omitting the true address which La Place, etc., insert. Prof. Baum
(Theodor Beza, ii. 242, note) first detected the inconsistencies between
the two reported speeches of L'Hospital on the 9th of September, but
gave preference in the text to the wrong document. Prof. Soldan has
elucidated the whole matter with his usual skill (Geschichte des Prot.
in Frankreich, i. 440, note).
The prelates much preferred to fritter away their time in the discussion
of petty details of ecclesiastical order and discipline--in regulating
the number of priests, settling the dignity of cathedral churches,
prescribing the duties of bishops, and other matters of equal
importance--"fancying that, in answering such questions, they were
applying an efficacious remedy to the ills that desolated the church in
these times of troubles and divisions."1 In the words of a minister
of state, writing to a French ambassador on the very day of Beza's arrival at court,
they intended to treat of the reformation of manners alone, "without coming to
the point of doctrine, which they had as life touch as handle fire."2 Cardinal Châtillon's communion.
The doubtful allegiance of some of their own number to the Romish Church
was a source of peculiar vexation. As the prelates were about to join in
the celebration of the Lord's Supper, Cardinal Châtillon and two other
bishops insisted upon communicating under both forms; and when their
demand was refused, they went to another church and celebrated the
divine ordinance with many of the nobility, all partaking both of the bread and
of the wine, thus earning for themselves the nickname of Protestants.3 Determination of Catharine and L'Hospital.
What with the disinclination of the bishops to enter into the
consideration of the real difficulties that beset the kingdom, and the
open hostility of the Pope and of Philip the Second4 to any
assembly that bore the least resemblance to a national council, Catharine and
her principal adviser, the chancellor, had an arduous and well-nigh hopeless
task. They strove to quiet the King of Spain and the Pope by the
1 De Thou, iii. 63; La Place, 155.
2 "Sans venir au fait de la doctrine, où ils ne veulent
toucher non plus qu'au feu." Letter of Secretary Bourdin to his