First quarter



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NAL QUESTIONS

SUBMITTED BY MESA PUBLIC SCHOOLS’ NAL,

MESA, AZ

October 2015

FIRST QUARTER

  1. English – SP – Level I – Say and spell the plural of larva. (larvae)




  1. English – SP – Level I – Say and spell the plural of moose. (moose)




  1. English – SP – Level I – Say and spell the plural of stimulus. (stimuli)



  1. English – SP – Level I – Say and spell the plural of thesis. (thesis)



  1. English – SP – Level II – Say and spell the word abyss, as in the following sentence: He looked into the deep, dark abyss. (abyss)



  1. English – SP – Level II – Say and spell the word exuberant, as in the following sentence: The celebration was an exuberant affair. (exuberant)



  1. English – SP – Level II – Say and spell the word infinitesimal, as in the following sentence: Even an infinitesimal amount of dye will stain your clothing. (infinitesimal)




  1. English – SP – Level II – Say and spell the word pneumonia, as in the following sentence: Pneumonia is a disease which often requires hospitalization. (pneumonia)



  1. English – SP – Level III – Say and spell the word lackadaisical, as in the following sentence: He will never keep a job with his lackadaisical attitude. (lackadaisical)



  1. English – GR – Level II – Name two uses of the apostrophe in English grammar. (to show possession and to indicate missing letters in contractions)



  1. English – LT – Level II – Name Peter Rabbit’s 3 sisters in Beatrix Potter’s The Tale of Peter Rabbit. (Flopsy, Mopsy, and Cottontail)



  1. English – LT – Level II – Name the literary work which contains this famous quote: “All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others.” (Animal Farm)



  1. English – LT – Level II – Name the literary work which contains this famous quote: “All for one, one for all, that is our motto.” (The Three Musketeers)



  1. English – LT – Level II – Name the literary work which contains this famous quote: “In spite of everything, I still believe that people are really good at heart.” (Anne Frank, The Diary of a Young Girl)



  1. English – LT – Level II – The Greek goddess of love is Aphrodite. What is the name of the Roman goddess of love? (Venus)



  1. English – LT – Level II – The Greek messenger god is Hermes. What is the name of the Roman messenger god? (Mercury)




  1. English – LT – Level II – Name the mythical race of war-like women who lived in the Black Sea region of Asia Minor. (Amazons)



  1. English – LT – Level II – Name the Roman god of beginnings and endings for whom the month of January is named. (Janus)



  1. English – LT – Level II – Name the horrible monster of mythology who had serpents for hair. (Medusa)



  1. English – LT – Level II – Name the greedy mythological king who wished for everything that he touched to turn to gold. (Midas)




  1. English – LT – Level II – Name the beautiful female mythological creatures whose voices lured men to shipwreck on their coast. (sirens)



  1. English – LT – Level II – Name the food and drink of the mythological Greek gods. (ambrosia and nectar)



  1. English – LT – Level II – What is the chemical element named for Helios, the Greek sun god? (helium)




  1. English – VC – Level II – Identify the four days of the week that were named for Norse gods. (Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday)



  1. English – VC – Level II – Identify the four months of the year that include the Latin roots for 7, 8, 9, and 10. (Sept., Oct., Nov., Dec.)




  1. English – GR – Level II – What is the past participle of the verb to swim? (swum)



  1. English – GR – Level II – What is the present participle of the verb to draw? (drawing)



  1. SS – CE – Level III -- What is the annual literary award honoring black authors, named after the wife of Martin Luther King, Jr.? (the Coretta Scott King Award)




  1. SS – UG – Level II – Name the state capital which is named for the mythological creature that consumed itself in fire, then resurrected itself from its ashes. (Phoenix)



  1. SS – WH – Level III – Name the beetle considered by the ancient Egyptians to be a symbol of immortality. (scarab)



  1. SS – WH – Level III – Name two of the six categories for which the Nobel Prize is awarded. (medicine, physics, literature, chemistry, peace, economics)



  1. SS – WH – Level III – Name one of the 3 categories for which the Pulitzer Prize is awarded. (journalism, literature/letters, music)




  1. SS – WH – Level III – What 3 letters identify the former Soviet Union’s secretive intelligence and security agency? (KGB)



  1. SS – UH – Level III – Five rooms on the first floor of the White House in Washington,

D. C. are open to the public – the East Room, the State Dining Room, and three others

known by their color names. Name 2 of the 3. (Blue Room, Red Room, Green Room)




