In 1890 what device did the us census use to tabulate the Census? What company built it and how did it work?



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  1. In 1890 what device did the US Census use to tabulate the Census? What company built it and how did it work?



  2. The first electronic computer was the ENIAC 1. Answer the following questions about the device:
    What does the acronym ENIAC stand for?
    When was it built?
    Who built it?
    What was its purpose?
    Where was it located?
    What programming language did it use?
    Could programmers easily use/transfer their skills to another system?
    What electrical devices were used by the ENIAC for calculations?
    What common computer term was first associated with the ENIAC1?

  3. Who is/was ADM Grace Hopper and what is her role in the computer industry?



  4. The transistor was invented in 1947? Who invented it and how did it change the computer industry?



  5. The UNIVAC 1 was built in 1951. Who built it and what was its first job?



  6. IBM entered the computer business in 1953 with the 701 EDPM.
    What does the acronym stand for?
    Why was the system unique?


  7. Define the following terms:

Term

Description

Mainframe




Mini-Computer




Personal Computer




Portable Computer




Laptop




Tablet






  1. Through the years computers have stored digital data on various devices. What was the capacity of the following storage devices:

Storage Device

Storage Capacity

Punch Card




Magnetic Tape




8” floppy disk




5.25” floppy disk




3.5” floppy disk (Early)




3.5” floppy disk (




1st IBM PC Hard Drive




1st Flash Drive




Current High capacity Flash Drive




Highest Capacity External HD






  1. Identify the computers shown below. Identify their year of manufacture, builder and one unique fact.





http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5b/compaq_portable-img_7222.jpg/1280px-compaq_portable-img_7222.jpg





M:













Y:













N:















  1. Prior to the late 1960s, all computers “stood alone” and were unable to transfer data without human intervention. That changed in 1969, with the creation of the ARPANET. (ARPA is an acronym for A_________________ R________________ P__________________ A ______________.

    The ARPANET connected four universities (_______________, ________________, ______________ and ___________________). The first commercial company added to the Net was B______ B___________ and N_______________, located in Boston, making it the first connection on the East Coast. Employees of BBN were instrumental in creating messaging over the ARPANET.

    True or False. Al Gore invented the Internet.

    The ARPANET used _______________ switching to send messages over the network.



    By 1977 there were over 110 “nodes” on the ARPANET, and in 1983 the Army dropped out of the project. In 1983, ARPANET expanded and added other networks by using ____________ to connect them. The ARPANET and extended networks became the Physical backbone for the present Internet.


  2. In 1990, the NSFNET took over the running of the network. NSF stands for ___________.


  3. In 1990, Tim Berners Lee developed the concept that made “personal” use of the Internet available to everyone. Lee created the concept of HTTP (_________________________) and designed the first internet portal. Lee also created URLs (______________________) and HTML (___________________________________________) for creating Internet sites.


  4. The First generation of the Web (WWW) lasted from 1990 - @2008, when it was replaced by WEB 2.0. What is the difference between the WWW and the WEB 2.0?


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