Pre Modern History

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Chʾen, Kenneth K.S. Buddhism in China: A Historical Survey. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1964.

De Bary, Wm. Theodore, ed. Sources of Chinese Tradition. New York: Columbia University Press, 1960.

Eberhard, Wolfram. A History of China. E.W. Dickes, trans. 4th edn. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1977.

Ebrey, Patricia Buckley. The Cambridge Illustrated History of China. 2nd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Fairbank, John K. and Edwin O. Reischauer. China, Tradition & Transformation. Rev. edn. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 1989.

Fitzgerald, C.P. The Empress Wu. London: Cresset Press, 1956.

Fitzgerald, C.P. A Concise History of East Asia. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1974.

Franke, Herbert and Denis Twitchett, eds. Alien Regimes and Border States, 907-1368.

Denis Twitchett and John K. Fairbank, gen. eds. Cambridge History of China. Vol. 6. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Keay, John. China: A History. London: HarperPress, 2008.

Mote, Frederick W. and Denis Twitchett, eds. The Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644. Denis Twitchett and John K. Fairbank, gen. eds. Cambridge History of China. Vol. 7 Part 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Mote, Frederick W. and Denis Twitchett, eds. The Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644. Denis Twitchett and John K. Fairbank, gen. eds. Cambridge History of China. Vol. 8 Part 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Peterson, Willard J. The Ch’ing Empire to 1800. Denis Twitchett and John K. Fairbank, gen. eds. Cambridge History of China. Vol. 9 Part 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Reischauer, Edwin O. and John K. Fairbank. East Asia: The Great Tradition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1958.

Twitchett, Denis, ed. Sui and T’ang China, 589-906. Denis Twitchett and John K. Fairbank, gen. eds. Cambridge History of China. Vol. 3 Part 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Roberts, J.M. The New Penguin History of the World. 4th rev. edn. 2002.

Twitchett, Denis and Paul Jakov Smith, eds. Sung Dynasty and Its Precursors, 907-1279. Denis Twitchett and John K. Fairbank, gen. eds. Cambridge History of China. Vol. 5 Part 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.


[Columbia University] ‘Asia for Educators’ at

[Fordham University] ‘East Asian History Sourcebook’ at

Easter Island

Bettocchi, Lorena, The writings of Easter Island,  Kadath Brussels, 2009

Casey, Robert J., Easter Island : home of the scornful gods, London, Elkin Mathews & Marrot, 1932.

Cauwe, Nicolas. & Latsanopoulos, Nicolas.  ().  Easter Island : the great taboo : rebuilding its history after ten years of excavations.  Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium: Versant Sud, 2011

Di Piazza, Anne. & Peartree, Erik.,  Canoes of the Grand Ocean.  Oxford, England : Archaeopress, 2008.

Foundation Colloquium of ChiN - Chamorro Linguistics, An International Network. & Fischer, Steven R.,  Oceanic voices - European quills : the early documents on and in Chamorro and Rapanui,  Berlin, Germany, Akademie Verlag, 2013.

Hunt, Terry L. & Lipo, Carl P.,  The statues that walked : unraveling the mystery of Easter Island,  New York,  Free Press, 2011.

Kirk, Robert W., Paradise past : the transformation of the South Pacific, 1520-1920.  Jefferson, North Carolina :  McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, 2012.

Loret, John. & Tanacredi, John T., Easter Island : scientific exploration into the world's environmental problems in microcosm, New York, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers,  2003,

Richards, Rhys., Easter Island 1793 to 1861 : observations by early visitors before the slave raids, Los Osos, Ca., Easter Island Foundation, 2008.
News Articles

Callaway, Ewen “Easter Island statues 'walked' out of quarry”, Nature, 23 October 2012,

Metropolitan Museum of Art, “Easter Island”, Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History: The Metropolitan Museum of Art,

Elena, A. “Easter Island: The Heritage and its Conservation”, World Monuments Fund, 1994, Available online,

Thompson, William J., Te Pito Te Henua, or Easter Island, by [1891], at,


BBC, Easter Island The Story, BBC Horizon,

Docuwatch, Easter Island,

Khmer Empire

Briggs, Lawrence Palmer, The Ancient Khmer Empire, Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1951.

Chandler, David P.: A History of Cambodia, Westview Press.

Cœdès, George, The Making of South East Asia, University of California Press, 1966

Dagens, Bruno (engl: Ruth Sharman): Angkor — Heart of an Asian Empire, Thames & Hudson. 

Freeman, Michael; Jacques, Claude, Ancient Angkor. River Books, 2006. 

Hall, D. G. E. A History of South-East Asia, 4th ed., New York: St. Martin's Press, 1981.

Hirst, K. Kris,” Khmer Empire Water Management System”, About Education,

Hong, Udom “The Angkor Empire, Environment, and Conflict”, ICE Case Studies, Number 207, May, 2007,

Higham, Charles, The Civilization of Angkor, Phoenix, University of California Press, 2001.

Keyes, Charles F., The Golden Peninsula, Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press. 1995

Mashberg, Tom and Blumenthal, Ralph, “Cambodia Says It Seeks Return Of Met Statues” June 1, 2012,

Metroplitan Museum of Art,”Lost Kingdoms Symposium, Part 9- Khmer”, MetMedia,

Mouhot Henri : Travels in Siam, Cambodia, Laos, and Annam, White Lotus Co, Ltd Rooney, Dawn, F., Angkor: Cambodia's wondrous Khmer temples- 5th ed., Odissey, 2005. 

National Geographic Society, The Khmer Empire; Cambodia’s Medieval Splendour, Website- Online Exploration,

Roveda, Vittorio : Khmer Mythology, River Books,

University of Tasmania, The Angor / Khmer Empire (802-1431), Digital Humanities at the University of Tasmania,

Vickery, Michael, Society, economics, and politics in pre-Angkor Cambodia: the 7th–8th centuries, Tokyo, Toyo Bunko,1998

Walker, Benjamin, Angkor Empire: A History of the Khmer of Cambodia, Signet Press, Calcutta, 1995.

