C)more, children are missing school in order to watch television
***D)an increasing amount of commercials are being watched by children
E)children spend a lot of time away from their parents
A movement called Jubilee 2000 is campaigning for Third World debt cancellation as a fitting way to mark the millennium. Launched two years ago, the group is now working in 42 countries, and is now supported by a large number of celebrities. Leaders of the group are harsh critics of the big creditors' role in the developing world. In Tanzania, for example, one child in six dies before the age of five due to the lack of proper health care, but the government spends four times more on paying the interest on its debts than on primary health care. Money needed for health and education programs goes instead to rich international creditors, whose billions have often supported corrupt elites.
241-According to the passage, the purpose of Jubilee 2000 is……… .
A)to hold a charity concert involving a lot of celebrities
***B)to allow poor nations to escape paying back large loans
C)to criticise big creditors in the developing world
D)to have a big party on New Year's Eve at the millennium
E)to raise as much money as possible to help poor nations
242-The leaders of Jubilee 2000 argue that………… .
A)42 countries need to have their debts cancelled
B)creditors should lend poor nations more money for primary health care
C)celebrities of the developing countries are not responsible enough
D)celebrities are important in making the world a better place to live
***E)paying interest on huge debts is one reason many children die in developing countries
243-The passage implies that ordinary people in the developing world……… .
A)cannot afford to celebrate the millennium
B)should be helped by the big creditors in their countries
***C)would benefit from large debts being cancelled
D)are often the ones who haven't received any education
E)are ignorant of basic principles of health care
Palmistry is the practice of 'reading hands', of gaining knowledge about personality, past individual history, and likely future events by examining the shape and size of the fingers and, most important, the lines and bumps on the palms themselves. There is some evidence that palmistry may have begun in the Stone Age. Hand outlines can be seen in black and red pigments on the walls of the ancient caves of Almira in Spain and in other European caves. Palmistry as it exists today probably had its origins in ancient India long before recorded history and found its way into western Europe through nomadic bands of Gypsies, who made contact with Europe in the 15th century.
244-Of the following, the one not mentioned in the passage as part of palmistry is………. .
A)foretelling the future
***B)changing the events of the future
C) exploring people's pasts
D)learning about things that may happen
E)learning about character
245-It is stated in the passage that the most essential thing for a palm reader to do is……….. .
A)to examine people's past histories
B)to inspect the fingers carefully
C)to practise by 'reading' many palms
***D) to look closely at the surface of the palm
E)to learn about different personality types
246-The passage explains that it is most likely that palmistry as we know it began……….. .
A)in various parts of Europe
***B)in India in ancient times
C)in caves in Spain
D)in the 15th century
E)in the Stone Age
Aphids are tiny green insects that are a chronic pest for farmers. Spiders and ground beetles living along field margins can keep their numbers under control. But as fields have become larger, the spiders and beetles take longer to get to the middle of them, so farmers began using pesticides for a problem that was once controlled naturally. An insect ecologist came up with a new solution called "beetle banks". These are one metre-wide strips of grass planted at 100-metre intervals across the fields. After two years, there will be enough beetles and spiders in one beetle bank to eat 52 million aphids a week, and the farmer will get rid of aphids without using a single drop of pesticide.
247-We can infer from the passage that………. .
A)all insects are pests for farmers
***B)spiders and beetles are beneficial for farmers
C)farmers want to keep the number of spiders and beetles under control
D)farmers are legally not allowed to use pesticide'
E)aphids are only dangerous if they amount to large numbers
248-The passage states that……….. .
***A)beetle banks are a natural method of pest control
B)beetles can eat 52 million aphids every two years
C)farmers have to keep checking the numbers of aphids in their fields
D)one of the jobs of insect ecologists is to develop pesticides
E)the main purpose of pesticides is to kill beetles and spiders
249-Though he does not state it directly, the author seems to believe that....……… .
A)natural methods are inadequate to control aphids
B)pesticides are usually the best way of controlling pests
C)beetle banks are one-metre wide strips of grass
D)spiders and beetles should stay in field margins so they won't bother the farmers
***E)natural methods are better than pesticides for controlling pests
The ancient Greeks built open-air theatres, usually on a hillside, with semi-circular rows of seats overlooking a circular space called the orchestra. The restored theatre at Epidaurus, dating from about 350 B.C., is a good example of a Classical Greek theatre. The Romans altered this plan by introducing a raised platform for the performers. The first theatre in London was erected in Shoreditch by Richard Burbage, a colleague of Shakespeare; a little later, in about 1590, he built the more famous Globe theatre across the River Thames at Southwark. However, the first theatre in the modern sense was built at Parma, Italy in 1618, with the familiar plan of an auditorium with a raised stage and a curtain.
250-It is clear from the passage that ancient Greek theatres………. .
***A)had no ceilings at all
B)were restored in 350 B.C.
C)had elevated stages
D)were built in valleys
E)had circular seating
251-We learn from the passage that the Globe theatre was……….. .
A)built by Shakespeare himself with the help of Richard Burbage
B)built in Shoreditch, a London district on the River Thames
***C)on the other side of the Thames from London's first theatre
D)the first theatre ever built in London
E) next to London's first ever theatre
252-It is implied in the passage that all modern theatres ……… .
