Examination questions anatomy



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EXAMINATION QUESTIONS - ANATOMY

I. Theoretical part



A)

  1. Bones, skeleton.

  2. Junctions of the bones.

  3. Skull.

  4. Neurocranium – bones and their junctions.

  5. Splanchnocranium – bones and their junctions.

  6. Columna vertebralis – bones and their junctions.

  7. Skeleton thoracis – bones and their junctions.

  8. Skeleton membri thoracici – cingulum, brachium, antebrachium.

  9. Skeleton manus.

  10. Articulatio humeri, articulatio cubiti.

  11. Articulationes manus.

  12. Skeleton membri pelvini – cingulum; pelvimetry.

  13. Skeleton membri pelvini – femur, crus.

  14. Skeleton pedis.

  15. Bones and skeleton in birds.

  16. Articulatio coxae, articulatio genus.

  17. Articulationes pedis.

  18. Muscles, fasciae, helping muscle structures.

  19. Musculi capitis – masticatory muscles, articulatio temporomandibularis, muscles of the hyoid bone.

  20. Musculi capitis – mimic muscles.

  21. Articulatio atlantooccipitalis, articulatio atlantoaxialis, musculi profundi nuchae.

  22. Musculi dorsi, musculi caudae, fasciae.

  23. Musculi colli, fasciae.

  24. Musculi thoracis, fasciae.

  25. Musculi abdominis, fasciae.

  26. Diaphragma.

  27. Musculi cinguli membri thoracici, fasciae.

  28. Musculi membri thoracici – scapular and brachial muscles, fasciae.

  29. Musculi membri thoracici – antebrachial muscles, fasciae.

  30. Musculi membri thoracici – short finger muscles.

  31. Musculi membri pelvini – lumbar and pelvic muscles, fasciae.

  32. Musculi membri pelvini – femoral muscles, fasciae.

  33. Musculi membri pelvini – crural muscles, fasciae.

  34. Musculi membri pelvini – short finger muscles.

  35. Muscular system and motion mechanics in birds.

  36. Integumentum commune – cutis, pili.

  37. Integumentum commune – organum digitale, cornu.

  38. Mamma.

  39. Integumentum commune in birds.

  40. Cavum thoracis, mediastinum, pleurae.

  41. Cavum abdominis et cavum pelvis, peritoneum.

  42. Body cavity in birds.

  43. Cavum oris.

  44. Lingua.

  45. Glandulae salivariae.

  46. Dentes.

  47. Pharynx.

  48. Esophagus, ventriculus.

  49. Proventriculus et ventriculus in ruminants.

  50. Intestinum tenue et pancreas.

  51. Intestinum crassum et anus.

  52. Hepar.

  53. Apparatus digestorius in birds.

  54. Nasus externus et cavum nasi.

  55. Sinus paranasales.

  56. Larynx.

  57. Cavum laryngis, trachea et bronchi.

  58. Pulmo.

  59. Apparatus respiratorius in birds.

  60. Ren.

  61. Ureter, vesica urinaria, urethra.

  62. Testis, epididymis, ductus deferens.

  63. Scrotum, testicle covers.

  64. Urethra masculina, glandulae genitales accessoriae.

  65. Penis et preputium.

  66. Ovarium, tuba uterina.

  67. Uterus, vagina, vestibulum vaginae, vulva.

  68. Apparatus urinarius et organa genitalia masculina in birds.

  69. Organa genitalia feminina et ovo in birds.

B)


  1. Cor – external description, atria, ventriculi, pericardium.

  2. Cor – paries cordis, vasa cordis, excitomotoric system.

  3. Vasa sanguinea, blood circulations.

  4. Aorta, venae cavae.

  5. Truncus brachiocephalicus and its branches.

  6. Vena cava cranialis and its branches.

  7. Arteria carotis communis and its branches.

  8. Venae jugulares and its branches .

  9. Blood supply of the brain and spinal cord.

  10. Main arteries of the thoracic limb and their branches.

  11. Veins of the thoracic limb and their branches.

  12. Aorta thoracica, aorta abdominalis and their branches.

  13. Vena cava caudalis and its branches.

  14. Ramificatio aortae pelvina, arteria iliaca interna and its branches.

  15. Arteria iliaca externa and main arteries of the pelvic limb and their branches.

  16. Veins of the pelvic limb.

  17. Lymphonodi, vasa lymphatica.

  18. Lymphocentra capitis et cervicis.

  19. Lymphocentra thoracis et membri thoracici.

  20. Lymphocentra abdominis, pelvis et membri pelvini.

  21. Thymus et lien.

  22. Glandulae endocrinae.

  23. Medulla spinalis.

  24. Encephalon.

  25. Rhombencephalon.

  26. Mesencephalon et diencephalon.

  27. Telencephalon.

  28. Pathways of the CNS.

  29. Meninges, brain chambers, liquor cerebrospinalis.

  30. Systema nervosum perifericum.

  31. Nervi craniales – I., II., III., IV., VI.

  32. Nervus ophtalmicus et nervus maxillaris.

  33. Nervus mandibularis.

  34. Nervi craniales – VII., VIII.

  35. Nervi craniales – IX., XI., XII.

  36. Nervus vagus.

  37. Nervi cervicales.

  38. Nervi thoracici, plexus brachialis.

  39. Nervus axillaris, nervus radialis.

  40. Nervus musculocutaneus, nervus medianus, nervus ulnaris.

  41. Nervi lumbales, plexus lumbalis.

  42. Nervi sacrales, plexus sacralis.

  43. Nervus ischiadicus.

  44. Systema nervosum autonomicum – sympathicus.

  45. Systema nervosum autonomicum – parasympathicus.

  46. Organum visus – bulbus oculi.

  47. Organum visus – organa oculi accessoria.

  48. Organum vestibulocochleare – auris externa et auris media.

  49. Organum vestibulocochleare – auris interna.

C)