  1. SS – WH – Level III – Which ancient Greek said, “Children today are tyrants. They contradict their parents, gobble their food, and tyrannize their teachers”? He was tried and convicted of corrupting the young people of Athens and sentenced to death by drinking hemlock. (Socrates)




  1. SS – WH - Level II - Their modern name derives from the German valley where their fossils were first discovered in 1856. They may have interbred or fought with Homo sapiens near the end of the Ice Age. Name the pre-modern hominid who possessed a large brow ridge and inhabited Europe until about 30,000 years ago. (Neanderthal)




  1. SS – UH - Level II - Which Supreme Court chief justice wrote the majority opinions on the cases of Marbury v. Madison, Fletcher v. Peck, & Dartmouth College v. Woodward? (John Marshall)




  1. SS – UH - Level II - President George Washington raised a force larger than the one he had commanded during the Revolution to disperse a Pennsylvania uprising regarding a tax on liquor. Name this uprising. (Whiskey Rebellion)




  1. SS – UH - Level I - This event was prompted by the Townshend Acts and began when Thomas Preston’s troops opened fire on an unruly mob. The deaths of Crispus Attucks and four others prompted a murder trial in which only two soldiers were found guilty. Name this March 1770 event. (Boston Massacre)




  1. SS – UG - Level II - The national park named for this feature also contains Rattlesnake Springs. Its own features include the Witch’s Finger, the Rock of Ages, and the Bottomless Pit in places like the Queen’s Chamber and the Big Room. Name this national park and cave system famous for its bat flight, located in southeastern New Mexico. (Carlsbad Caverns National Park)




  1. SS – UG - Level II - Its tributaries include the Salado, Conchos, and Puerco, and its sources lie in the San Juan Mountains. Before it flows into the Gulf Coastal Plain, this river flows into the Big Bend, and it is the fifth longest river in North America. Name this river on which lie the cities of Ciudad Juarez and El Paso. (Rio Grande)




  1. SS – UG - Level II – Part of State Route 99 through this city is known as the Alaskan Way Viaduct. Located on Puget Sound, this city’s namesake “Center” includes the Experience Music Project and a tower built for the 1962 World’s Fair. Name this large Washington city. (Seattle)




  1. SS – UG - Level II - This state saw a greater share of its residents fight for the Union in the Civil War than any other state. The name of this state was paired with “Chesapeake” in the name of a canal, and with “Baltimore” in the name of a railroad. Name this Midwestern state bordering Michigan. (Ohio)



  1. SS – WG - Level II – Along this water feature in central Asia, Astrakhan is a major city, along with such ports as Astara, Iran and Baku, Azerbaijan. Name this body of water known for its oil production. (Caspian Sea)




  1. SS – UG - Level II - Padre Island is the world’s longest barrier island and the second largest island by area in the contiguous United States. The central part of it is preserved in a wild state as Padre Island National Seashore. This island is just off the coast of what state? (Texas)




  1. SS – CE - Level II - This site in Nevada was being studied by the Department of Energy as a repository for the nation’s high-level radioactive waste until the project was scrapped in 2011. Name this site. (Yucca Mountain)



  2. SS – CE - Level I – A 2011 tsunami caused which nation to face a Level 7 event on the International Nuclear Event Scale? (Japan)



  3. SS - CE - Level I – In September 2014, Chinese President Xi Jinping called for a “one country, two systems” model be applied to which island off its east coast? (Taiwan)




  1. SS – CE – Level I – On August 31, 2014, China disapproved a full democracy in this former British colony on its southern coast by ruling that only three candidates chosen by a nomination committee could run for elections as leader in 2017. Name this Special Administrative Region of China. (Hong Kong)




  1. SS – EC – Level II - Created in 1960, OPEC is an oil cartel whose mission is to coordinate the policies of the oil-producing countries, to secure a steady income to the member states, and to secure a supply of oil to world consumers. What does the “E” in OPEC stand for? (exporting)



  1. SS – WH – Level II – In April 1986 an explosion and fire at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the Soviet Union made it the site of the worst nuclear disaster in history, one of only two events ranked a Level 7 event on the International Nuclear Event Scale. In which modern-day country would you find the 30-kilometer-wide “zone of alienation” around the plant? (Ukraine)



  2. SS – WH – Level II – In the third century BCE, Ptolemy I established a facility in which scholars copied, revised, and edited works of classical Greek writers. At its height, the facility held about 500,000 papyrus scrolls before it was destroyed by fire. Where was this library located? (Alexandria)




