a. Director, Joint Staff Memorandum, DJSM-1226-96, 16 December 1996, Subject: Assignment of Responsibilities for the DOD Manager, Manned Space Flight Support Operations
b. Secretary of Defense Memorandum, 15 October 1996, Subject: Assignment of Responsibilities for the DOD Manager, Manned Space Flight Support Operations
c. DOD Manager's Contingency Functional Plan 3611-XX
1. The Joint Staff directed (ref a.) combatant commanders and services to comply with Deputy Secretary of Defense memorandum (ref b.) designating USCINCSPACE as the DOD Manager, Manned Space Flight Support Operations. Effective 1 October 2002, Commander, US Strategic Command assumed responsibility as the DOD Manager, Manned Space Flight Support Operations and is responsible for the development of plans for manned space flight support operations involving the use of DOD resources. This plan and reference c. fulfill the requirement for developing contingency plans as directed by the Secretary of Defense.
2. The DOD Manager's Space Shuttle Contingency Functional Plan 3610-03 identifies DOD support resources and provides contingency procedures for DOD support of the Space Shuttle orbiter vehicle and astronauts.
3. Elements of the DOD Manager's Space Shuttle Contingency Functional Plan 3610-03 were coordinated with NASA, the Department of State, the Joint Staff, the DOD Services and headquarters at the Combatant Commands. Enclosure (1) replaces in its entirety, The DOD Manager's Space Shuttle Support Contingency Turnaround Functional Plan 3610-99, dated
1 March 1999.
4. Request tasked organizations prepare supporting plans as directed in this plan and forward them to the Department of Defense Manned Space Flight Support Office (DDMS) for review.
JAMES O. ELLIS, JR.
DOD Manager’s Space Shuttle Contingency Functional Plan 3610-03
1. The title of this plan is Department of Defense Manager's Space Shuttle Contingency Functional Plan 3610-03. It identifies DOD contingency support to NASA's Space Shuttle program. The short title is DDMS Contingency FUNCPLAN 3610-03.
2. This document is UNCLASSIFIED and does not fall within the purview of directives governing the protection of information affecting national security. Although it is unclassified, it is FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY. Information contained herein will be disseminated only to those agencies and personnel whose official duties specifically require knowledge of this plan, including those required to develop supporting plans.
3. Reproduction of this document, in whole or in part without permission of this office is prohibited, except as required for the preparation of supporting plans.
RECORD OF CHANGES
DATE OF CHANGE
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
MANNED SPACE FLIGHT SUPPORT OFFICE
Patrick AFB FL 32925-3239
15 February 2003
DDMS CONTINGENCY FUNCPLAN 3610-03
1. Purpose. This plan fulfills requirements directed in Joint Chiefs of Staff Memorandum, DJSM-1226-96, dated 16 December 1996, and SECDEF Memorandum, dated
15 October 1996. This plan provides guidance in planning and conducting DOD support of Space Shuttle orbiter vehicle (OV) contingency operations.
2. Conditions for Implementation.
a. Politico-Military Situation. This plan can only be implemented in a non-hostile environment. Full cooperation of the host nation government is expected and required. If the Space Shuttle orbiter vehicle and/or astronauts are located in a non-permissive environment, combatant commands should reference DOD Space Shuttle Contingency Recovery Policies and Procedures (C), CJCSI 3440.01B, dated 1 November 1999.
b. Statement. This summary provides military decision makers with a brief recapitulation of the major aspects of this plan. It is based on planning factors and estimates available at the time of preparation and is subject to modification in the context of a specific contingency.
c. Legal Considerations. Implementation of this plan may be made under the legal consideration of the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies. Furthermore, various Memorandums of Understanding and Agreement, and Interservice Agreements cover some legal issues of responsibility and support requirements. Finally, deployment of DOD forces in foreign countries requires review of Status of Forces Agreements and any diplomatic restrictions between the United States and the host nation. Unless otherwise directed by appropriate command authority, the CJCS Standing Rules of Engagement (SROE), (CJCSI 3121.01A, 15 Jan 00) are in effect during operations conducted under this plan, including provisions of the Standing ROE specific to search and rescue operations.
