As defined by the Ministry of Lands and Housing land use planning places emphasis on physical and economic use of the land. That land is a finite resource and needs to be used efficiently, as its demand increases and its availability decreases over time as human population increases.
Kgatleng District Development Plan 6 is therefore geared towards implementing land use projects, which will take into account sustainable land utilization. To this end, all land resource based implemented projects will be required to have a mandatory EIA as a package.
Various Ministries have developed strategic plans on land use planning relating to how they intend to use their various land related resources. The use of such natural resources has an environmental impact on land hence there is need to have strategic plans for utilizing such resources. Such strategic plans are as follows per Ministry.
5.1.2Strategic plans for respective Ministries on Land Use Planning
Ministry of Local Government
For the coming District Development Plan 6, the Ministry’s main preoccupation regarding land use planning is with respect to the implementation of the physical and social infrastructure and services in the district. A need for change is a general consensus with Ministry of Local Government in order to have a timely implementation of approved projects. Thus the provision of basic infrastructure and social services mainly rural administration centres, customary courts, Remote Area Dwellers’ hostels, clinics and health posts, water and sanitation and social and community services.
Thus the development and implementation of the Ministry of Local Government and Strategic Plan regarding the above mentioned projects and social services is based on the understanding that land has been secured, is fully serviced and ready for development.
Ministry of Lands, Housing and Environment
Being aware of the fact that serviced land is essential in the order to attract foreign investment to create jobs as well as industrialise and diversify the economy, the MLHE has resolved to secure/acquire land for distribution to eligible customers. The Ministry has pledged to appropriate 6300 hectares of tribal land countrywide for uses in the villages during the calendar 2003. To ensure that this succeeds the Ministry has secured P13 million for compensation of landholders for land acquired for villages by the year 2003.
In addition the Ministry Strategic plan intends to facilitate for distribution of land through enforcement of appropriate policies and legislation. Measures are in place to develop land allocation criteria to ensure/facilitate equitable distribution of land in the district by the year 2002.
That land is finite means that effort should be taken to ensure land resources are used efficiently to the extent that reclamation of wasteland through assessment of the potential use of the land becomes of the plan. It is on the basis of this that the Ministry has resolved to identify and assess potential use of borrow pits and dump sites within major settlements by the year 2003. In addition the Ministry would carryout geo-technical surveys in ten major settlements to determine suitability for development by the end of NDP8.
Ministry of Agriculture
Regarding the strategic plan on land use planning for the Ministry of Agriculture emphasis is put on the conservation and sustainability of the agricultural resources. This relates more to the existing land resources such as grazing resources, arable farms and some veldt products. Land use planning in the MOA relates to land already used for agricultural purposes.
As regard wildlife populations and habitats the Ministry intends to provide input in land-use planning to ensure that pure habitats are protected and their integrity maintained. Effort to minimise human-wildlife conflict would entail deterring livestock from encroaching into wildlife areas and wildlife from causing damage to people’s property. Community participation in the wildlife sector with a view to realise its economic value will be encouraged.
5.1.3Land Use Planning Consultation Priorities
From the community consultations that took place on the month of September 2001 a number of projects were proposed which had a bearing on land use planning. The following issues were raised by the community and have direct influence on land use planning.
Status of Khurutshe
By virtue of the fact there are RADS children staying in the cattle post area in the North Western part of the District, a primary school and a health post served by a Family Welfare education are available though Kgatleng Land Board does not allocate land there since Khurutshe does not qualify as a recognized settlement. As a result the participants from Khurutshe were not allowed to propose any development projects because it is serviced by Kgomodiatshaba. The settlement is not recognised by the District Settlement Strategy.
Customary Court to Chief’s Representative, the residents wants the settlement to be independent from Modipane. It has been recommended that village status be accorded to Modipane.
Roads Construction – Storm Water Drainage
Complaints were raised from the participants that when roads are constructed, proper land use planning is not adhered to, as the impact of such projects is not taken into consideration hence floodwater occurs in adjacent properties. There is need for environmental impact assessment to be carried out in order to minimize the negative effects of the projects in the area being developed.
5.2Land Use Policies and Legislation
5.2.1National Settlement Policy 1998
Provides guidelines on equitable distribution of investment, in order to achieve a spatially balanced development countrywide, especially on trained manpower and financial resources. This would be reflected in the settlement’s function, size in population, economic potential, and level of infrastructure and of service centres to catchment. In addition land use of the particular settlement is also important. In pursuant to the policy objectives, Kgatleng District Settlement Strategy has been prepared.
The Kgatleng District Settlement Strategy has not been finalised. It is still in draft form. It covers a period from 1999-2023 and is being prepared by Department of Town and Regional Planning on behalf of the district.
In principle the strategy is to facilitate the implementation at district level of national goals and objectives as indicated in the National Development Plan and the National Settlement Policy. With regard to NSP, settlement plans have been prepared for Mochudi and the River villages and during the plan period other settlement plans will be done.
In addition the district settlement strategy is meant to review the existing land uses and designate land use zones in order to facilitate the optimal use of the land.
One of the goals of the Kgatleng District Settlement Strategy, even though in draft from is to facilitate the efficient use and conservation of existing or available natural resources in order to sustain them. This would be achieved through control of growth of livestock and wildlife populations so as to reduce pressure on land, water and pasture, which are limited in supply. In addition it would lead to integrating conservation and development in order to protect the scarce natural resources and the environment in general.
5.2.3Integrated Land Use Plans
The district does not have an integrated land use plan and hence will be an important land use project for DDP6.