Background: Malnutrition refers to deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. The term malnutrition covers 2 broad groups of conditions i.e undernutrition and overweight. Undernutrition, ncludes stunting (low height for age), wasting (low weight for height), underweight (low weight for age) and micronutrient deficiencies or insufficiencies (a lack of important vitamins and minerals).
Malnutrition causes nearly half of all deaths in children under-five. This translates into the unnecessary loss of about 3 million young lives a year. Globally there are 40 countries with a child stunting prevalence of 40% or more, out of this number 23 are in Africa. Ghana is ranked 138 out of 187 countries in the 2014 Human Development Report and is classified as a low-income, food-deficit country. Northern Ghana have some of the highest rates of malnutrition in the country; four out of ten children under the age of five are stunted or chronically malnourished, meaning they will not be able to meet their full growth potential.
Objectives: To determine the burden and pattern of disease
Methods: We would carry out a cross sectional Study in selected districts in the. We will interviewed key stakeholders in the districts. A case of under-five malnutrition will be defined as any Child under five who is underweight (indicator: weight for age< - 2 Z-Score) or Children 6 to 59 months with Mean Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) <11.5 cm (high risk of mortality). We will recruit mothers at Child welfare Clinics in the selected districts, measure their weights and measure their Mean Upper Arm Circumference. Data will be analyzed using Microsoft excel and Epi Info version 7.