Semester practice test Multiple Choice



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____ 37. What is magma?



a.

the solid rock at the earth’s core

b.

part of the earth’s solid crust

c.

molten rock within the earth

d.

solid rock of iron and nickel

____ 38. All planets except Pluto are grouped into



a.

terrestrial planets and gas giant planets.

b.

suns and moons.

c.

terrestrial planets and outer planets.

d.

free-moving planets and orbiting planets.

____ 39. Physical weathering takes place when



a.

large masses of rock are welded together by volcanic action.

b.

large masses of rock are broken into smaller pieces.

c.

chemicals slowly break down rocks over many years.

d.

winds blow dirt away from rocks.

____ 40. What are the three layers of the earth?



a.

ground, air, and water

b.

core, mantle, and crust

c.

water, mantle, and crust

d.

core, mantle, and air

____ 41. Places located in high latitudes have



a.

a very warm climate.

b.

the same weather as places in other latitudes.

c.

a mix of extremely hot and extremely cold weather.

d.

the coldest climates on Earth.

____ 42. Elevation and climate



a.

are very closely related.

b.

have little effect on each other.

c.

are two terms for the same condition.

d.

are almost impossible to measure accurately.

____ 43. What are ice ages?



a.

periods of time when glaciers receded to cover only the poles

b.

eras during which Earth’s orbit kept the planet far from the sun

c.

periods of time when glaciers covered much of the earth

d.

times when human and animal life thrived in high latitudes

____ 44. Which of the following climate regions has the widest temperature range?



a.

arctic

b.

subarctic

c.

marine west coast

d.

tropical

____ 45. The atmosphere



a.

creates the tides.

b.

has no effect on heat gain or loss.

c.

allows heat to escape quickly in order to cool the planet.

d.

keeps heat from escaping too quickly into space.

____ 46. In which months do equinoxes take place?



a.

June and December

b.

October and April

c.

July and January

d.

March and September

____ 47. An oasis is a place in the desert at which



a.

large cities often are found.

b.

there is water and lush vegetation.

c.

the temperature is hotter than in the surrounding area.

d.

desert winds collide to produce sandstorms.

____ 48. Because of the tilt of the earth,



a.

not all places receive the same amount of light at one time.

b.

there is a lack of light at the Equator at the winter solstice.

c.

the polar areas are dark for the entire summer.

d.

all of the above

____ 49. Global winds that blow in fairly constant patterns are called



a.

trade winds.

b.

westerlies.

c.

polar easterlies.

d.

prevailing winds.

____ 50. The earth rotates on its axis one time each



a.

day.

b.

week.

c.

month.

d.

year.

____ 51. The natural vegetation of a desert is



a.

fir and pine trees.

b.

scattered shrubs and cacti.

c.

coconut, banana, and mango trees.

d.

evergreen trees and ferns.

____ 52. Wind patterns are



a.

caused by the moon’s pull upon the earth.

b.

relatively unimportant as climate factors.

c.

important factors in the earth’s climates.

d.

almost impossible to determine and track.

____ 53. The seasons result from



a.

the moon’s revolution and its tilt in relation to the earth.

b.

the earth’s rotation and its tilt in relation to the sun.

c.

the earth’s revolution and its tilt in relation to the sun.

d.

the movement of the continents due to continental drift.

____ 54. Which of the following affect temperatures on the earth?



a.

the earth’s position in relation to the sun

b.

the phases of the moon

c.

tidal ebb and flow as influenced by the sun

d.

the number of hours in a calendar day

____ 55. Prevailing winds blow ____ because of the Coriolis effect.



a.

in a straight line

b.

in a complete circle

c.

backward

d.

diagonally

____ 56. What are the two kinds of tropical climates?



a.

tropical rain forest and tropical desert

b.

tropical rain forest and tropical Mediterranean

c.

tropical marine west coast and savanna

d.

tropical savanna and tropical rain forest

____ 57. The ____ is the northernmost point on the earth to receive the sun’s direct rays.



a.

Tropic of Capricorn

b.

Equator

c.

Tropic of Cancer

d.

North Pole

____ 58. The earth’s polar areas lie in the



a.

mid-latitudes.

b.

high latitudes.

c.

major latitudes.

d.

low latitudes.

____ 59. The earth’s atmosphere



a.

thins as elevation increases.

b.

thins as elevation decreases.

c.

stays the same at all elevations.

d.

thickens during solar equinoxes.

____ 60. The ____ causes day and night.



a.

revolution of the earth

b.

rotation of the earth

c.

orbit of the earth

d.

earth’s gravity

____ 61. Renewable resources are those that



a.

can be used up over time.

b.

can be replaced.

c.

are of very little value.

d.

can be made usable only through modern technology.

____ 62. What is an embargo?



a.

a tax on profits

b.

an agreement to stop taxing goods and services

c.

a ban on trade by one country with another

d.

an export tax that is put in place to stimulate the economy

____ 63. Subsistence farming means



a.

growing only enough food for local use.

b.

growing food to sell in markets worldwide.

c.

working on a farm that is owned by a major corporation.

d.

having a constant surplus of food.

____ 64. When the death rate is higher than the birthrate, ____ exists.



a.

zero population growth

b.

doubling time

c.

population density

d.

negative population growth

____ 65. Cities and their surrounding areas are known as



a.

urban towns.

b.

city regions.

c.

metropolitan areas.

d.

suburbs.

____ 66. Every culture creates a social system by



a.

treating each person equally.

b.

treating its members as if they had to earn privileges.

c.

organizing its members into smaller groups.

d.

organizing its members into one large group.

____ 67. At the end of the 1900s, the world experienced the ____ Revolution.



a.

Industrial

b.

Agricultural

c.

Green

d.

Information

____ 68. Which statement about a unitary system of government is accurate?



a.

Key powers are held by the national government.

b.

Power is shared equally between the people and the government.

c.

The national government is made up of many small, self-governing states.

d.

The government allows the people to make most political decisions.

____ 69. What is a tariff?



a.

a tax imposed on imported goods

b.

a tax imposed on excess merchandise

c.

a plan under which governments give money to private businesses

d.

a necessary part of a free-trade agreement

____ 70. A monarchy is a form of government in which



a.

the government is run by the people.

b.

a king or queen has chief control of the state.

c.

an elected parliament makes all the laws.

d.

there are no laws.

____ 71. Culture hearths are places where



a.

people first discovered fire.

b.

the youngest civilizations began.

c.

early centers of civilization influenced their surroundings.

d.

the Information Revolution first took place.

____ 72. Why must countries trade with each other?



a.

Each country wants to make other countries happy.

b.

Natural resources are distributed evenly throughout the world.

c.

Natural resources are distributed unevenly among countries.

d.

Otherwise, countries would accumulate too many goods.

____ 73. What are two major factors that aided the development of complex social systems?



a.

hunting and gathering

b.

trade and increased wealth

c.

decreasing population and disease

d.

the invention of the saw and the rise of forestry


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