A)have semi-circular rows of seats
***B)have a familiar plan
C)closely resemble the Classical Greek theatre
D)are built on flat ground
E)employ a large orchestra
A team of mountaineers is to search Everest to try to settle once and for all a claim that the world's highest peak was conquered 29 years before Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay's 1953 triumph. British climbers George Mallory and Andrew Irvine disappeared about 700 feet from the top of Everest in 1924, inspiring one of mountaineering's most enduring legends. Their bodies have never been discovered - and neither has the Vest-Pocket Kodak camera Mallory was carrying in his knapsack. According to Kodak, the cold conditions may well have preserved the film. If the film featured a photograph of either of the two men at the mountain peak, the discovery would turn their story of glorious failure into one of sweet success.
253-A team of mountaineers is going to climb Everest in order to……….. .
A)prove that Hilary and Norgay actually climbed to the highest peak
B)try to found a settlement there on the world's highest mountain
C)find the bodies of Mallory and Irvine so that they can be buried
***D)attempt to solve a seventy-five-year old unsolved mystery
E)try to stake a claim for Britain on the world's highest peak
254-What is not known from the passage is whether……. .
A)Mallory and Irvine actually disappeared in 1924
B)Hillary and Norgay really climbed the peak when they said they did
C)Mallory and Irvine had a camera with them when they were climbing Everest
***D)Mallory and Irvine were ascending or descending when they disappeared
E) Mallory and Irvine were real people or merely legendary figures
255-In reference to this situation, Kodak claim that…….. .
A)the mountaineers should have made a film of this expedition
B)they managed to get the film taken by Mallory and Irvine at the peak
C)Mallory and Irvine were able to photograph the mountain peak
D)their cameras operate perfectly even in extreme cold
***E)there's a good chance that any photographs found could be developed
Incessant violence' has been only one aspect of Pakistan's national tragedy since independence. The country has never had an elected government that survived long enough to be voted out of office. The country has spent half its life under military, dictatorships, with the result that now soldiers outnumber doctors 9 to 1. More than half the population is illiterate. Per capita economic growth is approximately zero,and Pakistan has been named as one of the five most corrupt countries in the world. Yet no one in Pakistan believes that their country should have remained part of India.
256-We learn from the passage that………….. .
A)Pakistan is not a particularly violent country
B)the Pakistani experiment with democracy has enjoyed considerable success
***C)less than half the population of Pakistan knows how to read and write
D)there have to be a lot of doctors in Pakistan to take care of all the soldiers
E)India is more peaceful and prosperous than Pakistan
257-Of the following, the problem that the author hasn't mentioned is……….. .
***A)the religious disputes that led to the split from India
B)the disproportionate number of military men to medical staff
C)the unusual number of military governments since independence
D)the lack of any economic growth in real terms
E)corruption among Pakistani officials
258-We can conclude from the passage that the Pakistani citizens ………….. .
***A)would not be in favour of reunification with India
B)say that Pakistan has a bright future ahead of it
C)believe that Pakistan should never have broken away from India
D)seem content with the current economic growth
E)are hopeful that democracy in Pakistan has a bright future
Rarely does a century begin so clearly and cleanly as did the present one. In 1900, Freud published 'The Interpretation of Dreams", ending the Victorian Era. Queen Victoria, as if on cue, died the following January after a 63-year reign. Her empire included one quarter of the world's population, but already the Boer War in South Africa was signalling the end of the colonial era. In China, the Boxer Rebellion heralded the awakening of a new giant. In America, cars were replacing horses, and the average life-span was about 50, which is today 75.
259- The main point of the passage is that………… .
A)the Victorian Era ended in the year 1900
B)at the end of the 19th century, the British Empire was huge
***C)a number of events, unlike the usual way, clearly defined the beginning of the 20th century
D)China used to be an important part of the British Empire
E)the 19th century was marked by Freud's 'The Interpretation of Dreams"
260-It is clear from the passage that around the year 1900, …… ..
B)Queen Victoria disliked people who interpreted dreams
C)many African nations had already gained independence
***D)people in the United States did not live as long as they do today
E)cars had not yet been invented
261-It is implied in the passage that……… .
A)Freud waited until the turn of the century to publish his book
***B)the Boer War meant more revolts against colonialism were to come
C)one quarter of the world's population lives in China
D)there is some connection between life expectancy in America, cars, and horses
E)Queen Victoria was the longest serving monarch
Thirty years after his assassination, Martin Luther King is still regarded as a black leader of a movement for black equality. That assessment, while accurate, is far too restrictive. For it is only because of King and the movement that he led that the US can claim to be leader of the "free world" without inviting smirks of disdain and disbelief. Had he and the blacks and 'whites who marched beside him failed, vast regions of the US would have remained morally indistinguishable from South Africa under apartheid, with terrible consequences for America's standing among nations.
262-We learn from the passage that …………… .
A)Martin Luther King's movement did not go beyond helping black Americans
B)Martin Luther King died a natural death
C)the usual assessment of King reflects the entire nature of his movement
D)Martin Luther King was a great South African leader
***E)white people as well as black people participated in King's government
263-If Martin Luther King's movement had failed, ………… .
A)no assessment of Martin Luther King could possibly be accurate
B)another similar organisation would have achieved the same things
***C)some areas of the USA would resemble South Africa under apartheid
D)many Americans would have moved to South Africa.
E)he might not have been assassinated
264- The author believes that………. .
