Holiday homework class – XII (2013-2014)



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VISHWA BHARATI PUBLIC SCHOOL, NOIDA

HOLIDAY HOMEWORK

CLASS – XII (2013-2014)_
Subject : English

Read the novels prescribed and write their book review in your writing registers:


1. Silas mariner
2. The invisible man.


CLASS : XII SUBJECT: CHEMISTRY

DISTINCTION BETWEEN PAIRS OF COMPOUNDS

CLASS – XII

SUBJECT - CHEMISTRY


  • Ethyl chloride and chloro benzene

  • Chlorobenzene and chlorocyclohexane

  • Bromobenzene and benzyl bromide

  • Chloroform and carbon tetrachloride

  • Methanol and ethanol

  • Propanone and ethanol

  • Ethyl alcohol and 2-propanol

  • 1–Propanol and 2–propanol

  • 1–Propanol and 2–methyl–2-propanol or tert-butyl alcohol

  • Ethanol and benzyl alcohol

  • Isopropyl alcohol and benzyl alcohol

  • Benzaldehyde and acetone

  • Pentanone-2 and pentanone-3

  • Benzaldehyde and acetophenone

  • Formic acid and acetic acid

  • Benzoic acid and phenol

  • Benzoic acid and ethyl benzoate

  • Methylamine and aniline

  • Ethylamine and diethylamine

  • Aniline and N-methylaniline

  • Methylamine or ethylamine and aniline



IMPORTANT NAME REACTIONS AND PROCESSESS

CLASS-XII

SUBJECT – CHEMISTRY


  • Aldol Condensation

  • Cross Aldol Condensation

  • Balz Schiemann Reaction

  • Cannizzaro reaction

  • Carbylamine Reaction

  • Clemmensen Reaction

  • Decarboxylation Reaction

  • Coupling Reaction

  • Diazotiation Reaction

  • Esterfication Reaction

  • Etards Reaction

  • Finkelstein Reaction

  • Friedel – Crafts Reaction Alkylation/Actylation

  • Gabriel Pthalimide Synthesis

  • Gattermann Koch Reaction

  • Grignards Synthesis

  • Haloform Reaction/Idoform Reaction

  • Hell – Vohlard Zelinsky Reaction

  • Hundiecker Reaction

  • Hofmann Bromide Reaction

  • Kolbe– Schmitt Reaction

  • Reimer – Tiemann Reaction

  • Rosenmund Reaction

  • Sandmeyer Reaction

  • Stephen Reaction

  • Williamson Synthesis

  • Wolff – Kishner Reaction

  • Wurtz Reaction

  • Wurtz – Fittig Reaction



CLASS XII - BIOLOGY

Give the definition for the following terms.

