Some trade advocates believe that the North American Free Trade Agreement (nafta) is flawed because it

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Some trade advocates believe that the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is flawed because it

  1. A.does not eliminate tariffs.

  2. B.fails to protect business interests.

  3. C.reduces investment opportunities.

  4. D.undercuts workers’ rights.

Following the 2000 presidential election, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Florida was limited in its rights to recount the votes cast in its state. This ruling resulted in the country taking steps to

  1. A.reorganize the Electoral College system.

  2. B.improve the uniformity of voting procedures.

  3. C.reduce state authority to resolve election disagreements.

  4. D.change deadlines for reporting election outcomes.

How did the U.S. government respond to the financial collapse of major banking, insurance, and automobile corporations in 2008?

  1. providing large-scale financial backing to the companies

  2. creating additional government contracts to hire the companies

  3. assuming responsibility for the companies’ employee pensions

  4. adjusting executive level tax brackets

Which effect did the 1973 Arab oil embargo have on the U.S. economy?

  1. A.It increased energy imports.

  2. B.It lowered unemployment rates.

  3. C.It triggered widespread inflation.

  4. D.It necessitated new highway speed limits.

In 2009, Barack Obama became president of the United States, after the presidency of George W. Bush. Which policy change immediately followed this transition of power?

  1. end to efforts to prevent terrorism

  2. B.a push to achieve healthcare reform

  3. C.the beginning of major bank bailouts

  4. D.a major simplification of the tax code

In the 2008 case Boumediene v. Bush, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that enemy combatants imprisoned at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, were entitled to habeas corpus. This right entitled detainees to a prompt trial to determine whether they were being held in prison lawfully. The ruling was politically sensitive because

  1. meant that the detainees could be let out on bail while awaiting trial.

  2. B.many of the detainees were accused of terrorist activities.

  3. C.the government had plans to bring the detainees to the United States for trial.

  4. D.the Department of Justice claimed that Guantanamo was U.S. territory.

Which statement best compares the immediate responses of Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama to the financial crisis that began in 2007?

  1. A.Bush reduced regulation of banks and other businesses, while Obama increased regulation.

  2. B.Bush cut taxes and reduced government spending, while Obama raised taxes and increased government spending.

  3. C.Both presidents used large-scale government intervention to end panic and reduce damage to the economy.

  4. D.Both presidents depended on free-market forces and voluntary action by banks to stabilize the financial system.

The 2002 No Child Left Behind Act requires public schools to

  1. A.administer annual standardized assessments.

  2. B.give parents access to information on student attendance.

  3. C.ensure that students have access to up-to-date textbooks.

  4. D.focus on the multiple needs of gifted students.

Which change in the agricultural sector of the U.S. economy does this graph indicate?

  1. A.By 2000, the number of ranches exceeded the number of farms.

  2. B.Large-scale farming operations have eliminated many small farms.

  3. C.The U.S. is no longer invested in producing agricultural products.

  4. D.Economic depression in the 1930s caused the number of farms to decline.

Which major policy initiative was attempted by the Clinton administration and accomplished by the Obama administration?

  1. A.airline deregulation

  2. care reform

  3. accountability

  4. D.military base closures

Industrialization helped transform the American workplace. Which development of the modern era has had a similarly large effect on the American workplace?

  1. computing

  2. exploration

  3. C.renewable energy

  4. D.genome mapping

Both the Persian Gulf War (1990–91) and the Vietnam War (1959–75) provoked anti-war demonstrations in the United States. What is one reason the Persian Gulf War caused less political unrest in the United States than the Vietnam War?

  1. A.consensus in the United States about threats to world peace from Iraq

  2. B.fewer restrictions on media coverage during the Persian Gulf War

  3. C.America’s increasingly militaristic stance in foreign affairs

  4. D.the use of an all-volunteer armed force during the Persian Gulf War

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