Grade 12 Study Guides T. Holomisa, E. M. J. C schaller, D. J. Brown, B. de Klerk


The impact of hosting a global event on the host country



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Gr12-Tourism-Study-Guide LR
3. The impact of hosting a global event on the host country

The legacy left behind after the event can improve the long-term well-being and lifestyle of citizens in the host country. This contributes enormously to nation building as we saw in South Africa when we hosted the 2010 FIFA World Cup.

3.1 Impact on domestic tourism in the host country

Domestic tourism slows down in the host country during a major global event such as the Olympic Games, FIFA World Cup or Tour de France because during a global event foreign tourists displace local tourists from the most popular tourist attractions.
3.2 The impact on the economy of the host country

Hosting global events can have the following positive impacts
• Generation of foreign exchange income
Investment
• The multiplier effect as money spent by a tourist circulates through the economy
• Development of infrastructure in the host country
Job creation
• Future growth in international tourism. Hosting global events can have the following negative impacts
• Facilities built for the event, may not be suitable for domestic use after the event
• During the event, domestic tourism in the host country normally slows down
• Pollution of areas in and around the places used during the event
• Possible security risks
• It might take along time for the country to payoff this debt
• Construction workers involved in building roads and other facilities in preparation for the event could lose their jobs once the construction work is completed.




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Unit 2 Political situations and unforeseen occurrences of
international significance
1. Concepts

1.1 Political situations

Political situations are events that are linked to the political circumstances within a country or region for example civil war or terrorism.

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