A)the United States has always been the best possible leader of the "Free World"
B)had Martin Luther King not been assassinated, his movement would have failed
C)Martin Luther King helped white people more than he helped black people
***D)the USA owes its current position among nations to King's movement
E)King's movement has had terrible results for America's image among nations
Other nations have medical air services, but Australia's is the oldest and covers the most ground. For more than 70 years, the Flying Doctors Service has been a mainstay of the sparsely populated Australian Outback, providing medical supplies and treatment to areas where there is often no alternative, and where the difference can be life and death. If you drive just a few hours inland from the coast, where most Australians live, you are in Flying Doctors country. The 53 pilots share duties in 38 planes stationed at 17 bases dotted across the country. They serve 7 million square kilometres of scrubland and desert, an area more than two-thirds the size of the United States.
265-The passage tells us that………… .
A)the majority of the population in Australia live a few hours from the coast
B)a sparse population makes it easy for doctors to treat their patients properly
***C)Australia's medical air service is the most extensive in the world
D}the "flying doctor" service is no alternative to a proper medical service
E) some of the doctors in the medical air service are more than 70 years old
266-Were it not for the Australian Flying Doctors Service, …… .
A)other nations would have similar services
***B)there would be almost no medical treatment for those in the Australian Outback
C)the Australian Outback would be sparsely populated
D)most Australians would have to live on the coast
E)hospitals on the coast would be over-crowded
267-The passage emphasises that the Flying Doctors Service……….. .
A)is having difficulty finding staff to work with them
***B)is essential to the life of people in the Australian Outback
C)is in need of help from other well-off nations
D)is responsible for almost two-thirds of the country
E)employs 83 pilots and 38 planes stationed at a single base
On the introduction of coffee to England, in about the middle of the 17th century, many coffee shops were opened throughout central London. A great deal of business was transacted in these coffee shops, including public sales of ships and goods. One among them, owned by a Mr Lloyd, appears to have been a great favourite among businessmen. In 1696, Mr Lloyd started one of the earliest commercial newspapers in London, under the name of Lloyd's News, containing commercial and shipping information both from home and abroad. This paper attracted man customers from the shipping trade, and very shortly, led to Lloyd's coffee house becoming the headquarters of the maritime insurance business. Today, hundreds of years later, Lloyd's of London remains the name of the world's biggest maritime insurance company.
268- The 17th century coffee shops mentioned in the passage …. .
A)were originally started in certain businessmen's offices
B)must have sometimes seemed more like shops than cafes
C)were all owned by one man, who was called Mr Lloyd
***D)were new to Londoners
E)were generally not open at first to the general public
269-Mr Lloyd……… .
***A)increased the popularity of his coffee shop by starting a newspaper
C)was the original owner of what is now the largest shipping company
D)expanded his original coffee shop into a very successful chain of shops
E)started what may very well have been London's first ever newspaper
270-It is implied that Lloyd's of London…….. .
A)is still based on the site of the original coffee shop
B)is, coincidentally, named after a popular coffee shop
C)is the largest shipping company in the world
D)is still run by members of the first Mr Lloyd's family
***E)has been in business for what must be over 300 years
At the turn of the century, the European powers were hard at work attempting to claim as much land in Africa as possible. Britain's General Kitchner had pushed through the gates of Khartoum, and French troops were fighting Moroccans resisting them. A hundred years later, the possessors of the past have come and gone, and the continent is unfettered from colonialism. It has been a long and painful march to freedom. The African people have been weighed down beneath the yoke of historical circumstance and traumatized by some 400 years of a slave trade, which only ended around 1850. Yet for better or for worse, Africa is finally its own master.
271-The passage makes it clear that a century ago, ………. .
A)Africans achieved freedom by holding protest marches
B)Khartoum won a major victory against Britain's General Kitchner
C)Africa was still mostly unknown to Europeans
***D)Europeans were trying to conquer as much of Africa as they could
E)General Kitchner fought against the French in Africa
272-The word "unfettered" probably means……….. .
A)being held as a slave by another country
B)being forced to march from one place to another
C)traumatic historic circumstances
D)the colonisation of a nation by a stronger one
***E)to be set free from some control or restraint
273-The author states that……….. .
A)all will be well for Africa now that the colonial powers have departed
B)the British and the French should never have left Africa
***C)Africans had to struggle hard for their independence
D)Africa's history provides a firm foundation for the steady growth of its nations
E)most nations in Africa are still ruled by European countries
For hundreds of years, the nomadic Sami reindeer herders of Sweden have taken their animals to the lowland snow forests over winter and spent the summer in the high Arctic. However, the timber companies are now excluding them from their winter grazing. The animals survive the cold and snow by grazing on tree lichens, but the forest owners claim that the reindeer damage their property by breaking the tops off the young trees, and are using the courts to try to evict them. The Sami community, on the other hand, say that every village has its own forest areas where they have been taking their reindeer for hundreds of years, since before the settlers arrived from the south. However, the Sami have no written language and cannot prove their rights in court as they have no documents.
274-The conflict described in the passage……….. .
A)has been building up over many hundreds of years and has now reached a peak
***B)has arisen between the traditional inhabitants of the area and the timber industry
C)could be avoided if the Sami were prepared to remain in their native land
D)is about the Sami's use of certain mountain forests which they do not own
E)has only recently arisen because of ecological changes in the disputed area
275-The Sami's reindeer………. .
