Supply Chain Analysis for Rural Sanitation Products and Services in Lao pdr



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Materials prices


Pans from Thailand tend to be cheaper in the north and most expensive in the south. However, cheap pans from Viet Nam are available. Cement is particularly cheap in Luangnamtha, where competition from China may be holding down prices. Savannakhet and Salavan are also relatively inexpensive for cement — there are cement factories in both provinces. Prices quote for other products tend show less of a pattern. PVC pipe is expensive in the south, but steel and zinc sheeting are not.

Table 24: Materials prices in different provinces (average of suppliers’ selling price), LAK

Item

Pan

Cement

Steel

PVC pipe

Zinc

Quantity

1 pan

1 bag / 50 kg

1 piece

1 pipe

1 sheet

Thai

Vietnam

Lao green

Lao red

China

Thai

Vietnam

Thin

Thick

Thin

Thick




Northern

71,947

 

39,167

39,667

37,667

44,333




38,923

59,833

81,941

103,833

35,867

Bokeo

71,273

 

40,600

40,600




44,333




38,727

62,800

94,700

127,500

37,909

Luangnamtha

72,875

 

32,000

35,000

37,667







40,000

45,000

63,714

92,000

30,250

Central

74,167

66,667

37,417

40,417







39,667

40,462

65,000

67,667

160,000

25,563

Borikhamxay

73,750

66,667

38,750

38,750







39,667

37,667




70,714

160,000

24,750

Savannakhet

74,375

 

36,750

41,250










42,857

65,000

65,000




26,375

Southern

86,211

69,500

45,263

47,813










36,737

33,000

84,063

117,143

26,950

Attapeu

83,300

28,000

50,600

51,714










35,100




96,000

122,500

29,000

Salavan

91,667

110,000

34,400

39,400










38,143

33,000

74,375

110,000

23,000

Sekong

85,000

30,000

45,500

51,500










40,000




90,000




27,750

Concrete producers also report different prices for some inputs. However, these price differences might reflect quality differences (cement from Viet Nam for example). In general, concrete prices are lower in the North and Centre than in the South. As in above, cement in Luangnamtha (particularly Sing district) is cheaper than many other areas. Cement is also reported to be cheap in Khamkeut and Salavan.

Table 25: Price paid by concrete producers for cement (LAK per ton)



Province

District

Price

Difference from Lao Cement ‘Green’ factory gate price

Bokeo

Houay Xai

750,000

17.2%




Phaoudom

900,000

40.6%

Luangnamtha

Sing

670,000

4.7%




Long

800,000

25.0%

Borikhamxay

Khamkeut

645,000

0.8%




Vienthong

790,000

23.4%

Savannakhet

Xonnabuly

764,000

19.4%




Atsaphone

780,000

21.9%




Nong

775,000

21.1%

Attapeu

Sanamxay

833,333

30.2%




Samakheexai

850,000

32.8%

Salavan

Salavan

700,000

9.4%




Ta-Oy

800,000

25.0%




Samoi

900,000

40.6%

Sekong

Lamarm

856,000

33.8%




Dakcheung

1,200,000

87.5%




Kaleum

825,000

28.9%

Notes: Sample size is small (in some districts only 1 concrete producer interviewed).

Lao Cement’s “Green” brand is around 640,000 LAK per ton when bought at the Vientiane factory. However, the prices quoted by concrete producers may be for different quality cement (Lao Red, for example). Hence, these are intended to present margins, but rather a guide to cost differences between provinces and districts.

According to concrete producers’ selling prices, concrete rings are significantly cheaper in the north than in the central and southern provinces (Table 26). 100cm concrete rings in the south are on average 42% more expensive than in the north.

Table 26: Price of concrete rings in different provinces (average of producers’ selling price)



Region – Province

80 cm rings

100 cm rings

Northern

53,800

68,333

Bokeo

44,750

58,750

Luangnamtha

90,000

87,500

Central

68,333

84,444

Borikhamxay

75,000

93,333

Savannakhet

65,000

80,000

Southern

82,857

97,083

Attapeu

86,667

106,000

Salavan

80,000

96,250

Sekong

80,000

83,333

Total sample

69,944

86,481




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