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1711/05/03 The suit previously filed by Philemon Cavenaugh ("Philliman Cavender", "Philmeon Cavender" & "Philemon Cavender") against Edward Barrow, Gentleman, in Richmond County, Virginia on March 8, 1710/1711 was continued to the next court date. Plaintiff complained that defendant kept him from his share of the crop of corn and tobacco made by him with servants of said Edward Barrow. Other records regarding Philemon Cavenaugh are found in Essex County, Virginia and the other part of Old Rappahannock County, Virginia.Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 5, p.281 The suit was decided in favor of Philemon Cavenaugh on June 8, 1712 with judgment of 70 pounds Virginia money.393 & 441 Old Rappahannock County, Virginia was split into Richmond County, Virginia and Essex County, Virginia, with Richmond County being the portion lying northeast of the Rappahannock River, on the Northern Neck of Virginia, and Essex County being that portion of the old county lying to the southwest of the river. (It is to be noted that "old" Rappahannock County is now Essex County, Virginia and Richmond County, Virginia.)
1711/06/08 In a suit in Chancery Court in Richmond County, Virginia between Philemon Cavenaugh ("Philliman Cavender", "Philmeon Cavender" & “Philemon Cavender”?), complainant, and Edward Barrow, respondent, the plaintiff Philemon Cavenaugh set forth that said Edward Barrow did detain and keep from him his share or part of a crop of tobacco and corn made by him with the servants of said Edward Barrow. Said Edward Barrow this day appearing and producing an account of the crop and other particulars delivered by him to the complainant, Philemon Cavenaugh, and having made oath thereto, it appeared that there remained upon balance due to Philemon Cavenaugh the sum of seventy pounds of tobacco. Whereupon, it is the Order, Sentence and Decree of this Court that the respondent, Edward Barrow, to complainant, and costs als exo.Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 5, p. 311
1711 It is reported that Philemon Cavanaugh (“Philemon Kavanaugh”? & “Philemon Cavender”?) was born in Ireland, or in exile, about 1690, that he and his brother Charles Cavanagh (“Charles Cavender”?) reportedly immigrated to the Virginia Colony about the year 1705, that he married Sarah Ann Williams (“Sarah Williams”) about 1711 who was the daughter of William Williams and Jael Harrison, and that he died about 1743-1744 as his Last Will and Testament was executed in April 1743 and was probated in August 1744 in Orange County, Virginia.462 Either Philemon Cavanaugh (“Philemon Cavender”?) and Sarah Cavanaugh (“Ann Cavanaugh”, “Ann Cavender” & “Sarah Cavender”) had 9 children, or Philemon Cavanaugh (“Philemon Cavender”?) had 9 children by a prior marriage, which is not considered likely.441

According to a little book of Irish Family Names by Ida Grehan, the Kavanaghs have a royal lineage and some of the Kavanaghs have had distinguished if rumbustious careers.



1710-1740 Sometime between this time period, passes were discovered across the Blue Ridge Mountains into the Shenandoah Valley, through which emigrants from Pennsylvania and New Jersey began to enter the valley.
1712/01/xx John Tarpley married Ann Glascock in Richmond County, Virginia.
1712/07/05 The date on which the Last Will and Testament of William Richards was probated in Somerset County, Maryland and whose estate John Cavenagh (“John Cavenner”?, “John Caverner”?, “John Cavener”?, "John Cavener", “John Cavenough”? & “John Cavender”?) was listed as a creditor.392

1712/08/07 Suit was filed in the county court of Richmond County, Virginia by Henry Halso against Thomas Cavener (“Thomas Cavender”) for a debt owed by Thomas Cavener. Case dismissed. 393
1712 (1) The entire colony of Virginia was divided into so-called “Parishes”. Prior to that time, the subdivisions of Virginia had been known as "Hundreds", i.e., an area occupied by approximately 100 households.

(2) The estate of Patrick Burkley, deceased, was administered by Susanna Smith in St. Mary’s County, Maryland and mentions payments to Darby Caverin ("Darby Cavender"?) and others. Darby Cavinder was across the bay in Queen Anne's County, Virginia in 1716. 393


1713/04/01 The suit previously brought by Daniel Caverner ("Daniel Cavender"?) in the Court of Richmond County, Virginia against Colonel Samuel Peachey for 500 pounds of tobacco was dismissed as the plaintiff was not prosecuting.Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 6, p. 85 At about the same time, a separate suit was filed in the county court of Richmond County, Virginia by Daniel Caverner (“Daniel Cavender”) against the trustees of the estate of Samuel Peachey. On August 5, 1724, another Samuel Peachey was apparently was one of the Justices of the Court in Richmond County, Virginia Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 5, p. 175 and on December 1, 1686, a Samuel Peachy was one of the Justices of the Court of Old Rappahannock County, Virginia. No details were given regarding the estate of Samuel Peachey, but his estate included the administration of the estate of Elinor Eaches (“Eleanor Eaches”), further suggesting a connection between Eleanor Eaches and the Cavender family.
1713/05/xx Charles Colston married widow Rebecca Taverner ("Rebecca Cavender"?) in Richmond County, Virginia.