***A)depend on trees for their nourishment during winter
B)have lived permanently in the forests for centuries
C)need the forests in order to shelter from the snow
D)especially like eating the tops of young trees
E)live in the nearby Sami villages when not in the forest
276- The Sami say that their claim to grazing rights in the forests is based on………. .
A)legal papers which the Sami will produce in court
B)the fact that they bought the forests many years ago
C)documents which have unfortunately been lost
***D)the fact that they were using the land before anyone else
E)the forest areas being very close to the Sami's own villages
Born in 1898, Paul Robeson was the son of a runaway slave. He was the only black student to try out for the Rutgers University football team. In response, the other players beat him up and pulled out his fingernails. He bore the abu8e to prove his worth. He not only graduated at the top of his class, but had been an All-American, the top honour for a university football player, twice. Within four years after graduation, he was one of the best-known actors and singers in the United States. Yet because he was a black man with strong political beliefs, he was forced to spend much of his life in England, and when he did return to the United States, his passport was taken away.
277-We understand from the passage that…………. .
A)Paul Robeson was born as a slave
***B) the other players on the Rutgers University football team were all white
C)the Rutgers University football team was the best in the country
D)Paul Robeson was the only black student at Rutgers University
E)Paul Robeson abused the other players on the football team
278-It is obvious from the passage that Paul Robeson……….. .
279-The passage tells us that,in his football life, Robeson ……. .
A)was only able to play against other university teams a few times
B)failed to accomplish much due to the pressure from white players
C)was rarely given the chance to play in major competitions
D)was physically tortured by the other players in his team many times
***E)was chosen the best university football player twice
Touring the monuments to Thailand's past will take the traveller to all parts of the country. Just a short distance west of Bangkok, for example, stands Phra Pathom Chedi, the world's tallest Buddhist monument. Travel a little further west and an episode of more recent history is recalled at Kachanaburi, site of the infamous bridge over the River Kwai. In contrast, north-east Thailand offers a glimpse of the ancient Khmer civilisation with a number of extremely well-preserved temple ruins, which rank as the finest surviving Khmer monuments to be seen outside of Cambodia. Elsewhere, ancient cities and venerable temples bear witness to the kingdom of Lanna, founded in the late 13th century in northern Thaaand, while in the south traces of the Srivajaya kingdom survive as testament to one of the most influential of the pre-Thai civilisations.
280- We can conclude from the passage that…………… .
A)the best reason to visit Thailand is to relax on its beautiful beaches
B)the Bridge on the River Kwai is one of the oldest monuments in Thailand
C)most of the historical monuments in Thailand are concentrated in a small area
***D)anyone who loves history should enjoy a visit to Thailand
E)Thailand has been an isolated country throughout most of its history
281-Part of the passage implies that………. .
***A)the "Khmer" civilisation was probably centred in the country today called Cambodia
B)the world's tallest monument is in Thailand
C)many historical buildings in Thailand are not well-preserved
D)there are world-class facilities for tourists everywhere in Thailand
E)Cambodia has a better-developed tourist industry than Thailand
282-It's clear from the passage that the monuments in Thailand………. .
A)belong to the same period of the nation's, history
B)are all within easy reach from the capital
***C)are scattered all over the country
D)are all from pre-Thai civilisations
E)attract millions of tourists to the country every year
In a land famous for loving all creatures great and small, one of the smallest - the bat - is not at all popular in some historic churches. The furry flying mammals, which are strictly protected by British law, like to bring up their little offspring in the ceilings of old churches. But they can make a terrible mess of the inside of a church, and have caused irreparable damage to rare medieval paintings, carvings, and brass work. The leader of the Movement Against Bats in Churches was quoted as saying, "Our heritage itself is an endangered 3pecies when bats move into churches and use them as public lavatories day and night."
283-According to the passage, one of the greatest dangers to Britain’s medieval churches is…….. .
A)the air currents caused by flying bats
B)baby bats playing in the ceilings of churches
C)the ignorance of people using their lavatories
***D)damage caused by the waste products of bats
E)public lavatories located near churches
284- It is clear from the passage that………. .
A)British people love all animals, except for bats
B)there is a law against keeping bats as pets
C)bats are the most popular animals in Britain
D)the damage caused by bats is easily repaired
***E)the law forbids any disturbance to bats
285-The passage states that Britain is well-known for………… .
A)making its heritage an endangered species
B)its attitude toward furry flying mammals
C)a unique pressure group known as the Movement against Bats 'in Churches
D)making messes inside its historical churches
***E)being extremely fond of animals of all sorts
Babies whose mothers smoke during pregnancy could be at higher risk of growing up to be criminals, new research suggests. This is the first study to examine the relationship between mothers who smoke and their children's adult behaviour. The findings were based on data for 4,169 males born in Copenhagen between September 1959 and December 1961. Their arrest records at age 34 were studied. It was discovered that the number of cigarettes their mothers had smoked during the last third of their pregnancy affected the men's arrests for both violent and non-violent crimes. This was true even when other possible causes, such as use of alcohol, divorce, income, and home environment had been taken into consideration.
286-The main idea of the passage is that……… .
***A)smoking during pregnancy increases the possibility of the child committing crimes in adult life
B)pregnant women who smoke should be regarded as criminals and be punished
C)4.169 males were born in Copenhagen between the years 1959 and 1961
D)most criminals are heavy smokers
E) most of the men at age 34 in Copenhagen have arrest records
287-The research mentioned in the passage………… .