Wang, Yue, “Cambodia Calls for Return of Khmer Antiquities”, Time,

HTAV, Angkor and the Khmer Empire (802 – 1327), History Teachers Association of Victoria,

History Teachers Association of Australia, Australian Curriculum History Units- Year 8 program: the Asia-Pacific world – Angkor,

Primary Sources

Zhou Daguan: The Customs of Cambodia-1297, The Siam Society. (Trans in NLA)

Europe (Northern)

Allmand C. The Hundred years War, Cambridge Medieval Textbooks, Cambridge, 1988

Atkinson, History of Spain and Portugal, Penguin, 1967

Bothwell, J. The Age of Edward III, Boydell & Brewer, 2001

Core S., Everyday Life in the Middle Ages, Ninerva, Geneva. 1978

Dersin, Denise (ed.) What Life Was Like In The Age Of Chivalry : Medieval Europe, AD 800-1500. Time Life Inc., Virginia. 1997

Elton G.R, England Under The Tudors

Gill & Dickson, History and Techniques of the Great Masters, Eagle Editions Ltd, London. 2003

Hallam Elizabeth(ed) Plantagenet Chronicles

Hallam Elizabeth(ed) Chronicles Of Chivalry

Heydenreich, L., The Waning of the Middle Ages, Harmondsworth, 1984

Hollister C. W., Medieval Europe, McGraw Hill, Boston. 1998

Holmes, The Oxford Illustrated History of Medieval Europe, Oxford University Press, 2001

Honderich, T. (ed.), The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, New York, 1995

Hopkins, Andrea, Most Wise and Valiant Ladies, Remarkable Lives, Women of the Middle Ages, Collins & Brown Ltd., Great Britain. 1997.

Husa, V, Traditional Crafts and Skills : Life and Work in Medieval and Renaissance Times, London, 1972.

Keen, M., Penguin History of Medieval Europe, Penguin Group, 1968.

Konstam, A., Atlas of Medieval Europe, Mercury Books, 2007.

Larousse, M.D., Encyclopaedia of Ancient and Medieval History, Bookthrift, 1981.

Leff, G., Medieval Thought, St. Augustine to Ockham, Harmondsworth, 1962.

McLennan G., Knight and Horse, Hawker College, Hawker. 1987

Mollat M. & Wolff, The Popular Revolutions of the Late Middle Ages, Allen & Unwin, London.1973

Norris J. Lacy et al Arthurian Handbook Garland 1988, revised 1997

Phillips, G & Keatman M, Robin Hood – The Man Behind the Myth, Michael O’Mara Books, London, 1995

Power E., Medieval Women, Cambridge University Press. 1995

Runciman S., A History of the Crusades (3 Vols), Pelican, Harmonsworth, 1971.

Seward D., Eleanor of Aquitaine the Mother Queen, Book Club, London, 1978.

Seward, D, Prince of the Renaissance : The Life of Francois 1, London, 1982.

Shahar, S., The Fourth Estate: A History of Women in the Middle Ages, Methuen, London, 1983.

Southern R.W., Western Society and the Church in the Middle Ages, Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1970.

Stenton. F. Oxford History England: Anglo Saxon England, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2001 (original edition 1971)

Tuchman, B., A Distant Mirror, Macmillan, London, 1982.

Weit, G., The Great Medieval Civilisations, UNESCO George Allen & Unwin, London, 1975.

Wright, E., The New Illustrated History of the World, Hanlyn Publishing Group, 1970.

Primary Sources in Translation

Anglo Saxon Chronicles , Trans and editor Savage, Ann

Asser, Alfred the Great: Asser's Life of King Alfred and Other Contemporary Sources Penguin , Harmondsworth, 1984

Chaucer, Geoffrey and Coghill N. (trans) The Canterbury Tales, Penguin, Harmondsworth. 1975

Einhard, The Life Of Charlamagne, University of Michigan Press ,Ann Arbor, 1960

Hollister W.A., Short Sourcebook, McGraw-Hill, Boston. 1998

Joinville G., Chronicles of the Crusades, Penguin, Harmondsworth. 1984


Alleluia: Angelus domini (1) Plainchant (1/25),

Diamon-Manlusoc, Liz, “Gregorian Chant and PlainChant”, Education Portal, (Video, Quiz and Transcript,)

Guillaume de Machaut - Quant en moy (16/25) {isorhythmic motet},

Hildegard of Bingen, Voice of the Living Light, Performed by Pamela Dellal;Elizabeth Glen;Carol Schlaikjer;Sequentia;Barbara Thornton,

Medieval Music – “Hardcore' Party Mix”, Youtube Playlist

Mediæval Bæbes, (Medieval/Renaissance Recreationist Choir)

Troubadour Music

Music Of The Troubadours - Tant m'abelis, Naxos,

Troubadours - Trovadores Occitanos - Clemencic Consort.avi,

Greensleeves: Music From the Renaissance

Early Music No 2, Music Consort of London, RCA Classics


BBC Documentary, Primavera, Botticelli (Private life of a Masterpiece),

BBC Documentary, The Spanish Inquisition; The Brutal Truth,

BBC, The Dark Ages: An Age of Light, 2012

BBC The Dark Age: Renaissance of Northern Europe

Andrew Graham-Dixon, Renaissance,

History Channel, The Crusades: the Crescent and the Cross,

Horrible Histories, “Richard III Song”, Horrible Histories,

Horrible Histories, “The Monks’ Song”, Horrible Histories,

Horrible Histories, “Norman Family Tree Song”, Horrible Histories,

Horrible Histories, “Elizabeth I Online Dating”, Horrible Histories,

PBS, The Rise and Fall of Islamic Spain,

Mason David, “Episode 16 - Dark Age England” Lost Treasures Of The Ancient World Cromwell Productions,

National Geographic, Saxon Gold Finding the Hoard,

Raetsen, David, The Cathar Crusade,

Feature Films

Arn: The Knight Templar, Director- Peter Flinth, (Feature Film 2010, Subtitled: Eng, Sewdish, Arabic)134 Minutes

The Name of the Rose, Cirector Jean-Jacques Annaud, (Feature Film, 1986, 130min.)

The Lion in Winter, Director Andrey Konchalovskiy, (Feature Film, 2004, 167min,)

Medieval History Source Book

Exeter Book of Riddles

Bite Me Rude food and the Anglos Saxon Riddle

Online catalogue of Anglo Saxon Charter

Netserf: Internet Connection for Medieval Resources

Renaissance Interactive

Hyper history Online

Spartacus Educational

Database of Anglos Saxon Literature

St Patrick’s Confessio early Christianity

Omniglot Old English, links to Anglos Saxon Language

Europe (Southern)

Abulafia, D. () Sicily, Italy and the Mediterranean 1100-1400, Variorum reprints, London, 1987.

Abulafia, David, The Two Italies: Economic Relations Between the Norman Kingdom of Sicily and the Northern Communes, Cambridge U. Press, 2005.