  1. SS – UL - Level II - Cases like Irvine v. California and Wolf v. Colorado ruled that this amendment did not apply to states; those cases were overturned in Mapp v. Ohio, which applied its “exclusionary rule” to state police officers. Name the amendment that protects against unreasonable search and seizure. (Fourth Amendment)




  1. SS – UH - Level II - In 1997, the Pentagon admitted that as many as 20,000 American soldiers were exposed to nerve gas in 1990 while fighting in which country? (Iraq)




  1. SS – UH - Level II – On June 18, 2007, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that this herbicide used in the Vietnam War was not a chemical weapon and that its use was not a violation of international law. Name this product of the Monsanto and Dow Companies that is still believed to cause cancer and birth defects. (Agent Orange)



  1. SS – UH - Level II - In the spring of 1970, students on many American college campuses protested U.S. military involvement in Cambodia and Vietnam. Student demonstrations on May 4 at what university resulted in the deaths of four Ohio students? (Kent State)



  1. SS – UH - Level II - After the Trinity atomic bomb test, the scientific director of the Manhattan Project cited a line from the Bhagavad Ghita: “Now I am become death, destroyer of worlds.” Name this American scientist. (J. Robert Oppenheimer)



  2. SS – UH - Level II - Although the Japanese fleet was stronger than the American, excellent naval intelligence provided by code-breakers helped the US destroy 4 Japanese carriers, against a loss of just 1 for the U.S. Name this major World War II battle of the Pacific fought near one of the westernmost of the Hawaiian Islands. (Battle of Midway)



  1. SS – WH - Level I - Which British statesman said in response to Neville Chamberlain’s “peace in our time” speech in 1939, “Britain and France had to choose between war and dishonor. They chose dishonor. They will have war.” (Winston Churchill)



  1. SS – UH - Level I - His “dollar diplomacy” proved to be a largely ineffective foreign policy, and he was much happier as a Supreme Court Chief Justice in the 1920s than as a President. In the 1912 election, he was also the only sitting president to finish third in the Electoral College. Name this president, who is one of the two buried at Arlington National Cemetery. (William Howard Taft)




  1. SS – UH - Level I - In 1918 in the Argonne Forest, this soldier helped capture a German machine-gun nest, killing 25 enemy soldiers. Then, acting almost alone, he took 132 enemy prisoners. Name this World War I soldier from Tennessee who was once a conscientious objector. (Alvin York)



  1. SS – UH- Level I - His tombstone in Lexington Cemetery reads simply “I know no North, no South, no East, no West.” Two of the most famous laws he helped pass as a member of Congress were the compromise tariff of 1833, which ended the nullification crisis, and the Missouri Compromise. Name this Senator and Speaker of the House from Kentucky, the Great Compromiser, and champion of the “American System.” (Henry Clay)




  1. SS – UH - Level II - In the early stages of this war, General Isaac Brock captured Fort Detroit and the later stages saw the burning of the District of Columbia. Name this war supported by the War Hawks and nicknamed "Mr. Madison's War." (War of 1812)



  1. SS- UH - Level II - A Virginia college with a conservative reputation is named for this man, which is appropriate as he was an anti-Federalist and suspicious of centralized government. He famously told the House of Burgesses on May 30, 1765, while arguing against the Stamp Act, “If this be treason, make the most of it.” Name him. (Patrick Henry)



  1. SS – UH – Level I - What is the significance of the 13 stripes and 50 stars on the American flag? (13 colonies, 50 states)



  1. SS – WG - Level II - This country's House of Braganza succeeded its Aviz dynasty, which patronized explorers like Pedro Cabral, Bartholomew Díaz, and Vasco da Gama. Name this country on the Iberian Peninsula, the colonizer of Brazil, and site of a 1755 earthquake in Lisbon. (Portugal)



  1. SS – WG - Level II - This city has notable Georgian houses, and contains a column topped by a statue of Lord Nelson in Trafalgar Square. Identify this city, which has many buildings designed by Christopher Wren, in addition to Big Ben and a notable Tower. (London)



  1. SS – WG - Level II - The foundation for the Kremlin was laid here in 1367, and the capital was moved from here in 1712. This city was later burned to the ground after the 1812 Battle of Borodino to prevent Napoleon from occupying it. Name this city, which in 1918 became the capital of Russia again. (Moscow)