  1. Partes corporis, regiones corporis, Termini situm et directionem partium corporis indicantes.

  2. Regio frontalis, regio parietalis et regio occipitalis.

  3. Regio temporalis et fossa supraorbitalis.

  4. Regio cornualis et regio auricularis.

  5. Regio nasalis.

  6. Regio oralis.

  7. Regio masseterica et regio infraorbitalis.

  8. Regio maxillaris, regio buccalis et regio mandibularis.

  9. Regio orbitalis.

  10. Regio zygomatica et regio articulationis temporomandibularis.

  11. Regio mentalis, regio intermandibularis et regio subhyoidea.

  12. Regio colli dorsalis et regio colli lateralis.

  13. Regio parotidea et regio retroauricularis.

  14. Regio colli ventralis.

  15. Regio interscapularis et regio vertebralis thoracis.

  16. Regio costalis et regio cardiaca.

  17. Regio scapularis et regio prescapularis.

  18. Regio presternalis et regio sternalis.

  19. Apertura thoracis cranialis.

  20. Cavum thoracis – location of the organs, vessels and nerves.

  21. Regio lumbalis.

  22. Regio abdominis cranialis et regio abdominis media.

  23. Regio abdominis caudalis.

  24. Cavum abdominis – topography of the organs, vessels and nerves in carnivores and pig.

  25. Cavum abdominis – topography of the organs, vessels and nerves in horse.

  26. Cavum abdominis – topography of the organs, vessels and nerves in ruminants.

  27. Hypogastrium et cavum pelvis – topography of the organs, vessels and nerves.

  28. Topography of the organs in body cavity in birds.

  29. Regiones pelvis et regio caudalis.

  30. Regio perinealis.

  31. Regio articulationis humeri et regio axillaris.

  32. Regio brachii et regio tricipitalis.

  33. Regio cubiti et regio antebrachii.

  34. Regio carpi.

  35. Regio metacarpi et regio metacarpophalangea.

  36. Regio digitorum manus.

  37. Regio articulationis coxae.

  38. Regio femoris.

  39. Regio genus et regio poplitea.

  40. Regio cruris.

  41. Regio tarsi.

  42. Regio metatarsi et et regio metatarsophalangea.

  43. Regio digitorum pedis.

II. Practical part

D)


  1. Cranium.

  2. Mandibula.

  3. Os hyoideum.

  4. Atlas.

  5. Axis.

  6. Vertebra C (3,4,5).

  7. Vertebra C 6.

  8. Vertebra C 7.

  9. Vertebrae Th.

  10. Vertebrae L.

  11. Os sacrum.

  12. Costae.

  13. Sternum.

  14. Scapula.

  15. Os coxae.

  16. Humerus.

  17. Femur.

  18. Radius et ulna.

  19. Tibia et fibula.

  20. Ossa carpi.

  21. Ossa tarsi.

  22. Ossa metacarpi.

  23. Ossa metatarsi.

  24. Ossa digitorum.

  25. Articulatio temporomandibularis.

  26. Articulatio atlantooccipitalis.

  27. Articulatio atlantoaxialis.

  28. Articulatio costovertebralis.

  29. Articulatio humeri.

  30. Articulatio coxae.

  31. Articulatio cubiti.

  32. Articulatio genus.

  33. Articulationes carpi.

  34. Articulationes tarsi.

  35. Articulationes metacarpophalangeae et articulationes metatarsophalangeae.

  36. Articulationes interphalangeae.

E)


  1. Regio temporalis.

  2. Regio auricularis.

  3. Regio oralis.

  4. Regio buccalis.

  5. Regio mandibularis.

  6. Regio intermandibularis.

  7. Regio masseterica.

  8. Regio orbitalis.

  9. Regio colli dorsalis.

  10. Regio colli lateralis.

  11. Regio colli ventralis.

  12. Regio vertebralis thoracis.

  13. Regio lumbalis.

  14. Regio sternalis.

  15. Regio scapularis.

  16. Regio costalis.

  17. Regiones abdominis.

  18. Regio sacralis et regio glutea.

  19. Regio perinealis.

  20. Regio articulationis humeri.

  21. Regio brachii.

  22. Regio cubiti.

  23. Regio antebrachii.

  24. Autopodia (dors.).

  25. Autopodia (palm., plant.).

  26. Regio articulationis coxae.

  27. Regio femoris.

  28. Regio genus.

  29. Regio cruris.

  30. Cavum thoracis - location of the organs, vessels and nerves.

  31. Apertura thoracis cranialis - location of the organs, vessels and nerves.

  32. Cavum abdominis - location of the organs, vessels and nerves.

  33. Pulmo.

  34. Larynx.

  35. Cor.

  36. Organum visus.

  37. Apparatus digestorius.

  38. Organa genitalia masculina.

  39. Organa genitalia feminina.

  40. Ren.

  41. Lien.

  42. Cavum nasi.

  43. Cavum oris.

  44. Lingua.

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