Ahmad, A., A History of Islamic Sicily, Edinburgh,1975.

Atkinson, History of Spain and Portugal, Penguin, 1967.

Ayalon, D., Eunuchs, Caliphs and Sultans, a study in power relationships, Jerusalem, 1999

Brook, C.(ed.) The Normans in Sicily and Southern Italy, Oxford, 1977

Bruckner G. (ed.), The Society of Renaissance Florence. A Documentary Study, New York. 1971

Cantor, NJ, ed The Medieval Reader, Harper Perennial, New York, 1994.

Dersin, D. and The Editors of the Time-Life Books.What Life Was Like At The Rebirth of Genius: Renaissance Italy, AD 1400-1550, Time Life Inc., Virginia, 1999.

Ghezzo, Michele Pietro, P., John R. Melville-Jones and Andrea Rizzi, The Morosini Codex (Archivio del Litorale Adriatico III), Padua.

Hay, D New Cambridge Modern History- The Renaissance 1493-1520, Cambridge University, 2000.

Hole, R Access to History, Themes, Renaissance Italy, Hodder & Stoughton, 2000.

Houben, H., Roger II of Sicily: a ruler between East and West, Cambridge, CUP, 2002.

Hurley T (et al)Antiquity 1, 2nd ed, OUP, South Melbourne, 2000.

Iselin, L., Harris, P., Funerary Practices, Heinemann, Port Melbourne,2004.

Jeremy John, Arabic Administration in Sicily:  the Royal Diwans, Cambridge U. Press, 2007.

Kennedy, H. ‘Sicily and al-Andalus under Muslim rule', The New Cambridge Medieval History, c.900-1024, vol 3, ed. T. Reuter, pp. 646-69.

Leff, G Medieval Thought, St. Augustine to Ockham, Harmondsworth, 1962.

Luciano B. and Glasspool, S. (trans). Michelangelo and the Sistine Chapel. Bonechi- Edizioni, Firenze, 1968.

Matthew, Donald, The Norman Kingdom of Sicily, Cambridge U. Press, 1992.
Metcalfe, Alex Muslims and Christians in Norman Sicily:  Arabic Speakers and the End of Islam, Routledge, 2011.

Norwich, John Julius, The Normans in Sicily:  the magnificent story of "the Other Norman Conquest," Penguin, 2004.

Ross, J.B., McLoughlin, M. (ed)., The Portable Renaissance Reader, Penguin Books, 1977.

Plumb, J.H., Penguin Book of Renaissance History, Penguin, London, 1965

Runciman S, A History of the Crusades (3 Vols), Pelican, Harmonsworth.1971

Southern R.W Western Society and the Church in the Middle Ages, Penguin, Harmondsworth. 1970.

Wallace, R, The World of Leonardo 1452-1519, New York. 1975.

Wright, E, The Dominance of Rome 616BC – 629AD, Hanlyn Publishing Group, 1970.

Wieruszowski, H., Politics and Culture in Medieval Spain and Italy, Rome, 1971

Wilson, R., Sicily under the Roman Empire, Warminster, 1990.

Primary Sources

Boccaccio , The Decameron, Penguin, Harmonsworth.

Dante, The Inferno.

The Lay El Cid Animated website-

The Song of Roland,

Joinville G., Chronicles of the Crusades, Penguin, Harmondsworth. 1984

Domandi, M., (Trans).Gucciardini’s History of Florence, London. 1970

Machiavelli, The Prince

Venice: A Documentary History, 1450-1630 (edited by David Sanderson Chambers, Jennifer Fletcher, Brian Pullan)


Sources for Arab-Norman Architecture and Arts of 12th century Palermo, Sicily:

Archney Database,

La Cuba Palace, built by William II in 1180 CE - Museum of No Frontiers entry,;ISL;it;Mon01;2;en

PalermoCathedral, begun 1179 by Archbishop Walter Ophamil

Monreale Cathedral in Monreale, Sicily (near Palermo) c. 1174, built by William II

Aramco, A Virtual Walking Tour- The Alhambra,


Bauer, Brian, The Development of the Inca State, University of Texas. 1992

Cobo, Bernabe, Inca Religion and Customs, University of Texas,1990.

De la Vega, Garcilaso, The Incas: The Royal Commentaries of the Inca, New York: The Orion Press, 1961.

Hemming, John, The Conquest of the Incas, Harvest Press, 2003.

Malpass, Michael, Daily Life in the Inca Empire, Greenwood Press, 1996

MacQuarrie, Kim, The Last Days of the Incas, Simon & Schuster, 2007.

Renfrew, Colin and Bahn, Paul, Archaeology, Theories, Methods and Practice, Thames and Hudson, 1996.


American Antiquity

Lecture on Engineering in the Andes:

Virtual Tour of Macchu Picchu

National Geographic, “Archeology”, National Geographic,


[Columbia University] ‘Asia for Educators’ at

[Fordham University] ‘Internet Indian History Sourcebook’ at

Bayly, C.A. Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire. The New Cambridge History of India. Vol. II Part 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

De Bary, Wm. Theodore, ed. Sources of Indian Tradition. Vol. 1. New York: Columbia University Press, 1958.

Gordon, Stewart. The Marathas 1600-1818. The New Cambridge History of India. Vol. II Part 4. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Habib, Irfan. Technology in Medieval India c. 650-1750. New Delhi: Tulika Books, 2008.

Keay, John. The Honourable Company: A History of the English East India Company. London: HarperCollins, 1991

Keay, John. India: A History. London: HarperCollinsPublishers, 2000.

Lannoy, Richard. The Speaking Tree: A Study of Indian Culture and Society. London: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Mabbett, I.W. A Short History of India. 2nd edn. North Ryde: Methuen Australia, 1983.

Metcalf, Barbara D. and Thomas R. Metcalf. A Concise History of Modern India. 2nd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Pearson, M.N. The Portuguese in India. The New Cambridge History of India. Vol. I Part 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Raychaudhuri, Tapan and Irfan Habib, eds. The Cambridge Economic History of India. Vol. 1. c.1200-c.1750. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Richards, John F. The Mughal Empire. The New Cambridge History of India. Vol. I Part 5. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Roberts, J.M. The New Penguin History of the World. 4th rev. edn. 2002.

SarDesai, D.R. India: The Definitive History. Boulder: Westview Press, 2008.

Spear, Percival. A History of India. Vol. 2. Rev. edn. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1978.

Stein, B. Vijayanagara. The New Cambridge History of India. Vol. I Part 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Thapar, Romila. A History of India. Vol. 1. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1966.