  1. SS – WG - Level II - This country has fought intermittently since 1984 with its much larger neighbor to the east. Its leaders have included Mohammed Ali Jinnah and an assassinated female prime minister, Benazir Bhutto. Name this South Asian country whose eastern portion gained independence in 1971 as the nation of Bangladesh. (Pakistan)



  1. SS – UL - Level II - A group of citizens responsible for bringing formal charges against a person accused of a serious crime, is called what? (grand jury)



  1. SS – UL - Level II – The 1966 Supreme Court case of Miranda v. Arizona established that anyone in police custody must be made aware of their rights against self-incrimination as contained in which amendment of the Constitution? (Fifth Amendment)



  1. SS - UL – Level II - The 1963 Supreme Court case of Gideon v. Wainwright established that states were required to provide legal counsel if requested in an interpretation of which amendment of the Constitution? (Sixth Amendment [accept 14th Amendment as well if offered])



  1. SS – EC- Level I – Which economic concept is defined as the loss of potential gain from other alternatives, when one alternative is chosen? (opportunity cost)



  1. SS – EC- Level II – Which economic concept is used when sellers bid against other sellers in an effort to make their products more attractive and to increase the number of buyers? (competition)




  1. SS – EC – Level II – According to the law of supply, how would manufacturers respond to improvements in technology that enabled them to offer a product at a higher price? (Accept an answer that contains the idea that manufacturers would produce more of the product.)




  1. SS - EC – Level II - According to the law of demand, how would consumers respond to a surplus of products that are offered at a reduced price? (Accept an answer that contains the idea that consumers would purchase more of the product.)




  1. SS – UH – Level II – This woman was a crusader for abolitionism, temperance, educational reform, and women's rights. She also organized the Seneca Falls Convention with Lucretia Mott in 1848. Name her. (Elizabeth Cady Stanton)



  1. SS – UH – Level II – This 1840s political party appealed to white nativists who sought to destroy the potential power of immigrant voting and wanted to revive legislation restricting their citizenship and voting rights. Give the more common name for the American Party. (Know-Nothings)



  1. SS – UH – Level II – Shortly before his death, John Quincy Adams argued a court case of mutinied slaves before the Supreme Court, securing their eventual release and return to Africa. Name the ship that the case was named after. (Amistad)




  1. SS – UL – Level II – The 20th Amendment moved the date of presidential inaugurations from the month of March to which month? (January)



  1. SS – UH – Level II - On January 30, 1835, he was the first American president to experience an assassination attempt. Although his assailant was an unemployed house painter, he was convinced that the man had been hired by his Whig Party opponents to assassinate him. Name this president. (Andrew Jackson)



  1. SS – UH - Level II – Three men from Tennessee have served as president of the United States, although none of them was born there. Two of them were Andrew Jackson and Andrew Johnson. Name the third, the “dark horse” candidate of 1844. (James Polk)



  1. SS – UH – Level I – This 1852 novel features the emotional story of a Christian slave family that struggles against a cruel overseer. Although it has been criticized for perpetuating African-American stereotypes, it did work to obtain sympathy for slaves and to gain support for the abolition movement. Name this famous novel. (Uncle Tom’s Cabin)



  1. SS – WH – Level I – This dictator changed his name to one that derives from the Russian word for steel. Name him. (Joseph Stalin)



  2. SS – UH – Level II – Jack Kerouac was credited with being the founder of this literary group that rejected the materialism of the 1950s. Name them. (beatniks or Beat Generation)




  1. MA – PR – Level II – A box contains 5 red marbles, 7 green marbles, and 3 blue marbles. Two marbles are drawn without replacement. What is the probability that the first marble is red and the second marble is blue? Express your answer as a fraction. (1/14)




  1. MA – AL – Level I – There are 24 people on a bus. If one-third of the people get off at the first stop and one-fourth of the remaining people get off at the second stop, how many people are left on the bus? (12 people)




  1. MA – AL – Level I – A property which is assessed at $60,000 is taxed at $2,340. At the same rate, what would the tax be on a property assessed at $80,000? ($3,120)



  1. MA – PR – Level II – An ice cream store sells 7 different flavors of ice cream, 5 different sauces, and 3 different toppings. How many possible sundaes can be made, if each sundae consists of ice cream, sauce, and a topping? (105)



  1. MA – AL – Level I – A store sells 5 pens for $1.20 and another store sells 6 for $1.40. How much is saved on 5 dozen at the lower price? ($.40 or 40 cents)




  1. Science– ES – Level I -- What is the chemical element named for Helios, the Greek sun god? (helium)




  1. Science – GS – Level I – Name the group in a scientific experiment that is treated with the independent variable to measure the effect of the independent variable. (experimental group)




  1. Science – LS – Level I – Animals that are active at night are nocturnal. What are animals called that are active during the day? (diurnal)



  1. Science – LS – Level I – Explain the difference between a food chain and a food web. (Food chains follow a single path of energy. Food webs show interconnections between plants and animals by different paths.)