REPRODUCTION IN ORGANISMS




  1. Life Span

  2. Reproduction

  3. Asexual Reproduction

  4. Sexual Reproduction

  5. Clone

  6. Amitosis

  7. Zoospore

  8. Conidia

  9. Gemmule

  10. Binary Fission

  11. Buds

  12. Vegetative Propagation

  13. Vegetative Propagules

  14. Runner

  15. Rhizome

  16. Sucker

  17. Tuber

  18. Offset

  19. Bulb

  20. Corm & Cormels

  21. Juvenile Phase

  22. Vegetative Phase

  23. Senescence

  24. Monocarpic

  25. Oestrous Cycle

  26. Menstrual Cycle

  27. Pre-Fertilisation

  28. Fertilisation

  29. Post Fertilisation

  30. Syngamy Zygote

  31. Gametogenesis

  32. Gamete




  1. Egg or Ovum

  2. Antherozoid or Sperm

  3. Homogametes/Isogamete

  4. Isogamy

  5. Heterogemetes

  6. Anisogamy

  7. Homothallic

  8. Heterothallic

  9. Monoecious

  10. Dioecious/dioecy

  11. Staminate

  12. Pistillate

  13. Hermaphrodites

  14. Ploidy

  15. Haploid

  16. Diploid

  17. Triploid

  18. Zygote

  19. Zygospore

  20. Meiocytes

  21. Clitellum

  22. Archegoniophore

  23. Antheridiophore

  24. Oogonium

  25. Antheridium

  26. Pollination

  27. Pollinators

  28. Parthenogenesis

  29. External Fertilisation

  30. Internal Fertilisation

  31. Embryogenesis

  32. Oviparous

  33. Viviparous

  34. Calcareous Shell

  35. Fruit

  36. Placenta

  37. Pericarp

  38. Epicarp

  39. Mesocarp

  40. Endocarp

  41. Significance of seed and fruit formation

  42. Offspring/progeny



SEXUAL REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS


1) Sepal

2) Petal

3) Whorl

4) Androecium

5) Gynoecium

6) Stamen

7) Filament

8) Anther

9) Bilobed anther

10) Dithecous

11) Microsporangia/ Microsporangium

12) Microspores

13) Pollen sacs

14) Tapetum

15) Sporogenous tissue

16) Microsporogenesis

17) Microspore tetrad

18) Pollen grain

19) Exine

20) Intine

21) Sporopollenin

22) Germpore

23) Pollentube

24) Vegetatitive cell

25) Generative cell

26) 2-celled Pollen

27) 3-celled Pollen

28) Pollen bank

29) Crop Breeding Programme

30) Monocarpellary

31) Multicarpellary

32) Apocarpous

33) Syncarpous

34) Ovarian cavity/locule

35) Megasporangium/Ovule

36) Funicle

37) Hilum

38) Integuments

39) Micropyle

40) Anatropous ovule

41) Chalaza


42) Embryosac/Female gametophyte

43) Megasporogenesis

44) Megasporemother cell

45) Functional megaspore

46) Monosporic Development

47) Central cell

48) Egg Apparatus

49) Synergids

50) Antipodals

51) 8 nucleate 7 celled embryosac

52) Polar nuclei

53) Autogamy

54) Chasmogamous

55) Cleistogamous

56) Geitonogamy

57) Xenogamy

58) Anemophily

59) Hydrophily

60) Zoophily

61) Entamophily

62) Pollinia

63) Pollen robbers/Cheaters

64) Floral rewards

65) Compatible

66) Filiform Apparatus

67) Artificial hybridization

68) Emasculation

69) Bagging

70) Double fertilization

71) Triple fusion

72) Primary endosperm nucleus

73) Primary endosperm cell

74) Endosperm

75) Cellular endosperm

76) Free nuclear endosperm

77) Albuminous/Endospermic

78) Exalbuminous/Nonendospermic

79) Nucellus

80) Perisperm

81) Proembryo

82) Globular embryo





83) Heart shaped embryo

84) Embryonal axis

85) Plumule

86) Radicle

87) Epicotyl

88) Hypocotyl

89) Root cap/Calyptra

90) Scutellum

91) Coleoptile

92) Coleorhiza

93) Aleurone layer


94) Thalamus

95) False fruit

96) True fruit

97) Parthenocarpy

98) Achene

99) Dormancy

100) Vaiability

101) Apomixis

102) Polyembryony

103) Seed coat





HUMAN REPRODUCTION


1. Testes

2. Accessory ducts

3. External genitalia

4. Scrotum

5. Testicular lobules

6. Tunica albuginea

7. Seminiferous tubules

8. Male germ cells

9. Sertoli cells

10. Interstitial cells/Leydig cells

11. Rete testis

12. Vas efferentia

13. Epididymis

14. Vas deferens

15. Urethral meatus

16. Insemination