Wolpert, S., A New History of India, Oxford University Press, New York, 2000.

Islamic History

Afsaruddin, Asma, “Islamic Societies of the Middle East and North Africa: Religion, history and Culture”, University of Notre Dame Open Courseware,

BBC - Religions - Islam: Early rise of Islam (632-700),

BBC4 In Our Time: The Abbasiad Caliphate,

Berkey, Jonathan P., The Formation of Islam: Religion and Society in the Near East, 600-1800, 2003

Crone, Patricia. Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam Gorgias Press LLC, 2004

Gibb, Hamilton A. R.,Arab-Byzantine Relations under the Umayyad Caliphate”

Dumbarton Oaks Papers, Vol. 12, (1958), pp. 219+221-233

Hawting, G. R The First Dynasty of Islam: The Umayyad Caliphate AD 661-750, Routledge, 2000

Grayson, Timothy R., “Arabic Confluence from Constantine to Heraclius: the Preparation for a 7th Century Regio-Racial Explosion”,

1 April 1999,

Kennedy, Hugh, The Armies of the Caliphs: Military and Society in the Early Islamic State, 2001

Nafziger, George F., Walton, Mark W., Islam at War: A History, 2003

Oxford Islamic Studies Online, e

Internet Islamic History Sourcebook, Fordham University,


Andressen, Curtis A., A short History of Japan: from samurai to Sony, Allen and Unwin, Crows Nest, 2002

Bulliet, Richard, “Korea, Japan, and China in the Sixteenth Century”, Columbia University Lecture, Uploaded on Sep 29, 2011,

Columbia University, Asia for Educators: Japan Asuka to Edo, Columbia University, - Long list of excellent links.

Columbia University, “Video Lessons- Classical Japan”, Columbia University, Asia for Educators: Japan, Columbia University,

Cullen, L. M. A History of Japan: 1582-1941: internal and external worlds, Cambridge, CUP, 2003.

Dersin, Denise (ed.),  What life was like among Samurai and shoguns: Japan- AD 1000 – 1700, Alexandria, Va., Time-life Books  , 1999.

Dore, Ronald Philip. & University of California, Berkeley: Center for Japanese and Korean Studies.   Education in Tokugawa Japan.  Berkeley :  University of California Press, 1965.  

Haboush, JaHyun Kim. & Ko, Dorothy. & Piggott, Joan R.  (2003).  Women and Confucian cultures in premodern China, Korea, and Japan.  Berkeley, Calif. ; London :  University of California Press,

Hane, Mikiso. & Perez, Louis G. & EBSCOhost.  (2013).  Modern Japan a historical survey.  Boulder, CO, Westview Press ( available digitally from the National Library)

Hempel, Rose.  The Heian civilization of Japan, ( translated by Katherine Watson)  Phaidon Oxford,  1983

Huffman, James L.  (2004).  Modern Japan : a history in documents.  Oxford :  Oxford University Press

Hur, Nam-lin. & Harvard University. Asia Center.  (2007).  Death and social order in Tokugawa Japan : Buddhism, anti-Christianity, and the danka system.  Cambridge, Mass:  Harvard University Asia Center: Distributed by Harvard University Press

Howard, Norman, “Basho- The Narrow Road”, National Geographic Online,

LaMarre, Thomas.   Uncovering Heian Japan : an archaeology of sensation and inscription.  Durham, NC :  Duke University Press,  2000.

Lum, Peter The growth of civilization in East Asia: China, Japan, and Korea before the 14th century, New York:  S.G. Phillips, 1969.

Mason, R. H. P. & Caiger, J. G.  A history of Japan.  Rutland, Vt: C.E. Tuttle Co, 1997

Markham, Elizabeth J., Saibara : Japanese court songs of the Heian period,  Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1983.

McCullough, Helen Craig,. & McCullough, William H. ,  A tale of flowering fortunes : annals of Japanese aristocratic life in the Heian period.  Stanford, Calif :  Stanford University Press, 1980.

McNeill, William H. (ed.)  &  Sedlar, Jean W. (ed.),  China, India, and Japan: the middle period, New York: Oxford University Press , 1971.

Metropolitan Museum of Art, “Heian Period Art at the Metropolitan Museum”, (Gallery) ,

Morton, W. Scott.  ().  Japan : its history and culture.  New York :  McGraw-Hill,  1994,

Piggott, Juliet, Japanese Mythology, London: Paul Hamlyn  (5), 1969

Reischauer, Edwin O.  &  Craig, Albert M.  Japan: Tradition and transformation , North Sydney, NSW,  Allen & Unwin, 1990.

Shively, Donald H. and McCullough, William H., The Cambridge History of Japan Volume 2: Heian Japan , CUP, 1999.

Smith, Bradley, Japan: A History in Art, 1979.

Stanley, Amy, Adultery, Punishment, and Reconciliation in Tokugawa Japan”, Journal of Japanese Studies, Vol. 33, No. 2 (Summer, 2007), pp. 309-335 URL:

Tipton, Elise, K.,  Modern Japan : a social and political history, London: Routledge  (85), 2008

Tokyo National Museum- e-museum, Gallery of National Treasures,

Tsukahira, Toshio G. & Harvard University. East Asian Research Center.  (1966). Feudal control in Tokugawa Japan; the Sankin Kotai system,.  Cambridge :  East Asian Research Center, Harvard University; distributed by Harvard University Press

Turnbull, Stephen, Warriors of Medieval Japan, Oxford, OUP, 2007.  

Wakita, Haruko. & Walthall, Anne. & Tonomura, Hitomi.  (1999).  Women and class in Japanese history.  Ann Arbor :  Center for Japanese Studies, the University of Michigan  

Women in World History, “Murasaki Shikibu” Female Heroes of Asia: Japan, Women in World History,


Warriors- Shogun - (2011), SBS , 2011

The Japanese Sword and the Japanese Aesthetic, Metropolitan Museum New York. Watch on this website:

Memoirs of A Secret Empire- PBS Documentary. Rise and fall of the Tokugawa watch on this website:
Historical Movies

Kurasawa, Akira, Seven Samurai, 1954, (Setting 1587-1588 Sengokku/ Warring States)

Kurasawa, Akira, Kagemusha, 1980, (Setting 1575- Battle of Nagashino)

Kurasawa, Akira, Samurai Trilogy1954 – 1956, (Setting- 1600 - 1612 trilogy centered around the life of Miyamoto Musashi, from the Battle of Sekigahara to his duel with Kojiro Sasaki on Ganryu Island)

Goemon- Director- Director: Kazuaki Kiriya, 2009, Set in Sengokku Jiddai

Texts in Translation

Sadler's (translator) The Tale of the Heike (The Heike Monogatari, is an epic account (in prose) of the struggle between the Taira and Minamoto clans for control of Japan at the end of the 12th century in the Genpei War (1180-1185).

