavender sold his home in Bridgewater, Plymouth County, Massachusetts on October 9, 1740. John Cavender later married a Mrs. Hannah Caswell on May 14, 1750 in Taunton, Bristol County, Massachusetts and who died May 14, 1767 in Middlesborough, Plymouth County, Massachusetts with lethargy. And, he finally married a Mrs. Joanna Shaw on June 21, 1768 in Middlesborough, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, and he died on November 4, 1772 in Middlesborough ("Middleboro"), Plymouth County, Massachusetts apparently without leaving a will, and his widow, Joanna Cavender, exercised her right of dower and was granted one-third of the house and land of the deceased John Cavender. There must have been other family members then living in the household of John Cavender when he died because his widow, Joanna Cavender (“Johanna Cavender”?), was given the front or largest room of the dwelling house and one-third of the cellar, together with the right to bake in the oven in the kitchen. An inventory of the estate of John Cavender was “taken” on December 9, 1772 by Ichabod Wood, Ebenezer Spoonet and Silas Wood. John Montgomery was the Administrator of the estate which was apparently finally settled on August 4, 1774. Apparently John Cavender was a person of substantial wealth. His last wife Joanna Cavender died on August, 28, 1775 in Middleboro, Plymouth County, Massachusetts. 237, 246, 247, 248, 249, 251 & 298
1698/11/16 David Cavenah ("David Cavender"?), then a servant to Thomas Baker, was adjudged by the County Court of Northumberland County, Virginia to then be 14 years of age, and thus born about 1683-1684, and was ordered to serve as an indentured servant according to law.Records of Indentured Servants, etc. of Northumberland Cnty Va, p177, document 1039

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