The Language of Biology



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Prefix

Meaning

Prefix

Meaning

Suffix

Meaning

a or an

not

geo

pertaining to the Earth

-cyst

pouch

aero

needing oxygen or air

hemo

blood

-derm

skin, layer

anti

against

hetero

different

-itis

inflammation

arth

joint, jointed

homo

same

-logy

study of

auto

self

lipo

pertaining to fat

-lysis

to break

bio

related to life

macro

large

-meter

measurement

chloro

green

meso

middle

-osis

condition

cyto

cell

micro

small

-phase

stage

di

double

mono

singular or one

-phage

eater

endo

Inside, inner

multi

many units

-pod

foot

epi

above

photo

pertaining to light

-saccharide

sugar

exo

outer, external

pre

before

-stasis

stationary condition

gastro

stomach

poly

many

-synthesis

to make/build


1. Using the chart above, determine the definitions of the following terms:


  1. Biology: ______________________________________________________________




  1. Abiotic: ______________________________________________________________




  1. Micronucleus: __________________________________________________________




  1. Polycystic: _____________________________________________________________




  1. Liposuction: ____________________________________________________________




  1. Autophage: _____________________________________________________________




  1. Gastritis: ______________________________________________________________




  1. Geology: ______________________________________________________________




  1. Photosynthesis: _________________________________________________________




  1. Cytology: ______________________________________________________________




  1. Mesoderm: _____________________________________________________________




  1. Arthropod: ______________________________________________________________




  1. Monosaccharide: _________________________________________________________


2. Match the definition with the term


___ layer of tissue that makes digestive enzymes

___ breaking up of a cell

___ inflammation of the appendix

___ needing oxygen to live

___ jointed appendages

___ substance that is not apart of an organism’s body

___ measures light intensity

___ not needing oxygen to live

___ inflammation of the joints

___ structure divided into many compartments

A. aerobic respiration

B. anaerobic respiration

C. antigen

D. appendicitis

E. arthritis

F. arthropod

G. cytolysis

H. gastroderm

I. photometer

J. polycystic

3. Make up three [3] of your own biology terms and definitions using the chart above. Your terms need to be actual terms that make sense!




Term

Definition










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