A)concentrated on the effects of smoking before and after pregnancy
B)was a repetition of several previous studies, which were inconclusive
E)studied only the last third of a mother's pregnancy
288-From the passage, we can say that the researchers were careful because………. .
A)they monitored the lives of their subjects from birth to age 34
B)they chose subjects who had only committed minor crimes
C)all men born between September 1959 and December 1961 were studied
***D)other possible causes of crime were also considered
E)they studied so many men from so many different countries
James Harrison thought he could make a fortune if he could freeze and transport surplus beef and mutton to England, where meat prices were very high. Ice-making machines had been developed in the, 1830s, but in order to keep the food frozen, a refrigeration machine had to be developed to ensure a stabilised temperature. Harrison patented his machine in 1857 and by 1873 had perfected his method. He arranged a special meal to celebrate his invention. The meat he served had been completely frozen for six months, but not one dinner guest could tell that it wasn't freshly slaughtered.
289-It appears that Harrison's efforts to develop effective refrigeration…………. .
A)were realised in a few years once he got started on them
B)came from his wish to help Australian farmers
C)were made possible by funding from the wealthy
D)stemmed from his love of frozen food and drink
***E)were motivated by his desire to make a profit
290-The author suggests that a problem with transporting frozen food was………… .
***A)finding a way to keep its temperature constant
B)developing a profitable way to ship it abroad
C)knowing whether there would be a demand for it
D)the price difference between England and Australia
E)making enough ice to keep it from melting
291-One may infer from this passage that……….. .
A)frozen meat is actually better than freshly-slaughtered meat
B)meat cannot last much longer than six months in a freezer
C)meat must be frozen immediately after slaughter to taste fresh
***D)Harrison's method of preservation was quite successful
E)only the food experts could understand that Harrison served frozen meat
Benjamin Franklin, who was to become one of the best known American writers, politicians and scientists, was born in Boston in 1706. He was one of 17 children, and as a child, he worked in the shop of his father, who was a soap and candle maker. As he loved to read and study, however, working for his father did not appeal to him, so when he was 12, he was sent to assist his brother James, who had a printing shop. There, surrounded by books, he would often stay up late at night reading on a wide range of subjects. As he read, he practised improving his own style of writing.
292-It is stated in the passage that Benjamin Franklin…………….. .
A)was born into a family including well-known people
B)started to work in his father's shop when he was 12
***C)was not content to be working with his father
D)had a decent formal education
E)came from a wealthy background
293- We can conclude from the passage that the work Benjamin's brother was doing ……….. .
A)required Benjamin to work until late at night
B)was, in the first place, financed by their father
C)was a lot more profitable than his father's work
D)was too hard for a twelve-year-old
***E) was well suited to Benjamin's interests
294-It is obvious from the passage that…………. .
A)Benjamin Franklin's father had plenty of free time to spend with his son
***B)Benjamin Franklin grew into a man of many talents
C)lacking a formal education, Benjamin Franklin didn't achieve much in writing
D)Benjamin Franklin's relationship with his father was distant
E)Benjamin's father was illiterate
The world's first liquid-fuelled rocket took off on a cold afternoon in March 1926, from a farm in New England. The result of years of trial and error by a physics professor named Robert Goddard, it rose about 14 metres. Goddard was certain that this modest flight was the first step towards future space flight, but few others shared his enthusiasm. The director of the Smithsonian -Institution, from which he had been receiving a small amount of financial assistance, was disappointed. The newspapers made fun of him. Yet today, space scientists consider the 1926 experiment an event as important as man's first successful flight.
295-The passage makes it clear that……….. .
***A)hardly anyone took Goddard and his rocket seriously at the time
B)Goddard found financial support after the experiment
C)Goddard was not in the habit of exaggerating things
D)space flight was considered a real possibility by many people after 1926
E)it is best to experiment with rockets when the weather is cold
296-We learn from the passage that …………. .
A)it is always cold in New England in March
B)the Smithsonian Institution met the entire expense for Goddard's rocket
***C)Goddard's experiment was important in the development of future rockets
D)Goddard was put on trial for his errors as a physics professor
E)Robert Goddard owned a farm in New England
297-We can assume from the passage that before the experimental flight in 1926, ………… .
A)many others had tried to do a similar thing
B)the director of the Smithsonian Institution was not hopeful of any success
In 1920, after some thirty-nine years of problems with disease, high costs and politics, the Panama Canal was officially opened. This linked the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans by allowing ships to pass through the fifty-mile canal zone instead of travelling some seven thousand miles around Cape Horn. It takes a ship approximately eight hours to complete the trip through the canal, and costs a tenth of what it would cost the average ship to round the Horn. More than fifteen thousand ships use the canal annually.
298- The passage gives us the information that ………….. .
A)the Panama Canal was built in order to combat certain diseases
B)there were more political problems than problems with disease during the construction of the canal
C)the Panama Canal is built at the narrowest point between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
***D)it took a little less than four decades to build the Panama Canal
E)the Panama Canal has been used by about fifteen thousand ships since its construction
299-The Panama Canal………….. .