Japanese Text Initiative, University of California at Berkley,

Kojiki (712 CE) (History/Mythology of Japan)

Nihon Shoki ( 720) (History/Mythology of Japan)

Engi Shiki (927) (translation by Felicia Gressitt Bock), , (Ancient kami-civil code. This was a compilation of religious law and civil law)

Matsuo Basho, The Narrow Road to the Deep North, 1600s,

Izumi Shikibu/Lady, “The Diary of Izumi Shikibu”, A.D. 1002-100,

Murasaki Shikibu- The Tales of Genji/Genji Monogatari - Text in Translation:

Sei Shonagon- The Pillow Book (ie diary) Text in translation pdf-

Japanese Archaeology

Asian Historical Architecture, (Galleries and information)

Japanese, “Kanai Higashiura Iseki – Remains found of Kofun-Period man wearing armour”, Japanese Archeology,

Keally, Charles T., “Kofun Culture”, Japanese Archeaology, 27 April 2009,

Oriental Architecture, “Kamakura Period”,

Himeji Castle, Columbia University,

UNESCO, “Himieji Castle World Heritage Site,”

(Video, galleries, descriptions).


Christie, Jessica Joyce, Maya Palaces and Elite Residences: An Interdisciplinary Approach, Austin, Texas, University of Texas Press, 2003

Coe, Michael D.,The Maya (Sixth ed.), New York, Thames & Hudson, 1999.

Demarest, Arthur Andrew, Ancient Maya: The Rise and Fall of a Rainforest Civilization, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Demarest, Arthur Andrew, Rice Prudence M., and Rice, Don Stephen, The Terminal Classic in the Maya Lowlands: Collapse, Transition, and Transformation. Boulder, Colorado, University Press of Colorado, 2004.

Houston, S.D., Maya Glyphs, London, British Museum Publications1989.

Lucero, Lisa Joyce, Water and Ritual: The Rise and Fall of Classic Maya Rulers, Austin, Texas, University of Texas Press, 2006.

Sharer, Robert J. and Traxler Loa P., The Ancient Maya (6th, fully revised ed.), Stanford, California, Stanford University Press, 2006.

Webster, David L., The Fall of the Ancient Maya, London, Thames & Hudson, 2002.

Whitlock, Ralph, Everyday Life of the Maya, London, Batsford1976.


American Antiquity

National Geographic, Quest for the Lost Maya, 2013,

Nighfire Films, Breaking the Maya Code, 2008,

The History Channel, Palenque: Metropolis of the Maya, 2005.


University of Pennsylvania, “Painted Metaphors: Pottery and Politics of the Ancient Maya”, Almanac, University of Pennsylvania

Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies,

Diedrich, Cajus, (eds.)“Pre-Columbian Aztecs,” World Museum of Man and Prehistory- The History of Man though the Study of Tools and Weapons,

National Geographic, “Archeology”, National Geographic,

Micronesia -Nan Madol

“Conversation: Land of the Flying Stones; Preserving Micronesia's mysterious Nan Madol”, Archeology, Volume 63 Number 3, May/June 2010

Ayres, William, “Nan Madol, Madolenihmw, Pohnpei”, Pages, University of Oregon,

Ayres, William S. “Archaeology at Nana Madol, Ponape”, SAA Bulletin, Vol. 10 Nov. 1992, ANU- eJournal,

Cyclopean ruins and remains on the Caroline Islands : the ruins of Nan Madol and Lelu in the 1860s as seen through the eyes of 'A Master Mariner', Mangilao, Guam, Micronesian Area Research Center, University of Guam, 1998. (National Library of Australia)

Whiting, Alfred, Nan Madol Ruins, Ponape, 1954.

Fields, Jack, Pacific Digital Library, “Megalisthic Ruins of Nan Madol”, (Ten page journal article)

Hviding, Edvard and Rio, Knut M. (eds), Made in Oceania : social movements, cultural heritage and the state in the Pacific, Sean Kingston Publishing, Wantage, 2011.

Anderson, Atholl, Green, Kaye and Leach, Foss (eds), Vastly ingenious : the archaeology of Pacific material culture : in honour of Janet M. Davidson, Otago University Press, Dunedin, N.Z., 2007.

Kaufmann, Christian Wick, Oliver (eds) (trans, Nigel Stephenson, Nora Scott] Nukuoro : sculptures from Micronesia, Fondation Beyeler; Hirmer, Riehen, Switzerland : Munich, 2013.

Noa, Madeleine, “Nan Madol – Venice of the Pacific”, History’s Mysteries,

Metropolitan Museum of Art, “Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, Thematic Essay- Nan Madol”,

Smithsonian, “Nan Madol: The City Built on Coral Reefs”, Smithsonian Magazine,

UNESCO, “Ceremonial Centres of the Early Micronesian States: Nan Madol and Lelu” UNESCO, 03/01/2012,

Young, Don et. al. "A Field Trip to Nan Madol", Pathfinder Teaching and Learning Units. (available online), University of Hawaii, Honolulu. Sea Grant Program, Pacific Mathematics and Science Regional Consortium, Pacific Resources for Education and Learning, Honolulu,

Maori and Moriori

Brown- MacMillian, Maori and Polynesian; The Origin, History and Culture, Hutchison, London, (19th Century text) a

Aoterangi, Wirihana, Fragments of ancient Maori history, (translated by Tiatoa, of Kaihu, near Dargaville); collected by John McGregor, Auckland : Champtaloup & Edmiston, 1923.

Davidson, Archeology Article Pdf,

Aukland Regional Council, “Middens”, Eyes in the Field,

Darlington Robert, Wood, Ashley, Hawkins, Tom and Hastings, Terry, “CHAPTER 9 DEPTH STUDY 2: THE ASIA–PACIFIC WORLD; Polynesian expansion across the Pacific (c. 700–1756), History Alive 8, Jacaranda, Brisbane, 2012.

Davis, Denise and Solomon, Māui. 'Moriori', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 9-Nov-12,

Furey, Louise, Maori gardening : an archaeological perspective,

Wellington, N.Z. : Science & Technical Pub., Dept. of Conservation, c2006.