1713/06/04 The suit previously brought by Francis Caverner ("Francis Cavender"?) in the Court of Richmond County, Virginia against Colonel Samuel Peachey for 500 pounds of tobacco was dismissed as the plaintiff was not prosecuting.Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 6, p. 118 On August 5, 1724, Samuel Peachey was apparently was one of the Justices of the Court in Richmond County, Virginia Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 5, p. 175 and on December 1, 1686, a Samuel Peachy was one of the Justices of the Court of Old Rappahannock County, Virginia.
1713/08/07 The Court of Richmond County, Virginia awarded a judgment of tobacco to Daniel Caverner ("Daniel Cavender"?) against the estate of Colonel Samuel Peachey.Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 6, p. 136 On August 5, 1724, Samuel Peachey was apparently was one of the Justices of the Court in Richmond County, Virginia Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 5, p. 175 and on December 1, 1686, a Samuel Peachy was one of the Justices of the Court of Old Rappahannock County, Virginia.
1713 By this date, the population of the twelve continental colonies was nearly 360,000. By 1760, with the addition of Georgia, the population nearly quadrupled. 169
1714 George I became King of England and reigned until 1727.
1715/03/08 The lawsuit previous brought by Jane Todd in the Court of Richmond County, Virginia against John Lane for 300 pounds of tobacco, to which suit Thomas Caverner ("Thomas Cavender") was an assignee, was dismissed as Thomas Caverner was not prosecuting.Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 6, p. 416
1715/03/08 The suit previously brought by Francis Caverner ("Francis Cavender"?) in the Court of Richmond County, Virginia against William Wyatt was dismissed as Francis Cavener was not prosecuting. Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 6, p. 426
1715/05/xx William Lambert married widow Ann Baley ("Ann Bailey"?) in Richmond County, Virginia.
1715/06/01 Daniel Caverner ("Daniel Cavender") was summoned to the Court of Richmond County, Virginia to answer a charge of not making corn this year. The suit was later dismissed by the King’s attorney. Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 6, p. 285 & 393

(NOTE: Apparently every colonist was required to grow enough corn to meet their own needs. If they did not provide their own corn, they were apt to become a burden upon the County, and that was frowned upon, particularly if that particular person was considered to be able-bodied.)



1716/01/25 The inventory of the estate of John Darnall of Queen Anne's County, Virginia lists a debt to the estate by Darby Cavener ("Darby Cavender"?). In 1712, Darby Cavender was living in St. Mary’s County, Maryland.393
1716/06/29 John Hetherington died in Queen Anne's County, Maryland and Patrick Cavanar ("Partick Cavender") was listed as a creditor.393
1716/08/02 Daniel Cavener ("Daniel Cavender"?) attended court in Court of Richmond County, Virginia for 4 days as a witness for Edgecomb Suggett in his suit against Henry Woodcock, and it was ordered that Daniel Cavener was to be paid for his attendance by Edgecomb Suggett. Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 7, p. 35

