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1723/06/xx Peter Ezekiel, Indian man servant to John Cavender of Middleborough, Massachusetts sued the wife of a Plymouth Innholder for selling him four jills of rum and some flip last fall in Plymouth, Massachusetts.299
1724/05/06 Ellinor Cavener ("Eleanor Cavender"?, "Elinor Cavender" & "Ellinor Cavender"?) of North Farnham Parish of Richmond County, Virginia was summoned into the Court of Richmond County, Virginia to answer a "presentment" of having a mulatto baseborn child (i.e., a child out of wedlock). Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 9, p. 150
1724/06/02 Ellinor Cavener ("Eleanor Cavender"?, "Elinor Cavender" & "Ellinor Cavender"?) of North Farnham Parish of Richmond County, Virginia not appearing in the Court of Richmond County, Virginia to answer a "presentment" of having a mulatto baseborn child, was order to be taken into custody. Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 9, p. 158
1724/07/1 Ellinor Caverner (“Elinor Caverner”, “Ellinor Cavender”?, “Eleanor Cavender”? & “Elinor Cavender”?), a woman servant belonging to Mr. Moore Fartleroy ("Moore Fauntleroy" & "Moore Fantleroy") was presented to a grand jury in the Court of Richmond County, Virginia for having a bastard child. who plainly appears to be a mulatto, and she now appears in Court with her child which plainly appears to be a mulatto, it is therefore ordered that after her time has expired with her present master that she pay down 15 pounds current money to the church wardens of North Farnum Parish ("North Farnham Parish") of Richmond County, Virginia, or be by them sold for 5 years to the use aforesaid. And it was further ordered that she serves her present master or his assigns after her time now due to him is expired 1 whole year in consideration for the trouble to his house for her having the said child.441 & Richmond Cnty, Va Order Bk9 p 164

It is of interest to note that on June 3, 1924, the "presentment" of the Richmond County, Virginia grand jury stated:

"The Presentment of the Grand Jury against a mulatto woman living at Richard Brown in Northfarnham Parish (i.e., North Farnham Parish) being a free woman for having a base (bastard?) born child is dismist (i.e., dismissed?) for incertainty (i.e., uncertainty?) in the Presentment".

1724/08/05 On this date, the Court in Richmond County, Virginia consisting of Justices Charles Barber, John Taylee, William Fartleroy, Joseph Belfield, Robert Tomlin, John Metcalfe and Samuel Teacheg (“Samuel Peachey”?) ordered: "Know all men by these presents that we Hugh Lambert, John Hughlett and Richard Brown of Richmond County, Virginia are held and firmly bound unto the Worshipful Justices of the County of Richmond in the sum of one hundred pounds sterling to which payment well and truly to be made, we bind ourselves and our heirs firmly by these presents; Witness our hands and seals the fifth day of August Anno Domini 1724; The condition of this obligation is such that if the above bound Hugh Lambert shall well and truly pay unto John Caverner ("John Cavener"?, "John Cavenor"?, "John Cavernor"? & "John Cavender"?) or to whom else it shall of right belong all estate or estates belonging to John Caverner when or as soon as John Caverner shall attain to lawfull age or when thereunto required by said Court; and also save and keep harmless the Justices and their heirs &c. from all trouble and damages that shall or may arise about said estate, then the obligation to be void otherwise to remain in full force and virtue." and on December 1, 1686, a Samuel Peachy was one of the Justices of the Court of Old Rappahannock County, Virginia.

Signed by John Lambert with his mark which consisted of two vertical lines crossed at the middle with a single horizontal line (note the subsequent mark of John Caverner which consisted of virtually the same mark, except that the two vertical lines were crossed across the top, through the middle and across the bottom with a horizontal line). The bond was also signed by John Hughlett and Richard Brown. Richmond Cnty, Va Order Bk9 p 253 The above bond was subsequently acknowledged in Richmond County Court on August 5, 1724 by Hugh Lambert, John Hughlett and Richard Brown and ordered to be recorded.



NOTE: The above bond was given to insure the payment to the minor, John Caverner, all estates belonging to him when he became of lawful age, which is apparently when he reaches 21 years of age. Apparently, this particular John Caverner was the minor and the oldest son of Francis Caverner ("Francis Cavender"?) then deceased. It is reported that John Caverner ("John Cavender") and Richard Brown moved to Fairfax County, Virginia in 1743. In fact, Richard Brown was one of the appraisers of the estate of John Cavener ("John Cavender") whose inventory and appraisal was recorded in the County Court of Fairfax County, Virginia on June 17, 1755. 4, 393, 441 & Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk9 pg 165
1724/09/16 Mary Cavener (“Mary Cavender”) of Northumberland County, Virginia, servant to Richard Oldham, was adjudged by the county court of Northumberland County, Virginia to be absent from service for 31 days and she was sentenced to serve an extra 2 months, 3 weeks and 4 days.393
1724/09/24 The estate of Patrick Cavinah ("Partick Cavender"?) was administered in Queen Anne's County, Maryland and Edward Wright was the administrator.393
1724/12/02 On this date, Richard Brown came into the County Court of Richmond County, Virginia and: "said that Nathaniel Webster who is about eleven years old and haveing noe father to take care of him, lives an idle sort of life. The Court judged that the was a Vagabond within the Law and called upon the Church Wardens to bind him to some trade as customary for Orphan Children."
1724 Mat Cavender (“Matt Cavender”? & "Matthew Cavender"?) married Mgt Llewellin ("Margaret Llewellin"?) in Southwark Parish, Olave County, England.399
1725/04/07 On this date, Mary Caverner (“Mary Cavender”) in open court in Richmond County, Virginia bound herself to serve Thomas Durham or his assigns for 7 years from December 5, 1724, the said Thomas Durham having in open court affirming to learn the said Mary Caverner to read the Bible perfectly, and at the expiration of her time to pay her corn and clothing as is allowed imported servants. It is to be noted that there is another Mary Caverner (“Mary Cavender”) in this family who was over 18 years of age in 1725 and who possibly was the daughter of Francis Cavender or David Cavender. 393, 441 & Richmond Cnty, Va Order Bk9 p 208
1725/04/11 John Cavender, blacksmith, and his wife, Anne Cavender, of Middleboro, Plymouth County, Massachusetts jointly sold a meadow to Rodolphus Elmes for 25 pounds which John Cavender had previously purchased from Samuel Bennett of Middleboro, Plymouth County, Massachusetts and which was located adjacent to the land of Raven Brook. The document was witnessed by Nathan Bassett and Edward Southworth. 259
1725/06/10 The estate of Philip Connor ("Phillip Connor"?), deceased, was administered in Kent Island, Queen Anne's County, Virginia. Payments from the estate were made to Charles Cavilier ("Charles Cavender"?).393
1725/08/04 On this date the Court of Richmond County, Virginia issued the following order: "It appearing to this Court that JOHN ATKINSON, servant to MR. MOORE FANTLEROY ("Moore Fauntleroy"), did fugitively absent himselfe from his master's service for the space of 14 days and that he with other runaways carryed along with a boat belonging to Mr. JOHN BRANHAM, and heft her at the Eastern Shore and Moore Fantleroy makeing it appear that his part of the charges in recovering the run-aways amounts to 1,325 pounds of tobacco; it is therefore ordered that John Atkinson serve his master or his assigns 28 days for 14 days absence and according to law for the 1,325 pounds of tobacco after his time by Indenture custome or otherwise expired. It appearing to the Court that JOHN WELLS, servant to William Smith on the Hill, did fugitively absent himselfe rom his master's service for the space of 14 days and that he with other runaways carryed along with a boat belonging to Mr. JOHN BRANHAM, and heft her at the Eastern Shore and Moore Fantleroy makeing it appear that his part of the charges in recovering the run-aways amounts to 1,325 pounds of tobacco; it is therefore ordered that John Atkinson serve his master or his assigns 28 days for 14 days absence and according to law for the 1,325 pounds of tobacco after his time by Indenture custome or otherwise expired. It appearing to the Court that ROBERT BARNETT, servant to Mr. John Branham did fugitively absent himself rom his master's service for the space of 14 days and that he with other runaways carryed along with a boat belonging to Mr. JOHN BRANHAM, and heft her at the Eastern Shore and Moore Fantleroy makeing it appear that his part of the charges in recovering the run-aways amounts to 1,325 pounds of tobacco; it is therefore ordered that John Atkinson serve his master or his assigns 28 days for 14 days absence and according to law for the 1,325 pounds of tobacco after his time by Indenture custome or otherwise expired. Whereas, John Atkinson, John Wells and Robert Barnett did fugitively absent themselves from their master's service and did carry along with them a boat belonging to John Branham and left her on the Eastern Shore which by law each of the servants for the offence forfeit 500 pounds of tobacco. It is therefore ordered that John Atkinson, John Wells and Robert Barnett doe each of them serve John Branham or his assigns according to law for stealing the boat after their present time of Indenture custome or otherwise is fully expired to their (present) masters. Ordered that the Sheriff take John Atkinson, John Wells and Robert Barnett and carry them to the common whipping post and give each of them 34 lashes on their bare backs well laid on it being for running away from their master's service." Richmond Cnty Order Book 1721-1732, pg235
1725-1754 Mary Cavender was born in Frederick County, Maryland. In 1778, she married a Moses Forster ("Moses Foster"? & "Moses Forrester"?) and became Mary Forster (“Mary Foster”? & “Mary Forrester”?).280
1726/1727/02/01 At the Richmond County, Virginia Court, with the presiding judges being John Tayloe, William Fantleroy (“William Fauntleroy”), Robert Tomlin and Samuel Peachey, the will of Charles Lewis was presented by Samuel Barber and Thomas Nash, Sr., his executors, but they refused the execution thereof and John Tarpley became administrator.
1726/03/01 To all whom these presents shall come, Know ye that I, James Kelley ("James Kelly"?) of Farnum Parish ("North Farnham Parish") of Richmond County, Virginia being of good and perfect mind and without fraud or deceit for divers good causes and considerations to me hereunto moving have and by these presents do give and confirm unto Edward Anderson and Margaret Anderson, his wife( i.e., a life estate), a certain parcel of land containing fifty acres situated in Farnum Parish ("North Farnham Parish") of Richmond County, Virginia and on the branches of Totuskey Creek being part of a parcel of land that Francis Caverner("Francis Cavenor"?, "Francis Caverner"?, "Francis Cavernor" & "Francis Cavender"?) gave to James Kelley ("James Kelly"?), and joining to a piece of land belonging to Capt. John Tarpley; to have and to hold the parcel of land and all the premises with appurtenances unto Edward Anderson and Margaret Anderson, his wife, during my natural life without any manner of conditions of me said James Kelley ("James Kelly"?) my heirs, Edward Anderson and Margaret Anderson, his wife, paying the rents and services therein due and of right accustomed to be paid to the Chief Lord or Lords of the fee or fees of the premises; In Witness whereof James Kelley ("James Kelly"?) has hereunder set his hand and affixed his seal this first day of March 1726. Signed by James Kelley ("James Kelly"?) with his mark and witnessed by John Branham (“John Bramham”), Chistopher Pridham with his mark, and Thomas Lewis. At a court held for Richmond County the first day of March 1726, James Kelley ("James Kelly"?)came into court and acknowledged this his deed unto Edward Anderson and Margaret Anderson, his wife, which was admitted to record. At the death of James Kelley, the land was to be returned to the heirs of Francis Caverner. 393
1726/06/30 Charles Caverner (“Charles Cavender”?) purchased 400 acres of new land in St. George’s Parish, Spotsylvania County, Virginia in the fork of the Rappa River (“Rappahannock River”) which was adjacent to the corner of Honorable Robert Carter, Esq. and Colonel Alexander Spotswood and lands owned by Richard Buckner and John Catlett.Pat Bk 12, pp 486 On the same date, Apparently his brother, Phileman Caverner ("Philmeon Cavender", “Philmon Cavender”? & “Philemon Cavender”?) purchased 800 acres of new land in St. George’s Parish, Spotsylvania County, Virginia in the fork of the Rappa River (“Rappahannock River”) by the Mountain Run.Pat Bk 12, pp 490
1726/09/07 On this date, in an action for slander was filed in the Court in Richmond County, Virginia, by David Cavinder (“David Cavender”?) against Edward Kelly (“Edward Kelley”?) and his wife, Mary Kelly (“Mary Kelley”?). Apparently, Edward Kelly and Margaret Kelley accused David Cavinder of stealing tobacco out of the tobacco house of Colonel Tayloe. As the defendant, Edward Kelly, did not appear in court, a default judgement of 20 pounds? sterling was awarded to David Cavinder against said defendants and their security and George Wharton. Court costs would also be awarded if the Defendants did not appear and answer in the next session of the Court. However, on October 5, 1727, a jury trial found the defendants not guilty and the plaintiff was ordered to pay costs, et. 393, 441 & Bk9,pg308
1726/09/21 John Cavender was fined for being drunk and cursing the Middleborough, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, grand jury. Apparently, he called them "bastards". It was his second conviction for drunkenness. 299
1726/10/01 John Cavender of Middleboro, Plymouth County, Massachusetts and his partner John Bennett agreed to split a 100 acre tract of land which was the 20th. lot in the first allotment of 100 acre lots in the six and twenty Men’s Purchase, and which originally belonged to the right of Philip Delano. The document was witnessed by Jonathan Friller (“Joseph Fuller”?) and Joseph Fhina (“Joseph Thuna”?).259
1726/12/20 John Cavenough ("John Cavender"?) was one of the witnesses to the Last Will and Testament of John Burbage, Sr. of Somerset County, Maryland.
1726/12/29 William Calinder ("William Callender", "William Callandar"? & "William Cavender"?) married Rebeckah Hutton ("Rebecca Hutton"?) in Saint Peter's Parish in Talbot County, Maryland on December 29, 1726. William Callender and Rebeckah Calendar ("Rebecca Cavender"?) 3 children:

William Callender ("William Calinder"?, "William Callander"? & "William Cavender"?) who was born October 27, 1737 in Saint Peter's Parish in Talbot County, Maryland, apparently married an Elizabeth on October 1, 1801 in Saint Peter's Parish in Talbot County, Maryland. William Callender and Elizabeth Callender ("Elizabeth Calinder"? & “Elizabeth Cavender”?) had a son who was likewise named:



William Callender ("William Callander"?, William Calinder"? & William Cavender”?) who was born November 1, 1801 in Saint Peter's Parish in Talbot County, Maryland;

Mary Callender ("Mary Calinder"?, "Mary Callander"? & "Mary Cavender”?) born February 20, 1738 in Saint Peter's Parish in Talbot County, Maryland; and,

Andrew Callender ("Andrew Calinder"?, "Andrew Callander" & "Andrew Cavender"?) born November 7, 1740 in Saint Peter's Parish in Talbot County, Maryland.

Of further note, a William Callander ("William Calinder "? & "William Callender"?) married a Mary Mitchell in Upper Marlboro, Maryland. Mary Mitchell was the daughter of John Mitchell of Prince George's County, Maryland. 371 & 392

Additionally, a William Callendar ("William Callender"?, "William Callinder"?, "William Cavender"?) family was living in Nantacoake Hundred in Dorchester County, Maryland in 1776 and which comprised 1 male 21-30 years of age and 1 female 16-21 years of age. 321

1726 (1) A Charles Cavender was born about 1726. He had a brother, also named Charles Cavender, and was living in Dorchester County, Maryland in 1778. 286

(2) The approximate year of birth of a David Cavender who gave a court deposition in Dorchester County, Maryland on March 10, 1778, in which deposition he stated that he was then around 52 years of age (i.e., was born about 1726), and was testifying about a poplar tree shown to him about 15 years earlier by his brother, Charles Cavender, as a boundary between Rev. Thomas Airey's land and the land where Charles Cavender lived. In 1765, the estate of David Murray, deceased, of Dorchester County, Maryland was probated and debts to the estate include Charles Cavender and Daniel Cavender 286, 352 & 393

(3) While no connection has yet been established, there is a very good possibility that the above Charles Cavender and David Cavender are related to one or more of the following Cavenders:



David Cavender who apparently was born in New Castle County, Delaware about 1753;

Alexander Cavender who was born in New Castle County, Delaware about 1756;

Philip Cavender ("Phillip Cavender"?) born in New Castle County, Delaware about 1757 and probably is the same Philip Cavender mentioned on page 144 in the loose papers of 1700-1789 by John Harrine Creecy ("John Creecy") that sometime between the years 1776 and 1780 he was detailed by Capt. Wood to serve as one of several spies "ranging back and forth from Fort Cook on Rich Creek;

Nancy Cavender who was born in New Castle County, Delaware February 2, 1758, married William Hutchin ("William Hutchings"?) on April 22, 1781 in Buck County, Pennsylvania, and died September 27, 1831 in Butler County, Ohio; and,

John Cavender who was born in New Castle County, Delaware about 1760, married a Margaret about 1784, died September 12, 1837 in Indiana, and is buried in Indiana.

Of possible connection, in the 1800 census for Nanticoke, Sussex County, Delaware, a David Cavender family was listed as comprising 2 males under 10, 3 males 16-26, 1 male over 45, 2 females under 10, 1 female 16-26, and 1 female 26-45. In the 1800 census for Pancader, New Castle County, Delaware, an Alexander Carvander ("Alexander Cavender"?) family was listed as comprising 1 male under 10, 2 males 10-16, 1 male 26-45, 2 females under 10, 2 females 10-16, and 1 female 26-45.279



(4) The Last Will and Testament of Robert Cavenah ("Robert Cavender"?) was probated in Bristol County, England in 1726.

