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In 1736, Philemon Cavanaugh ("Philmeon Cavenaugh", "Philmeon Cavender" & "Philemon Cavender"?), Thomas Jones and John Parks made oath that they were imported from Great Britain or Ireland into this country and that this is the first of their proving their importation in order to obtain right to land, which right they severally in Court assigned over to Lewis Davis Yancy (“Lewis Yancy”), the son-in-law of Philemon Cavanaugh.

The Last Will and Testament of Philemon Cavanaugh was executed on April 19, 1743 and probated on August 23, 1744 in St. Marks Parish, Orange County, Virginia, and the surety and executor was either his brother or his oldest son, Charles Kavanaugh (“Charles Cavanaugh”?, “Charles Cavenaugh”? & “Charles Cavender”?).462

Philemon Cavanaugh and Sarah Cavanaugh had at least the 10 children who were named in his Last Will and Testament as being:

Charles Cavanaugh, Sr. (“Charles Kavanaugh, Sr.” & “Charles Cavender”?) is believed to have been born about 1722, and thus was about 22 years of age when his father died in 1744, married an Ann or Anne (believed to be either an Ann Coleman or Anne Covington) prior to 1753, became a Methodist Episcopalian minister in Culpeper County, Virginia, moved to the Kentucky Territory part of the Colony of Virginia in 1776, settling on the Kentucky River near Silver Creek, Kentucky and he died in 1796 near the Muddy Run River in the State of Kentucky. The basis of the conclusion that he married Ann Covington is that the Last Will and Testament of William Covington, III of Essex County, Virginia which was dated April 22, 1762 and probated on December 20, 1762, he mentions his daughter Anne Kavanaugh (“Ann Cavanaugh”? & “Ann Cavender”?).

On June 30, 1726, a separate parcel of land, being 400 acres, described as land by the corner of Honorable Robert Carter, Esquire, and Colonel Alexander Spotswood adjoining Richard Bickner and John Catlett in the forks of the Rappahonock River (“Rappahannock River”), St. George’s Parish, Spotsylvania County, Virginia was entered in the name of Charles Caverner (“Charles Cavenaugh” & “Charles Cavender”?).

In 1749, Charles Kavanaugh (“Charles Cavender”?) witnessed the Last Will and Testament of William Pritchet (“William Pritchett”?) of Culpeper County, Virginia, and on April 18, 1751, he witnessed a deed from Thomas Brown and his wife Eleanor Brown, to Robert Coleman, and in 1753, Charles Kavanaugh and his wife Ann Kavanaugh (“Ann Cavender”?) deeded 100 acres of land to Robert Coleman which was the land Philemin Kavanaugh (“Philemon Cavanaugh” & “Philemon Cavender”?) deeded by gift to his granddaughter, Elizabeth Yancy, daughter of his son-in-law, Lewis Davis Yancy (“Lewis Yancy”), who married his daughter, Winifred Cavanaugh (“Winifred Cavender”?), but Elizabeth Yancy died without issue and the title to the land reverted to Charles Kavanaugh as the heir at law of Philemon Kavanaugh.

In 1768, Charles Kavanaugh (“Charles Cavender”?) gave a power of attorney to William Brown, apparently preparatory to moving out of the county.

In 1772, Fincastle County, Virginia was formed from Botetourt County, Virginia and encompassed all of what is now the State of Kentucky and a small southwest portion of what is today still Virginia, and on July 7, 1773, Charles Kavanaugh (“Charles Cavender”?) and his brother, William Kavanaugh (“Williams Kavanaugh” & “William Cavender”?) were living in Fincastle County, Virginia. And, on October 13, 1777, Charles Cavanough (“Charles Cavender”?), Philimon Cavanough (“Philemon Cavanough’ & “Philemon Cavender”?) and William Cavanough, Sr. (“William Cavender”?) were listed as privates in the Capt. Daniel Smith Company of Milita for Fincastle County, Virginia.