  1. Science – LS – Level II – Explain how two parents with brown eyes can have biological offspring with blue eyes. (The parents both passed on recessive genes for light eyes to their offspring.)




  1. Science – GS – Level II – Identify the relationship between two variables if high values on one variable are associated with high values on the other, and low values on one variable are associated with low values on the other. (positive relationship)




  1. Science – GS – Level II – Identify the relationship between two variables if high values on one variable are associated with low values on the other, and low values on one variable are associated with high values on the other. (negative relationship)




  1. Science – PS – Level II – Name the greenhouse gas made of carbon, chlorine, and fluorine that used to be prominent in aerosols but has been phased out under the Montreal Protocol to protect the ozone layer. (CFC or chlorofluorocarbon)




  1. Science – LS – Level II – Name the type of animal coloration that uses bright colors or markings to warn potential predators of the danger that would come from attacking or eating it. (warning coloration)




  1. Science – LS – Level II – Name the species of moth that, in response to environmental changes caused by the Industrial Revolution, changed over time from a population of mostly light-colored moths to mostly dark-colored moths. (peppered moth)



  1. Science – LS – Level II – Explain the difference between how cold-blooded ectotherms and warm-blooded endotherms maintain their body temperatures. (Ectotherms’ body temperatures depend on the outside temperature, while endotherms can regulate their own body temperatures.)



  1. Science – LS – Level II – Explain the difference between the behavior cycles of estivation and hibernation. (Estivation occurs in hot, dry conditions, and hibernation occurs in cold conditions.)



  1. Science – LS – Level II – Name the kind of organism that is not native to an environment and has the tendency to spread and cause damage to the environment, like zebra mussels or European starlings. (invasive species or non-native species)



  1. Science – PS – Level II – Identify where the metals, non-metals, and metalloids are located on the Periodic Table of Elements. (The metals are on the left side, non-metals are on the right side, and the metalloids are in between).



  1. Science – PS – Level II – What makes the elements called the Noble Gasses unique? (They do not bond with other elements OR Their electron shells are full.)



  1. Science – PS – Level II – Which group of elements on the Periodic Table are most reactive, and which group of elements on the Periodic Table are least reactive? (Group 1 (far left) are most reactive. Group 18 (far right) are least reactive.)



  1. Science – LS – Level II – Why is it said that human fathers determine the biological gender of their offspring? (Mothers can only give X chromosomes, but fathers can give X or Y chromosomes. [XX results in female offspring. XY results in male offspring.])



  1. Science – PS – Level II – Describe the particle motion and spacing of atoms in solids and gases. (The atoms of solids are the closest together and move the least. The atoms of gases are far apart and move freely.)



  1. Science – PS – Level II – If the density of water is 1 gram per milliliter, what can be assumed about the density of an object that floats in water? (The object has a density less than 1 gram per milliliter, or the object is less dense than water.)



  1. Science – PS – Level II – Compare the spacing of atoms in solid aluminum and gaseous oxygen. (The atoms are closer together in aluminum and farther apart in oxygen.)



  1. Science – PS – Level II – What information can be derived from the atomic number of an element on the Periodic Table of Elements? (The number of protons [or the positive charge] of the atom. [Also, equal to the number of electrons if the atom is uncharged.])



  1. Science – PS – Level II – State the subatomic particles of the atom and their respective charges. (Proton – positive, neutron – neutral, electron – negative)



  1. Science – PS – Level II – State the range of numbers on the pH scale, and identify which ranges include acids and which ranges include bases. (pH scale = 0 or 1-14; acids are less than 7; bases are greater than 7)



  1. Science – PS – Level II – Explain the difference between exothermic and endothermic chemical reactions. (Exothermic reactions release heat. Endothermic reactions absorb heat.)



  1. Science – PS – Level II – Explain the difference between homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures. (Homogeneous mixtures appear to be the same throughout (uniformly distributed, cannot be mechanically separated). Heterogeneous mixtures have visible differences (not uniform, can be mechanically separated).)



  1. Science – PS – Level II – Give the common names for the following three chemicals: H2O, H2O2, and O2. (Water, hydrogen peroxide, and oxygen)



  1. Science – GS – Level II – Name two drawbacks to the use of solar power for energy. (not available at night, energy needs to be stored or cannot be the single source of energy, panels are expensive, panels require resources to create, require maintenance, require space, not equally available in all places)



  1. Science – GS – Level II – Name two drawbacks to the use of wind turbines for energy. (not available at all times of day, energy needs to be stored or cannot be the single source of energy, turbines are expensive, require resources to create, require maintenance, require space, make noise, disrupt or harm wildlife, not equally available in all places)



  1. Science – GS – Level II – Name two drawbacks to the use of coal for energy. (limited resources/nonrenewable, must be mined, must be transported, pollutes the air, emits carbon, leads to acid rain)



  1. Science – PS – Level II – Define oxidation, and give an example of oxidation. (Chemical reaction with oxygen; rusting of metal, browning of fruit, corrosion of metal, tarnishing of silver, copper acquiring a green patina, etc.)



  1. Science – LS – Level II – Biology can be divided into two major branches, one specializing in plants and one specializing in animals. Name the two branches. (botany and zoology)



  1. Science – LS – Level II - A rhyme for snake identification says, “Red against yellow can kill a fellow. Red touching black, safe for Jack.” Which two snakes does the rhyme help to distinguish between? (Coral snake and king snake)



  1. Science – LS – Level II - What is the difference between a venomous organism and a poisonous organism? (A venomous organism delivers poison with a bite. A poisonous organism is toxic when eaten.)



  1. Science – LS – Level II – Name the invasive species of bird, with a current population of 200 million, which was introduced to the United States from Europe to populate the country with the birds named in Shakespeare’s plays. ((European) starling)




  1. Science – LS – Level 3 – In the 1660s, Robert Hooke looked at a thin piece of cork through his microscope and saw spaces that he called cells. What did the spaces resemble that caused him to choose the word cell? (The cells of a honeycomb (or the rooms monks lived in)).



  1. Science – LS – Level I– What is the place where an organism lives that also provides the things the organism needs? (habitat)




  1. Science - LS - Level II – What are living parts of an ecosystem called? (biotic factors)



  1. Science – LS – Level II – What is the type of symbiosis that involves one organism living on or inside another living thing that causes harm to the host? (parasitism)




  1. Science - LS - Level II –Name the term that refers to an environmental factor that prevents a population from increasing, such as food, space, and weather conditions. (a limiting factor)



  1. Science – LS – Level I – What is the type of biome which is characterized by coniferous trees, such as pine and fir trees, and very cold winters? (boreal forest or taiga)




  1. Science - LS - Level I – In the rainforest, tall trees form a leafy roof. What is this called? (canopy)




  1. Science - ES - Level I – A few thunderstorms produce a funnel cloud at the bottom of a cumulonimbus cloud. The cloud has a rotating column of air with a low central pressure. When is it considered a tornado? (When it makes contact with the earth’s surface.)




  1. Science - ES - Level 1 – What does a weather vane measure? (the direction of the wind)




  1. Science - ES - Level 1 – What do we call a rock layer that stores and allows the flow of ground water? (an aquifer)




  1. Science - ES - Level 1 – Identify at least 4 parts of the water cycle. (evaporation, condensation, precipitation, run off, percolation, infiltration)




  1. Science - ES - Level 2 – Name the system: (1) sunlight comes through space and the atmosphere, heating up the earth; (2) the earth radiates heat energy and some is released back into space; (3) gases in earth’s atmosphere trap some of the heat energy near earth’s surface? (the greenhouse effect)




  1. Science – PS – Level II – What kind of body in the solar system is composed of ice, rock, and cosmic dust that has a nucleus, dust tail and ion tail? (a comet)



  1. Science – PS – Level II – What is the process of combining the nuclei of hydrogen atoms to form helium that produces great amounts of energy? (nuclear fusion or hydrogen fusion)



  1. Science – PS – Level II – Identify the principle that relates the amount of fluid a submerged object displaces to the buoyant force on the object. (Archimedes’ principle)



  1. Science – PS – Level I – Identify different ways that magnets will repel each other. (When like poles are placed together—positive and positive; or negative and negative.




  1. Science – PS – Level II – A unit of measurement that equals the force required to accelerate one kilogram of mass at 1 meter per second. (a Newton)



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