The major infrastructural developments that were carried out during DDP 5 are Mochudi Phase 2 project which comprises tarring of internal roads, provision of street lighting, and construction of Makgophana bridge; Magistrate Court, Council Chamber, and other government offices. Two design consultancies for Master Plan for Storm Water Drainage in Mochudi and Lekgalo bridge, have been completed. Mochudi Sanitation Project is also being implemented.
Economic activities in the district are diverse. These range from small agricultural holdings to tourism; real estate development, franchises like Spar, Friendly Grocers. Citizen Entrepreneural Development Agency (CEDA) has also opened an office in Mochudi. Another economic activity is the trading sector comprising mainly small general dealers, restaurants, bottle stores and other commercial establishments.
1.5Strategic Environmental Assessment Principles
Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is an environmental assessment tool applied at the strategic level of the planning hierarchy, that is, policies, plans and programmes. It is of paramount importance to include environmental issues in this plan as we have observed in the past plans that environmental issues were not thoroughly taken into account before formulation and implementation of projects.
The main aim of SEA is to identify opportunities and constraints that projects will have on the environment thus enabling comparison of alternative projects. This allows formulation of indicators and monitoring tools to be used during the implementation of the plan. SEA will therefore examine proposed developments within the context of ecological objectives of the district; national and international level thus promoting sustainable development and the use of natural resources.
2REVIEW OF THE DDP5 AND LONG-TERM DEVELOPMENT POTENTIAL
This chapter represents a summary of the district’s evaluation of its DDP5 for the period 1997-2003.
The priority objectives of Kgatleng DDP5 as follows:
Provision of serviced land to attract industry and commerce;
Increased agricultural output;
Diversified employment creation;
Promotion of small scale industry including informal sector activities
Expansion of education at all levels and provision of more day-care centres;
Reliable and safe water supply in all villages, settlements and lands areas;
Provision of recreational and cultural activities;
Improved and regular consultations at village levels.
These objectives are consistent with the broad national objectives and were pursued through the implementation of policies, programmes and strategies outlined in the DDP5 and National Development Plan 8 (NDP8).
In summary, therefore the chapter covers the following:
Major achievements in policy and programme implementation;
Problem areas of operations and maintenance of existing facilities.
2.2Achievements/Opportunities – DDP5
A number of policies, programmes and strategies were employed towards achieving the desired objectives. However, the achievement at implementation and results can be rated as satisfactory given a number of major constraints and fundamental weaknesses.
The approach followed in this part highlights issues of development programmes and policies.
i. District Housing – LH 203
At the end of the financial year 2001/02, 39 out of a planned 88 housing units have been constructed under the district housing at cost of approximately P5.4 million. This represents an implementation of 44% of physical units at 54% of budgeted cost. The district also constructed 18 additional units through the drought relief programme at a cost of approximately P2.6 million, thereby bringing the total number of units to 57 by the end of March 2002. This represent an implementation rate of 65% of the planned projects.
ii. Primary Schools – LG 1102
This programme has progressed satisfactorily. The DDP5 allocation for this programme was P30 million and by the end of the financial year 2001/02 this amount had been totally exhausted. Additional funds will be required.
As a deliberate strategy, Council has concentrated on the provision of basic education facilities such as classrooms, teachers’ quarters, administration blocks, toilets and two hostels for RADs children. One heavy-duty bus was also purchased.
By the end of March 2002, the target of 120 classrooms was 100% implemented; teachers’ quarters, 77%; toilets, 100% and administration blocks, 85%.
iii. Primary Health – LG1104
The progress of the programme has been remarkable. Despite the programme being one year behind schedule due to delay in the approval of funds, significant progress has been made in the provision of health infrastructure; over 75% implementation rate have been achieved to date and it is expected that this programme will be fully implemented by the end of the plan period.
Out of an allocation of P4 million for DDP5, expenditure to date (inclusive of 2000/01 approved funding) amounts to approximately P6.2 million. Additional funds will be needed to complete the planned programme. It is estimated that approximately P3 million will be required to carry out the modification of some clinics and the construction of staff houses.
The P4m was apportioned for upgrading of 2 health posts, purchase of 12 radios, 10 ambulances, construction of 6 incinerators, 2 clinics with maternity wings and 1 without maternity wing and 17 nurses’ houses were some of the projects undertaken. Some of these projects were done under the drought relief programme.
iv. Remote Area Development Programme – LG 1106
The implementation of this programme has been satisfactory. The implementation of the projects under economic promotion is ongoing and those under the labour intensive programme are completed and operational. The projects under the labour intensive programme, such as, brick moulding for the construction of shelters for economic and income generation projects were completed through the drought relief programmes. Projects such as a sewing workshop at Dikgonnye, a poultry farm at Kgomodiatshaba and the purchase and distribution of goats were some of the projects undertaken at a cost of approximately P1.7 million.
v. Labour Intensive Public Works – LG1107
This programme uses simple labour intensive techniques to maintain public facilities. The programme is progressing satisfactorily and by the end of the 2001/02 financial year, approximately 11 kilometres of road would be paved and maintained at a total cost of approximately
P3 206 000.
vi. Department of Water Affairs
During DDP5, the department had only one project of upgrading the Mochudi Water Works Scheme and the expansion of the water works area. This project was completed in 1999.
i. National Rural Sanitation Programme – LG1108
To date approximately 51% of the number of planned sanitary facilities (1800) is complete. Two dumpsites were completed at Artesia and Ramotlabaki and the one at Mathubudukwane was improved. Pilane landfill site has been licensed and is operational. Certain essential site services, like power, water, workshop and offices are still ongoing. Consultancy on the Dikwididi landfill design and the EIA studies are ongoing, however, funds for construction have not been approved. Expenditure to date amount to approximately P3 million which was 52% of DDP5 allocation.
ii. Water and Wastewater – LG1110
Provision of service has improved with the construction of standpipes and storage tanks and the rehabilitation of major water reticulation systems.