On December 31, 1776, Fincastle County, Virginia was divided into three counties: Montgomery County, Virginia; Washington County, Virginia; and, Kentucky County, Virginia. Kentucky County, Virginia later became the State of Kentucky on November 1, 1780, at which time Kentucky County, Virginia was divided into 3 counties: Jefferson County, Kentucky on the northwest with Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky being the county seat; Fayette County, Kentucky on the northeast with Lexington, Kentucky being the county, seat; and, Lincoln County, Kentucky across the entire southern portion with Harrodsburg, Kentucky being the county seat. In 1785, Madison County, Kentucky was formed from Lincoln County with Richmond, Kentucky being the county seat.

Entered on the Madison County, Kentucky 1787 tax lists were: Charles Kavanaugh, Sr. (“Charles Cavanaugh” & “Charles Cavender”?); Charles Kavanaugh, Jr. (“Charles Cavanaugh” & “Charles Cavender”?); Mary Kavanaugh (“Mary Cavanaugh” & “Mary Cavender”?); and, William Kavanaugh (“William Cavanaugh” & “William Cavender”?). In 1788, it was certified in the County Court of Madison County, Kentucky that Charles Cavender, Sr. was the elder son of Philemon Kavanaugh (“Philemon Cavanaugh” & “Philemon Cavender”), then deceased, and formerly of Culpeper County, Virginia.

Charles Kavanaugh, Sr. (“Charles Cavender”?) took oath of allegiance in Montgomery County, Virginia together with his younger sons, Charles Cavanaugh, Jr. (“Charles Cavender”?), and William Cavanaugh (“William Cavender”?).

Charles Cavanaugh, Sr. (“Charles Cavender”?) and Ann Cavanaugh (“Anne Cavenaugh” & “Ann Cavender”?) had at least at least 2, children:

Charles Kavanaugh, Jr. (“Charles Cavanaugh” & “Charles Cavender”?) born in Culpeper County, Virginia about 1747418 as the oldest son of Charles Cavanaugh (“Charles Cavender”?), served in the Company of Capt. Parris of the Montgomery County, Virginia Militia, on April 3 1781 was appointed an ensign in the Capt. Buchanan’s Company of Militia for Montgomery County, Virginia, later became a Captain, became a Methodist Episcopalian minister, and was entered on the Madison County, Kentucky 1787 tax lists, was living in Madison County, Kentucky in 1792. His Last Will and Testament was executed on October 13, 1795 in Madison County, Kentucky, and was probated in Madison County, Kentucky on October 4, 1796. He apparently first married Frances Powell on June 7, 1784 in Kentucky County, Virginia (which later became Lincoln County, Kentucky), who was the daughter of Edmund Powell (“Edmond Powell”), and who may have married a second time as he mentioned his wife “Ann” in his Last Will and Testament which was executed on October 13, 1795 in Madison County, Kentucky and was probated on October 4, 1796 in Madison County, Kentucky.

Prior to 1804, he had moved his family to Tennessee. In 1807, a Charles Cavender paid poll taxes in Williamson County, Tennessee as he apparently did not own any property at that time. However, in 1808, there was no Charles Cavender in Williamson County, Tennessee, but there was a Charles Kavanaugh who owned 500 acres of land on the West Harpeth River in Williamson County, Tennessee and who probably are one and the same person. In 1815, a Charles Kavanaugh and his family were living in Rutherford County, Tennessee. However, in 1817, a Charles Kavanaugh was still living in Williamson County, Tennessee.

Charles Kavanaugh, Jr. (“Charles Cavender”?) and Frances Kavanaugh (“Frances Cavanaugh” & “Frances Cavender”?) apparently had a son named:

James P. Kavanaugh (“James Kavanaugh”, “James Cavanaugh”, “James Cavender”, “J.P. Cavender”? & “James P. Cavender”?) born around 1785-1789, married Elizabeth Tweat who was the daughter of William Tweat, and he died about 1814-1815. James Kavanaugh (“James Cavender”?) and Elizabeth Kavanaugh (“Elizabeth Cavanaugh” & “Elizabeth Cavender”?) had 2 children:

Elizabeth Kavanaugh (“Elizabeth Cavanaugh” & “Elizabeth Cavender”?) who was not yet 18 years of age when her father died; and,

Maryan Commins Kavender (“Mary Ann Cummings Kavanaugh”?, “Mary Cavanaugh”, “Mary Kavanaugh”, Mary Cavender”?, Cummings Cavender”? & “Commins Cavender”?);

