In Sekong province, everything comes from Thailand, except cement. Lamarm (Sekong) district works as an intermediary step between Pakse and remote districts such as Dakcheung and Kaleum. In Lamarm there is also a shop importing directly from Thailand, bypassing Pakse.
In Attapeu, steel comes from Vietnam through Saysettha. Cement comes from Salavan. All the rest from Thailand through Pakse and Sekong.
Sansay, Sanamsay and Phouvong districts have to purchase materials from Lamarm (Sekong) shops. Vietnamese products come into the country through Saysettha district.
The focus of this Study is “on the commonly found or most preferred products and services for improved sanitation in rural Laos PDR (including below-ground and above-ground sanitation facilities).”15 As such, actors were asked about the types of latrines they most typically sold products for or built.
However, there is no “typical” or common latrine. A wide variety of options, sizes and materials were suggested by interviewees. Generally, most said it was a pour-flush squat latrine with ceramic pan. Few masons reported awareness of dry latrines (16%). Some (75%) mentioned septic tanks (Figure 11).
Figure 11: Do you know about these different latrine options? (n=71)
Latrine sizes (suggested by all types of actors) varied, considerably in some cases:
Pit sizes from 1m x 1m x 2m, to 2m x 4m x 1.5m.
Superstructure sizes: 2m x 2m and 1.5m tall, to 3m x 4m and 2m tall.
Materials also vary:
Bricks (clay or concrete) often preferred to concrete rings for pit lining;
Sometimes the latrine has tiles (not clear if floor only or also walls).
Most households (86.5%) in poor rural villages that have adopted a latrine have a flush or pour-flush squat latrine (Table 20). The superstructure is most likely to be wood or some form of bamboo or palm (Table 21).