Orbell. Margaret (trans./ed.), Waiata : Maori songs in history : an anthology, Auckland, Reed, 1991.

Kawhia, “Kawhia Kai, Kawhia Moana, Kawhia T'angata”,, Spiritual and Ancestral Home of Tainui,

King, Michael, Nga iwi o te motu = One thousand years of Maori history,

Birkenhead, Auckland : Reed Books, c1997, “The Moriori”,

Schwimmer, E. G. “Warfare of the Maori”, Journal of the National Ibrary of New Zealand, No. 36 (September 1961), Online,

SPAR, “First Hundred Years”, Southern Pacific Archaeological Research,

Sorrenson, M.P.K., Ko te whenua te utu = Land is the price : essays on Māori history, land and politics, Auckland, Auckland University Press, 2014.

Selby, Rachael and Laurie, Alison J. (eds) Māori and oral history : a collection,

Wellington, NOHANZ, 2005.Wilson, John, “Maori Arrival and Settlement”, Te Ara-The Encyclopedia of New Zealand, New Zealand Government

Virtual New Zealand, “Moriori Culture”,

VUOW, “Ancient History of the Maori”, Victoria University of Wellington, (Links to Sources),

If you want to do more on Maori myth and Legends the other two authors I recommend are Margret Orbell and A.W. Reed.

Also a good resource to fill the gaps you might be missing can be found from the Journal of the Polynesian Society:

All their publications are online and easy to find.

Te Ara, New Zealand History Online,

Te Ara, ‘Ideas of Maori Origins’

One thing to note is when teaching Polynesian migration to New Zealand and the consequent settlement of Maori over the country is that scholarship has changed dramatically over the last 100 years. Because Maori history was dominated by white anthropologists interpreting  Maori oral traditions things like the Greet Fleet Tradition (NZ being settled originally by seven canoes) and their instance of no pre-Polynesian Moriori culture already in NZ at the time of the fleets arrival – sometimes when you are reading resources (depending on when the resources were written) the history can become confused and entwined with myth. Looking at this website on this highlights the changes in historiography.

Mississippian (Mound Builders)

Abrams, Elliot M.; Freter, AnnCorinne (eds.). (2005). The Emergence of the Moundbuilders: The Archaeology of Tribal Societies in Southeastern Ohio. Athens: Ohio University Press.

Chappell, Sally A. Kitt (2002). Cahokia: Mirror of the Cosmos. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Feder, Kenneth L. Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries: Science and Pseudoscience in Archaeology’’. 5th ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 2006.

Lankford, George E.; Reilly, F. Kent; Garber, James (eds.). Visualizing the Sacred: Cosmic Visions, Regionalism, and the Art of the Mississippian World. University of Texas Press.

Robert W. Preucel, Stephen A. Mrozowski, Contemporary Archaeology in Theory: The New Pragmatism, John Wiley & Sons, 2010,

Squier, A.M., E.G.; Davis M.D., E.H. (1847). Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution


American Antiquity

Rebecca Saunders, "The Case for Archaic Period Mounds in Southeastern Louisiana", Southeastern Archaeology, Vol. 13, No. 2, Winter 1994
Audio-Visual (Game)

Hirst, Kris. K., “Mississippian Culture; Native American Farmers of the American Midwest and South East”, Archeology,

Hodges, Glenn, “America’s Forgotten City”, National Geographic,


Columbia University, ‘Asia for Educators’ at

Fordham University, ‘Medieval Sourcebook: Marco Polo: On the Tartars’ at

Heissig, Walther. A Lost Civilization: The Mongols Rediscovered. D.J.S. Thomson, trans. New York: Basic Books, [1966].

Onon, Urgunge, trans. and ed. New ed. The Secret History of the Mongols: The Life and Times of Chinggis Khan. Richmond: Curzon, 2001.

Polo, Marco. The Travels of Marco Polo. Ronald Latham, trans. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1958.

Reischauer, Edwin O. and John K. Fairbank. East Asia: The Great Tradition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1958.

Roberts, J.M. The New Penguin History of the World. 4th rev. edn. 2002.

Rossabi, Morris, comp. The Mongols and Global History: A Norton Documents Reader. New York: W.W. Norton, 2011.

Weatherford, Jack, Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World (Mar 22, 2005)

Ottoman Expansion into Europe

Braudel, Fernand, The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II, 2 vols. (London: Collins, 1972-3).

Carr, Mike, The Hospitallers of Rhodes and their Alliances against the Turks, in Emanuel Buttigieg and Simon Phillips (eds), Islands and Military Orders, c.1291–c.1798. Farnham, Ashgate, 2013.

Çelebi, Evliya, An Ottoman Traveller: Selections from the Book of Travels of Evliya Celebi, trans. Robert Dankoff and Sooyong Kim (London: Eland, 2010).

Crowley, Roger Empires of the Sea, Faber and Faber London 2008

Fleet, Kate, European and Islamic Trade in the Early Ottoman State: The Merchants of Genoa and Turkey (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006).

Greene, Molly, A Shared World: Christians and Muslims in the Early Modern Mediterranean (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000).

Goffman, Daniel, The Ottoman Empire and Early Modern Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

Hess, Andrew, “The Battle of Lepanto and its Place in Mediterranean History,” Past and Present 57, 1972, 53-73.

Hess, Andrew, “The Ottoman Conquest of Egypt (1517) and the Beginning of the Sixteenth-Century World War,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 4, 1973, 55-76.

Imber, Colin, The Ottoman Empire, 1300-1650: The Structure of Power; second edition, Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

İslamoğlu-İnan, Huri (ed.), The Ottoman Empire and the World Economy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Kritovoulos, History of Mehmed the Conqueror, trans. Charles Riggs (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1954.

Murphey, Rhoads, “Süleyman I and the Conquest of Hungary: Ottoman Manifest Destiny or a Delayed Reaction to Charles V’s Universalist Vision,” Journal of Early Modern History, 5, 2001, 197-221.

The Encyclopaedia of Islam

The New Cambridge History of Islam

Polynesian History

American National Biography Online, “Kamehameha I”,

Anderson, Atholl. and Barrett, James H. and Boyle, Katherine V.  The global origins and development of seafaring / edited by Atholl Anderson, James H. Barrett & Katherine V. Boyle McDonald Institute of Archeological Research, University of Cambridge ; David Brown Book Co. [distributor] Cambridge : Oakville, CT  2010.

Daws, Gavan , The Shoal of Time: A History of the Hawaiian Islands,1968.

