National open university of nigeria school of arts and social sciences

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ENG223 Discourse Analysis
3.3 Dialogue
A general definition of dialogue is a conversation between two persons”
A dialogue is a discourse that involves 2 or more interlocutors. The roots of the word Dialogue can be traced to the Greek "dia" and "logos" which means "through meaning" Ina dialogue, there is an exchange of ideas by the participants. Dialogues have some socio-cultural characteristics, such as the participants listening while the person who has the floor is

24 speaking, respect for differences, with the believe that everyone has an essential contribution to make and is to be honored for the perspective which only they can bring equality of perspectives, and minimization of interruption as much as possible. A dialogue is not just a situation in which two or more people are interacting, it is a skillful exchange or interaction between people with shared understanding based on their cultural practice and shared worldview. For two or more people to be involved in a dialogue successfully, they must be able to share some sort of understanding about the Topic in focus.
3.4 Multilogue
Multilogue refers to a situation in which too many people are engaged in conversation at the same time. This may refer to the situation in which many conversations are happening atone time within a chatroom. The term is also more commonly used to describe a situation in which many interactancts communicate using the aid computer mediated forms, such as online video, message boards, forums, etc.
Conversation simply refers to the use of speech for exchange of ideas by two or more people. A conversation maybe formal or informal. This is determined by the kind of relationship that exists between the people involved. People involved in a conversation are referred to as conversationalists or to use a more technical term interlocutors. A conversation is built on certain conventions, such as
• the people involved do share some common grounds, such as a culture, a belief or norm,
• their conversation is guided by these culture, norms and beliefs
• the people know that ideas are being shared, so no one dominates, except they are allowed by convention or the conversationalists,
• the conversationalists respect one another’s views despite their differences The whole idea of conversation is based on the understanding that turns have to betaken. We shall soon come to deal more extensively with the term turn taking in conversation.

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