I cleaned up the French translations a little tm



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Poix Castles


Before 1790, the town of Poix had two castles built by the former lords of Poix; but the greatest was that which was built close to the current church. This castle was defended by several towers and was enclosed by walls; Its basic roof has been destroyed since 1800. Its site, above the cemetery, is covered today with woods; but part of the underground of this castle still exists today.

Manor or Sirerie of Poix


The Poix sirery was very-old and considerable. It had high, medium and low justice, and raised only for the king of France, because of his bailiwick of Amiens. The lands of Poix raised eighteen villages and hamlets with nine fiefs also other Manors and many fiefs including some in sub-fiefs. The income of this holding was nevertheless only 12,000 pounds in 1700, was not waited until several of his mobilities had passed in all or partly to the vidames of Picquigny.

The Poix lords, while concerned with king of France, were to pay to him homage for each new lord, and were to provide consent and enumeration to each change of sovereign.


The Poix lands, which carried the title of Principality, was set up in Duchy-Peerage under the name of Créquy, in favour of Charles of Créquy (1), peer of France, by letters patent of King Louis XIV, given in Melun in June 1652, registered at the Parliament of Paris, December 15, 1663, under the terms of the letters of surannation, of the 11 of the same month, and in the room of the accounts, April 12, 1677. (1) Charles III of Blanchefort, lord of Créquy, prince of Poix, etc. This new duchy raised by the king and crown, only one faith and homage. This peerage was extinct by the death of the same Charles of Créquy, in 1687. It included the town of Poix, vicscount of Esquennes, the châtellenie of Agnières, the grounds and lords of Arnehou, Blangy, Cempuis, Croixrault, Eramecourt, Escantu, Essilières, Frettemolle, Hélincourt. the Street Our-Lady, Saint-Clair and Vandricourt (2).(2) See the 9th volume of the ordinances of Louis XIV, fol. 475; - the p. Anselme, T IV, in-fol., p. 688 to 692; - Genealogy of TYREL, lords of Poix, manuscript, etc.
------Begin page 20 of D’Acy (http://tyreldepoix.free.fr/Genealogie/Poix.htm#seigneurs)-------------------

CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE

Of the
LORDS, PRINCES, THEN DUKES OF POIX (1030-1869)

The Poix lands passed from its first lords into several famous houses with various titles. It belonged to TYREL (1030-1417), to SOISSONS-MOREUIL (1417-1510), to CREQUY (1510-1574), to BLANCHEFORT- CREQUY, (1574-1687), to TREMOILLE (1687-1717), to ROUILLE (1718-1729). and finally to NOAILLES (1729-1790). This house has still today part of the old domain of Poix.




I - House of TYREL: 1030-1417


1

1030

Gauthier [Walter] I TYRELL or TYREL, originating in Normandy, scion of his house, lord of Poix and owner of the lands of Bussy, Croixrault, Equennes, Famechon, Frémontiers, Moyencourt, etc; died in 1068.

2

1068.

Gauthier [Walter] II TYREL, son, lord of Poix, lord of Bussy, Croixrault, Equennes, Famechon, Frémontiers, Moyencourt, etc; died in 1110.

3

1110

Gauthier [Walter] III TYREL, son, lord of Poix, lord of Agnières, Bussy, Croixrault, Equennes, Famechon, Frémontiers, Moyencourt, etc; died in 1146.

4

1146

Hugues [Hugh] I TYREL, son, knight, lord of Poix, qualified Prince of Poix, lord of Agnières, Bussy, Equennes, Famechon, Frémontiers, Moyencourt, etc; died in 1159. He was the lord who gave, in 1158, the ground of Moyencourt with Adam TYREL, his 4th son, who was the scion of the family of Moyencourt.

5

1159

Gauthier [Walter] IV TYREL, first son, knight, lord of Poix, Viscount of Equennes, lord of Bussy, Croixrault, Famechon, etc; died without children about 1171.

5a

1159

Hugues [Hugh] II TYREL, brother, knight, were initially lord of Agnières, the chapel, etc, then lord of Poix, Viscount of Equennes, lord of Bussy, Courcelles, Croixrault, Famechon, Frémontiers, etc; died in 1199.

6

1199

Gauthier [Walter] 5th TYREL, first son, knight, lord of Poix, Viscount of Equennes, lord of Agnières, Bergicourt, Bettembos, Blangy, Bussy, Camps, Caullières, Courcelles, Croixrault, Famechon, Frémontiers, Fricamps, the Vault, etc; died in 1228.

