Mercantilism - System in which a country sets up colonies in order to gain more wealth, power, and self-sufficiency than her rivals.
Great Awakening – 1730s-40s – American clergymen viewed a slackening of religious values in increasingly prosperous young America. As colonial economies improved, many Calvinist ministers watched with dismay as their congregations, once fully dedicated to the Sabbath practices of their Pilgrim and Puritan forebears, turned to earthly pursuits like real estate speculation, slave trading, the rum business, and other profitable enterprises. Also Enlightenment ideas about reason and science were shaking the ancient traditions of religious philosophies. George Whitfield arrived in 1739, powerful emotion charged sermons. Jonathon Edwards – grace or salvation only given to the “elect” – “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”.
Term Definition Significance