Self-Study Quiz Introductory



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Title

Self-Study Quiz

Introductory
Text

By Elizabeth Wheaton



Question 1

Type:
Multiple Choice



Which of the following is true?

Hint:

Chapter 17, Introduction

Feedback for all
incorrect answers:

Think about the differences between mobile-source and stationary-source pollution.




Answer

Graded As

Feedback

Mobile-source air pollution is partly caused by the temporary location of the pollution sources.

Correct

Correct!

The number of stationary-source air polluters is higher than the number of mobile-source air polluters.

Incorrect

How many vehicles are on the roads?

A policy to decrease mobile-source air pollution uses the same approach as a policy to decrease stationary-source air pollution.

Incorrect

Look at the differences between the two types of pollution.

A mobile-source air polluter is only a concern to local policymakers.

Incorrect

How many trips have you made in your car out of your neighborhood in the last month?






Question 2

Type:
Multiple Choice



To combat mobile-source air pollution, all of the following need to be considered in the cost-benefit analysis EXCEPT____________________.

Hint:

Chapter 17, Introduction

Feedback for all
incorrect answers:

Think about that factors that you would need to consider in doing a cost-benefit analysis to determine air quality policy.




Answer

Graded As

Feedback

the number of mobile-source agents to be regulated

Incorrect

This must be considered in the cost-benefit analysis.

the rate of deterioration of mobile sources while in use

Incorrect

This must be considered in the cost-benefit analysis.

the life expectancy of automobiles

Incorrect

This must be considered in the cost-benefit analysis.

whether the mobile-source agents are nationals or foreigners

Correct

Correct!






Question 3

Type:
Multiple Choice



An externality that mobile-source operators "charge" each other is ___________.

Hint:

Chapter 17, Subsidies and Externalities

Feedback for all
incorrect answers:

Think about how drivers affect each other on the roads.




Answer

Graded As

Feedback

road construction costs

Incorrect

This is a cost to the local or state taxpayers.

high levels of pollution inside vehicles, caused mainly by the exhaust of the cars in front

Correct

Correct!

road maintenance costs

Incorrect

This is a cost to the local or state taxpayers.

local- or state-mandated towing of disabled vehicles on some roads

Incorrect

This is a cost to the local or state taxpayers.






Question 4

Type:
Multiple Choice



The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1965 were supported by _______________ as a way to avoid a situation in which every state passed its own unique set of emission standards.

Hint:

Chapter 17, Policy toward Mobile Sources: History

Feedback for all
incorrect answers:

Look at the history of policy toward mobile sources.




Answer

Graded As

Feedback

the Sierra Club and related environmental nonprofit organizations

Incorrect

The Sierra Club and others would have supported the Clean Air Act Amendments for reasons related to environmental protection.

state governments

Incorrect

Do you think that state governments think positively of new federal government regulations that they must enact?

the automobile industry

Correct

Correct!

private citizens

Incorrect

Private citizens may have supported the Clean Air Act Amendments for reasons related to environmental protection, but would be concerned about tax increases.






Question 5

Type:
Multiple Choice



The U.S. approach to mobile-source air pollution uses all of the following EXCEPT ___________.

Hint:

Chapter 17, Policy toward Mobile Sources: The U.S. Approach

Feedback for all
incorrect answers:

Look at information on the structure of the U.S. approach to mobile-source air pollution.




Answer

Graded As

Feedback

a certification program that tests prototypes of car models for conformity to federal standards

Incorrect

This is part of the U.S. approach to mobile-source air pollution.

vehicle-by-vehicle monitoring and fines to drivers whose vehicles do not meet emission standards

Correct

Correct!

an enforcement program that contains assembly-line testing, recall and anti-tampering procedures, and warranty provisions

Incorrect

This is part of the U.S. approach to mobile-source air pollution.

regulations on lead and other fuel additives used in gasoline

Incorrect

This is part of the U.S. approach to mobile-source air pollution.






Question 6

Type:
Multiple Choice



Examples of European approaches to mobile-source air pollution uses all of the following EXCEPT ___________.

Hint:

Chapter 17, Policy toward Mobile Sources: The U.S. Approach

Feedback for all
incorrect answers:

Look at information on European approaches to mobile-source air pollution.




Answer

Graded As

Feedback

U.S.-style emission standards required on all new cars

Incorrect

This is an example of the European approach to mobile-source air pollution.

bans on leaded gasoline

Incorrect

This is an example of the European approach to mobile-source air pollution.

lower gas prices

Correct

Correct!

differential tax rates to encourage consumers to purchase low emitting cars

Incorrect

This is an example of the European approach to mobile-source air pollution.






Question 7

Type:
Multiple Choice



In controlling the pollution emissions into the air, most of the reduction effort is borne by __________.

Hint:

Chapter 17, Policy toward Mobile Sources

Feedback for all
incorrect answers:

Look at information on mobile-source, stationary-source, existing source, and new source regulation.




Answer

Graded As

Feedback

mobile-source polluters

Incorrect

Another source is considered to bear higher reduction costs.

stationary-source polluters

Incorrect

Another source is considered to bear higher reduction costs.

existing sources (of air pollution)

Incorrect

Another source is considered to bear higher reduction costs.

new sources (of air pollution)

Correct

Correct!






Question 8

Type:
Multiple Choice



The "technical fix" of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) worked EXCEPT for the fact that ____________________.

Hint:

Chapter 17, Policy toward Mobile Sources: Alternative Fuels and Vehicles

Feedback for all
incorrect answers:

Look at information on methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE).




Answer

Graded As

Feedback

vehicles did not run as well when using gasoline with the MTBE additive

Incorrect

On average, vehicles ran the same with or without MTBE.

vehicles using MTBE had higher rates of emissions than vehicles not using MTBE

Incorrect

MTBE allowed vehicles to emit lower levels of air pollutants.

there was not enough MTBE available for states to meet standards

Incorrect

There was not a shortage of MTBE.

as gasoline escapes from leaky underground storage tanks, the MTBE in it accelerates the spread of other groundwater contaminants in the gasoline, such as benzene

Correct

Correct!






Question 9

Type:
Multiple Choice



Which of the following correctly identifies a possible reform to mobile-source air pollution control?

Hint:

Chapter 17, Road Pricing

Feedback for all
incorrect answers:

Look at the different types of road pricing.




Answer

Graded As

Feedback

Congestion pricing allows peak-period pricing of road usage.

Correct

Correct!

Private toll roads can only be used by private owners of the roads.

Incorrect

This definition is incorrect.

Parking cash-outs are money paid to drivers for parking in designated parking spaces.

Incorrect

This definition is incorrect.

Feebates combine subsidies on purchase of new high-emitting vehicles with taxes for purchases on new low-emitting vehicles.

Incorrect

This definition is incorrect.






Question 10

Type:
Multiple Choice



Which of the following mobile-source air pollution control reforms is most likely to be done by federal agencies rather than local or state agencies?

Hint:

Chapter 17, Road Pricing

Feedback for all
incorrect answers:

Look at the different types of road pricing.




Answer

Graded As

Feedback

Congestion pricing

Incorrect

Peak-period pricing of roads is most likely done by local or state agencies.

Fuel taxes

Correct

Correct!

Private toll roads

Incorrect

Private toll roads are most likely done by local agencies.

Parking cash-outs

Incorrect

Parking cash-outs are most likely done by local agencies.






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