Dukas, Neil Bernard A Military History of Sovereign Hawaii, Mutual Publishing, Honolulu, 2004.

Hawaii, “Kamehameha I”,

“The law of the Splintered Paddle”,

Kamakau, Samuel, Ruling chiefs of Hawaii (Revised ed.). Honolulu: Kamehameha Schools Press, 1991.

PBS, “Wayfinders”, PBS,

Īī, John Papa; Pukui, Mary Kawena; Barrère, Dorothy B. Fragments of Hawaiian History (2 ed.). Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu, 1983.

Whitfield Potter, Norris, Kasdon Lawrence M., Rayson, Ann, History of the Hawaiian Kingdom. Bess Press2003.

Westervelt, William D. , Hawaiian historical Legends, 1923, in,


Discovery Channel- Ancient Warriors Series: Hawaii: Warriors of Paradise,

Steve Kroopnick, Conquest of Hawaii, History Channel, 2003.

The Kamehameha Schools Archive,

Silk Road


Blue Marble, Satellite Imagery and Climate of the Silk Road:

Barfield, Thomas. “Steppe Empires, China and the Silk Route: Nomads as a Force in International Trade and Politics.” In Nomads in the Sedentary World. Edited by Anatoly M. Khazanov and Andre Wink (Richmond: Curzon, 2001), pp. 234-249.

Barfield, Thomas. The Perilous Frontier: Nomadic Empires and China. Cambridge, Mass.: Oxford: Blackwell, 1989.

Baumer, Christoph. Southern Silk Road: In the Footsteps of Sir Aurel Stein and Sven Hedin

Bangkok, Thailand: Orchid Press, 2000.

Bentley, Jerry. Old World Encounters: Cross-Cultural Contacts and Exchanges in Pre-Modern Times. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Brotton, Jerry. The Renaissance Bazaar: From the Silk Road to Michelangelo . Oxford University Press, 2003.
Christian, David “Silk Roads or Steppe Roads? The Silk Roads in World History.” Journal of World History 11:1 (2000), 1-26.

Di Cosmo, Nicola. Ancient China and Its Enemies: the Rise of Nomadic Power in East Asian History. Cambridge, UK; Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Elisseeff, Vadime (Editor). The Silk Roads: Highways of Culture and Commerce. Berghahn Books. 2000.

Foltz, Richard. Religions of the Silk Road: Overland Trade and Cultural Exchange from Antiquity to the Fifteenth Century. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999.

Franck, Irene M. The Silk Road: A History. New York: Facts on File Publications, 1986.
Jagchid, Sechin and Van Jay Symons. Peace, War, and Trade along the Great Wall: Nomadic-Chinese Interaction through Two Millennia. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 1989.

Kalter, Johannes, Margareta Pavaloi. Uzbekistan: Heirs to the Silk Road . Thames and Hudson Ltd., 1997.

Larsen, Jeanne. Silk Road: A Novel of Eighth-Century China . Henry Holt & Co., 1989.

Lawton, John. Silk, Scents & Spice, Tracing the World’s Great Trade Routes, the Silk Road, the Spice Route [and] the Incense Trail. United Nations Educational, 2005.

Leslies, D. D. and K. J. H Gardiner, The Roman Empire in Chinese Sources. Rome, Bardi, 1996.

Liu, Xinru. “Silk, Robes, and Relations between Early Chinese Dynasties and Nomads beyond the Great Wall.” In Robes and Honor: the Medieval World of Investiture. Edited by Stewart Gordon. New York: Palgrave, 2001, pp. 23-34.

Liu, Xinru. Ancient India and Ancient China: Trade and Religious Exchanges AD 1-600. Delhi, India: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Liu, Xinru. Silk and Religion: An Exploration of Material Life and the Thought of People, AD 600-1200. Delhi, India: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Nebenzahl, Kenneth. Mapping the Silk Road and Beyond: 2,000 Years of Exploring the East, Phaidon Press 2004.

Palmer, Martin. The Jesus Sutras: Rediscovering the Lost Scrolls of Taoist Christianity. NY: Ballantine Wellspring, 2001.

Pan, Yihong. “Marriage Alliances and Chinese Princesses in International Politics from Han through T’ang.” Asia Major, 3rd. series, vol. x, parts 1-2 (1997), pp. 95-131.
Rossabi, Morris ed. China among Equals: The Middle Kingdom and Its Neighbors, 10th-14th Centuries. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.

Rossabi, Morris. Khubilai Khan: His Life and Times. Berkeley: U. of California Press, 1987.

Rossabi, Morris. Voyager from Xandadu: Rabban Sauma and the First Journey from China to the West. Tokyo: Kodansha International, 1992.

Rudelson, Justin Jon. Oasis Identities: Uyghur Nationalism Along China's Silk Road. Columbia University Press, 1998.

Russell-Smith, Lilla. Uygur Patronage in Dunhuang: Regional Art Centres on the Northern Silk Road in the Tenth Century. Brill, 2005.

Schafer, Edward H. The Golden Peaches of Samarkand; A Study of T'ang Exotics. Berkeley, University of California Press, 1963.

Stein, Aurel. On Ancient Central-Asian Tracks. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, edition 1974.

Thubron, Colin. The Silk Road: Beyond the Celestial Kingdom . Simon & Schuster, 1990.

Tucker, Jonathan and Antonia Tozer (Photographer). The Silk Road: Art and History. Philip Wilson Publishers Ltd., 2003.

Vainker, Shelagh. Chinese Silk: A Cultural History. The British Museum Press, 2004.

Wang, Helen. Money on the Silk Road . British Museum Press 2005.

Watt, James C. Y. When Silk was Gold: Central Asian and Chinese Textiles. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art in cooperation with the Cleveland Museum of Art: Distributed by H.N. Abrams, 1997.

Whitfield, Susan et al. The Cave Temples of Dunhuang: Art and History on the Silk Road. British Library Publishing Division, 2000.

Whitfield, Susan. Life along the Silk Road. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

Whitfield, Susan. The Silk Road: Trade, Travel, War and Faith. Chicago, IL : Serindia Publications, 2004.
Wood, Frances. The Silk Road: Two Thousand Years in the Heart of Asia. London: British Library, 2003.

Wriggins, Sally Hovey. Xuanzang: A Buddhist Pilgrim on the Silk Road. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1996.

Wright, Arthur. Buddhism in Chinese History. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1959.

Yu, Ying-Shih. Trade and Expansion in Han China. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1967.

