1727 George II became King of England and reigned until 1760.
1727-1728 The following children of James Radburn and Nancy Rathburn (formerly "Nancy Cavender") were born in Virginia: Phoebe Radburn and Elizabeth Radburn.
1728/04/03 This Indenture made in the county court of Richmond County, Virginia on the third day of April in the first year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Second by the grace of God, King of Great Britiain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith &c., Anno Domini 1728; between David Cavinder ("David Cavender") and Thomas Williams, planters, of North Farham Parish ("North Farnham Parish" & “Northfarnham Parish”) of Richmond County, Virginia, of one part, and Moore Fantleroy (“Moore Fauntleroy”) of the same Parish and County, Gentleman, of the other part: Witnessed that David Cavinder in consideration of the sum of two thousand seven hundred pounds of good tobacco, and Thomas Williams in consideration of the sum of five shillings, to them respectively in hand paid by Moore Fantleroy, the receipt whereof they do hereby respectively acknowledge, have and by these presents do bargain, sell and release unto Moore Fantleroy ("Moore Fauntleroy") his heirs all that plantation or parcel of land situated in North Farnham Parish, Richmond County, Virginia by estimation fifty acres of land be the same more or less now in the tenure or occupation of David Cavinder which land was devised by Rice Williams (father of said Thomas Williams) in and by his Last Will and Testament in writing unto his daughter, Elizabeth Williams, and her heirs (after the death of her mother) which Elizabeth Williams (“Elizabeth Wells”) wife of Stephen Wells, together with Stephen Wells, her husband, and Francis Settle, her eldest son by a former husband by deed bearing date the third day of October in the year of our Lord 1722 for the consideration expressed did grant, sell and convey the land unto David Cavender his heirs, which land is abutting and bounding upon the lands of Thomas Williams, of Katherine Deek and Mary Deek, daughters of Joseph Deek, deceased, of Capt. Thomas Beale and the land of said Moore Fantleroy, late in the possession of Edward Bryant; together with all houses, orchards, priviledges and commodities to the same belonging; to have and to hold the parcel of land hereby granted with appurtenances unto Moore Fantleroy (“Moore Fauntleroy”?) his heirs and David Cavender and Thomas Williams and their heirs the land and premises with appurtenances unto Moore Fantleroy his heirs against all persons shall warrant and forever defend by these presents; In witness whereof the first above named to these present Indentures have interchangeably set their hands and seals the day and year first above written. Signed by David Cavender with his mark consisting of a capital “D” and by Thomas Williams by his mark, and was witnessed by Gilbert Metcalfe ("Gilbert Metcalf"?), Robert Jordon ("Robert Jordan") with his mark, and by Archibald Mitchell. Hannah Cavinder ("Hannah Cavender"?), wife of David Cavinder, released her dower rights in the property. On the third day of April in the year of our Lord 1728, peaceable and quiet possession and seized of the within granted land and premises was given and delivered by David Cavender and Thomas Williams unto Moore Fantleroy by the delivery of turf and twig unto him on the land; to have and to hold the land unto Moore Fantleroy his heirs according to the intent of the within written Indenture in the presence of the same three witnesses mentioned above. 393,441, Richmond Cnty, Va Deed Bk 8, p 441 & Bk9 p565 From the foregoing, it can be concluded that David Cavinder ("David Cavender") married Elizabeth Williams, the daughter of Rice Williams and sister of Thomas Williams. It is also to be noted that Ellinor Caverner (“Elinor Caverner”, “Ellinor Cavender”? & “Elinor Cavender”), was the named woman servant belonging to Mr. Moore Fartleroy ("Moore Fauntleroy" & "Moore Fantleroy") and who was previously presented to a grand jury in the Court of Richmond County, Virginia for having a bastard child believed to be mulatto.)
1728/07/04 John Tarpley, administrator of the estate of Charles Lewis, deceased, his action in case against Patrick Miller in the Richmond County, Virginia county court was continued until the next court.