3. Operations to be Conducted.
a. Force Requirements. Space Shuttle contingency operations should require minimal DOD support forces. NASA will attempt to contract host nation support where possible. However, due to the limited number of personnel and assets assigned to the DOD Manager, most of the DOD support required for the operation will be obtained from various supporting unified commanders. The following table summarizes those forces required to support this plan, providers, and general missions if contracted host nation support is not available:
Deployed Forces Commander; Support Operation Center;
DOD/NASA liaison and interface
Geographic Combatant Command
OV rescue and fire suppression
Geographic Combatant Command
OV, SCA, and base security
Geographic Combatant Command
Base communications support
Geographic Combatant Command
Intratheater airlift, SAR, medical evacuation (MEDEVAC)
45 WS, Patrick AFB, FL and/or Geographic Combatant Command
Pararescue SAR and medical support
Geographic Combatant Command, and/or
45 SW Patrick AFB, FL
C-12 or C-21
Weather support aircraft
b. Contingency Operations. This plan details the pre-contingency support requirements and initial response contingency operations. This support will include designated emergency landing sites in various conditions of readiness for contingency response. Normally, three Transoceanic Abort Landing (TAL) sites shall be activated with site specific combinations of DOD weather support aircraft, weather observation and forecasting team, shuttle trained fire, crash, and rescue (F/C/R) forces, medical teams, and security forces. Furthermore, at two of these sites, DOD MEDEVAC aircraft and SAR forces are on-call. Additionally, NASA provides a contingent of support personnel including orbiter technicians, communication operators, and ground support personnel. DOD supports NASA with forces at various emergency landing sites (ELS) with limited F/C/R, security, and ground support for each shuttle mission. Finally, personnel and airlift for the initial Rapid Response Team (RRT) are identified and on alert for each mission.
c. Employment. Initial operations begin with coordination 45 days prior to the Space Shuttle launch. Operational information to responsive organizations will be sent by message traffic or electronic means. Approximately 10 days prior to launch, DOD and NASA teams will deploy to TAL sites to prepare shuttle unique equipment and facilities. Following the launch abort opportunity, the site is deactivated and equipment is stored for the next launch.
d. Supporting Plans. The following supporting commands shall prepare plans or instructions identifying medical, security, fire/crash/rescue, weather, pararescue, and aircraft support required to support the contingency plan:
e. Collateral Plans. This plan may be followed by the implementation of all or part of DDMS Turnaround FUNCPLAN 3611-03 (as amended). FUNCPLAN 3611-03 provides the required DOD support to secure, recover, and ferry the orbiter vehicle (OV) back to the CONUS. DOD support includes: bare base, communication, security, air and sealift, and establishment of a joint task force.
4. Key Assumptions. The following assumptions must remain true to successfully implement this plan:
a. Current international agreements and treaties remain in effect.
b. There are no significant hostilities in the host nation, or the vicinity of the OV landing site or associated air and seaport facilities.
c. There are no competing military actions (regional contingencies) that will be adversely impacted by implementation of this plan.
d. The current airfield and seaport locations identified for a TAL or ELS are in useable condition and will remain that way until completion of operations.
5. Operational Constraints.
a. All personnel must ensure immunizations have been completed for the deployment region.
b. Country clearances, in accordance with published directives, are required for all deployments and sorties into foreign countries.
c. All personnel deploying overseas must ensure Level 1 Antiterrorism/Force Protection (AT/FP) training has been completed according to geographic commander requirements.
6. Command Relationships.
a. The overall responsibility for Space Shuttle operations at TAL sites rests with NASA. To carry out these responsibilities, NASA management has:
(1) Designated the Kennedy Space Center Landing Recovery Director as the lead agent for TAL operations planning and execution.
(2) Requested specific DOD support for Space Shuttle operations through the Program Requirements Document (PRD).
(3) Prepared comprehensive Off-Site Operations Plans describing the required procedures and equipment for completing site preparations for an orbiter landing.
Per memorandum dated 15 October 1996, The Secretary of Defense designated the Commander in Chief, United States Space Command, as the DOD Manager, Manned Space Flight Support Operations. With the DOD reorganization on 1 October 2002, the Commander, United States Strategic Command assumed responsibility as the DOD Manager, Manned Space Flight Support Operations. For Space Shuttle contingency operations, the DOD Manager designates the DOD Manned Space Flight Support Office (DDMS) to develop the DOD plans and coordinate DOD support to NASA. DDMS exercises tactical control (TACON), through the Support Operations Center (SOC) at Patrick AFB FL, of those DOD contingency forces supporting this plan. Supporting commanders maintain operational control (OPCON) of respective subordinate units supporting this plan.
The Secretary of the Army (SA) is the DOD executive agent for domestic support operations. In the event a shuttle contingency results in declaration of a Federal Disaster Area, DOD can expect to support the lead federal agency. The SA will issue an Execute Order, coordinated with the Joint Staff, through the Director of Military Support (DOMS) to the appropriate Unified Commander, services, and agencies. The Execute Order will designate a supported Commander and specify other supporting commands, services, and agencies as well as the command relationships. FEMA is the lead agency in most disasters, however the EPA and the USCG share responsibility for chemical contaminations. A federal disaster is any event whose severity or magnitude overwhelms the capabilities of local and state authorities to respond.
d. In the event a shuttle contingency results in a disaster being declared in another country, the Department of State will coordinate U.S. support with the Ambassador, NASA, the Secretary of Defense, Joint Staff, DOD Manager and relevant geographic combatant commander.
7. Personnel Appraisal. The personnel identified as elements for this operation provide effective support for this plan. Employment of DOD personnel shall be minimized whenever contracted host nation support is available.
8. Consolidated Listing and Impact Assessment of Shortfalls and Limiting Factors. There are no shortfalls or limiting factors at the time of publication of this plan.
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE