Objectives and tasks This new subject, which is introduced in the seventh year, deals with human nature in the first semester and social relationships in the second, in a manner which combines descriptive social disciplines (psychology, sociology) and normative ethics. The subject promotes general literacy and shapes pupils’ world view and moral values at the same time. It enhances self-awareness and prepares for establishing and maintaining cultured social relationships. It also contributes to the development of a differentiative perception of humans and identity.
Developmental requirements The subject helps develop personal attributes: norms and skills necessary in social interactions, realistic perception of the relationship between man and his environment, and viewing openness, bravery and a humour sense as human merits. Also, it promotes a tolerant and law-abiding behaviour in pupils, as well as the ability to conduct debates in a cultured manner.
New activities Discussion (free association, formulating and contrasting opinions, proving and refuting hypotheses, discussion and analysis of texts).
Playing (role-playing, sociodrama).
Research (observing and analysing ourselves, events and situations, introduction to and interviews with professionals, collecting and arranging data and facts, experimenting, making oral and written research reports).
Supplementary activities may include making a bibliography, the visual presentation of knowledge gained and learnt, keeping a diary of books read and of events, press monitoring, writing a report on some experience, organising exhibitions focusing on the topics learnt, introduction to people needing assistance and helping them, drawing up an activity plan (for themselves, for their peers, environment and the local society), meditation and observation; creating art works individually or together.
Nature and the universe, environmental protection.
Faith, world perspective and religion
Cognizance, faith, conviction.
A view on nature, on the world; world view.
Belief in god(s), religions.
Religion as belief, understanding, experience, ceremony, rite and community.
Religion as cosmology.
Individual and community values
Values in democratic citizenship: the public good, the rights of individuals, legality, human rights, respect of other cultures, respect of traditions, justice, legality, justice, citizenship values.
Communities in society.
The individual and the community in society.
Decisions, agreements, cooperation, majority and minority.
Prerequisites of moving ahead Development of the ability to obtain and process information related to man, society and ethics. On a level appropriate for their age, pupils should be able to gather information from various sources, to categorise and analyse them, and to find correlations in them and make conclusions.
Pupils should be able to express their knowledge and opinion concerning man, society and ethics, and be able to interpret statements of others.
Pupils should be aware of individual and community values, as well as basic citizenship rights and responsibilities. They need to be able to recognise moral values, and differentiate between good and bad, true and false and beauty and ugliness.