On the same date, the order made last July Court for the sheriff to take David Cavinder (“David Cavender”?) and his wife into custody to answer the complaint of Thomas Osborne then one of the under Sheriffs is hereby discontinued.441 & Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk9 p419
1728/10/xx Jane Cavaner ("Jane Cavener", "Jane Cavenaugh"?, "Jane Cavenough"? & "Jane Cavender"?) immigrated to Middlesex County, Virginia as a bonded passenger. 350 Sometime between June and October of 1728, Jane Cavaner ("Jane Cavender"?) left England aboard the ship Forward bound for the American colonies as an indentured servant. 363 According to another entry she was sentenced to transportation in October 1728, and was transported Foward Landing Certificate Rappahonnock County, Virginia ("Rappahannock County, Virginia"?) in June 1729. Middlesex. (i.e., she was transported on the ship named "Forward", her landing certificate was issued in June 1729 in Middlesex, England, and she landed in Rappahonnock County, Virginia ("Rappahannock County, Virginia”?)Sect. VI, Ch. 2, Emigrants in Bondage 1728/11/07 On motion of Mr. Zachary Lewis to alter the way from Northanna to Fredericksburg over the Hazel Run, it was ordered by the Spotsylvania County, Virginia County Court that William Livingston, Phillemon Cavenaugh ("Philemon Cavenaugh", "Philmeon Cavender" & "Philemon Cavender"?) and James Williams, Gentlemen, or any two of them were ordered to view the same and make a report of their opinion about it to the next Court.
1729/04/07 John Cavender, a "nailer" in Middleboro, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, for the sum of 50 pounds sold to Samuel Warren and William Thomas, III, both of Middleboro, a parcel of land in Middleboro in Six and Twenty Men's Purchase and the 12th. lot in the first allotment. The Indenture was witnessed by John Dyer and John Sparhawk. John Cavender’s wife, Anne Cavender, did not sign the document.259 1729/09/20 John Cavender of Middleborough, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, was found guilty of contempt of court by using "menacing and threatening speeches". 299 1729/09/28 Philemon Caverner ("Philmeon Cavender" & “Philemon Cavender”?) purchased 4477 acres of “new and old” land in St. George’s Parish, Spotsylvania County, Virginia. The land was located in the (“gr”?) fork of the Rappa River (“Rappahannock River”) adjacent to the lands of Robert Slaughter, Colonel Alexander Spotswood, Philemon Caverner’s patent, and the land of Colonel Henry Willis. The land crossed Muddy Run by a branch of Mountain Run, to James William’s line.Pat Bk 13, 485 Apparently the land was also adjacent to a 3,277 acre tract of land commonly called “Parker’s Land” which was granted to Colonel Henry Willis who apparently sold the land to Philemon Caverner ("Philmeon Cavender" & “Philemon Cavender”?) and another 800 acre tract of land which was formerly granted to Philemon Caverner. Apparently, Philemon Caverner only paid 40 shillings for the 4,477 acre tract.
1729/10/07 Phillemon Cavanaugh ("Philemon Cavenaugh", "Philmeon Cavender" & "Philemon Cavender"?), overseer of the Rappahannock Road petitioned the court of Spotsylvania County, Virginia for an order and directions where he may have timber to build the bridge ordered to be built over the Hazel Run (because) Mr. James Williams, owner of the land adjacent, has forwarned him not to fall any trees of his. It is considered by the Court that there is no great occasion for building that bridge. Ordered that the said Petition be dismissed. Old Rappahannock County, Virginia was later split into Richmond County, Virginia and Essex County, Virginia, with Richmond County being the portion lying northeast of the Rappahannock River on the Northern Neck of Virginia, and Essex County being that portion of the old county lying to the southwest of the river.
1729 Jane Cavaner ("Jane Caviner"?, "Jane Cavener"?, "Jane Cavenaugh"?, "Jane Cavenough"? & "Jane Cavender"?) immigrated to this country from an unknown port in either England or Northern Ireland. Complete Book of Emigrants 1607-1776 CD 1730/12/07 John Cavender, a "nailer" in Middleboro, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, sold to Samuel Tinkham, Jr. of Middleboro, Cordwainer, a 32 acre parcel of land, being part of the 20th. lot in the first division of 100 acre lots in Six and Twenty Men's Purchase in Middleboro, which lot was formerly owned by Jonathan Delano and which John Cavender previously had bought from Samuel Bennett and was located on the West side of Country Road with his dwelling house, barn, etc. The Indenture was witnessed by Elkanah Leonard and Elizabeth Leonard. The wife, if any, of John Cavender did not sign the Indenture.
1730 (1) A William Cavender was born in 1730 and, in 1790, was living in Chester, Pennsylvania with his family which consisted of 4 males and 2 females. 350
(2) Split of Carolina into North and South provinces (i.e., North Carolina and South Carolina) and left Tennessee as a part of North Carolina.