1717/02/06 Two separate cases brought by Frances Caverner ("Francis Caverner" & "Francis Cavender"?) in the Court of Richmond County, Virginia against Henry Boren and against Thomas Yeats ("Thomas Yates"?) were both dismissed as the plaintiff was not prosecuting.Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 7, p. 234
1717/09/05 Marmaduke Beckwith, assignee of William Croucher brought suit in county court of Richmond County, Virginia against Francis Caverner (“Francis Cavender”) which was later dismissed. In the case of Francis Caverner ("Francis Cavender"?) against Henry Boren which was brought in the Court of Richmond County, Virginia for 330 pounds of tobacco, the defendant not appearing so judgment was granted against the sheriff for the said sum unless said Henry Boren is at the next court. Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 7, p. 205
1717/09/05 In the case of Francis Caverner ("Francis Cavender"?) against Thomas Yeats ("Thomas Yates"?) which was brought in the Court of Richmond County, Virginia for 540 pounds of tobacco, the defendant not appearing so judgment was granted against the sheriff for the said sum unless said Thomas Yeats is at the next court. Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 7, p. 205
1718/07/07 John Cavener (later "John Cavender") married first wife Anne Jennings in Bridgewater, Plymouth County, Massachusetts 229, 232 & 306
1718/11/05 Robert Baylis ("Robert Bayless" & "Robert Bayliss"?), Giles Webb, Thomas Nash, Hugh Harris, or any 3 of them were appointed by the Court of Richmond County, Virginia to appraise the estate of Daniel Cavener ("Daniel Cavender"?), deceased, with Partick Brady and Patrick Dunn to administer his estate. Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 8, p. 63 It is to be noted that in 1728, Thomas Nash was both clerk of the vestry and lay-reader of the South Branch Chapel of the Episcopalian Church in Norfolk County, Virginia. "Families of Va" by Bishop Meade, Vol 1, p 271
1718/11/06 Appraisal of the estate of Daniel Caverner ("Daniel Cavenner"? "Daniel Caverner"?, "Daniel Cavener"?, "Daniel Cavener", "Daniel Cavenough"? & "Daniel Cavender"?) in Richmond County, Virginia by Patrick Brady and Partick Dunn, with bond by Hugh Harris. According to the Richmond County Court Order Book dated November 6, 1718: "Patrick Brady and Patrick Dunn came into Court and made oath Daniel Caverner departed this life without making any Will. Bond of Patrick Brady and Patrick Dunn, Bondsman Hugh Harris.” Appraisers were Robert Baylis ("Robert Bayless"?), Giles Webb, Thomas Nash and Hugh Harris. 1 , 115, 168 & 393 Of some possible significance is the fact that Partick Dunn appears in the will of John Shordan (“John Sheridan”) and the fact that the Nash and Caverner families quite likely were neighbors and good friends because William Nash, who was the father of Thomas Nash, executed his last will and testament on November 8, 1655 in Yeocomocoe in Northumberland County, Virginia which read as follows:

"I William Nash of Yeocomocoe make my Last Will and Testament. I bequeath unto my eldest sonne (i.e. son), Thomas Nash; I bequeath unto my second sone, William Nash; I give unto my youngest sonne, John Nash; I bequeath unto my loving wife, Ann ("Ann Nash"), the remainder of my cattle; I desire my loving brother, Mr. Thomas Hopkins, shall administer my Estate."

In 1750, Thomas Nash was listed as a practicing attorney in Amelia County, Virginia and in 1752, he was listed as being a King's Attorney in Amelia County, Virginia.Amelia Cnty Misc Records, pp 8

Yeocomocoe is one of the various designations that flourished in the Northern Neck region of Virginia, including Yeocomooe Forrest, Yeocomocoe Neck, Wicocomocoe, etc. The Northern Neck of Virginia now comprises the four counties at the end of the northernmost peninsula on the Chesapeake Bay comprising Northumberland, Lancaster, Richmond and Westmoreland. Northunberland Cnty Record Book 1652-1658 It is to be noted that on May 19, 1749, a John Nash was elected as a Church Warden of Nottoway Parish Church in Amelia County, Virginia by the freeholders and house keepers of Nottoway Parish. Also elected were Charles Anderson, Charles Irby, Joseph Morton, William Watson, James Attwood, George Walker, Richard Jones, Jr., Abraham Cock, Henry Ward, Daniel Dejarnet and William Baldwin. Amelia Cnty. Order Book 2, pp 142



1718/12/01 The Last Will and Testament of Gilbert Turbervile (“Gilbert Turbeville”? & “Gilbert Turberville”) of St. Mary's County, Maryland was executed on December 1, 1718, and was probated June 15, 1719. He left his entire personal estate to his grandson, William Cavinaugh ("William Cavenaugh"?, “William Cavenner”?, “William Caverner”?, “William Cavener”?, "William Cavener", “William Cavenough”? & "William Cavender"?) and 10 pounds to St. Innigoes Church. He apparently left 10 shillings to his granddaughter, Margaret Cavinaugh ("Margaret Cavenaugh"? & "Margaret Cavender"?). It is possible that the parents of William Cavinaugh and Margaret Cavinaugh were deceased and Vitus Harbert was appointed their guardian and/or adopted them.392
1718 The date of birth of John Cavenough (“John Caverner”, “John Cavener”?, "John Cavener", “John Cavenough”? & “John Cavender”?) who is believed to be the son of Francis Cavenough (“Francis Cavender”). Both Francis Cavender and his son apparently never learned how to read or write or even spell their names. Both signed their names with a mark. 441
1718/1721 Some time within this time period, the Court of Richmond County, Virginia issued the following summons for persons living in Farnham Parish ("North Farnham Parish"?):

"John Pound and Charles Lewis for keeping an unlawful Tipling House; Christopher Pridham for swearing two oath within the past 6 months; Edward Buckley and wife for not going to Church for the past 6 months; Richard George, Capt. McCarth's Overseer, for tending seconds the past 6 months; Reverend Peter Kippax for being a common drunkard and coming to church drunk the 21st.August last; and, William Litman and Frances Litman, his wife, for not going to church."



1719/02/20 Philliman Cavernor (“Philemon Cavernor”?, "Philmeon Cavender", “Philemon Cavanaugh”? & "Philemon Cavenaugh"?) purchased 273 acres of new land for 30 shillings which was located in St. Mary’s Parish, Essex County, Virginia on the South side of the Papidan River (“Rapidan River”?).This may be the same Philemon Cavenaugh who was previously involved in a lawsuit on June 8, 1712 in Richmond County, Virginia. Pat Bk 11, pp 155 & 441 Note that on February 18, 1722, Arthur Kavenaugh (“Arthur Cavernor?”, “Arthur Cavenaugh”?, “Arthur Cavanaugh”? & “Arthur Cavender”?) purchased 400 acres of new land for 40 shillings which was located in the Isle of Wight County on the South side of the Maherin River on the East side of Gr. Swamp.Pat Bk 11, pp 168 & 393

However, no clear relationship has yet been established between these two persons, even though it is suspected that they may have been brothers.



1719/02/26 Joan Caverner (“Johann Cavenaugh”?, “Johanna Cavenough”?, "Joan Cavender"?, “Joan Cavender”? & “Johanna Cavender”?), wife of Francis Caverner (“Francis Cavenaugh”, “Francis Cavenough”, & "Francis Cavender"?) of Richmond County, Virginia, gave power of attorney to "her friend" Charles Lewis (believed to be her brother) to acknowledge the deed and the release of her dower rights with respect to the sale (or gift) by Francis Caverner to James Skelley ("James Kelley"? & "James Kelly"?) and Elizabeth Skelley ("Elizabeth Kelley"?) by her husband, Francis Caverner ("Francis Cavender"?), of 100 acres of land. The power of attorney was witnessed by Samuel Samford (“Samuel Sanford”? & “Samuel Sanfort”?) and Anthony Dowlin ("Anthony Dowlen").393 & Richmond Cnty Va Deed Bk 7, p. 486 Joan Caverner signed the document with her mark which consisted of 4 straight and connected lines going up and down somewhat like a combined capital "W" and "M". The document read as follows:

"Know all men by these presents that I, Joan Caverner, wife of Francis Caverner do constitute and appoint my friend (believed to be her brother) Charles Lewis my true and lawful attorney for me and in my name to acknowledge all my right of dower of a certain parcel of land containing one hundred acres given by him to James Skelly ("James Kelly"?) and Elizabeth Skelly ("Elizabeth Kelley"?), his wife, as may appear by deed bearing date with these presents. And what my said attorney doth for me in the premises shall be confirmed by me as well as if I myself were personally present. Witnessed my hand this 26 day of February 1719."

Witnessed by Samuel Samford (“Samuel Sanford”?), and Anthony Dowtin. At a Court held for Richmond County the second day of March 1719 this Power of Attorney from Joan Caverner (“Johanna Cavender”?) to Charles Lewis was this day proved in open Court and by the oaths of Samuell Samford (“Samuel Samford”? & “Samuel Stanford”?) and Anthony Dowtin, witnesses thereto, and admitted to record. 441
1719/03/02 The power of attorney previously given by Joan Caverner ("Joan Cavender" & "Johanna Cavender"?) to Charles Lewis, believed to be her brother, was proved in the Court of Richmond County, Virginia. Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 8, p. 163
1719/03/02 Francis Caverner ("Francis Cavender"?) and his wife Joan Caverner ("Joan Cavender") apparently gave a life estate to James Skelley ("James Kelley" & "James Kelly"?) and Elizabeth Skelley ("Elizabeth Kelley") 100 acres of land located on the branches of Totuskey Creek in Farnham Parish, Richmond County, Virginia, which land was recently bought by Francis Caverner ("Francis Cavender"?) from Charles Lewis and was adjacent to the lands of Captain John Tarpley. Witnessed by Edward Barrow. There is a good possibility that Elizabeth Kelley was the married daughter of Francis Caverner. The Indenture was witnessed by Edward Barrow and Samuel Godwin ("Samuel Goldwin"?).393 On the same date, the above deed was proved in Court of Richmond County, Virginia.Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 8, p. 166

1719/03/03 Francis Caverner (“Francis Cavenaugh”, & "Francis Cavender"?) purchased from Charles Lewis for 5,000 pounds of tobacco 200 acres of land located in Farnum Parish ("North Farnham Parish"?) of Richmond County, Virginia adjacent to the lands of William Lambert, Charles Lund, Colonel John Tarpley and William Hamock (“William Hammock”?). Witnesses were John Tarpley and John Tarpley, Jr. Mary Lewis, wife of Charles Lewis relinquished her right of dower which was witnessed by Samuel Samford and Anthony Dowlin. Note: It appears that this is the very same tract of land which was subsequently sold on October 11, 1743 by John Cavenaugh to Robert Hamock (“Robert Hammock”?) and who is believed to be the son of Francis Caverner. It is also to be noted that, as Francis Caverner (“Francis Cavender”) was born about 1683, and thus would have been about 36 years old in 1719 and is barely old enough to have a married daughter by the end of 1719, but Elizabeth Kelley could have been about 16-17 years old at the time. 393 & 441

Actually, the document dated March 3, 1719 read as follows:



"This Indenture made this third day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and nineteen between Charles Lewis (believed to be the brother-in-law to Francis Cavenaugh) (“Francis Caverner”) of ye same place and ye other part: Witnessed that ye said Charles Lewis in consideration of five thousand pounds of tobacco to him in hand paid or secured to be paid, by these presents doth bargain, sell, release and confirm unto Francis Cavenaugh and his heirs all that two hundred acres of land situated in ye aforesaid Farnham Parish ("North Farnham Parish"?) of Richmond County, Virginia in the actual possession of Francis Cavenaugh now being and is bounded by the lands of William Lambert, Charles Lund, Collo; John Tarpley and William Hamock (“William Hammock”) beginning at a marked hickory near a pathside and running from thence North thirty-seven degrees East one hundred and thirty poles to a marked hickory, corner to the said William Lambert, thence along another of his South fifty-one degrees East one hundred and twenty poles, then along Charles Lund (or Clark's line) line South fifty-nine degrees East thirty poles to a corner red oak, thence East by North forty-six poles to John Tarpley line, thence along the John Tarpley line South two degrees West two hundred and thirteen poles to a white oak, thence North fifty-one degrees West three hundred poles to the beginning. And all the estate, right and demand of in and to the same; to have and to hold the two hundred acres of land with all its rights, members and appurtenances belonging to Francis Cavenaugh, his heirs free and clear from all incumbrances and Charles Lewis and his heirs ye before granted premises unto Francis Cavenaugh his heirs against ye claim of any person shall warrant and for ever defend by these presents; In Witness whereof the parties to these presents have interchangeably set their hands and seals the day and year first above written. Sealed and delivered in the presence of John Tarpley, Jr., Charles Lewis and Thomas Turner."

At a Court continued and held for Richmond County, Virginia the third day of March 1719, Charles Lewis came into Court and acknowledged this his deed unto Francis Cavenaugh which was admitted into the record. Also, Mary Lewis, the wife of Charles Lewis appeared in Court and relinquished her right of dower in the land conveyed in this deed unto the said Francis Cavenaugh which was also admitted to record. Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 8, p. 166

Also on March 3, 1719, the following Indenture was executed:

"To all to whom these presents shall come, know ye that I Francis Caverner of Farnham Parish ("North Farnham Parish"?), Richmond County, Virginia being of good and perfect mind and without fraud or deceit for divers good causes and considerations me hereunto moving by these presents do give and confirm unto James Skelly ("James Kelly") and his wife, Elizabeth Skelly ("Elizabeth Kelly"), a certain parcel of land containing one hundred acres situated in Farnham Parish, ("North Farnham Parish"?) Richmond County, Virginia and on the branches (or "banks") of Totaskey Creek ("Totuskey Creek") being part of a parcel of land lately bought by Francis Caverner of Charles Lewis and joining to a parcel of land belonging to Capt. John Tarpley, to have and to hold the parcel of land hereby granted with all appurtenances unto James Skelly and Elizabeth Skelly, his wife, during their natural lives freely, peacefully and quietly without any manner of challenge or contradiction of said Frances Cavenaugh my heirs or any other person; John Skelly and Elizabeth Skelly, his wife, paying, doing and discharging the rents and services therein due and of right accustomed to be paid to the Chief Lord or Lords of the fee or fees of the premises; In Witnessed whereof the said Francis Caverner hereunto has set his hand and affixed his seal this second day of March 1719. Sealed and delivered in the presence of Edward Barrow and Samuel Godwin (“Samuel Goodwin”?) Richmond Cnty Va Deed Bk 7, p. 487


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