1727/03/05 In an action in debt due by bill and filed in the Court of Richmond County, Virginia by David Cavinder (“David Cavender”?) against William Walker, judgment on the record was awarded to said David Cavender in the amount of two hundred and fifty pounds of tobacco against the said William Walker and his security, Caron Forannon (“Caron Porannon”?) as William Walker apparently did not appear to defend the action at the June 1727 session. Court costs were also awarded David Cavinder if William Walker did not appear at the next session of the Court to defend himself. 441 & Bk9,pg343
1727/04/18 Matthew Cavender (“Mathew Cavender”?) was christened by Matthew Cavender (“Mathew Cavender”?) and Margery Cavender ("Marjorie Cavender"?) on this date in Saint Olave Parish, Southwark, London County, England. 140
1727/07/05 On this date, Thomas Ossborne (“Thomas Osborne”?), an under-sheriff of Richmond County, Virginia filed a complaint in the Court that David Cavinder (“David Cavender”?) and his wife Hannah Cavinder (“Hannah Cavender”?) drew a sword against him and swore that they would run him through the body, by which means Elizabeth Brooks, then a prisoner in his custody, made her escape. It was therefore ordered that the sheriff take them into custody and them safely kept, till they enter into bond with good and sufficient security for their appearance at next court to answer the said complaint. The order that they be taken into custody discontinued on July 4, 1728. 393, 441 & Bk9,pg363
1727/09/12 Alexander Cavender was buried in Saint James Parish, Clerkenwell, England. Nine days later, a girl was “dropt in a Coffin in Cut-Throat Alley." 140
1727/10/05 In an action of case for slander between David Cavinder (“David Cavender”?), plaintiff, and Edward Kelly ("Edward Kelley"?) and Mary Kelly ("Mary Kelley"?), his wife, defendants, in the Court for the County of Richmond, Virginia, resulting from the defendants uttering false, malicious and slanderous words against the plaintiff by saying the plaintiff stole tobacco out of Colonel Layloes? tobacco house, and the defendant having last June Court pleaded not guilty, the cause was continued till this court for tryall, a jury was this day impaneled and sworn to try the issue joined by name Edward Northern, John Yeatman, Joseph Bragg, Robert Smith, Thomas Wright Joelfield (“Thomas Joelfield”), Joseph Rassell, Junior?, Charles Dobbins, John Foushee, Stanley Gower, William Hill and Edward Jones who having heard the evidence and received their charge were sent out and soon after returning into Court gave in their verdict in these words: “We find for the defendants.” J.W. Belfield forman which verdict on the motion of the defendants attorney is ordered to be recorded, the suit dismissed, and that the plaintiff pay costs and one attorney’s fee als?ex?

On the same date, Edward Anderson being summoned for David Cavinder (“David Cavender”?), plaintiff, against Edward Kelly and Mary Kelley, his wife, defendants, and making oath that he has attended sixteen days on the said suit, it is therefore ordered that the said David Cavinder (“David Cavender”?) pay him four hundred and eighty pounds of tobacco for the same with costs Ats? Ex?



On the same date, Margarett Anderson (“Margaret Anderson”?) being duly summoned an evidence for David Cavinder, plaintiff, against Edward Kelly and Mary Kelly, his wife, defendants, and making oath that she had attended ten days of the said suit, It is therefore ordered that the said David Cavender pay her three hundred pounds of tobacco for the same with costs, Als Ex.441 & Bk9,pg380

1727/11/02 The complaint of Thomas Osborne, one of the under sheriffs of this county of Richmond, Virginia, against David Cavinder (“David Cavender”), and Hannah Cavinder (“Hannah Cavender”?) is continued until the next session of court.441 & Bk9,pg393
1727/11/21 In the Court of Essex County, Virginia on this date the Last Will and Testament of Benjamin Edmondson (Benjamin Edmundson”), deceased, was proved by the oath of Margaret Edmondson, his Executrix, and also by the oaths of the witnesses thereof. Margaret Edmondson was granted probate.
1727/12/06 David Cavinder (“David Cavender”?) and Hannah Cavinder (“Hannah Cavender”?), his wife, this day by William Sturman their attorney, pleaded not guilty to the complaint made against them by Thomas Osborne one of the under sheriffs of this county of Richmond and state of Virginia, thereupon the same is continued until the next court for tryall (“trial”).441 & Bk9,pg394
1727/12/xx John Cavender of Middleborough ("Middleboro"), Plymouth County, Massachusetts, was fined for being drunk and for cursing and for calling the Middleboro grand jury bastards at their September 1726 session. It was his second conviction for drunkenness. 299

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