17. Foreskin

18. Glans penis

19. Prostrate gland

20. Bulbourethal gland

21. Seminal vesicle

22. Seminal plasma

23. Ovaries

24. Oviducts/fallopian tubes

25. Uterus/womb/Uterine cavity

26. Cervix/cervical canal

27. Birth canal

28. Mamary glands

57. Spermiogenesis

58. Spermiation

59. Hypothalmic hormone

60. Androgens

61. Head of sperm

62. Neck


63. Middle piece

64. Tail


65. Proximal centriole

66. Distal centriole

67. Acrosome

68. Semen

69. Oogenesis

70. Oogonia

71. Foetal ovary

72. Primary oocytes

73. Granulosa cells

74. Primary follicle

75. Secondary follicles

76. Tertiary follicle

77. Antrum

78. Theca layer

79. Theca externa

80. Theca interna

81. Secondary oocyte

82. First polar body

83. Graafian follicle/mature follicle

84. Ovulation

85. Primates

86. Menarche

87. Menstruation

88. Menstrual cycle

89. Follicular phase/ proliferative phase

90. Luteal phase/ Secretory phase



29. Ovarian stroma

30. Ovarian cortex & medulla

31. Vaginal Orifice

32. Infundibulum

33. Fimbriae

34. Ampulla

35. Isthmus

36. Uterine fundus

37. Perimetrium

38. Myometrium

39. Endometrium

40. Female external genitalia

41. Mons Pubis

42. Labia majora

43. Labia minora

44. Hymen

45. Clitoris

46. Mammary lobes

47. Alveoli

48. Lumen of alveoli

49. Mammary duct

50. Mammary ampulla

51. Lactiferous duct

52. Spermatogonia/spermatogonium

53. Primary spermatocytes

54. Secondary spermatocytes

55. Spermatids

56. Spermatozoa/sperms


91. LH surge

92. Corpus luteum

93. Corpus albuginea

94. Menopause

95. Copulation/coitus

96. Ampullary-isthmic junction

97. Zona pellucida

98. Sperm lysine enzyme / hyaluronidase

99. Second polar body

100. Cleavage divisions

101. Blastomeres

102. Morula

103. Blastula/Blastocyst

104. Blastocoel

105. Trophoblast

106. Inner cell mass

107. Implantation

108. Chorionic villi

109. Placenta of human

110. Amniotic fluid

111. Amnion

112. Ectoderm

113. Endoderm

114. Mesoderm

115. Stem cells

116. Gestation period

117. First trimester

118. Second trimester

119. Parturition/delivery

120. Foetal ejection reflex

121. Lactation

122. Colostrum/foremilk

123. Passive immunity




REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH


1. Reproductive health

2. Amniocentesis

3. Saheli

4. Population growth rate

5. Contraceptive

6. Periodic abstinence

7. Withdrawl / Coitus interruptus

8. Barrier method

9. Condom

10. Diaphragms

11. Cervical caps

12. Vaults

13. Spermicidal creams, jellies & foams

14. Lippes loop

15. Copper releasing IUDs

16. Hormone releasing IUDs

17. Intra uterine devices

18. Oral pills

19. Surgical method/sterilization


20. Vasectomy

21. Tubectomy

22. Surgical thread

23. Medical termination of pregnancy

24. STDs/VD/RTIs

25. Pelvic inflammatory diseases

26. Still birth

27. Ectopic pregnancy

28. Infertility

29. Assisted Reproductive Technologies

30. In-vitro fertilization

31. In-vivo fertilization

32. Gamete intra fallopian transfer

33. Intra cytoplasmic sperm injection

34. Artificial insemination

Intra-uterine insemination





PRINCIPLES OF INHERITANCE AND VARIATION



1. Variation

2. Mendelism

3. Contrasting traits

4. Dominant trait

5. Recessive trait

6. Filial1 progeny

7. Filial2 progeny

8. Pure line

9. Monohybrid cross

10. Dihybrid cross

11. Test cross

12. Back cross

13. Alleles

14. Phenotype

15. Genotype

16. Genes/Factors

17. Law of Dominance

18. Law of Seggregation

19. Law of Independent Assortment

20. Punnett square/checker board

21. Homozygous

22. Heterozygous

23. Incomplete Dominance/Mosaic Inheritance

24. Concept of Dominance

25. Codominance

26. Multiple allelism

27. Galton’s Postulate

28. Polygenic inheritance

29. Pleiotropism

30. White Eye mutation of Drosophila

31. Chromosomal theory of inheritance

32. Linkage

