Grade 12 Study Guides T. Holomisa, E. M. J. C schaller, D. J. Brown, B. de Klerk

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Gr12-Tourism-Study-Guide LR
1.2 Unforeseen occurrences

Unforeseen occurrences are events that happen without any warning such as earthquakes and natural disasters.
2. Examples of recent political situations

A tourists perceptions of political instability and safety in a country will affect their decisions about whether or not to travel there.
2.1 Civil war

A civil war is a war between opposing groups of citizens of the same country. Civil wars have recently occurred in Libya, Egypt, Somalia and Kenya.
2.2 Terrorism

Terrorism is the use of violent acts to achieve apolitical goal. One of the most significant terrorist attacks in recent years was the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Centre in New York.
2.3 General unrest

Unrest is an uneasy or troubled condition. General unrest in Zimbabwe has stopped almost all of the tourism into that country.
3. Examples of unforeseen occurrences

3.1 Tsunamis

A tsunami is a series of very large ocean waves caused by an underwater earthquake or volcanic eruption which damage infrastructure, buildings, attractions, ports, coastlines and beaches.
3.2 Earthquakes

An earthquake is a sudden and violent shaking of the ground caused by movements within the earth’s crust or volcanic activity, and can cause great destruction.

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3.3 Natural disasters

A natural disaster is an event caused by the forces of nature such as a tornado and can cause great destruction.
3.4 Global recession

A global recession is a period of general economic decline around the world and has a direct impact on tourism demand because people have less disposable income to spend.
3.5 Diseases

A disease is an abnormal condition which interrupts the normal bodily functions leading to feelings of pain and weakness. Diseases such as malaria, yellow fever, and more recently bird flu and swine flu, not only make travelling fearful of visiting certain areas.

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