Remedies outline tort remedies


APPLICATION OF REMEDIES TO PARTICULAR CAUSES OF ACTION



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APPLICATION OF REMEDIES TO PARTICULAR CAUSES OF ACTION

  1. Personal Property Torts

    1. Destroyed Property

      1. Compensatory Damages

    2. Damaged Property

      1. Compensatory Damages

    3. Dispossession

      1. Compensatory Damages

      2. Restitutionary Damages – (If D benefits)

      3. Replevin

      4. Mandatory Injunction – (If chattel is unique and damages and replevin won’t work)

      5. Constructive Trust / Equitable Lien – (If D is insolvent or if tracing facts are involved)

      6. Self Help – Reasonable force to recapture chattel




  1. Real Property Torts

    1. Simple Trespass

      1. Nominal Damages

      2. Restitutionary Damages

      3. Injunction – (Avoiding multiplicity of actions)

    2. Destruction / Damage of Real Property

      1. Compensatory Damages

      2. Injunction

    3. Dispossession

      1. Compensatory Damages

      2. Restitutionary Damages

      3. Ejectment – (Since it is available, NO injunction)

      4. Constructive Trust / Equitable Lien

    4. Encroachment

      1. Compensatory Damages

      2. Injunction – (Emphasize balancing the hardships)

      3. *NO Restitution

    5. Nuisance

      1. Compensatory Damages

      2. Injunction – (Emphasize balancing the hardships)

      3. *NO Restitution




  1. Personal Injury Torts

    1. Compensatory Damages

      1. Economic Loss / Special Damages – Certainty rules apply

        1. i.e. lost wages

      2. Non-Economic Loss / General Damages – Certainty rules do NOT apply

        1. i.e. pain and suffering

    2. Injunction – (Only against prospective, intentional, tortious conduct)




  1. Fraud

    1. Damages

    2. Constructive Trust / Equitable Lien

    3. Punitive Damages

    4. (*May also be analyzed as a contracts case)




  1. Personal Property Sales Contracts

    1. Compensatory Damages

      1. Sellers Breach – (Does not convey, or delivers damaged goods)

      2. Buyers Breach – (Does not Pay)

    2. Restitution – (Unenforceable breached contracts)

    3. Specific Performance – Personal property must be unique

    4. Rescission

    5. Reformation




  1. Land Sale Contracts

    1. Compensatory Damages

      1. Sellers Breach – (Does not convey)

      2. Buyers Breach – (Does not Pay)

    2. Restitution – (Unenforceable breached contracts)

    3. Specific Performance – Land is unique

      1. Both buyer and seller can get specific performance

      2. Bar Favorites – Deficiencies / Time is of the essence clause / Equitable Conversion

    4. Rescission

    5. Reformation




  1. Construction Contracts

    1. Compensatory Damages

      1. Owners Breach – (Does not Pay)

      2. Builders Breach – (Does not complete, or defective completion)

    2. Restitution – (Only builder for work done unless owner pre-paid)

    3. Specific Performance – Only owner but very difficult because of enforcement problems




  1. Personal Services Contracts

    1. Compensatory Damages

      1. Employers Breach – (Wrongful Termination)

      2. Employees Breach – (Wrongfully Quits)

    2. Restitution – (Only employee for work done unless employer pre-paid)

    3. Specific Performance

      1. NO – employment contracts

      2. YES – Valid covenant not to compete


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