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From then on, changes in styles and new technologies gave way to new and improved products (21) __________________. “Out with the old and in with the new” became ubiquitous. Once it was put onto the curb as garbage, we no longer had to think about it. It was out of sight and out of mind. Abundance and waste soon became synonymous with the American way of life. More choices, more con­veniences, (22) __________________ more accessible money made Americans very conspicuous consumers. With only 5 percent of the global population, the U.S. consumes a whopping 30 percent of the planet’s resources and churns out 30 percent of its wastes.

 

A of convenience and disposability

В  that were increasingly affordable to more people

C we hardly realize the global impact

D and with the invention of credit cards

E than that plastic bag holding our groceries has today

F when you can toss it all away in the garbage

G bringing a new convenience and ease to everyone’s lifestyle

H what we keep and throw away

 



USE OF ENGLISH

 

TASK 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C, or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.



BOURNEMOUTH

Bournemouth is thought by many people to be the finest seaside town in England, with its miles of golden sandy beaches, some of the finest beach sand in the world, the beaches (23) __________________ from Christchurch in the East to Sandbanks in the West.

It’s not just the golden sandy beaches that make Bournemouth a great place to visit (24) __________________________________________________________________________ . Bournemouth has natural (25) __________________ such as its towering sandstone cliffs that give the visitor great (26) __________________ over Bournemouth Bay to the Purbeck Hills and the Isle of Wight. Then there are the Chines, (27) __________________ where streams once flowed, that lead (28) __________________ gaps in the cliffs to the beach. It’s also the warm waters, the result of the Gulf Stream. All these things make Bournemouth the (29) __________________ place for a summer vacation.

Bournemouth is situated (30) __________________ the eastern end of the county of Dorset, (31) __________________ in the middle of the South Coast of England. The town gets its name from the fact that the centre of town (32)______________________ at the mouth of the Bourne Stream, hence Bourne-Mouth.

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

running

going

lengthening

stretching

24

moreover

consequently

though

otherwise

25

lines

strokes

features

strains

26

sights

views

eyesight

opinions

27

hills

valleys

rocks

deserts

28

beyond

behind

through

over

29

unbeaten

unswayed

thorough

perfect

30

directed

towards

way

backwards

31

left

direct

right

openly

32

lays

laid up

overlies

lies

 

TASK 6

 

Read the text below. For each empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on a separate answer sheet.

THE SEVEN WEAVERS AND THE FIELD OF FLAX

Seven weavers once (33) on a moonlight journey. They had not gone very far from their home when they lost the road. After (34) __________________ to find their way, they came to a field of flax, which they (35) __________________ to be a river, as the field was in flower, and they (36) __________________ the blue color of the flower to be that of water. They stripped (37) __________________ and began swimming. After hard labor, they got across. (38) __________________ certain that no one (39) __________________, they took the precaution of (40) __________________ themselves before (41) __________________ their journey; but they discovered that one of them (42) __________________, as each forgot to count himself. Grieved at the loss of one of their company, they had not the heart to pursue their journey, but returned home.

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

started

have started

had started

start

34

try

tried

trying

tries

35

took

had taken

were taken

has taken

36

were fancied

fancied

have fancied

had fancied

37

itself

ourselves

themselves

oneself

38

Making

To have made

Made

To make

39

was drowned

was drowning

has drowned

had drowned

40

being counted

having counted

counting

counts

41

resume

having resumed

resuming

had resumed

42

miss

missing

has been missing

was missing

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