(3) A Bryan Cavender Bryon Cavender ("Brian Cavender"?, "Bryant Cavender"?, "Bryan Cavender"? & "Brian Cavender"?), believed to be a Catholic born in Ireland, was on the Eastern Shore of Maryland in the 1730's and then later found in St. Mary’s County, Maryland. 393 1731/07/04 Kathrine Cavender ("Katherine Cavender" & "Catherine Cavender"?) was 259 born to John Cavender and Ann Cavender (“Anne Cavender”?) in Middleboro, Plymouth County, Massachusetts. She subsequently married George Stevens (“George Stephens”?) who was the son of Nicholas Stevens (“Nicholas Stephens”?) and a Rachel, and who died in the Revolutionary War on January 5, 1778. George Stevens died intestate and the Probate Court named his widow, Katherine Stevens, as the Admintratrix and was directed to make an inventory before October 6, 1779 and an accounting before July 6, 1779. The named sureties were Silas Wood and John Morton. Katherine Stevens made her accounting on August 3, 1778 which showed the estate to contain no real property and very little personal property. By October 4, 1779, Katherine Stevens apparently had remarried and signed her name as Katherine Thatcher, Administratrix of the estate of George Stevens. George Stevens and Katherine Stevens (“Katherine Stephens”?) had a son named John Cavender Stephens (“John Stephens” & “John Stevens”?) who was born December 25, 1764 in Colchester, Connecticut. 222, 223, 225, 236, 243, 259, 306 & 325 1731/09/02 Whereas David Cavinder (“David Cavender”) in the last March Court for Richmond County, Virginia, pleaded not guilty to an information exhibited against him by John Tarpley Junl.? Gent.?, attorney of our Lord the King for tending of seconds of tobacco, whereas a jury was this day impaneled and sworn to try the matter in issue by name Alexander Newman, John Bruce, Thomas Beckham, William Smith Ponds, Edmund Northern, James Lugitt (“James Legett”?), Luke Thornton, William Petty, Edward Jones, William Bruce, Dominick Newgent (“Dominick Nugent”?) and Hugh Harris who having heard the evidence and received their charge were sent out and soon after returning into court and agreed gave in their virdict which is in the words:
"Wee of the jury do find David Caverner (“David Cavender”?) guilty for tending tobacco seconds by the evidence of Richard Branham and that he had three tythables" (sometimes "tithables", "tithes" or "tythes"), which verdict on the motion of the Kings attorney, James Luggitt (“James Legett”? & "James Leggett"?), is ordered to be recorded and on the motion of the defendants attorney time is given him till next court, to assign, reassons in stay of judgment and till then the suit is continued".393,441 & Bk9,pg605
1731/12/27 Peter Thasher (“Peter Thacker”?) of Middleboro, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, in consideration of the desolate circumstances of widow Patience Mechaan (or "Patience McKathrine”?) of Middleboro, Plymouth County, Massachusetts 1 acre out of his house lot which he purchased from Thomas Morton and on which he lived. The lot was on the East side of the road that goes from Middleboro Meeting House to David Thomas and Capt. Bennett's mill. The Indenture was witnessed by Job Parker and Mary Bowen. 259 1732/02/26 It was ordered that a "chapelle" be built on Mr. Cobb's land near Flat Creek ("Flatt Creek") in Raleigh Parish of Amelia County, Virginia "with the same dimensions as the Numisseen Chapel". Major William Kennon and George Wilson were to inspect the workmanship and Mr. Booker was given leave to build a pew for his family at his own charge. John Bently was appointed to officiate as sexton for the Flat Creek chapel when it was finished. It was further ordered that 10,000 pounds of tobacco be levied toward defraying the charges of the chapel ordered to be built at Flat Creek.Hist Notes on Amelia Cnty, Va., Amelia Cnty Hist Comm, Sect VIII "Some Matters of Religion"
1732/05/03 David Caverner (“David Cavenner” & "David Cavender"?) of North Farnham Parish (“Northfarnham Parish”), Richmond County, Virginia was ordered by the Court of Richmond County, Virginia to answer a presentment of the Grand Jury against him for harboring and receiving lewd and desolate persons, and for keeping a disorderly house on April 10 last past by information of Collo. John Tayloe (“John Taylor”?). Case continued until dismissed on July 3, 1733. 393 & Richmond Cnty, Va Order Bk9 p 646 1732/06/23 John Cavender, a nailer in Middleboro, Plymouth County, Massachusetts sold to Ephraim Wood (“Ephram Wood”?) a 11 acre parcel of land which was part of the parcel of land he had previously purchased from Samuel Bennett. He also sold 6 1/2 acres which was half of the 13 acres first conveyed to Samuel Warren and William Thomas III and later purchased by John Cavender from said William Thomas, together with the other 5 acres lying on the side of said 13 acres. The Indenture was witnessed by Isaac Little and Coombs Barron. John Cavender’s wife, Ann Cavender, did not sign the Indenture. 