33. Recombination


34. Complete linkage

35. Incomplete linkage

36. Sex determination

37. Male heterogamety

38. Female heterogamety

39. Autosomes/ non sex chromosomes

40. Allosomes/ sex chromosomes

41. Mutation

42. Chromosomal aberrations

43. Deletion

44. Insertion

45. Mutagen

46. Induced mutations

47. Pedigree analysis

48. Mendelian disorders

49. Haemophilia

50. Colour blindness

51. Phenylketonuria

52. Thalesemia

53. α Thalesemia

54. β Thalesemia

55. Delta Thalesemia

56. Autosomal dominant trait

57. Autosomal recessive trait

58. Sex linked trait/allosomal

59. Sickle cell anaemia

60. Chromosomal disorders

61. Aneuploidy

62. Polyploidy

63. Sex determination in Human being

64. Sex determination in Honey bee

65. Down’s syndrome

66. Klinfelter’s syndrome

Turner’s syndrome





Subject : Economics
INTRODUCTION TO MICROECONOMICS
Very Short Answer Type Questions (1 mark)

Q1.What is economics all about?

Q2. What is Microeconomics?

Q3. Give two examples of microeconomic studies.

Q4. What is microeconomics?

Q5. Give two examples of microeconomic studies.

Q6. Give one example showing the difference between microeconomics and macroeconomics.

Q7. What is meant by an economy?

Q8. What is meant by an economy?

Q9. Define the term scarcity as used in economics.

Q10. Why does the problem of choice arise?

Q11. What do you mean by the production possibility of an economy?

Q12. Define opportunity cost.

Q13. Define marginal opportunity cost.

Define marginal rate of transformation.

Q14. Give the one reason for a rightward shift in PPC.

Q15. What does the problem for whom to produce refer to?
Short answer type questions (3/4 marks)
Q16. Distinguish between microeconomics and macroeconomics. Give examples.

Q17. Explain the problem ‘How to produce’ with examples.

OR

Why does an economic problem arise? Explain the problem of how to produce.



Q18. Explain the central problem of ‘what to produce’.

Q19. Explain the central problem of ‘for whom’ with examples.

Explain the central problem of distribution in an economy.

Q20.State reasons why does an economic problem arises.

Q21 Define opportunity cost and explain it with an example.

Q22 Draw and define PPC.Why is it downward slopping from left to right.

Q23 What does a PPC show?When will it shift to the right?

Q24 Why does the PPC look concave to the origin?

Q25 Explain the shape of a PPC.

Q26 How is PPC affected by unemployment in the economy? Explain.

Q27 What is marginal rate of transformation?Explain with the help of an example.

Q28 Are the following statements true or false?Give reasons –



  1. An Economy cannot produce on any point outside PPC.

  2. Massive unemployment shifts PPC to the left.

  3. An Economy always produces on but not inside the PPC.

Q29 Calculate the marginal opportunity cost for the various combinations of X&Y

COMBINATION AB C D E

I RICE 0 10 20 30 40

WHEAT 100 90 70 45 15


Unit 2

CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR AND DEMAND

Q1 Define substitutegoods.Give examples

Q2 Define Market Demand

Q3 Define complementary goods.Give examples

Q4 What do you mean by Normal goods.

Q5 What do you mean by inferior goods?give examples.

Q6 If the rise in price of a commodity leads to reduction in demand

Of another commodity,how are the two goods related?

Q7 What is meant by expansion of demand?

Q8 Define contraction of demand?

Q9 What causes upward movement along the demand curve?

Q11 What causes rightward shift of demand curve?


SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS (3/4 MARKS)
Q1 Mention two factors affecting Market demand.

Q2 Differentiate between normal goods and inferior goods.

Q3 State three changes leading to shift of demand curve to the right.

Q4 Whatfacors cause a decrease in demand of a commodity.

