Research appendices


Table 2B. Demographic and Local Labor Market Characteristics of Public U.S. Community Colleges and Their Areas of Operation



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Table 2B. Demographic and Local Labor Market Characteristics of Public U.S. Community Colleges and Their Areas of Operation








Demographics

Local Labor Market Characteristics













Percent with

Average
















Percent in

College

Hourly

High




Agriculture,

Trade,

Percent Non- white

poverty

Degree

Wage

Technology

Manufacturing

Mining

Services




Area Type

























1

Large City

47.6%

14.2%

30.4%

$16.52

3.1%

14.7%

1.8%

65.6%

2

Large City Fringe

32.7%

9.5%

29.9%

$16.56

3.1%

18.8%

2.3%

64.4%

3

Mid-size City

27.4%

12.6%

24.6%

$13.96

2.9%

20.0%

3.3%

63.9%

4

Mid-size City Fringe

20.8%

12.7%

20.8%

$13.36

2.6%

22.4%

4.2%

61.8%

5

Large Town

20.8%

13.5%

20.5%

$12.97

2.4%

23.9%

3.8%

61.5%

6

Small Town

21.9%

15.5%

16.9%

$12.69

1.9%

26.2%

4.4%

58.7%

7

Rural

21.1%

14.3%

18.0%

$13.20

1.8%

29.5%

4.1%

55.1%


































Enrollment

























1

More than 30,000

41.6%

11.8%

30.2%

$16.32

3.2%

16.2%

1.9%

66.1%

2

15,000-30,000

39.7%

12.1%

29.8%

$16.16

3.2%

16.8%

3.3%

65.3%

3

6,000-15,000

30.6%

11.9%

26.3%

$15.13

2.8%

19.1%

3.7%

63.3%

4

3,000-6,000

22.6%

12.7%

21.1%

$13.70

2.4%

23.6%

3.5%

60.9%

5

1,000-3,000

23.6%

14.4%

19.1%

$12.92

2.1%

26.8%

3.5%

58.9%

6

500-1,000

20.6%

15.6%

19.2%

$12.96

2.2%

22.8%

3.1%

62.8%

7

Less than 500

24.6%

17.4%

17.0%

$12.87

2.0%

23.8%

4.5%

58.7%


































Percent of Local Funding vs. State Funding*



















1

More than 55%

























2

40-55%

27.8%

10.1%

26.9%

$15.11

2.9%

19.8%

4.5%

61.9%

3

25-40%

34.6%

12.0%

25.8%

$16.10

2.8%

18.4%

4.5%

63.6%

4

10-25%

30.3%

13.7%

23.2%

$14.83

2.7%

20.2%

4.2%

62.8%

5

Less than 10%

31.1%

15.1%

20.9%

$13.36

2.1%

24.8%

3.4%

60.2%

6

No Financial Data

24.3%

13.1%

22.2%

$13.60

2.5%

24.2%

2.9%

60.7%







23.5%

14.2%

21.3%

$13.72

2.4%

20.8%

3.3%

62.9%




Poverty

























1

Less than 7%

16.2%

5.4%

32.0%

$16.37

3.1%

21.3%

1.8%

63.3%

2

7-12%

20.0%

9.7%

24.2%

$14.48

2.8%

22.1%

2.4%

62.8%

3

12-15%

25.7%

13.3%

22.1%

$13.94

2.5%

22.6%

3.2%

61.7%

4

15-20%

36.4%

17.1%

19.6%

$13.34

2.1%

22.8%

4.5%

60.5%

5

20-25%

44.2%

22.2%

17.2%

$12.75

1.8%

23.5%

7.7%

57.5%

6

More than 25%

53.7%

29.4%

16.7%

$12.90

2.1%

18.7%

6.5%

60.0%


































Average

27.3%

13.3%

22.7%

$14.12

2.5%

22.2%

3.5%

61.7%




Standard-Deviation

20.0%

5.5%

8.6%

$2.47

0.3%

12.8%

5.5%

11.2%




* Percent of Local Funding vs. State Funding = Local Funding divided by Local + State Funding.













A second important, clear-cut conclusion from Westat’s analysis is that colleges find themselves in different external environments. Thus, we made a particular effort in selecting labor markets to span as full a range of conditions as possible. Also, our selection of colleges within each labor market was designed to focus on colleges in quite different areas as the above discussion of the three Chicago colleges illustrates. Tables 3A and 3B replicate the information in Tables 2A and 2B, for each of the 30 colleges in their sample (rather than for groupings of all 1,190 community colleges in the IPEDS database). The substantial range of conditions observed shows up clearly in the summary statistics presented at the bottom of the tables. Importantly, the average college in the 30 college sample is far larger and much more likely to be in a large city than the average college in the universe of 1,190 community colleges. This difference reflects the fact that Westat’s sample was selected to cover colleges of different types, rather than a random sample of all colleges. Indeed, more than 25 percent of all enrollment is in the 10 percent of the community colleges with the greatest individual enrollment, while about 25 percent of all enrollment is in the 60 percent of colleges with the smallest enrollment; and large colleges tend to be in areas with high populations and vice versa.





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