Lecture 1 Ethics
Utilitarianism Application How do we apply it
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How do we apply it
Example: widget island
Ten people live in an island society. The ten people are engaged in the island’s four
careers as follows supervisor
owner, laborer, supervisor, laborer, clerk, clerk, owner, clerk. In regard
to the production of widgets
, the status quo
action on the island has always been to take action X.
As one of the owners
, I am considering whether to
advocate a switch to an alternative action Y. I expect that such a change will
greatly benefit the labourers
, greatly harm the supervisors, and not affect the clerks.
I want to make amoral decision where morality is defined in terms of utilitarianism. To do so,
I will fill in a utilitarian
table . . . .
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