Interview with Captain Diego Vasquez, student at CLFCSC (Kingston, 11 Nov 09) Eloy Alfaro was the founder of military education in Ecuador. The Escuela superior militar is four years, culminating in a baccalaureate equivalent (his is science, engineering). There is no mid-career equivalent, senior officers are sent to the US. There is no national gendarmerie. The army’s main concern is counter-insurgency along the border with Columbia, fighting FARC guerrillas. They do work with anti-narcotics police, but run their own intelligence services, including plain-clothes in villages along the border. They run their own intelligence school, teaching techniques to work with the civilian population.
Sawa Defence Training Centre, at secondary school level21
Sawa “is the site of a massive military training camp where every Eritrean aged between 18-40 must go as part of their compulsory military service.
“Sawa is also home to 8,500 students aged 17 and 18.
“They are here as part of an expansion in the Eritrean education system. Until recently the school system ended at grade 11.
“Now to matriculate you must leave home and complete Grade 12 in Sawa - a move the government say was taken because they do not have the money to expand secondary schools around the country.”22
Up to 10 brigades of Korean-trained paramilitary forces under Mengistu, in the 1980s23
Dekemhare Training Center,
“The Eritrean Police graduated 110 junior police officers upon completion of a 6-month course in the Dekemhare Police Training Center.
“Speaking at the graduation ceremony, Col. Kidane Tesfai, head of education and training in the center, indicated that the training focused on crime investigation, law and order of traffic, investigation and draft of traffic accident, criminal law, work ethics and public relations, human resource management, drugs and narcotics, among others.”24
5. Short-term tailored courses according to the request from the Baltic states.
Harar Military Academy http://www.hararacademy.org/ (1957-1977)
Military Academy of Ethiopia (current)
Military officers also educated in St. Cyr and Belgian Miltiary Academy since the 1930s.
Police College to Be Upgraded to University Level
13 September 2006
“Addis Ababa — The Ethiopian Police College said it has undertaken various activities to upgrade itself to university level and expand its training areas.
“Assistant Commissioner with the College, Tsegaye Deda, told ENA that the college finalized the relevant study as well as college restructuring, and the university establishing bill has been submitted and endorsed by the Council of Ministers.”25
Finnish National Defence College, Helsinki
Ecole Speciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr, Coetquidan
Ecole de l’Air
College Interaremees de defense (Defence Joint College) established 1993 by fusing four Ecoles superieures de guerre
Centre des hautes etudes militaries, (centre of advanced military studies), estb 1952, for graduates of the College interarmees de defense
Institut des hautes etudes de la defense nationale (Institute of Advanced defence studies) estb 1936, for civilians and senior bureaucrats, but also senior military officers
Centre des hautes etudes de l’armement (centre of advanced ordnance studies) students are military officers and civil servants in government procurement and the arms industry