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Mercantilism - System in which a country sets up colonies in order to gain more wealth, power, and self-sufficiency than her rivals.
Chapter 5

Great Awakening – 1730s-40s – American clergymen viewed a slackening of religious values in increasingly prosperous young America. As colonial economies improved, many Calvinist ministers watched with dismay as their congregations, once fully dedicated to the Sabbath practices of their Pilgrim and Puritan forebears, turned to earthly pursuits like real estate speculation, slave trading, the rum business, and other profitable enterprises. Also Enlightenment ideas about reason and science were shaking the ancient traditions of religious philosophies. George Whitfield arrived in 1739, powerful emotion charged sermons. Jonathon Edwards – grace or salvation only given to the “elect” – “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”.



Terms Name______________________________________
Term Definition Significance

Christopher Columbus







Colombian Exchange







Disease Impact on Native Population







Treaty of Tordesillas







Conquistadors







Encomienda System







Bartolome De Las Casas







Pueblo Revolt - Pope's Rebellion










Hernan Cortes







Francisco Pizarro







Pilgrims (Separatists)








Mayflower Compact








William Bradford








John Winthrop







Massachusetts Bay Colony








City Upon a Hill








Roger Williams - Rhode Island










Anne Hutchinson








Salem Witch Trials








Halfway Covenant








Pequot War







William Penn - Quakers – Pennsylvania

Holy Experiment










Beaver Wars








New England Confederation







King Phillip’s War










Lost Colony of Roanoke








Joint Stock Company








Jamestown








John Smith








Starving Time








John Rolfe








Tobacco Farming








Virginia House of Burgesses











Indentured Servant







Headright System







Bacon’s Rebellion







Powhatan Wars








Beginning of slavery








Triangle Trade








New York - Dutch








Maryland

Lord Baltimore












Act of Toleration 1649







Founding of Carolinas








Barbados Slave Codes of 1661








Founding of Georgia








Stono Rebellion








First Great Awakening








Jonathan Edwards








"Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"











George Whitefield







Mercantilism








Mercantilism








Molasses Act








Dominion of New England








Edmund Andros








Glorious Revolution








Salutary Neglect










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