***A)provides a cheaper and shorter alternative route between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
B)reduces the distance between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans by 90 per cent
C)is seven thousand miles from Cape Horn
D)makes it possible to cover fifteen thousand miles in eight hours
E)was begun in 1920, despite opposition from the natives
300-We can infer from the passage that before the Panama Canal opened, ………… .
A)there was a lot of disease in the region which has now been eliminated
B)fifteen thousand ships a year went around Cape Horn
C)there was no connection by sea between the Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean
D)there were too few ships to make such a project profitable
***E)the journey by ship from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean took much longer
A fire extinguisher, even a small one, located near the kitchen is a wise investment. But be sure that the extinguisher is rated to put out kitchen fires. What the extinguisher is designed to do is stated on the outside. Rather than bother trying to determine which one is best for you, just get an extinguisher that is rated to control all three primary types of fires: (1) ordinary combustibles such as paper and wood; (2) flammable liquids, such as fat, gasoline and grease; and (3) electric fires. Read the directions carefully. Teach everyone in the family how to operate the extinguisher, and do not buy one that is too heavy for a child of nine or ten to lift.
301-We learn from the passage that…………… .
A)fire extinguishers can be very expensive
B)it is best to keep the extinguisher in the kitchen
C)a large extinguisher is more effective than a small one
D)only one fire extinguisher per household is advisable
***E)not all extinguishers are useful in all types of fires
302-The author advises people wanting to buy an extinguisher for kitchen fires to purchase one………. .
A)that displays its functions on the outside
***B)that can put out the main types of fire
C)that comes with a full set of instructions
D)that is based on whether they have an electric or gas cooker
E)that does not work by gas or electricity
303-According to the information in the passage, when one has installed a fire extinguisher, …………. .
A)one should learn how to prevent fires in the first place
B)one should remember that youngsters will find it hard to use
***C)the whole household should be instructed in its use
D)one should' keep the instructions in a safe place
E)young children should be kept away from this equipment
In the early 20th century, the population of Macedonia was composed of many different peoples, usually fighting one another. That such a land of violence and conflict in the last days of the Ottoman Empire would produce a future winner of the Nobel Peace Prize would have seemed highly improbable. Yet in Skopje, one of the two men who opened the town's first theatre was an Albanian married to a Serb. A daughter was born into this typically cosmopolitan Macedonian family, who, as Mother Theresa,would find her vocation in far away places, doing charitable work among the victims of poverty and neglect - particularly in the slums of Calcutta, India. In 1979, she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of her humanitarian efforts.
304-The passage states that in the early 20th century, ……….. .
A)the Macedonian population was uniform
B)there was little hostility between different peoples in Macedonia
***C)Macedonia was a land of conflicts and disagreement
D)the Ottomans were trying to expand into Macedonia
E)Macedonians produced a hero who was to receive the Nobel Peace Prize
305- Mother Theresa's father………….. .
A)was Serbian, but he married an Albanian
B)fought against Ottoman rule throughout his life.
C)was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
***D)established, with another friend, Skopje's first theatre
E)emigrated, with his family, to Calcutta, India
306- Mother Theresa………….. .
***A)found her life's work among the impoverished people of India
B)spent most of her life trying to solve the conflicts in her native land
C)helped her father open the first theatre in Skopje
E)acted as a peace-maker between Albanians and Serbs
Melville Bell, the father of Alexander Graham. Bell, the inventor of the telephone, studied the anatomy of speech and approached his subjects with scientific thoroughness. In 1864, he completed a universally applicable phonetic alphabet. by which he could describe the manner of production of the sounds of nearly all known languages. He called this alphabet 'Visible Speech" and its various symbols - thirty-four in all -showed how the vocal organs would be positioned to make a sound. This alphabet was to become the direct ancestor of the international phonetic alphabet, which is used today.
307-According to the passage, Melville Bell……………
A)was the man who invented the telephone
B)inspired his son, Alexander Graham Bell, to invent the telephone
***C)advanced the scientific study of speech in the 19th century
D)made several discoveries in the areas of vision and human anatomy
E)was the sole creator of the current international phonetic alphabet
308- It is clear from the passage that by using "Visible Speech" , …………….. .
***A)the sounds of almost every known language could be reproduced
B)subjects could be approached with scientific thoroughness
C)a language spoken by the whole world has been created
D)people who spoke different languages were able to communicate with each other
E)scholars were able to learn more about the languages spoken by their ancestors
309-One can conclude from the passage that the languages studied by Melville………. .
A)require the use of different organs even when the same sound is produced
B)were the ones spoken in the major countries of the world
***C)belong to the same language family
D)include at least some of the 34 sounds he had noted
E)consist of exactly the same sounds
After several years of wandering around in the eastern part of the United States, supporting himself as a printer and with his writing, Samuel Clemens returned to the Mississippi River to realise his old ambition of becoming a steamboat pilot. In 1857, after 18 months apprenticeship, he earned his pilot's licence, and for the next four years he steamed up and down the Mississippi getting to know the name and position of every feature on the river. In addition, he learnt the special language used on the steamboats, where the phrase "mark twain” meant the water was deep enough to be safe. He used his knowledge of the river and his experiences there later when he wrote his most famous novel. "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" under his pen name, Mark Twain.
310-It is obvious from the passage that Samuel Clemens........ .