259 1732/09/18 Nathan Thomas a Middleborough, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, Constable pulled off his clothes to his shirt and challenged John Cavender to a fight. Apparently the Constable was attempting to take John Cavender to the Goal ("jail") for non-payment of taxes and a group of men attempted to rescue John Cavender from the custody of the Constable. 299 1733/1734/03/05 In the county court of Richmond County, Virginia, the Order of Attachment filed by Edward Anderson against the estate of David Cavanough (“David Cavender”) was dismissed. As there is no further records of David Cavender nor his wife Hannah Cavender, then he must have just deceased.393 1733/06/11 John Cavender of Middleborough, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, was indicted by the grand jury for drunkenness and for fighting the tax collector.299 1733/09/29 Paulin Anderson of King and Queen County, Virginia for the sum of 10 pounds and 10 shillings, obtained a Land Patent for 2075 acres of “new” land in Prince George County, Virginia (which later became Amelia County) on the South side of the Appomattox River at the upper end of the Flatt Rock in the river on Polcatt Run (“Polecat Run”?) below Stocks Creek. The land was adjacent to land owned by William Fuqua, William Echols ("William Echolls"?) and Thomas Pruitt. It is to be noted that King and Queen County is a so-called "burned" Virginia county in that all of its early records have been totally destroyed by fire. Pat Bk 15, pp 124 &DB1/26 It is to be further noted that this apparently is the very same plantation that Hugh Cavender later became one of its "overseers" and it was apparently purchased by Paulin Anderson before Hugh Cavender was born.
1734/01/xx Daniel Cavener ("Daniel Cavenaugh"?, "Daniel Cavenough"?, "Daniel Cavner"? & "Daniel Cavender"?), a tailor, was sentenced in January 1734 to transportation from Bristol, Gloucestershire. In other words, he apparently was sentenced by a court located in Gloucestershire County, England to be transported to this country from the City of Bristol in Bristol County, England.?Sect. VI, Ch. 2, Emigrants in Bondage 1734/09/30 Amelia County, Virginia was formed from Brunswick County, Virginia and Prince George County, Virginia on this date.112 Additionally, the Sheriff of Amelia County, Virginia was required to collect taxes in the form of the public and parish levies, and to give bond and security for the performance of his duties. Assessments were made for loose tobacco and for every 100 pounds of tobacco, paid in "hogshead", which was deemed the same as "cash". Because of the scarcity of coins in the Virginia Colony, and probably elsewhere, tobacco was essentially the most commonly used medium of barter and exchange, particularly for the payments so-called "quitrents" payable to the King of England, who at that time was King George II, and in the payment of court fines levied by the County Court. The so-called “quitrent” taxes in 1752 in Amelia County, Virginia was 1 shilling for every 50 acres.
The Church Wardens were empowered to "bind out" or become anIndentured Servant until the age of maturity, not only orphans, but also the children of such persons as were deemed incapable of supporting them, or bringing them up in "honest courses". If a woman was a servant and had a child, she had to serve her master for another year after her term expired, or pay him a certain sum. The father, if free, gave security to the church wardens of the parish to indemnify them against the cost of the care of the child. If the father was also a servant, he had to pay the parish after his term of indenure expired. If the reputed father was the woman's master, after her term of service expired, the church wardens would sell he again for a term of one year unless she paid the set fine which, in 1753, was 1,000 pounds of tobacco. The fine or the proceeds of her sale went to the parish. If the father was a Negro or mulatto, she would have to serve her extra year's term to her master, and then pay a fine of 15 pounds of current money of Virginia to the parish, or be sold by them for a further five years. A free white woman who had a child by a Negro or mulatto had to pay to the church wardens 15 current money of Virginia. In both of these last cases (i.e., where the woman was a servant or free, and the father was Negro or mulatto), the child was bound by the church wardens into service until the age of 31. This was changed in 1765 to 21 years for male children and 18 years for female children. The law of 1710 prescribed a fine or whipping for a free white woman giving birth out of wedlock. I did not mention any fine for the father. In 1769, the whipping was abolished, though the fine for the woman remained. The father was brought into court and examined. If it seemed likely that the child would become a charge of the public, the father was required to pay a bond to the parish to indemnify it against the cost. This was only for as long as the parish had to care for the child. The child was apprenticed until the age of 21 for boys and 18 for girls.