Phase one of the Mochudi Sanitation Scheme for the construction of primary sewerage lines, 6 pumping stations and 2 sewerage ponds has been completed at a cost approximately P44 million and is functioning satisfactorily. It is expected that phase two for the construction of secondary and tertiary sewerage lines and 8 pumping stations at a cost of P160 million will commence by the end of the financial year. The project is being implemented by the Ministry of Local Government.
i. Village Infrastructure programme – LG1111
The Mochudi village infrastructure phase two project for the construction of 11 kilometres of storm water drainage, 16.67 kilometres of road upgrading to bitumen standard and 12.23 kilometres of street lighting is ongoing. The total estimated cost is P37.5 million.
The construction of an abattoir in Mochudi has not been funded to date.
ii. District Roads – LG1115
Funds under this programme have been exhausted by the larger projects because of gross underestimation and much of the works were completed through the recurrent budget. The Morwa to Bokaa road upgrading (7km) was completed at a cost of P8.5 million being P5 million over the budget. Additional major works such as Mochudi to Malotwana road upgrading (13 km) is at tendering stage and is estimated at P13 million. There has been a general problem of underestimating the budget for this programme during DDP 5.
Concerns under this sector consist mainly of enforcement activities and licensing of game farming. To date fifteen game-poaching cases were registered with the anti-poaching unit of the Department of Wildlife and National Parks, and all the cases were prosecuted and judgements passed. There were no cross border poaching activities reported.
Thirteen ostrich farming projects were registered and issued with permits; one is ready for stocking, one is under construction and the others have not yet started. Twenty-one applicants were issued with permits for guinea fowl farming; three projects are currently operational while the remainder have not yet started. Twenty-eight schools also registered as Wildlife Clubs, however, only eighteen are active.
iv. Integrated Field Services – IFS
Five hundred and twenty three FAP projects were approved creating 2035 jobs in the district. A number of 45 management support courses were also conducted to support the management of these projects. This programme was recently reviewed and will be restructured during NDP 9 to make it more relevant and effective in addressing local economic diversification and empowerment, hence DDP 6 will be affected
A number of achievements were made. The ALDEP has distributed 429 packages as opposed to the planned 250. To date expenditure is at P1.8m and there is no backlog. This programme is heavily subscribed for in the district. Drift fences were built at Leshibitse (17 out of 18 km), Modipane (4km, 100% achievement) and Malotwane (3.41 out of 10.79km). Five (of planned eight) FAP projects were established at a cost of P383 000. Four are currently operational. Under training, thirty-four farmers were trained in bookkeeping and project management. One houset(of planned eight) was built at Mathage, three dams were constructed out of planned eight and five villages (of nine) benefited from soil conservation works.
vi. Department of Animal Health and Production
A number of facilities were built during the plan period. Two offices, seven residential houses and four cattle loading ramps were constructed. Some of the facilities were constructed through Drought Relief Programme. To date 160 FAP supported projects were initiated of which 13 have collapsed due to lack of expertise, proper management and proper monitoring programme.
i. Customary Courts – LG 901
Funds amounting to P5.2 million were approved in 1997/98 for the construction of tribal administration offices at the Mochudi main Kgotla. This project has been delayed because of the unavailability of land.
Elsewhere in the district, the department has made much progress in its provision of office accommodation and institutional housing for staff. By the end of 2001/2002, seven out of eight offices were completed.
ii. Land Board Development – LG1001
By the end of the current financial year, 2001/02, two sub-land board offices would be constructed at Artesia and Mathubudukwane at a cost of approximately P2.5 million. Two vehicles were purchased in 1997/98 out of the planned four. The remaining two will be purchased during the next financial year, 2002/03. The extension to the main land board offices was not undertaken as planned due to unavailability of funds.
iii. Rural Administration Centre – LG 1105
Funds amounting to P9.9 million were approved for the construction of a new Council Chamber and for the extension of the District Commissioner’s office. These 2 projects have been completed.
The establishment of sub-district offices at Mathubudukwane has not yet been approved. The request has been forwarded to the Ministry of Local Government but the response is still awaited.
i. District Settlement Strategy
An updated Kgatleng Settlement Strategy is being prepared.
ii. Mochudi Development Plan
The implementation of the plan with regards to the development of commercial and industrial zones is ongoing. The purpose is to attract commercial and industrial investments into the district so as to create additional employment opportunities. The design of the Mochudi central business district is ongoing and its implementation will necessitate the redevelopment of the existing built up area.
iii. National Policy on Agricultural Development
The first draft of the Fencing Policy is finished and is currently with the Inter-Ministerial Committee on Land Use Policy for consultation. The draft study will be submitted to Council and Land Board for approval.
A Policy on Integrated Land Management in Mmamashia was prepared. The aim of the policy is to promote urban agriculture.
As part of a policy for improving land use, a deliberate strategy employed in the district is to do allocations on already demarcated plots. However, this effort has not yielded the desired results to date.