A)became close friends with Mark Twain when they were working as steamboat pilots
B)is the name of the hero in Mark Twain's most famous novel
C)was one of the most enthusiastic apprentices of Mark Twain
D)told Mark Twain his experiences as a steamboat pilot
***E)is the actual name of the author known as Mark Twain
311-From the information in the passage, one can conclude that the setting in Twain's most famous book……….
A)is purely from imagination
***B)resembles the actual geography of the river
C)is the wilderness in 19th century America
D)includes the coastal parts of the New World
E)has no connection with any real place on the Earth
312-Before becoming a steamboat pilot. Mark Twain……….. .
A)learnt the names of all the geographical points along the Mississippi
B) wandered around the world aimlessly
C) wrote his famous novel. 'Huckleberry Finn'
D)learnt a variety of foreign languages
***E)made a living as an author and printer
As a boy, the famous inventor Thomas Edison was not a good student. His parents took him out of school after three months and his mother taught him at home, where his great curiosity and desire to experiment often got him into trouble. One day, he set fire to his father's barn. "to see what would happen". When he was ten, he built his own chemistry laboratory. He sold sandwiches and newspapers on the local trains in order to earn money to buy supplies for his laboratory. His parents became accustomed to his experiments and the explosions which sometimes shook the house.
313-We can infer from the passage that young Thomas Edison……… .
A)was not an intelligent child
B)had very strict parents
C)would have been more successful. had he received formal education
D)got his curiosity from his mother
***E)had a questioning mind
314- When he was a child, Thomas Edison………….. .
A)was in the habit of setting fire to things
B)was so intelligent that he did not have to go to school
***C)had a part-time job that enabled him to buy the things he needed for his experiments
D)tried to blow up his house several times
E)left school because he wanted to spend more time with his mother
315-The best generalisation we can make from the passage would be that……….. .
***A)someone's not doing well at school does not necessarily mean that he is dull
B)mothers can educate their children better than professional teachers
C)it is good to have a part-time job as a child
D)the society has always regarded inventors as strange people
E)unintelligent children may sometimes put the whole family in danger
Petroleum products vary greatly in physical appearance: thin, thick, transparent or opaque, but regardless, their chemical composition is made up of only two elements: carbon and hydrogen, which form compounds called hydrocarbons. Other chemical elements found in union with the hydrocarbons are few and are classified as impurities. Trace elements are also found, but in such minute quantities that they are disregarded. The combination of carbon and hydrogen forms many thousands of compounds which are possible because of the various positions and joinings of these two atoms in the hydrocarbon molecule.
316-The common point of all petroleum products is that they………. .
317-According to the passage, hydrocarbons are………… .
A)chemical elements classed as impurities
***B)chemical compounds consisting of carbon and hydrogen
C)trace elements that give petroleum products their individual characteristics
D)refined using a complex system of distillation
E)found in compounds in small quantities
318-Petroleum products vary so much in physical appearance because………. .
A)impurities change the nature of the substance so much
B)there is a great' demand for them in different forms
C)their chemical composition is made up of countless elements -
***D)carbon and hydrogen atoms can join in thousands of different ways
E)trace elements have a remarkable effect on hydrocarbons
There is an advantage to launching satellites from the equator. The Earth spins faster there, giving rockets a boost in reaching orbit that allows them to carry heavier payloads. But there are few suitable launching sites on the equator that would not involve political problems. Therefore, an international consortium has converted an oil-drilling platform into a floating launch pad, rocket assembly plant, and mission control. They hope to develop the capacity to launch commercial telecommunications satellites.
319-The main advantage of launching satellites from the equator is that…………. .
***A)it is easier to put larger satellites into orbit from there
B)it does not cause political problems in the countries concerned
C)there are a number of oil-drilling platforms available in the area
D)the weather is more reliable there
E)life is cheaper for the mission control and rocket assembly staff
320-The passage states that an international consortium………….. .
***A)is planning to launch satellites from the equator
B)has had problems as to the use of the oil-drilling platform in the equator
C)is negotiating with the equatorial countries for a launching pad
D)is ignoring the political problems having arisen in the area
E)is temporarily launching satellites from an oil-drilling platform
321-Considering the circumstances stated in the passage, the oil-drilling platform mentioned must be, ………… .
A)cheap to convert into a floating launch pad
B)positioned at the best point in the ocean
C)unable to launch rockets with heavier payloads
***D)in international waters, where it does not cause political problems
E)away from any of the equatorial countries
In 776 B.C., the first Olympic Games were held at the foot of Mount Olympus to honour the Greeks' chief god, Zeus. The ancient Greeks emphasised physical fitness and strength in the education of youth. Therefore, contests in running. Jumping, discus and javelin throwing. Boxing, and horse and chariot racing were held in individual cities, and the winners competed every four years at Mount Olympus. Winners were honoured by having olive wreaths placed on their heads and having poems sung about their deeds. Originally these were held as games of friendship, and any wars in progress were halted to allow the games to take place.
322-It is implied in the passage that one purpose of the Olympic games was to……. .
A)increase the number of followers of their chief god, Zeus
B)help the participating athletes make a lot of money
***C)provide encouragement for young men to remain strong and physically fit
D)prepare an atmosphere f6r the poets to produce good literature
E)to ensure the continuity of friendship between the different cities of the area
323-It is stated in the passage that the competitors in the Olympic games……….
