L e a r n I n g o b j e c t I v e s after studying this chapter, you should be able to



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Accounting Information Systems 13th Chapter 1
1. The people who use the system
2. The procedures and instructions used to collect, process, and store data
3. The data about the organization and its business activities
4. The software used to process the data
5. The information technology infrastructure, including the computers, peripheral devices, and network communications devices used in the AIS
6. The internal controls and security measures that safeguard AIS data
These six components enable an AIS to fulfill three important business functions:
1. Collect and store data about organizational activities, resources, and personnel. Organizations have a number of business processes, such as making a sale or purchasing raw materials, which are repeated frequently.
accounting information system- A system that collects, records, stores, and processes data to produce information for decision makers. It includes people, procedures and instructions, data, software, information technology infrastructure, and internal controls and security measures.
FIGURE An AIS Processes Data to Produce Information for Decision Makers
AIS
AIS
Information
Decision
Data
User

CHAPTER ACCOUNTING INFORMATION SYSTEMS AN OVERVIEW
2. Transform data into information so management can plan, execute, control, and evaluate activities, resources, and personnel. Decision making is discussed in detail later in this chapter.
3. Provide adequate controls to safeguard the organization’s assets and data. Control concepts are discussed in detail in Chapters Since accounting data comes from an AIS, AIS knowledge and skills are critical to an accountant’s career success. Interacting with an AIS is one of the most important activities that accountants perform. Other important AIS-related activities include designing information systems and business process improvements, as discussed in Chapters 20 to 22. Focus 1-2 explains a specialty to designate that certain CPAs (Certified Public Accountants) have an in- depth knowledge of AIS topics.
HOW AN AIS CAN ADD VALUE TO AN ORGANIZATION
A well-designed AIS can add value to an organization by:

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