Q5 Explain the effects of rise in income of buyers on the demand for a commodity

Q6 Explain with the help of a diagram the effect of a fall in price on it’s substitutes


LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS.( 6 MARKS)
Q1 Differentiate between change in demand and change in quantity demanded.

Q2 Explain any three factors affecting demand of a commodity.

Q3 Give reasons why the demand curve slopes downwards.

Q4 Explain with the help of diagrams the effect of following changes on demand

Of a commodity.


  1. Fall in the price of substitute goods.

  2. Fall in income of buyers

  3. An unfavorable change in the taste of buyers.

  4. Rise in price of related goods.

Q5. Explain the law of diminishing marginal utility with the help of utility schedule. (3/4 marks)

Q6. State three properties of indifference curves. (3/4 marks)

Q7. What are the factors determining price elasticity of demand? (6 marks)

Q8 Explain the conditions of consumer’s equilibrium in case of (i) Single commodity (ii) two

commodities . Use utility approach. (6 marks)

Q9 Using indifference curves approach explain the conditions of consumer’s equilibrium.



(6 marks)

NUMERICALS
Q1. The quantity demanded of a commodity at a price of Rs.8 per unit is 600 units. Its price falls by 25 per cent and quantity demanded rises by 120 units. Calculate price elasticity of demand. Is the demand elastic? Give reason for your answer. (4 marks)
Q2. The price of commodity is Rs.15 per unit and its quantity demanded is 500 units. Its quantity demanded rises by 80 units as a result of a fall in its price by 20 per cent. Calculate its price elasticity of demand. Is its demand inelastic? Give reason for your answer? (4 marks)
Q3. When the price of a commodity is Rs. 20 per unit, its quantity demanded is 800 units. When its price rises by Rs.5 per unit, its quantity demanded falls by 20 per cent. Calculate is price elasticity of demand. Is its demand elastic? Give reasons for your answer? (4 marks)
Q4 .When price of a good rises from Rs.5 per unit to Rs.6 per unit, its demand falls from 20 units to 10 units. Compare expenditure on the good to determine whether demand is elastic or inelastic. (3 marks)
Q5. When price of a good falls from Rs. 10 per unit to Rs. 9 per unit, its demand rises from 9 units to 10 units. Compare expenditures on the good to find the price elasticity of demand. (3 marks)
Q6. When price of a good falls from Rs.8 per unit to Rs.7 per unit, its demand rises from 12 units to 16 units. Compare expenditure on the good to determine whether demand is elastic or inelastic. (3 marks)
Q7 . Distinguish between a normal good and an inferior good. Give example in each case. (3 marks)
Q8. Explain the causes of a rightward shift in demand curve of a commodity of an individual consumer. (6 marks)
Q9. 8 unit of a good are demanded at a price of Rs.7 per unit. Price elasticity of demand is (-) 1. How many units will be demanded if the price rises to Rs.8 per unit? Use expenditure approach of price elasticity of demand to answer this question. (3 marks)
Q10. A consumer buys 10 units of a good at a price of Rs.6 per unit. Price elasticity of demand is (-) 1. At what price will he buy 12 units? Use expenditure approach of price elasticity of demand to answer this question. (3 marks)
Q11. Satish has Rs.88 with him. He intended to purchase good X and Y with his money. He market price of X and Y per unit is Rs.8. The marginal utility schedule of good X and Y is given below. Find out how many units of X and Y should Satish purchase so that he gets maximum satisfaction?


Units Of Commodity

MUx

MUy

1

88

40

2

72

36

3

64

24

4

56

20

5

48

16

6

40

12

7

32

8

8

24

4

9

16

0

10

8

0



Holiday home work--2013-14—XII—E & F
SUBJECT : ACCOUNTANCY

  1. Prepare Comprehensive Project as per the following guide lines:

  1. Make Notes on :

Introduction to Accounting: Definition, Accounting process, Accounting Terms, Double entry system, Journal ,Ledger ,Trial Balance, Trading, Profit and loss Account and Balance Sheet.

