Rhythm & Metre Pulse



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Ground bass

Repeated bass part, usually 8 bars long. The melody above play a theme and lots of variations. No gaps between variations





Cadenza

Music at the end of a section or piece, where the soloist shows off







Pachelbel used ground bass in his famous Canon in D.



da capo aria

Instruction of “da capo” means repeat section A with decoration

A B A1



32-bar song form

Four x 8 bar sections

Sections 1, 2 and 4 = main theme

Section 3 – contrast

AABA structure

‘Somewhere over the rainbow’ is a 32 bar song









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