Charles Kavanaugh, Jr. and Ann Kavanaugh, who he named in his Will, apparently had 7 children which were likewise named in his Will:



Mary Kavanaugh (“Mary Cavanaugh”? & "Mary Cavender"?);

William Kavanaugh (“William Cavanaugh”? & "William Cavender"?);

Charles Kavanaugh, III ("Charles Cavender, III?);

Jael Kavanaugh ("Joel Kavanaugh", “Jael Cavanaugh”?, "Jael Cavender"? & "Joel Cavender"?) who married Peter Woods on April 25, 1782 in the Linville Creek Baptist Church (sometimes "Greenbrier Baptist Church") in Rev. Alderson, Jr’s. Parish in Shenandoah Valley section of Rockingham County, Virginia. and which was earlier located in Amelia County, Virginia. The ceremony was conducted by Rev. John Alderson, Jr. who established the Baptist church in Linville Creek on August 6, 1756 and, in 1757 the Indians invaded the area and the people moved 40-50 miles below Blue Ridge; 371

Sarah Ann Kavanaugh (“Sarah Ann Cavanaugh”?, "Sarah Kavanaugh", “Sarah Cavanaugh”?, "Ann Cavender"? & "Sarah Cavender"?). It is to be noted than an It is also to be noted that an Ann Kavanaugh (“Ann Cavanaugh”? & “Ann Cavender”) married Benjamin Estill on June 12, 1794 in Madison County, Kentucky; and,

Philimon Kavanaugh (“Philemon Cavanaugh”?, "Philmon Cavender"?, "Philemon Kavanaugh"? & "Philemon Cavender"?) who predeceased his father;

Also mentioned in the Last Will and Testament of Charles Kavanaugh were: James Mills Moore ("James Moore") and his unidentified children; and, Charles K. Moore ("Charles Moore") and Elizabeth Moore. Witnesses to his Will were I. Hocaday and William Fox. Executors were William Kavanaugh ("William Cavender"?), apparently his oldest son, Charles Kavanaugh ("Charles Cavender"), apparently his second oldest son and the only other son still living at the time of his decease, and Peter Woods.



William Kananaugh (“William Cavanaugh” & “William Cavender”?)who served in the Company of Capt. Parris of the Montgomery County, Virginia Militia and, on April 3, 1781 was appointed a lieutenant in Capt. Buchanan’s Company of Militia for Montgomery County, Virginia. He took an Oath of Allegiance in Montgomery County, Virginia together with his father, Charles Kavanaugh, Sr. (“Charles Cavender”, Sr.?)and his older brother, Charles Cavanaugh, Jr., (“Charles Cavender, Jr.”?). He was entered on the Madison County, Kentucky tax lists for 1787. In 1790, he apparently was the one listed in the list of taxpayers in Lincoln County, Kentucky, together with his neighbor, John Miller. Additionally, on March 16, 1825, William Kavanaugh (“William Cavenaugh”? & "William Cavender") executed his Last Will and Testament in Madison County, Kentucky which was witnessed by John Harish, John Robertson and Thomas Warren and his Executors were his son Charles Kavanaugh (“Charles Cavanaugh”? & and William Goodloe. His Will was probated in Madison County, Kentucky on November 2, 1829.279 In his will he mentioned his wife Ruth Kavanaugh ("Ruth Cavender"?) and his 7 children:

Archibald Kavanaugh (“Archibald Cavanaugh”? & "Archibald Cavender");

Charles Kavanaugh ("Charles Cavender"?);

Philemon Kavanaugh (“Philemon Cavanaugh”?,"Philmeon Cavender"? & "Philemon Cavender"?);

Susanna Kavanaugh (Susannah Cananaugh”?, "Susanna Cavender"? & "Susannah Cavender"?") who married a Duncan ("Susanna Duncan" & "Susannah Duncan"?);

Ann Kavanaugh (“Ann Cavanaugh”? & "Ann Cavender"?) who married a Briscoe ("Ann Briscoe");