By statute, every fourth year between the last day of September and the last day of the following March, the metes and bounds of every person's lands were required to be processioned, or "gone around" and the property boundary landmarks renewed. Parishes were divided into precincts, and at least two freeholders (i.e., property owners) to every precinct were appointed to perform this duty and were required to make a return, or report, in writing.
For every person imported into the Virginia Colony, and for every person coming into the Colony, that particular was given 50 acres of land for free. In order to prove his or her right to take up 50 acres of land that were allowed for emigrating to the Virginia Colony, a person had to make an oath as to the year of arrival, and where from, and also take an oath that it was his or her first proof of importation.
1734/11/02 Daniel Boone was born on this date, and, in 1736, the "Exeter Friends Monthly Meeting" was established and a log meeting house was erected on land donated by the elder George Boone. The charter members included George Boone, Sr., George Boone, Jr., Sarah Boone and Squire Boone. A short time later, the elder Mordecai Lincoln died and was buried in the cemetery associated with the Exeter Friends Monthly Meeting house. Daniel Boone became a close boyhood friend of Abraham Lincoln, the grandson of Mordecia Boone, Jr. and the great-great grandfather of the 16th president of the United States. In 1738, William Boone, son of George Boone, Jr., married Sarah Lincoln who was the daughter of Mordecai Lincoln, Jr.
1735/5/09 John Forguson ("John Ferguson"?) was appointed as a surveyor to construct a road from Flatt Creek ("Flat Creek") down Anderson's road ("Henry Anderson"?). COB-1 1735/09/27 A bond was posted in the Court of Amelia County, Virginia regarding the marriage of Thomas Tabb & Rebecca Booker, the daughter of Richard Booker. DB 1, pp 95
Thomas Tabb became one of the largest merchants in Virginia, having begun with trading posts with the Indians on the frontiers, then adapting to the wants of the new colonists who pushed the Indians farther away. He imported from England all manner of goods for his stores and for a time his son, John Tabb, lived in Liverpool, Liverpool County, England and arranged the shipments to his father. In addition to the stores stretching from Amelia County, Virginia west and southwest past what is now Prince Edward County, Virginia, Thomas Tabb had a mill and various other enterprises, including a partnership in a large merchantile firm of Rumboldt, Walker & Tabb. The Bookers always had large tracts of land, not only in Amelia, but also in Gloucester County, Virginia section where they first settled. In 1763, Thomas Tabb was the second largest land owner in Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia with 6,734 acres.pp 17, “Historical Notes on Amelia Cnty., Va.”
1735/11/14 Presentations to the Amelia County, Virginia grand jury were: John Harris for swearing and being drunk; Lundsdon Washington, Thomas Roberts, Stephen Crump, Robert Childress, and Thomas Brooks for not going to church; David Lyles for selling rum on Sunday; and, Edmon Franklin for adultery.
Also, due to the high rising of water in the Appomattox River, so as to prevent them from crossing same, various persons petitioned the Court that a boat or some other convenience be provided for that purpose. The Court formed a committee and ordered the committee to consult with the Henrico County court officials as to what measures they think proper to be taken. In June 21, 1745, the Court in Amelia County, Virginia ordered all mills located on the Appomattox River to keep open such passage through their mill dams as is convenient and necessary for the safe passing of such boats and other vessels as shall go through same.
At the December session, Lunsdon Washington and Stephen Crump were found guilty of not going to church and were fined.COB-11
1735 (1) Ann Taverner ("Ann Cavender"?) married Benjamin Winn in Caroline County, Virginia around 1735.
(2) Amelia County, Virginia was created in 1735 from a portion of Prince George County, Virginia and a small portion of Brunswick County, Virginia by a decree of King James III of England. A framed copy of this decree is in the Clerk's office in the village of Amelia. Prince George County was cut from Charles City County in 1703, the latter of which was an original shire dating from 1624. Prince Edward County was created from a part of Amelia County in 1754, and Nottoway County was cut off from Amelia County in 1789.