A)had to take part in more than one sport
B)were poets who read out their poetry to an audience at Mount Olympus
C)used to spend 'the four years between the two games training
***D)were the winners of similar competitions held in provincial cities
E)were all followers of the cult of Zeus
324-A particularly impressive feature of the ancient Olympics mentioned in the passage was that……….. .
A)the winners were regarded as heroes
B) the competitors came from different social classes
C)they took place annually at Mount Olympus
***D)wars were postponed while the games took place
E)the winners of individual events often became extremely wealthy
The most popular national amusement in Burma is the pwe. This entertainment may consist of acting, singing, dancing, clowning or even puppetry. These plays are performed outdoors -most often on moonlit nights. They usually last all night for several nights in succession. The audience sits on reed mats to watch the show. The pwes are free, and more often than not are given by a wealthy individual for the entertainment of his friends and anyone else who cares to attend. The pwe plays are usually legendary tales about princes and princesses and almost always have a happy ending. Actors wear old-time court costumes and proclaim long speeches, but there is always a down to relieve any boredom. Judging by the laughter the clowns provoke, they are found really funny.
325-The author seems to be suggesting that……….. .
A)pwes are a lot more effective in daylight
B)the audience is expected to participate in the majority of pwes
C)each performer at a pwe must be good at several different art forms
D)puppetry is the most common art form to be included in a pwe
***E)the audiences at pwes find the plays a bit boring at times
326-We learn from the passage that pwes………….. .
A)are a form of entertainment solely for the rich and their friends
B)cannot be attended by people who do not have their own reed mats
C)are performed by actors who come from extremely rich families
***D)can be seen by anyone who's interested, and don't require tickets
327-The author concludes that the clowns at pwes are humorous………… .
A)although they wear traditional clothing and costume
B)because the pwes are so often very boring
***C)as they manage to make the audience laugh a lot
D)despite the fact that they make long, tedious speeches
E)since clowns everywhere are thought to be funny
A lost tribe of Stone Age people known as the Tasaday was discovered in the tropical rain forest in the Philippines in the 1970s. The tribe consisted of 24 people, with completely unique customs and language. They displayed no aggressive tendencies, either to outsiders or each other. They reached decisions at informal meetings at which men and women spoke equally. Age alone commanded respect. They lived a nomadic existence, and knew nothing of farming. Living mostly on wild potatoes, fruits and bamboo shoots, the Tasaday derived some protein from crabs and small fish. Monkey meat was considered a delicacy to be brought out only on special occasions. Although they appeared in good health, they practised no medicine, and confessed to leaving the sick to die.
328-It is understood from the passage that the Tasaday………… .
A)are generally friendlier to strangers than they are to one another
***B)have survived without the benefit of modern technology
C)look more like monkeys than humans
D)cultivated bamboo and fruits
E)discovered in the 1970s consisted of equal numbers of men and women
329-The author suggests that in Tasaday society, ………….. .
***A)both sexes have equal status in decision making
B)women have similar roles to most Western cultures
C)spoke a language similar to the language of the Philippines
D)the oldest member takes decisions alone
E)the young are cared for by the old
330-It is clear from the passage that the Tasaday……….. .
***A)have developed no way in which to treat illness
B)kill the sick in order to cease their suffering
C)feel guilty about their treatment of sick people
D)have a great desire to learn Western medicine
E)are not nearly as healthy as they seem to be
On her first day at the University of Nebraska, Willa Cather was mistaken for a professor. She was only 16, fresh from a small prairie town. Yet, the students were impressed when she peeked around a classroom door and asked, "Is this elementary Greek?" They had been expecting someone like this, with a deep,commanding voice, a solemn face topped with short hair, and a straw hat. So they nodded politely, then burst into laughter when the stranger entered - and proved to be a young girl. Of course, they could not know that she would grow up to be a major American writer.
331-After their first encounter with Willa Cather, the students laughed because………. .
A)she was a great American writer
B)they were impressed by the inherent humour of elementary Greek
C)her straw hat and short hair looked funny
D)she was the youngest professor they had ever seen
***E)they recognised their own mistake
332-At the age of sixteen, Willa Cather…………. .
A)already spoke fluent Greek
B)was impressed by the other students
***C)was already a university student
D)was already a famous American writer
E)was often laughed at by other students
333-It is clear from the passage that…………. .
A)no one at the University of Nebraska realised Willa Cather's potential
B)Willa Cather's writing ability impressed the other students
***C)even at the age of sixteen, Willa Cather was an impressive person
D)the University of Nebraska specialised in educating young, gifted students
E)straw bats were common at the University of Nebraska
There is an ancient belief that when a female wolf loses a young cub, she seeks a human child to take its place. Romulus and Remus, the legendary twin founders of Rome, were supposed to have been cared for by wolves. The idea actually became believable in the late 19th century when a French doctor found a naked ten-year-old boy wandering in the woods. He did not walk upright, could not speak intel1igently, nor relate to people: he only growled like a wolf and stared at them. Finally the doctor won the boy’s confidence and began to work with him. After many long years of devoted and patient instruction, the doctor was able to get the boy to clothe and feed himself, recognise and say a number of words, and even to write a little.
334- It is implied in the passage that………… .
A)the legend of Romulus and Remus is certainly based on reality
B)Romulus and Remus were the actual founders of Rome
C)the boy found in the woods was like a wolf in appearance but not in emotions
***D)people have believed for a long time that female wolves sometimes adopt human children
E)it took a long time for the doctor to train the young wolf