Polly Kavanaugh (“Polly Cavanaugh”?, "Polly Cavender"?, "Mary Cavender" & "Mary Jane Cavender") who married an Oldham ("Polly Oldham", "Mary Oldham" & "Mary Jane Oldham"); and,

Sally Kavanaugh (“Sarah Cavanaugh”?, "Sally Cavender"? & "Sarah Cavender"?) who married an English ("Sarah English" & "Sally English"); and,

Winifred Cavanaugh (“Winifred Kavanaugh’ & “Winifred Cavender”?) who married Lewis Davis Yancy (“Lewis Yancy”) on August 3, 1731, and probably was born about 1713 if she was about 18 years of age when she married. Lewis Yancy and Winifred Yancy had 9 children:

Charles Yancy;

John Yancy;

Philemon Yancy;

Lewis Yancy;

Winifred Yancy;

Ann Elizabeth Yancy (“Ann Yancy”) who must have been the same Elizabeth Yancy who must have been born in 1732 based on the fact that her grandfather, Philemon Cavenaugh (“Philemon Cavender”?) of St. Mark’s Parish, deeded 100 acres of land in St. Mark’s Parish, Spotsylvania County, Virginia to her on April 4, 1732, and her mother was married on August 3, 1731. The land joined the land that Philemon Cavenaugh (“Philemon Cavender”?) gave to his daughter Winifred Yancy and her husband Lewis Davis Yancy. As Elizabeth Yancy died without issue, the land reverted back to Charles Kavanaugh (“Charles Cavender”?) on November 20, 1755. Thus, Charles Cavenaugh (“Charles Cavender”?) was apparently the first born son of Philemon Cavenaugh (“Philemon Cavender”?);

Richard Yancy;

Robert Yancy; and,

James Yancy;

Elizabeth Cavanaugh (“Elizabeth Kavanaugh” & “Elizabeth Cavender”?) who married John Conner. On June 5, 1734, Philemon Cavenaugh (“Philemon Cavender”?) of the Parish of St. Marks, Spotsylvania County, Virginia granted a deed by gift to his married daughter, Elizabeth Connor, and her new husband, John Connor, for 400 acres of land located on the branches of Muddy Run in the fork of the Rappahannock River next to the land of the land of Lewis Davis Yancy (“Lewis Yancy”). Thus, Elizabeth Cavanaugh (“Elizabeth Cavender”?) must have been born about 1716 if she married when she became 18 years of age. John Connor and Elizabeth Connor had 10 children:

James Connor (“James Conner”);

John Connor (“John Conner”)who had a son named:

John Connor (“John Conner”) who married a Mary;

Philemon Connor (“Philemon Conner”) who resided with his wife, Rachel, in St. Marks Parish in Culpepper County, Virginia because on January 15, 1774, John Conner deeded 200 acres of land to Robert Sherwood which was the land previously given to Elizabeth Conner and her husband, John Conner, by Elizabeth’s father, Philemon Cavanaugh on June 19, 1755. Philemon Conner and Rachel Conner had at least a son named:

Charles Connor;

Mildred Connor;

Lewis Connor;

Thomas Connor;

Sarah Connor;

William Connor; and,

Tomothy Connor (“Timothy Connor”?;

Jael Cavanaugh (“Jael Cavender”?) who first married Thomas Covington about 1743 who received her legacy from the estate of her father, and later married Richard Johnson. Jael Cavanaugh was named in the Last Will and Testament of her maternal grandmother, Jael (Harrison) Williams Johnson (“Jael Johnson”, “Jael Williams” & “Jael Harrison”) in 1733. Apparently, Philemon Kavanaugh (“Philemon Cavender”?) had given 400 acres of land in Orange County, Virginia to his daughter, Jael Cavanaugh (“Jael Cavender”?).

Thomas Covington and Jael Covington had at least 2 sons:



Francis Covington; and,

William Covington;

Richard Johnson and Jael Johnson had 2 daughters:



Elizabeth Johnson ("Betty Johnson") who married either Richard Tutt or William Tutt; and,

Ann Johnson who married John Faver, Jr. who was the son of John Faver and Isabel Randolph;

Ellinor Cavanaugh (“Elinor Cavanaugh”, “Elinor Cavenaugh”, “Elinor Kavanaugh” & “Elinor Cavender”?), a minor when her father died in 1744 and James Pendleton was appointed her guardian, and thus was born between 1726-1743. However, it is believed by some that she was born about 1735 based on the fact that she married Edward Stubblefield (“Edward Stubblefield”?) in September 1753 at that she was 18 years of age when she first married. In the Last Will and Testament of Edward Stubblefield dated October 19, 1750 in Culpeper County, Virginia, which was witnessed by Charles Kavanaugh (“Charles Cavender”?), he named his widow as Eleanor Cavanaugh.462 Edward Stubblefield and Eleanor Stubblefield (“Ellinor Stubblefield” & “Elinor Stubblefield”) had a daughter named:

Ann Stubblefield;

It is believed that Ellinor Stubblefield later married Thomas Brown. Thomas Brown and Ellinor Brown (“Elinor Brown” & “Eleanor Brown”) had a daughter named:



Eleanor Brown;

Elizabeth Cavanaugh (“Elizabeth Kavanaugh” & “Elizabeth Cavender”?), a minor when her father died in 1744, and James Pendleton was appointed her guardian, and thus she was born between 1726-1743. Elizabeth married her sister’s husband, Thomas Covington about 1747 following the death of her sister, Jael Cavanaugh (“Jael Cavender”?);

Mary Cavanaugh (“Mary Kavanaugh” & “Mary Cavender”?) a minor when her father died in 1744 and James Pendleton was appointed her guardian, and thus was born between 1726-1743;

Anna Cavanaugh (“Ann Cavanaugh”, “Anna Kavanaugh” & “Ann Cavender”?), a minor when her father died in 1744, and James Pendleton was appointed her guardian, and thus was born between 1736-1743;

Sarah Cavanaugh (“Sarah Kavanaugh” & “Sarah Cavender”?), a minor when her father died in 1744 and James Pendleton was appointed her guardian, and thus was born between 1726-1743. It is believed that she was born about 1742 based on her marriage in 1763 to Charles Duncan as his second wife, and she died in 1824 as recorded on her tombstone. Charles Duncan and Sarah Duncan had a daughter named:

Mary Duncan who was born on November 10, 1764, married Robert Covington, and died in Kentucky County, Virginia on March 8, 1841. Robert Covington was born on January 3, 1760 and died in Kentucky County, Virginia on August 10, 1847;

Philemon Cavanaugh (“Philemon Kavanaugh” & “Philemon Cavender”?) being a minor when his father died in 1744, James Pendleton was appointed his guardian by the County Court, and thus he was born sometime between 1723-1743; and,

Williams Cavanaugh (“William Cavanaugh” & “William Cavender”?) who was born in February 1744 following the death of his father;

Martha Williams ("Patsy Williams") born about 1722, married Michael Yates about 1740, and died about 1789 in Caroline County, Virginia. Michael Yates died before September 1789 in Caroline County, Virginia. They had 5 children;

William Williams, Jr. born on August 27, 1730 in Caroline County, Virginia, married Ann Clark McLeod ("Ann McLeod") about 1768, and died about 1810 in Henry County, Kentucky which later became Trimble County, Kentucky. Ann McLeod was born about 1742. They had 9 children;

Mary Williams born about 1730-1736, married John Estes in Culpeper County, Virginia, and died about 1772. John Estes was born about 1725, executed his will on April 6, 1778 and his will was probated in May 1778 in Caroline County, Virginia. John Estes and Mary Estes had 9 children;

Ann Williams born about 1739 in Culpeper County, Virginia, and married Ambrose Camp. Ambrose Camp was born about 1723 in King and Queen County, Virginia, and died in March 1769 at St. Mark's Parish in Culpeper County, Virginia. Ambrose Camp and Ann Camp had 9 children;

Betty Williams ("Elizabeth Williams") who was named in the will of Jael Williams;

John Williams born in King and Queen County, Virginia, married Margaret Carter on February 14, 1778, and died about 1781 in Caroline County, Virginia. Margaret Williams died before 1807. John William and Margaret William had 7 children; and,

Sarah Ann Williams ("Sarah Williams"), married either Philemon Williams or Philemon Cavanaugh ("Philmeon Cavender"?) before 1733 and either they had 9 children or Philemon Cavanaugh had 9 children by a previous marriage, which is highly unlikely.441

JAMES WESLEY CAVENDER (1650- ? )


JAMES WESLEY CAVENDER (“James Cavender”, “James W. Cavender” & “J.W. Cavender”) was born about 1650 in England, and married Beth Curry (“Beath Curry”? & “Elizabeth Curry”?) about 1672 in England and who was born in England about 1652.463 & 494James Cavender and Beth Cavender are believed to have had a son named:

WILLIAM HENRY CAVENDER ("William H. Cavender", “W.H. Cavender”, "William Cavender", “William Henry Cavenar”?, “William Henry Cavnar”?, "William Henry Cavenah"?, "William Henry Caveneer"? "William Henry Cavenaugh"? & "William Henry Cavanagh"?) who was born about 1674494 in Newcastle upon Tyne which is located on the north side of the Tyne River in Northumberland County, England where he lived for a while, then moved to Holland for a short time, and then moved back to Newcastle, Northumberland County, England. He married Elizabeth Kennedy (“Betty Kennedy”, “Beath Kennedy”? “Beth Kennedy”?) about 1697 in England and who was born about 1672 in England. He finally arrived in Cople Parish, Westmoreland County, Virginia about 1746 at the age of about 72 years old.

Newcastle upon Tyne, England is located on the Northeastern coast of England between Northumberland County, England and Durham County, England. In the 1600's, the Tyne River was the border between Northumberland County and Duram County and Newcastle upon Tyne is located on the north, or on the Northumberland side of the Tyne River. It has been recently written that:

Newcastle upon Tyne is a great historic city which lies on the north bank of the river Tyne. . . . . . . . is the largest city between Leeds and Edinburgh, and is the regional capital of the North East of England. Newcastle has a rich cultural heritage that dates back to the first century. . . . . . . . . . You walk into what has long been termed the ‘Coal Hole of The North’ and find yourself at once in a city of palaces, a fairyland of newness, brightness and modern elegance.”

This supports the opinion of a researcher in Bristol, England who concluded that the greatest concentration of early Cavenders was in the coal mining region of northern England near the Scotland border.

However, a recent 2001 extensive search conducted by the Senior Archivist of the Northumberland Record Office in Northumberland County, England could not find any reference whatsoever to any Cavender/Cavenah/Cavener, plus variations of the spelling, prior to 1700. It was further stated that until 1882 Northumberland was in the Diocese of Durham.

William Henry Cavender and Elizabeth Cavender (“Betty Cavender”) had at least 2 sons:



Benjamin Cavender born in England about 1700, came to this country with his older brother, Henry Cavender, but later returned to England where he died;279 & 494 and,

Henry Cavender born on October 12, 1699 in New Castle, Northumberland County, England, and married Mrs. Elizabeth Woodhouse, arrived in Westmoreland County, Virginia about 1746, died on March 24, 1772 in Westmoreland County, Virginia, is buried in the Yeocomico Cemetery in Westmoreland County, Virginia, about 1 mile inland from the Yeocomico River in Cople Parish, Westmoreland County, Virginia, and an inventory of his estate was filed March 31, 1772 in Westmoreland County, Virginia. The Yeocomico Church is sometimes called the “Old” Yeocomico Episcopalain Church. Mrs. Elizabeth Woodhouse was the widow of Phillip Woodhouse ("Phil Woodhouse"), and was the admistratrix of the estate of William Woodhouse who died in 1789 and who was the son of Phillip Woodhouse who, undoubtedly, was then also deceased.

Henry Cavender executed his Last Will and Testament in Cople Parish, Westmoreland County, Virginia on December 24, 1771. The witnesses to his execution were Thomas Edwards, George Sanford, Sarah Sturman and John McGuire. Probation of his Will was ordered by the court of Westmoreland County, Virginia on March 31, 1772 In his Will, he named his wife Elizabeth, his 2 sons Thomas Cavender and George Cavender, and his 2 daughters Alice Davis ("Alice Cavender") and Rachel Nash ("Rachael Nash", "Rachel Cavender" & "Rachael Cavender"). Actually, his Last Will and Testament stated:


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