7

1228

Hugues [Hugh] III TYREL, first son, knight, lord and prince of Poix, Viscount of Equennes, lord of the manor of Lignières and Quevauvillers. lord of Bergicourt, Eplessier, Famechon, Croixrault, etc; killed have 1272.

8

1272

Guillaume [William] I TYREL, first son, knight, lord of Poix and of Famechon, Viscount of Equennes, lord of the manor of Lignières and Quevauvillers lord of Blangy, Bussy, Croixrault Saint-Aubin, the Vault, etc; died have 1302.

9

1302

Guillaume [William] II TYREL, first son, knight, lord of Poix, Viscount of Equennes and Famechon, lord of the manor of Lignières, lord of Bergicourt, Blangy, Croixrault, Eplessier, etc; died in 1323.

10

1323

Jean [John] I TYREL, first son, knight, lord of Poix, Viscount of Equennes and Famechon, lord of the manor of Lignières, lord of Bergicourt, Blangy. Croixrault, Eplessier, The Vault; etc killed with the battle of Crécy, in 1346.

11

1346

Jean [John] II TYREL, first son, knight, lord of Poix, Viscount of Equennes and Famechon, lord of the manor of Lignières, lord of Bergicourt, Blangy, Croixrault, Eplessier, etc; died in 1361.

12

1361

Jean [John] III TYREL, first son, knight, lord of Poix, Viscount of Equennes, lord of Bergicourt, Blangy, Croixrault, Eplessier, then of Arcy, Artonges, of Mareuil-in-Dôle, in Valois, of the head of his wife, etc; died about 1381.

13

1381

Jean [John] IV TYREL, first son, knight, lord of Poix, Viscount of Equennes, lord of Agnières, Arey, Artonges, Blangy, Croixrault, Eplessier, Eramecourt, Famechon, Mareuil, etc; killed in 1402.

14

1402

Jean V TYREL, first son, knight, lord of Poix, Viscount of Equennes, lord of Agnières, Arcy, Artonges, Famechon, Mareuil, etc; killed with the battle of Azincourt, in 1415.

15

1415

Philippe TYREL, only son, rider, lord of Poix, who was the last male of the elder branch of TYREL, and died in 1447, 12 years old.










II. – House of Soissons-Moreuil : 1417-1510.

16

1417

Thibaut of SOISSONS, knight, was initially Viscount of Coeuvres in Valois and Mount-Our-Lady in Tardenois, lord of Moreuil, in Picardy, etc, then became lord of Poix, Eplessier, Equennes, Mareuil in-Dôle etc, by inheritance of Marguerite TYREL, lady of the aforesaid places, his wife.

17

1434

Valeran of SOISSONS, first son, knight, lord of Poix, lord of Moreuil, etc; bailly of Amiens, chamberlain of the duke of Burgundy and governor of the town of Chauny in Vermandois, for the same prince; died in 1464.

18

1464

Jean [John] I of SOISSONS, first son, knight, lord of Poix, lord of Moreuil, baron of Domart, etc, adviser and chamberlain of the kings Charles VII and Louis Xl. He was bailiff town of Troyes., and large-bailiff of Vermandois, 1470 to 1476; died in 1479.

19

1479

Jean [John] II of SOISSONS, son, knight, lord of Poix, lord of Moreuil, baron of Domart, etc, adviser and chamberlain of the king, bailiff of Troyes and large- bailiff of Vermandois in 1480, 1490 and 1509; died in 1510, without posterity.




III - House of Créquy: 1510-1574.

20

1510

Jean [John] I of CREQUY (7th of the name of his generation), knight, lord of Créquy, then of Poix, the inheritance of Jossine of Soissons, his wife; he was a captain of cavalry, governor of the town of Montreuil-on-Sea; he died in 1547.

21

1457

Jean [John] II of CREQUY (8th of the name), sons, knight, lord of Créquy and of Poix, knight of the order of the king, captain of the hundred gentlemen of the house of his Majesty, ambassador of France in England, and died in 1555.

22

1555

Jean [John] III of CREQUY, oldest son, knight, lord of Créquy and of Poix, captain of a company of 50 men-at-arms, and were killed with the battle of Saint-Quentin, in 1557.

22 a

1555

Antoine [Anthony] of CREQUY, brother, knight about Saint-Miche!, lord of Créquy and of Poix at the death of his elder brother. He became the 74th bishop of Nantes in 1554, then the 74th bishop of Amiens into 1561. cardinal in 1565; died in 1574. He is to his prelate that the church Our-Lady of Poix owes all these sculptures and these admirable pendentive which decorate the Chapel of this beautiful monument.


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