Pesticide risk assessment for birds and mammals



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Ornamentals and nursery

March

June

Sept.

March

June

Sept.

March

June

Sept.

March

June

Sept.




-May

-Aug.

-Nov.

-May

-Aug.

-Nov.

-May

-Aug.

-Nov.

-May

-Aug.

-Nov.

Stage / Application

Pre-emergence




Small plants




Large plants, canopy directed

Large plants, ground directed








































Grasses and cereal shoots

0,05

0,11

0,11

0,09

0,19

0,18

0,39

0,32

0,35

0,39

0,32

0,35

Non-grass herbs, leafy crops

0,05

0,11

0,11

0,09

0,18

0,18

0,11

0,13

0,11

0,11

0,13

0,11

Cereal grain/ear on plant





































Large seeds/cereal grain on ground





































Small seeds (weed seeds)




0,60

0,47




0,49

0,38




0,48

0,40




0,48

0,40

Large fruit (pome)





































Small fruit (plum, cherry)





































Berries





































Foliar arthropods





































Ground-dwelling arthropods

0,51

0,06

0,26

0,46

0,05

0,22










0,28

0,02

0,12

Ground-dwelling arthropods with intercept.



















0,28

0,02

0,12










Soil invertebrates

0,39

0,12

0,05

0,36

0,09

0,04

0,22

0,05

0,02

0,22

0,05

0,02

Sum

1,00

1,00

1,00

1,00

1,00

1,00

1,00

1,00

1,00

1,00

1,00

1,00




1 Expressed as a factor for multiple applications (MAF).


2 The underlying rationale is that 6 % represents the amount of grain which is “always” available in rotational fields due to harvest spillage, turning over of soil, etc.

3 Residue studies including excessive rain/irrigation within the half life of the substance will not be considered representative.

4 Please be aware that interception is entered as a deposition factor in the accompanying calculator tool.

5 It should be noticed that this assumption will almost never be met, implying that the true level of protection may only be reliably estimated by probabilistic methods.

6 Calculated using standard values for energy and moisture content and assimilation efficiency for cereal grain, cf. Appendix G (Tables 3 and 4) to the EFSA Guidance Document (EFSA 2009).

7 Calculated using standard values for energy and moisture content and assimilation efficiency for cereal grain.


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