  1. Comprehensive Project ( The case study)

  2. Solution

  3. Steps in solving the problem.

  4. Journal—format, date , narration , column heading are to be written.

  5. Ledger posting.

  6. Balance the ledger: Nominal account balances are to be transferred either to trading account or to profit and loss account as the case may be. Balance of Real account, Personal account and liabilities will be written as balance c/d.

  7. Prepare Trial Balance.

  8. Prepare Trading, Profit and loss account and Balance Sheet.

  1. At the time of change in profit sharing ratio what is the journal entry for transferring loss on revaluation account when revised values are not to be recorded in the books.

    1. Rahul, Vinayak and Mohit are partners in a firm. On 1st January, 2009 their fixed capital stood at Rs.50,000, Rs.25,000, Rs. 25,000 respectively. As per the provisions of the Partnership deed.C was entitled to a salary of Rs.1,500 per month.

    2. Partners were entitled to Interest on Capital @ 5 % p.a.

    3. Profits were to be distributed in the ratio of capitals.

The net profits for the year 2009 of Rs.45,000 was divided in 2:2:1 ratio without providing for the above terms. You are required to pass an adjustment journal entry to rectify the above error. Show your working clearly.

3. A and B are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:1. On 1st April, 2007 their Balance sheet was as follows.



Liabilities

Amount Rs.

Assets

Amount Rs.

Capital Accounts

A
B
Sundry Creditors


Workmen’s Compensation Fund

2,00,000
80,000


70,000
10,000
3,60,0000

Goodwill

Plant


Patents

Stock


Sundry Debtors

Cash


Profit & Loss A/c.



20,000

1,00,000


10,000

1,42,000


50,000

18,000


20,000

3,60,000

They admit C into partnership with 1/6th share of profits upon the following terms:

  1. Goodwill is to be valued at one years purchase price of five years average profit which were

RS.20,000 , Rs.30,000 ; Rs. 30,000 ; Rs.40,000 and RS.60,000 respectively.

  1. C agrees to contribute 1/4th of the combined capital of the new firm less Rs.3,000. This he

bring s in the form of Plant worth RS.40,000 and the remaining balance in Bank Draft.

  1. Plant is to be written down to Rs.80,000 and Patents written up to Rs.12,000. A provision

of 2% on debtors is required. A liability of Rs.5,000 included in sundry creditors is not likely to arise.

Prepare Revaluation Account , Partners Capital Account and Balance Sheet.

4. The Balance Sheet of X and Y who share profits and losses in the ratio of 1:1 As on 31st March 2010 was:

Liabilities

Amount

Rs.


Assets

Amount

Rs.


Sundry Creditors

Bills Payable

Reserves

Profit and Loss Account.

X’s Capital

Y’s Capital



1,30,000

35,000


35,000

20,000


48,000

32,000
3,00,000



Cash At Bank

Cash in Hand\

Debtors

Stock


Tangible fixed assets

Goodwill


Advertisement Expenses

10,000

5,000


20,000

1,00,000


1,30,000

25,000


10,000

3,00,000


They agreed to take Z as a partner with Rs.60,000 Capital for 1/5th share of profits. On that date revaluation profit was Rs.15,000. Give the necessary journal entry for treatment of goodwill.
SUBJECT : BUSINESS STUDIES

  1. Prepare a Project file on any of the following topics:

  1. Changes witnessed over the last few years on mode of packaging and its economic impact.

  2. Principles of management. You are required to visit A departmental Store/ An industrial unit/ A fast food outlet and observe the application of

Fayol’s principles of management / technique of scientific management.

Presentation and submission of project:

  1. There should be minimum 25 pages

  2. The project should be handwritten

  3. It should be presented in a neat folder according to the cbse guide lines.

For further clarification please visit cbse site :

circular_business _studies_project.



Class XII : HISTORY
Project work to be completed as discussed in the class .Strictly follow the CBSE guidelines .

Prepare well for the UT syllabus :-Chapter I, II, III


Class XII:PSYCHOLOGY
Complete the worksheet given Chapter: II and III . Practical work on “Intelligence & Personality “

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