Primary Sources in Translation

The Kyrgyz Epic Manas,

Marco Polo, The Travels of Marco Polo, University of Connecticut Internet Archive,

Chinese Accounts of Rome, Byzantium and the Middle East, c. 91 B.C.E. - 1643 C.E., East Asian History Sourcebook, Fordham Internet History Sourcebook,

Budge, E.A. Wallis.(ed), The Monks of Kubla Khan Text based on The Monk of Kublai Khan, Emperor of China; or The History of the Life and Travels of Rabban Sawma, Envoy and Plenipotentiary of the Mongol Khans to the Kings of Europe and Markos who as Yahbh-Allaha III Became Patriarch of the Nestorian Church in Asia. London: The Religious Tract Society, 1928.


Digital Silk Road Project,2003-2014, Digital Silk Road Project, National Institute of Informatics, Japan.

Historial Sources and Narratives in translation:

Silk Road Links, Kenyon College, USA

Comprehensive Website

The Silk Road Foundation,

South East Asia

Angkor: Celestial Temples of the Khmer by Jon Ortner, Ian W. Mabbett, James Goodman and Ian Mabbett (Apr 26, 2002)

Angkor Wat: Time, Space, and Kingship by Eleanor Mannikka (May 2000)

A Record of Cambodia: The Land and Its People by Zhou Daguan and Peter Harris (Jan 1, 2007)

Short History of South-East Asia, 5th Ed by: Peter Church (01/09/2009)

Southeast Asia: An Introductory History by Milton Osborne (September 1, 2010)

The Emergence of Modern Southeast Asia: A New History by David Chandler (December 1, 2004)

Southeast Asia: Crossroads of the World, 2nd Edition by Clark D. Neher (September 15, 2010)

Southeast Asia: A Concise History by Mary Somers Heidhues (September 1, 2001)

The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia: Volume One, Part One, from Early Times to c.1500 by Nicholas Tarling (January 28, 2000)

The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia (Part 2) 1500 to 1800 by Nicholas Tarling (January 28, 2000)

Triangular Trade

Davidson, B. 1988, The African Slave Trade. Back Bay Books.

Emert, P.R. (ed) 1970, Colonial Triangular Trade: An Economy Based on Human Misery. Discovery Enterprises.

Rediker, M. 2008, The Slave Ship: A Human History. Penguin Books.

Smallwood, S.E. 2009, Saltwater Slavery: A Middle Passage from Africa to American Diaspora. Harvard University Press.

Thomas, H. 1999, The Slave Trade: The Story of the Atlantic Slave Trade: 1440-1870. Simon & Schuster.


Browne, K. 2008, Traces of the Trade: A Story from the Deep North. PBS

Schama, S. 2000, A History of Britain: The Wrong Empire. BBC

Spielberg, Stephen, 1997 Amistad, Movie


National Maritime Museum

Social Studies for Kids: Triangular Trade

The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database


Lehmann, Arthur C. and Myers, James E. Magic, witchcraft, and religion : an anthropological study of the supernatural, Mountain View, Calif., Mayfield Pub., c1997

Moro, P.A. Magic, Witchcraft, and Religion: A Reader in the Anthropology of Religion, Ninth Edition, , McGraw Hill, 2013, New York


Anderson, Rasmus B. and Reeves, Arthur Middleton and Beamish, North Ludlow and Buel, James William.  The Norse discovery of America; a compilation in extension of all the sagas, manuscripts, and inscriptive memorials relating to the finding and settlement of the New world in the eleventh century. With presentations of freshly discovered proofs, in the form of church records supplied by the Vatican of Rome, never before published. Translations and deductions by Arthur Middleton Reeves, North Ludlow Beamish, Hon. Rasmus B. Anderson. Hon. Rasmus B. Anderson, LL. D., editor in chief. J. W. Buel, PH.D., managing editor  Norrp-sna Society London, New York [etc.]  1906

Barrett James H. “Rounding up the usual suspects: causation and the Viking Age diaspora”, in Anderson, Atholl. and Barrett, James H. and Boyle, Katherine V.(eds)  The global origins and development of seafaring, McDonald Institute of Archeological Research, University of Cambridge, David Brown Book Co., Oakville, CT  2010

Bugge, Sophus.  The home of the Eddic poems; with especial reference to the Helgi-lays. Translated from the Norwegian by William Henry Schofield,  AMS Press, New York  1972

Cohat, Y. , Vikings: Lord of the Seas, Thames and Hudson, London, 1992.

Dufwa, Thamar E.  The Viking laws and the Magna charta; a study of the Northmen's cultural influence in England and France, Exposition Press New York  1963

Haywood, John.  Encyclopaedia of the Viking Age, Thames & Hudson London, New York  2000

Hyde Abbey (Winchester, England). and Edwards, Edward. and Great Britain. Public Record Office.  Liber Monasterii de Hyda : comprising a chronicle of the affairs of England, from the settlement of the Saxons to the reign of King Cnut : and a chartulary of the Abbey of Hyde, in Hampshire : A.D. 455-1023 / edited by Edward Edwards  Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer London  1866

Jesch, Judith.  Women in the Viking age / Judith Jesch Boydell Press Woodbridge, Suffolk ; Rochester, NY,  1991

Louis-Jensen, Jonna.  Hulda. Sagas of the kings of Norway, 1035-1177. Manuscript no. 66 fol. in the Arnamagnaean Collection. Edited by Jonna Louis-Jensen Rosenkilde and Bagger Copenhagen  1968

Snorri Sturluson and Young, Jean I., The prose Edda of Snorri Sturluson : tales from Norse mythology / introduced by Sigurdar Nordal ; selected and translated by Jean I. Young, Bowes & Bowes London  1954

Whitelock, Dorothy and Clemoes, Peter and Hughes, Kathleen (eds).  England before the conquest : studies in primary sources presented to Dorothy Whitelock, University Press Cambridge, 1971

Bellows, Henry (trans) Poetic Edda Translated,

Germanic Mythology; Texts, Translations, Scholarship,

Quinlan, Ryan J. , Lindisfarne Priory, (Available online)

York Archeological Trust, Jorvik Viking Centre, 2012-2014,

The Vikings of Bjornstad,


Neil Oliver, Who were the Vikings, BBC 2012

BBC Learning, “Blood of the Vikings”,,

Documentaries about Vikings,

Kenneth Clarke, Civilisation – “The Skin of our Teeth”,


The Northmen, 2011,

Hrafn Gunnlaugsson, Hrafninn Flygur - When the Raven Flies, 1985, Iceland,

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